HSK东西 Scripts Advanced Search Radicals [collapse definitions]
Word: freq index 38121
[舉國上下] jǔguóshàngxià the entire nation
the whole country, from the leadership to the rank and file

Character Composition

Character Compounds

Word Compounds


        jǔ, [擧]/[舉], variant of 舉|举[jǔ], to lift/to hold up/to cite/to enumerate/to act/to raise/to c...
        jǔxíng, [舉行], to hold (a meeting, ceremony etc)
        xuǎnjǔ, [選舉], to elect/election/CL:次[cì],個|个[gè]
        jǔbàn, [舉辦], to conduct/to hold
        jǔdòng, [舉動], act/action/activity/move/movement
        jǔshǒu, [舉手], to raise a hand/to put up one's hand (as signal)
        jǔzhǐ, [舉止], bearing/manner/mien
        jǔqǐ, [舉起], to heave/to lift/to raise up/to uphold
        jǔbào, [舉報], to report (malefactors to the police)/to denounce
        qīngéryìjǔ, [輕而易舉], easy/with no difficulty
        yījǔyīdòng, [一舉一動], every movement/each and every move
        
        jǔbēi, [舉杯], to toast sb (with wine etc)/to drink a toast
        qīngjǔwàngdòng, [輕舉妄動], to act blindly without thinking (idiom)
        jiǎnjǔ, [檢舉], to report (an offense to the authorities)/to inform against sb
        táiju, [擡舉], to praise/to promote (as a favour)
        yījǔ, [一舉], a move/an action/in one move/at a stroke/in one go
        míngzhìzhījǔ, [明智之舉], sensible act
        zhuàngjǔ, [壯舉], magnificent feat/impressive feat/heroic undertaking/heroic attempt
        jǔzhòng, [舉重], to lift weights/weight-lifting (sports)
        jǔcuò, [舉措], to move/to act/action/decision/conduct/manner
        jǔzúqīngzhòng, [舉足輕重], a foot's move sways the balance (idiom); to hold the balance of power/to play th...
        gāojǔ, [高舉], to lift up/to hold high
        xuǎnjǔquán, [選舉權], suffrage
        
        duōcǐyījǔ, [多此一舉], to do more than is required (idiom); superfluous/guilding the lily
        tuījǔ, [推舉], to elect/to choose/press (weightlifting technique)
        
        
        lièjǔ, [列舉], a list/to list/to enumerate
        jǔlì, [舉例], to give an example
        
        
        
        jǔlìláishuō, [舉例來說], for example
        jǔshìwénmíng, [舉世聞名], world-famous (idiom)
        jǔshì, [舉世], throughout the world/world ranking (e.g. first)
        yījǔliǎngdé, [一舉兩得], one move, two gains (idiom); two birds with one stone
        jǔshìwúshuāng, [舉世無雙], unrivaled (idiom); world number one/unique/unequaled
        dàjǔ, [大舉], (do sth) on a large scale
        chuàngjǔ, [創舉], pioneering work
        jǔjiàn, [舉薦], to recommend
        jǔqíbùdìng, [舉棋不定], to hesitate over what move to make (idiom); to waver/to shilly-shally
        jǔbùwéijiān, [舉步維艱], to make progress only with great difficulty (idiom)
        jǔshǒutóuzú, [舉手投足], lit. to lift a hand or move a leg (idiom); very easy/no effort at all
        jǔjiā, [舉家], the whole family
        jǔguóshàngxià, [舉國上下], the entire nation/the whole country, from the leadership to the rank and file
        jīngrénzhījǔ, [驚人之舉], to astonish people (with a miraculous feat)
        jǔmù, [舉目], to look/to raise one's eyes
        jǔmùwúqīn, [舉目無親], to look up and see no-one familiar (idiom); not having anyone to rely on/without...
        tǐngjǔ, [挺舉], clean and jerk (weightlifting technique)
        
        
        jǔshìzhǔmù, [舉世矚目], to receive worldwide attention
        
        shèngjǔ, [盛舉], grand event/magnificent undertaking
        bùshèngméijǔ, [不勝枚舉], too numerous to mention individually or one by one
        
        kējǔ, [科舉], imperial examination
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        jǔbùshèngjǔ, [舉不勝舉], too numerous to list (idiom); innumerable
        jǔbàozhě, [舉報者], informer/snitch
        
        
        
        jǔrén, [舉人], graduate/successful candidate in the imperial provincial examination
        jǔyīfǎnsān, [舉一反三], to raise one and infer three/to deduce many things from one case (idiom)

        Měiguó, [美國], United States/USA/US
        guójiā, [國家], country/nation/state/CL:個|个[gè]
        Yīngguó, [英國], United Kingdom 聯合王國|联合王国[Lián hé wáng guó]/United Kingdom of Great Britain and N...
        Fǎguó, [法國], France/French
        Zhōngguó, [中國], China
        guówáng, [國王], king/CL:個|个[gè]
        Déguó, [德國], Germany/German
        quánguó, [全國], whole nation/nationwide/countrywide/national
        guójì, [國際], international
        Guó/guó, [國], surname Guo, country/nation/state/national/CL:個|个[gè]
        Éguó, [俄國], Russia
        Hánguó, [韓國], South Korea (Republic of Korea)/Han, one of the Seven Hero States of the Warring...
        dìguó, [帝國], empire/imperial
        guóhuì, [國會], parliament/Congress/diet
        guótǔ, [國土], country's territory/national land
        wángguó, [王國], kingdom/realm
        wàiguó, [外國], foreign (country)/CL:個|个[gè]
        guónèi, [國內], domestic/internal (to a country)/civil
        Liánhéguó, [聯合國], United Nations
        zǔguó, [祖國], ancestral land/homeland/used for PRC/CL:個|个[gè]
        guówài, [國外], abroad/external (affairs)/overseas/foreign
        Guófángbù, [國防部], Defense Department/Ministry of National Defense
        Tàiguó, [泰國], Thailand/Thai
        guómín, [國民], national
        gònghéguó, [共和國], republic
        guódù, [國度], country
        chūguó, [出國], to go abroad/to leave the country/emigration
        wǒguó, [我國], our country/China
        
