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HSK 3 word: freq index 289
yǐqián before
formerly
previous
ago

Character Composition

Character Compounds

Word Compounds


        kěyǐ, can/may/possible/able to
        suǒyǐ, therefore/as a result/so/the reason why
        yǐwéi, [以為], to believe/to think/to consider/to be under the impression
        yǐ/Yǐ, [㕥]/[㠯], old variant of 以[yǐ], old variant of 以[yǐ], abbr. for Israel 以色列[Yǐ sè liè], to ...
        yǐqián, before/formerly/previous/ago
        yǐhòu, [以後], after/later/afterwards/following/later on/in the future
        yǐjí, as well as/too/and
        nányǐzhìxìn, [難以置信], hard to believe/incredible
        yǐlái, [以來], since (a previous event)
        nányǐ, [難以], hard to (predict, imagine etc)
        yǐwài, apart from/other than/except for/external/outside of/on the other side of/beyond
        yǐxià, that level or lower/that amount or less/the following
        zhīsuǒyǐ, the reason why
        zúyǐ, sufficient to.../so much so