        wàiguórén, [外國人], foreigner
        pànguó, [叛國], treason
        àiguó, [愛國], to love one's country/patriotic
        guóqí, [國旗], flag (of a country)/CL:面[miàn]
        Àiguózhě/àiguózhě, [愛國者], MIM-104 Patriot surface-to-air missile, patriot
        guófáng, [國防], national defense
        hézhòngguó, [合眾國], federated nation/the United States
        Guówùyuàn, [國務院], State Council (PRC)/State Department (USA)
        
        
        tiānguó, [天國], Kingdom of Heaven
        pànguózuì, [叛國罪], the crime of treason
        huíguó, [回國], to return to one's home country
        Měiguórén, [美國人], American/American person/American people/CL:個|个[gè]
        guóbiāowǔ, [國標舞], international standard ballroom dancing
        guówùqīng, [國務卿], Secretary of State
        guógē, [國歌], national anthem
        guófángbùzhǎng, [國防部長], Defense secretary/Defense Minister
        gèguó, [各國], each country/every country/various countries
        yìguó, [異國], exotic/foreign
        běnguó, [本國], one's own country
        quánguóxìng, [全國性], national
        guójiè, [國界], national boundary/border between countries
        guójí, [國籍], nationality
        guólì, [國立], national/state-run/public
        Guóqìng, [國慶], National Day
        guójìxiàngqí, [國際象棋], chess/CL:副[fù]
        guìguó, [貴國], your distinguished country
        guóxǐ, [國璽], seal of state
        
        LuómǎDìguó, [羅馬帝國], Roman Empire (27 BC-476 AD)
        Guóqìngjié, [國慶節], PRC National Day (October 1st)
        dìguózhǔyì, [帝國主義], imperialism
        kuàguó, [跨國], transnational/multinational
        guókù, [國庫], public purse/state treasury/national exchequer
        guójìng, [國境], national border/frontier
        
        
        Mínguó, [民國], Republic of China (1912-1949)/used instead of reign name by the nationalist gove...
        àiguózhǔyì, [愛國主義], patriotism
        méngguó, [盟國], allies/united countries
        
        
        guóbǎo, [國寶], National Treasure (officially designated by the state cultural authorities in Ch...
        kuàguógōngsī, [跨國公司], transnational corporation/multinational corporation
        Yīngguórén, [英國人], British person/British people
        guójìxìng, [國際性], international/internationalism
        guójiājí, [國家級], national level (e.g. nature reserve)
        guórén, [國人], compatriots (literary)/fellow countrymen
        jiànguó, [建國], to found a country/nation-building/the foundation of PRC by Mao Zedong in 1949
        guóyǒu, [國有], nationalized/public/government owned/state-owned
        díguó, [敵國], enemy country
        fāzhǎnzhōngguójiā, [發展中國家], developing country
        dàguó, [大國], a power (i.e. a dominant country)
        
        dǎoguó, [島國], island nation
        guóbiāo, [國標], Guo Biao or GB, the standard PRC encoding, abbr. for 國家標準碼|国家标准码
        màiguózéi, [賣國賊], traitor
        guójiāduì, [國家隊], the national team
        qiángguó, [強國], powerful country/great power
        kāiguó, [開國], to found a state/to open a closed country
        guótàimínān, [國泰民安], the country prospers, the people at peace (idiom); peace and prosperity
        guóbīn, [國賓], state visitor/visiting head of state
        guófù, [國父], father or founder of a nation/Father of the Republic (Sun Yat-sen)
        chāojídàguó, [超級大國], superpower
        Guójiāānquánbù, [國家安全部], PRC Ministry of State Security
        DuōmǐníjiāGònghéguó, [多米尼加共和國], Dominican Republic
        línguó, [鄰國], bordering country/neighbor country/neighboring countries/surrounding countries
        
        guóchǎn, [國產], made in one's own country/made in China
        
        guójìfǎ, [國際法], international law
        guójìhuà, [國際化], to internationalize/internationalization
        tóngméngguó, [同盟國], allied nation/ally/confederation
        guódào, [國道], national highway
        
        
        
        
        tāguó, [他國], another country
        
        Fēiguódà, [非國大], African National Congress, ANC/abbr. for 非洲人國民大會|非洲人国民大会[Fēi zhōu rén guó mín dà...
        yìguótāxiāng, [異國他鄉], foreign lands and places (idiom); living as expatriate
        guīguó, [歸國], to go home (to one's native country)/to return from abroad
        lìguó, [立國], to found a country
        
        fādáguójiā, [發達國家], developed nation
        Déguórén, [德國人], German person or people
        jǔguóshàngxià, [舉國上下], the entire nation/the whole country, from the leadership to the rank and file
        Fǎguórén, [法國人], Frenchman/French person
        
        guóshì, [國事], affairs of the nation/politics
        guójūn, [國君], monarch
        guóyàn, [國宴], state banquet
        Zhànguó, [戰國], the Warring States period (475-221 BC)
        
        
        
        màiguó, [賣國], to sell one's country/treason
        
线         
        guóqíng, [國情], current state of a country/national conditions/(US) State of the Union
        guójiào, [國教], state religion
        lǐxiǎngguó, [理想國], ideal state/Plato's republic (c. 390 BC)
        guónèiwài, [國內外], domestic and international/at home and abroad
        Wūsūnguó, [烏孫國], Wusun kingdom of central Asia (c. 300 BC-300 AD)
        zhìguó, [治國], to rule a country
        Zhōngguóshì, [中國式], Chinese style/à la chinoise
        
        
        guówù, [國務], affairs of state
        guójìjí, [國際級], (at an) international level
        gōngguó, [公國], duchy/dukedom/principality
        bǎojiāwèiguó, [保家衛國], guard home, defend the country (idiom); national defense
        
        lièguó, [列國], various countries
        Jiékègònghéguó, [捷克共和國], Czech Republic
        ÀiěrlánGònghéguó, [愛爾蘭共和國], Republic of Ireland
        ZhōnghuáRénmínGònghéguó, [中華人民共和國], The People's Republic of China
        chéngyuánguó, [成員國], member country
        
        guólì, [國力], a nation's power
        guófǎ, [國法], national law
        Zhóuxīnguó, [軸心國], Axis powers (World War II)
        Mèngjiālāguó, [孟加拉國], Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan)
        GuójìHuòbìJījīnZǔzhī, [國際貨幣基金組織], International Monetary Fund (IMF)
        
        
        gùguó, [故國], country with an ancient history
        Liánhéwángguó, [聯合王國], United Kingdom
        
西         
        
        Zhōngguóhuà, [中國話], (spoken) Chinese language
        
        bàoguó, [報國], to dedicate oneself to the service of one's country
        Guóyǔ, [國語], Chinese language (Mandarin), emphasizing its national nature/Chinese as a primar...
        guózéi, [國賊], traitor to the nation
        
        
        běiguó, [北國], the northern part of the country/the North
        Guómíndǎng, [國民黨], Guomindang or Kuomintang (KMT)/Nationalist Party
        Guótài, [國泰], Cathay Pacific (Hong Kong airline)
        wángguó, [亡國], (of a nation) to be destroyed/subjugation/vanquished nation
        
        
        
        
        
        qióngguó, [窮國], poor country
        guóshì, [國勢], national strength/situation in a state
        
        
        GuóLián, [國聯], abbr. for 國際聯盟|国际联盟[Guó jì Lián méng], League of Nations (1920-1946), based in G...
        guóyùn, [國運], fate of the nation
        
        
        zìyóuwángguó, [自由王國], realm of freedom (philosophy)
        zhōnglìguó, [中立國], neutral country
        guóshū, [國書], credentials (of a diplomat)/documents exchanged between nations/national or dyna...
        guózhài, [國債], national debt/government debt
        
        
        
        
        huìyuánguó, [會員國], member nation
        Hánguórén, [韓國人], Korean (person)
        shǔguó, [屬國], vassal state
        huángqīnguóqī, [皇親國戚], the emperor relatives (idiom); person with powerful connections
        jūnguózhǔyì, [軍國主義], militarism
        
        
        
        Zhōngguórén, [中國人], Chinese person
        
        guóyíng, [國營], state-run (company etc)/nationalized
        guózàng, [國葬], state funeral
        
        
        wànguó, [萬國], all nations
        
        
        Guójìgē, [國際歌], The Internationale
        guóqǐ, [國企], state enterprise
        guómíng, [國名], name of country
        GuóDà, [國大], abbr. for 國民大會|国民大会, National Assembly of the Republic of China (extant during v...
        
        
        
        Sānguó, [三國], Three Kingdoms period (220-280) in Chinese history/several Three Kingdoms period...
        
        bǎohùguó, [保護國], protectorate
        
        wàiguóyǔ, [外國語], foreign language
        
        
        
        
        yīguóliǎngzhì, [一國兩制], one country, two systems (PRC proposal regarding Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan)
        BāguóLiánjūn, [八國聯軍], Eight-Nation Alliance, involved in a military intervention in northern China in ...
        
        
        ZhōnghuáMínguó, [中華民國], Republic of China
        
        ZhōngguóRénmínJiěfàngjūn, [中國人民解放軍], Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA)
        sàngquánrǔguó, [喪權辱國], to forfeit sovereignty and humiliate the country (idiom)/to surrender territory ...
        
        Ānguó, [安國], Anguo county level city in Baoding 保定[Bǎo dìng], Hebei
        fānguó, [藩國], feudatory/vassal state
        xiéyuēguó, [協約國], Allies/entente (i.e. Western powers allied to China in WW)
        
        
        
        
        
        guóbīnguǎn, [國賓館], state guesthouse
        
        
        guóyǒuhuà, [國有化], nationalization
        guójìzhǔyì, [國際主義], internationalism
        
        Mǎnzhōuguó, [滿洲國], Manchukuo
        fǎnguó, [返國], to return to one's country
        
        
        
        MěiguóZhīYīn, [美國之音], Voice of America (VOA)
        
        
        
        
        
访         guóshìfǎngwèn, [國事訪問], state visit
        SānguóYǎnyì, [三國演義], Romance of the Three Kingdoms by Luo Guanzhong 羅貫中|罗贯中[Luó Guàn zhōng], one of t...
        
        
        guócè, [國策], a national policy
        
        
        
        guósètiānxiāng, [國色天香], national grace, divine fragrance (idiom); an outstanding beauty
        
        
        
        
        ÀosīmànDìguó, [奧斯曼帝國], the Ottoman Empire
        
        
        
        
        
        bìguānsuǒguó, [閉關鎖國], to close the passes and seal off the country/to close a country to exclude forei...
        Gāngguǒmínzhǔgònghéguó, [剛果民主共和國], Democratic Republic of Congo
        
        
        
        
        guóhào, [國號], title of current dynasty (as the name of China), such as Tang or Ming/name of a ...
        
        
        
        guóxué, [國學], Chinese national culture/studies of ancient Chinese civilization/the Imperial Co...
        
        
        guóshù, [國術], martial arts
        
        
        
        
        
        guócuì, [國粹], national essence/quintessence of national culture
        
        fùguó, [富國], rich country/make the country wealthy (political slogan)
        
        
        
线         guójièxiàn, [國界線], border between countries/line forming the border
        
        xùnguó, [殉國], to die for one's country
        
        
        guókùquàn, [國庫券], treasury bond

        shǎng/shàng, see 上聲|上声[shǎng shēng], on top/upon/above/upper/previous/first (of multiple part...
        Shàngdì, God
        mǎshàng, [馬上], at once/right away/immediately/on horseback (i.e. by military force)
        wǎnshang, evening/night/CL:個|个[gè]/in the evening
        shēnshang, on the body/at hand/among
        kànshangqu, it would appear/it seems (that)
        shìshíshàng, [事實上], in fact/in reality/actually/as a matter of fact/de facto/ipso facto
        shàngmian, on top of/above-mentioned
        zǎoshang, early morning/CL:個|个[gè]
        shíjìshàng, [實際上], in fact/in reality/as a matter of fact/in practice
        lùshang, on the road/on a journey/road surface
        shàngbān, to go to work/to be on duty/to start work/to go to the office
        shàngqù, to go up
        shàngcì, last time
        
        àishàng, [愛上], to fall in love with/to be in love with
        shàngzhōu, last week
        
        dìshang, on the ground/on the floor
        shàngxiào, high ranking officer in Chinese army/colonel
        jiēshang, on the street
        jiāshàng, plus/to put in/to add/to add on/to add into/in addition/on top of that
        
        shàngxué, [上學], to go to school/to attend school
        shàngwèi, captain (military rank)
        shìshàng, on earth
        
        wǎngshàng, [網上], online
        lóushàng, [樓上], upstairs
        táishàng, [臺上], on stage
        shàngkè, [上課], to go to class/to attend class/to go to teach a class
        
        guānshàng, [關上], to close (a door)/to turn off (light, electrical equipment etc)
        
        gǎnshàng, [趕上], to keep up with/to catch up with/to overtake/to chance upon/in time for
        shàngsi, boss/superior
        shàngchǎng, [上場], on stage/to go on stage/to take the field
        shàngwǔ, morning/CL:個|个[gè]
        
        shàngchē, [上車], to get on or into (a bus, train, car etc)
        yǐshàng, that level or higher/that amount or more/the above-mentioned
        shànglái, [上來], to come up/to approach/(verb complement indicating success)
        
        shàngtái, to rise to power (in politics)/to go on stage (in the theater)
        shàngshēng, [上昇], to rise/to go up/to ascend
        tiānshàng, celestial/heavenly
        shàngmén, [上門], to drop in/to visit/to lock a door/(of a shop) to close
        jīběnshang, basically/on the whole
        shàngyǎn, to screen (a movie)/to stage (a play)/a screening/a staging
        shàngyī, jacket/upper outer garment/CL:件[jiàn]
        Shānshàng, Shanshang township in Tainan county 台南縣|台南县[Tái nán xiàn], Taiwan
        chéngqiānshàngwàn, [成千上萬], lit. by the thousands and tens of thousands (idiom); untold numbers/innumerable/...
        pèngshàng, to run into/to come upon/to meet
        shàngwǎng, [上網], to be on the Internet/to stretch a net (in a sports game or for covering sth)/to...
        zhīshàng, above
        shàngyǐn, [上癮], to get into a habit/to become addicted
        shàngsù, [上訴], to appeal (a judicial case)/appeal
        hǎishàng, maritime
        
        shànglù, to start on a journey/to be on one's way
        shàngjí, [上級], higher authorities/superiors/CL:個|个[gè]
        shànggèyuè, [上個月], last month
        
        shànggōu, [上鉤], to take the bait
        shànglóu, [上樓], to go upstairs
        shàngxià, up and down/top and bottom/old and new/length/about
        shènshàngxiàn, [腎上腺], adrenal glands
        
        
        shàngxīngqī, last week/previous week
        
        shàngtou, [上頭], above/on top of/on the surface of
        
        
        shàngjiàng, [上將], general/admiral/air chief marshal
        shàngkōng, overhead/in the sky
        Shuǐshàng/shuǐshàng, Shuishang township in Chiayi county 嘉義縣|嘉义县[Jiā yì xiàn], west Taiwan, on water/...
        shàngshēn, upper part of the body
        
        
        bǐbùshàng, can't compare with
        
        
        xiàngshàng, upward/up/to advance/to try to improve oneself/to make progress
        Shànghǎi, Shanghai municipality, central east China, abbr. to 滬|沪[Hù]
        shàngbào, [上報], to report to one's superiors/to appear in the news/to reply to a letter
        
        shàngdàng, [上當], taken in (by sb's deceit)/to be fooled/to be duped
        
        shàngyìng, to show (a movie)/to screen
        shàngtiān, Heaven/Providence/God/the day before/the sky above/to fly to the sky/to take off...
        shàngcéng, [上層], upper layer
        shàngdiào, to hang oneself
        shànghǎo, first-rate/top-notch
        shàngshì, to hit the market (of a new product)/to float (a company on the stock market)
        zhǎoshàngmén, [找上門], to come to sb's door/to call on sb
        shàngjiē, to go onto the streets/to go shopping
        shàngbian, [上邊], the top/above/overhead/upwards/the top margin/above-mentioned/those higher up
        shàngděng, highest quality/top-notch
        zhìshàng, supreme/paramount/above all else
        shàngliú, upper class
        shàngqián, to advance/to step forward
        shàngrèn, to take office
        chéngbǎishàngqiān, hundreds/a large number/lit. by the hundreds and thousands
        gēnbushàng, not able to keep up with
        shàngjiāo, to hand over to/to give to higher authority/to seek connections in high places
        gāogāozàishàng, set up on high (idiom); not in touch with reality/aloof and remote
        shàngshān, to go uphill/to spin cocoon (silkworms)/to pass away
        shàngzhèn, [上陣], to go into battle
        kànshàng, to look upon/to take a fancy to/to fall for
        shàngyóu, upper reaches (of a river)/upper level/upper echelon/upstream
        rǎnshàng, to catch (a disease)/to get (a bad habit)
        huángshang, the emperor/Your majesty the emperor/His imperial majesty
        shàngzhǎng, [上漲], to rise/to go up
        shàngfēng, [上風], on the up/currently winning/rising (in popularity etc)
        
        
        shàngcāng, [上蒼], heaven
        shàngshǒu, to obtain/to master/overhand (serve etc)/seat of honor
        ànshàng, ashore
        dēngshàng, to climb over/to ascend onto/to mount
        shàngshù, aforementioned/above-mentioned
        shàngàn, to land/to disembark/to abandon a boat and go ashore/fig. to give up evil ways a...
        zhìgāowúshàng, [至高無上], supreme/paramount/unsurpassed
        xuěshàngjiāshuāng, to add hail to snow (idiom); one disaster on top of another/to make things worse...
        
        shàngwàn, [上萬], over ten thousand/fig. untold numbers/innumerable/thousands upon thousands
        xīnshàngrén, sweetheart/one's beloved
        kǎoshàng, to pass a university entrance exam
        
        dàtǐshàng, [大體上], overall/in general terms
        
        huǒshàngjiāoyóu, [火上澆油], to pour oil on the fire (idiom); fig. to aggravate a situation/to enrage people ...
        shàngxiàn, upper bound
        
        gèngshàngyīcénglóu, [更上一層樓], to take it up a notch/to bring it up a level
        shàngmǎ, [上馬], to get on a horse/to mount
        shàngxīn, carefully/meticulously/to set one's heart on sth
        bǎnshàngdìngdīng, [板上釘釘], that clinches it/that's final/no two ways about it
        
        shànggǎng, [上崗], to take up one's post/to be given a job
        
        zhànshàngfēng, [佔上風], to take the lead/to gain the upper hand
        
亿         
        shàngfú, to float up
        
        bùxiāngshàngxià, equally matched/about the same
        
        jǐnshàngtiānhuā, [錦上添花], lit. on brocade, add flowers (idiom); to decorate sth already perfect/gilding th...
        
        shàngjìn, [上進], to make progress/to do better/fig. ambitious to improve oneself/to move forwards
        shàngsè/shàngshǎi, top-quality/top-grade, to color (a picture etc)/to dye (fabric etc)/to stain (fu...
        
        shàngyuè, last month
        
        shàngxiàbān, to start and finish work
        
        Shàngyě, Ueno, Tokyo
        fùshàng, attached/included herewith
        wúshàng, [無上], supreme
        lùshàng, [陸上], land based/on land
        
        shàngxíng, (of trains) up (i.e. towards the capital)/(of river boats) to go against the cur...
        shànghuí, last time/the previous time
        shàngbānzú, office workers (as social group)
        shàngzhuāng, [上裝], upper garment
        zhēngzhēngrìshàng, becoming more prosperous with each passing day
        shàngbèizi, [上輩子], one's ancestors/past generations/a former incarnation
        dǐngtóushàngsi, [頂頭上司], one's immediate superior
        
        shàngkǒu, to be able to read aloud fluently/to be suitable (easy enough) for reading aloud
        tánbushàng, [談不上], to be out of the question
        shàngpō, uphill/upslope/to move upwards/to climb a slope
        
        
        zhǐshàngtánbīng, [紙上談兵], lit. military tactics on paper (idiom)/fig. theoretical discussion that is worse...
        
        shàngbù, upper section
        
        shàngchéng, first-class/best quality/also pr. [shàng shèng]
        shàngjiǎo, [上繳], to transfer (income, profits etc) to higher authorities
        lǎnglǎngshàngkǒu, to flow right off the tongue (of lyrics or poetry)/to recite with ease/catchy (o...
        shàngxiàwén, (textual) context
        shàngzhī, upper limb
        
        
        yíngtóugǎnshàng, [迎頭趕上], to try hard to catch up
        shànghuǒ, to get angry/to suffer from excessive internal heat (TCM)
        tàshàng, to set foot on/to step on or into
        shàngyáng, [上揚], to rise (i.e. number increases)/a price rise/to raise
        zhǎngshàngmíngzhū, lit. a pearl in the palm (idiom)/fig. beloved person (esp. daughter)
        shàngjìnxīn, [上進心], motivation/ambition
        shàngtiáo, [上調], to raise (prices)/to adjust upwards
        Shàngyìyuàn, [上議院], Upper Chamber/Upper House/Senate
        
        
        gēnshàng, to catch up with/to keep pace with
        
        shànggōng, to go to work/to start work
        
        
        
        
        zuǒshàng, upper left
        hòuláijūshàng, [後來居上], lit. late-comer lives above (idiom); the up-and-coming youngster outstrips the o...
        
        shàngwén, preceding part of the text
        
        
        fǔshàng, (polite) your home/residence
        
        shànghé, [上頜], maxilla (upper jaw)
        shàngwèi, top seat/person occupying leading position
        
        fànshàng, to offend one's superiors
        
        
        
        shàngfáng, see 正房[zhèng fáng]
        
        zōngshàngsuǒshù, [綜上所述], to summarize/a round-up/in summary ...
        
        jǔguóshàngxià, [舉國上下], the entire nation/the whole country, from the leadership to the rank and file
        
        
        shuǐshàngfēijī, [水上飛機], seaplane
        
        
        fúyáozhíshàng, [扶搖直上], to skyrocket/to get quick promotion in one's career
        huǒshàngjiāyóu, to add oil to the fire (idiom); fig. to aggravate a situation/to enrage people a...
        zǒumǎshàngrèn, [走馬上任], to ride to take up an official appointment (idiom); to take on a job with alacri...
        
        
        
        
        shàngjiā, preceding player (in a game)
        
        shàngfén, [上墳], to sweep the tombs (of one's ancestors)/the Qingming festival
        
        
        
        
        
        shàngshū, [上書], to write a letter (to the authorities)/to present a petition
        shàngpōlù, uphill road/slope up/fig. upward trend/progress
        shuōbushàng, [說不上], to be unable to say or tell/to not be worth mentioning
亿         
        xíngérshàngxué, [形而上學], metaphysics
        
        
        zìshàngérxià, top-down
        shènxiāochénshàng, [甚囂塵上], clamor raises the dust (idiom); a tremendous clamor/to raise a tremendous stink
        
        yīyōngérshàng, [一擁而上], to swarm around/flocking (to see)
        
        
        shèngshàng, [聖上], courtier's or minister's form of address for the current Emperor
        
        shàngděngbīng, private first class (army rank)
        shàngliángbùzhèngxiàliángwāi, lit. If the upper beam is not straight, the lower beam will be crooked (idiom); ...
        
        qīngyúnzhíshàng, [青雲直上], rising straight up in a clear sky (idiom); rapid promotion to a high post/meteor...
线         shànggāngshàngxiàn, [上綱上線], to criticize (as a matter of principle)
        Shànggāo, Shanggao county in Yichun 宜春, Jiangxi
        
        
        
        yuèránzhǐshàng, [躍然紙上], to appear vividly on paper (idiom); to show forth vividly (in writing, painting ...
        
        
        
        xīnguānshàngrènsānbǎhuǒ, the new boss cracks the whip three times/a new broom sweeps clean/fig. vigorous ...
        
        
        chìbóshàngzhèn, [赤膊上陣], lit. to go into battle bare-breasted (idiom)/fig. to go all out/to come out in t...
        
        
        
        
        
        
        shàngcéngjiànzhù, [上層建築], superstructure
        
        bīshàngliángshān, driven to join the Liangshan Mountain rebels/to drive to revolt/to force sb to d...
        
        
        
        shàngshǒu, seat of honor/first place
        
        shàngzuò, seat of honor
        
        
        Shàngshuǐ, Sheung Shui (area in Hong Kong)
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
亿         
        
        
亿         
访         shàngfǎng, [上訪], to seek an audience with higher-ups (esp. government officials) to petition for ...
        
亿         
        shǎngshēng, [上聲], falling and rising tone/third tone in modern Mandarin
        shànggǔ, the distant past/ancient times/antiquity/early historical times
        shànggòng, to make offerings (to gods or ancestors)/to offer gifts to superiors in order to...
        
        
        
        
        
        shàngxián, to wind/to tighten/crescent moon/first quarter or waxing moon
        tóngshàng, as above/ditto/idem
        shàngbànnián, first half (of a year)
        zìxiàérshàng, bottom-up
亿         
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        shàngbànyè, [上半葉], the first half (of a period)
        
        
        
        
亿         
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        Shàngguān/shàngguān, two-character surname Shangguan, high-ranking official/superior
        
        
        
        shàngdài, previous generation
        
        fànbushàng, see 犯不著|犯不着[fàn bu zháo]
        
        shàngkuǎn, addressee/name of recipient on painting or scroll
        
        
        shàngxún, first third of a month
        Shànglín, Shanglin county in Nanning 南寧|南宁[Nán níng], Guangxi
        Shàngháng, Shanghang county level city in Longyan 龍岩|龙岩, Fujian
        
        
        
        
        
亿         
        
        
        
        Tàishànghuáng, Taishang Huang/Retired Emperor/father of the reigning emperor/fig. puppet master
        
        
        liángshàngjūnzǐ, lit. the gentleman on the roof beam/fig. a thief
        Shàngchéngqū, [上城區], Shangcheng district of Hangzhou city 杭州市[Háng zhōu shì], Zhejiang
        
        

        xià, down/downwards/below/lower/later/next (week etc)/second (of two parts)/to declin...
        yīxià, (used after a verb) give it a go/to do (sth for a bit to give it a try)/one time...
        xiàlai, [下來], to come down/(after verb of motion, indicates motion down and towards us, also f...
        xiàqù, to go down/to descend/to go on/to continue/(of a servant) to withdraw
        liúxià, to leave behind/to stay behind/to remain/to keep/not to let (sb) go
        xiàmian, below/under/next/the following
        fàngxia, to put down/to let go/to set aside/to digress
        shèngxià, to remain/left over
        xiàwǔ, afternoon/CL:個|个[gè]/p.m.
        zuòxia, to sit down
        tíngxià, to stop
        xiàcì, next time
        
        
        bìxià, Your Majesty/His or Her Majesty
        géxià, [閣下], your distinguished self/your majesty/sire
        jiēxiàlái, [接下來], to accept/to take/next/following
        dìxià, underground/subterranean/covert
        dǐxia, the location below sth/afterwards
        dìxiàshì, basement/cellar
        lóuxià, [樓下], downstairs
        xiàbān, to finish work/to get off work
殿         diànxià, Your Majesty (honorific)/His or Her Highness
        shǒuxià, leadership/under one's control or administration/subordinates/to take action/to ...
        yǐxià, that level or lower/that amount or less/the following
        xiàshǒu, to start/to put one's hand to/to set about/the seat to the right of the main gue...
        zhīxià, under/beneath/less than
        sīxià, in private
        xiàjiàng, to decline/to drop/to fall/to go down/to decrease
        dǎoxià, to collapse/to topple over
        xiàzǎi, [下載], to download/also pr. [xià zài]
        xiàba, chin/CL:個|个[gè]
        yīxiàzi, in a short while/all at once/all of a sudden
        guìxia, to kneel down
        xiàluò, whereabouts/to drop/to fall
        rēngxià, to throw down/to drop (bomb)
        náxià, to arrest/to capture/to seize/to win (a set, a game etc)
        xiāngxia, [鄉下], countryside/rural area/CL:個|个[gè]
        tiānxià, land under heaven/the whole world/the whole of China/realm/rule
        xiàchǎng/xiàchang, [下場], to leave (the stage, an exam room, the playing field etc)/to take part in some a...
        xiàlìng, to give an order/to command
        xiàshuǐdào, sewer
        jiǎoxià, [腳下], under the foot
        xiàchē, [下車], to get off or out of (a bus, train, car etc)
        xiàyǔ, to rain/rainy
        shàngxià, up and down/top and bottom/old and new/length/about
        yǎnxià, now/at present/subocular (medicine)
        
        xiàdú, to put poison in sth/to poison
        
        míngxià, under sb's name
        xiàxuě, to snow
        shuǐxià, under the water/submarine
        xiàxīngqī, next week
        xiàliú, lower course of a river/low-class/mean and lowly/vulgar/obscene
        
        rúxià, as follows
        yúxià, [餘下], remaining
        xiàshǔ, [下屬], subordinate/underling
        xiàdá, [下達], to transmit down (a chain of command)/to pass down (to lower level)/to issue/to ...
        xiàdìngjuéxīn, [下定決心], to make a firm resolution
        dīxià, low status/lowly/to lower (one's head)
        xiàkè, [下課], to finish class/to get out of class
        bùxià, troops under one's command/subordinate
        xiàtái, [下臺], to go off the stage/to fall from position of prestige/to step down (from office ...
        xiàshuǐ/xiàshui, downstream/to go into the water/to put into water/to launch (a ship)/fig. to fal...
        xiàfāng, underneath/below/the underside/world of mortals/to descend to the world of morta...
        dǎxià, to lay (a foundation)/to conquer (a city etc)/to shoot down (a bird etc)
        xiàhuá, sliding/slide
        
        xiàqí, to play chess
        xièxià, to unload
        xiàrèn, next office holder/next to serve
        xiàzàng, to bury/to inter
        xiàyīdài, the next generation
        
        
        dāngxià, [當下], presently/immediately/at once
        táixià, off the stage/in the audience
        
        xiāngxiàrén, [鄉下人], country folk/rustic/rural folk
        xiàè, [下顎], mandible (lower jaw)
        xiàchén, to sink down
        liǎngxiàzi, [兩下子], a couple of times/to repeat the same/the same old trick/tricks of the trade
        piēxia, to cast away
        
        xiàbèizi, [下輩子], the next life
        xiàchuí, to droop/to sag/to hang down/sagging/drooping/prolapse (medicine)
        xiàshēn, lower part of the body/genitalia/trousers
        xiàluòbùmíng, unaccounted/unknown whereabouts
        xiàbùwéilì, [下不為例], not to be repeated/not to be taken as a precedent/just this once
        xiàjuéxīn, [下決心], to determine/to resolve
        língxià, below zero
        xiàhuí, next chapter/next time
        yànxià, [嚥下], to swallow/to suppress
        
        
        
        
        
        xiàbian, [下邊], under/the underside/below
        xiàchú, [下廚], to go to the kitchen (to prepare a meal)/to cook
        xiàcéng, [下層], underlayer/lower class/lower strata/substrate
        xiàguì, to kneel/to go down on one's knees
        
        xiàtǐ, [下體], lower body/euphemism for genitals/root and stem of plants
        gāoxià, relative superiority (better or worse, stronger or weaker, above or below etc)
        
        xiàmǎ, [下馬], to dismount from a horse/(fig.) to abandon (a project)
        xiàdiē, to fall/to tumble
        luòxià, to fall/to drop/to land (of projectile)
        chuàngxià, [創下], to establish/to set (a new record)
        xiàyóu, lower reaches (of a river)/lower level/lower echelon/downstream
        shíxià, [時下], at present/right now
        shǔxià, [屬下], subordinate/affiliated to/subsidiary
        
        xiānxiàshǒuwéiqiáng, [先下手為強], strike first and gain the upper hand (idiom, martial arts term); Making the firs...
        xiàyìshí, [下意識], subconscious mind
        xiàshān, (of the sun) to set
        
        
        
        xiàgǎng, [下崗], to come off sentry duty/to lay off (a worker)/laid-off
        měikuàngyùxià, [每況愈下], to steadily deteriorate
        luòjǐngxiàshí, to throw stones at sb who fell down a well (idiom); to hit a person who is down
        
        xiàhǎi, to go to sea/fig. to leave secure job (iron rice-bowl 鐵飯碗|铁饭碗) for sth better bu...
        bùxiāngshàngxià, equally matched/about the same
        
        dìxiàshuǐ, groundwater
        xiàjí, [下級], low ranking/low level/an underclass
        xiàpō, downhill
        xiàfán, to descend to the world (of immortals)
        yèxià, underarm/armpit
        
        tiāndǐxia, in this world/under the sun
        
        
        
        zǒuxiàpōlù, to go downhill/to decline/to slump
        xiàfēng, [下風], leeward/downwind/disadvantageous position/to concede or give way in an argument
        xiàzhī, lower limbs
        shàngxiàbān, to start and finish work
        xiàhé, [下頜], lower jaw/mandible
        jízhuǎnzhíxià, [急轉直下], to develop rapidly after abrupt turn (idiom); dramatic change
        bùzàihuàxià, [不在話下], to be nothing difficult/to be a cinch
        
        
        xiàgōngfu, see 下工夫[xià gōng fu]
        bǐxià, [筆下], the wording and purport of what one writes
        
        huīxià, troops/subordinates/(honorific appellation for a general)
        xiàfàng, to delegate/to decentralize/to demote a party cadre to work on the shop floor or...
        
        xīxià, at the knee (in reference to children)/(salutation used in letters to parents or...
        xiàliè, following
        jūgāolínxià, [居高臨下], to live high and look down (idiom)/to overlook/to tower above/to occupy the high...
        dǎxiàshǒu, to act in a supporting role/fig. to play second fiddle
        xiàyuè, next month
        
        
        
        xiěxià, [寫下], to write down
        
        
        
        xiàjiè, [下屆], next office holder/next to serve
        
        
        xiàxíng, (of trains) down (i.e. away from the capital)/(of river boats) to travel downstr...
        xiàyìyuàn, [下議院], lower chamber (of legislative body)/lower house/the House of Commons
        zàixià, under/myself (humble)
        xiàmǎwēi, [下馬威], display of severity immediately on taking office/(fig.) initial show of strength
        
        
        
        
        shàngxiàwén, (textual) context
        shuāngguǎnqíxià, [雙管齊下], lit. to paint holding two brushes (idiom); fig. to work on two tasks at the same...
        sìxià, everywhere
        
        
        xiàbùlái, [下不來], awkward/embarrassed/cannot be accomplished
        xiàbǎi, [下擺], hem of a skirt/shirt tail
        
        qíhǔnánxià, [騎虎難下], if you ride a tiger, it's hard to get off (idiom); fig. impossible to stop halfw...
        
        tiānxiàdìyī, first under heaven/number one in the country
        
        
        
线         xiàxiàn, [下線], to go offline
        xiàtà, to stay (at a hotel etc during a trip)
        duìzhèngxiàyào, [對症下藥], lit. to prescribe the right medicine for an illness (idiom); fig. to study a pro...
        
        
线         xiàhuàxiàn, [下劃線], underscore _/underline
        tiānxiàtàipíng, the whole world at peace (idiom); peace and prosperity
        
        jǔguóshàngxià, [舉國上下], the entire nation/the whole country, from the leadership to the rank and file
        
        xiàjiǔ, to be appropriate to have with alcohol/to down one's drink
        
        
        huāqiányuèxià, in flowers by moonlight (idiom); fig. courtship/honeymoon
西         xīyángxīxià, [夕陽西下], the sun sets in the west (idiom)
        yīqìzhīxià, [一氣之下], in a fit of pique/in a fury
        
        Xiàchéngqū, [下城區], Xiacheng district of Hangzhou city 杭州市[Háng zhōu shì], Zhejiang
        Sōngxià, Matsushita (name)/Panasonic (brand), abbr. for 松下電器|松下电器[Sōng xià Diàn qì]
        
        
        
        
        xiàzhuāng, [下裝], to take off costume and makeup
        
        xiàbànnián, last-half year
        
        lìxià, to set up/to establish
        
        
        
        
        xiàgōngfu, to put in time and energy/to concentrate one's efforts
        
        bēixià, base/low
        xiàbǐ, [下筆], to put pen to paper
        xiàxún, last third of the month
        xiàdiào/xiàtiáo, [下調], to demote/to pass down to a lower unit, to adjust downwards/to lower (prices, wa...
        
        
        
        zìshàngérxià, top-down
        shānránlèixià, [潸然淚下], to shed silent tears (idiom)
        xiàjiā, player whose turn comes next (in a game)/next one/my humble home
        xiàpōlù, downhill road/slope down/fig. to go downhill/on the decline
        dīsānxiàsì, servile
        
        
        
        Xiàguān, [下關], Xiaguan district of Nanjing City 南京市 in Jiangsu 江蘇|江苏
        xiàxiàn, to subside/subsidence
        
        
        
        shàngliángbùzhèngxiàliángwāi, lit. If the upper beam is not straight, the lower beam will be crooked (idiom); ...
        hànrúyǔxià, sweating like rain (idiom); to perspire profusely/sweating like a pig
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        nánxià, southward
        
        jiānghérìxià, rivers pour away by the day (idiom); going from bad to worse/deteriorating day b...
        
        
        xiàcuò, (of sales, prices etc) to fall/to drop/decline/slump
        
        xiàxiāng, [下鄉], to go to the countryside
        zúxià, you (used to a superior or between persons of the same generation)/below the foo...
        lèirúyǔxià, [淚如雨下], tears falling like rain (idiom)
        mùxià, at present
        shěxià/shèxià, [捨下], to abandon/to lay down, my humble home
        
        shēnglèijùxià, [聲淚俱下], to shed tears while recounting sth/speaking in a tearful voice
        
        bīnglínchéngxià, [兵臨城下], soldiers at the city walls (idiom); fig. at a critical juncture
        
        xiāngchíbùxià, at a stalemate/deadlocked/in unrelenting mutual opposition
        
        zìxiàérshàng, bottom-up
        
        
        xiàyù, [下獄], to imprison
        
        xiàfú, downward fluctuation (of prices etc)
        
        
        
        
        xiàshì, to die/future incarnation/next life/to be born/to come into the world/future gen...
        bùxiàyú, as many as/no less than/not inferior to/as good as/on a par with
        
        xiàyě, to step down from office/to go into opposition
        
        
        
        
        míngmǎntiānxià, [名滿天下], world famous
        yǎndǐxia, in front of one's eyes/in full view as a panorama/right now
        
        
        
        
        màotiānxiàzhīdàbùwěi, [冒天下之大不韙], to defy world opinion/to risk universal condemnation
        
        xiàqíng, feelings of the masses/my situation (humble speech)
        
        
        
        
        
        
        niánxià, lunar new year
        
        
        jūgāobùxià, (of prices, rates etc) to remain high
        
        
        xiàbakē, [下巴頦], chin
        

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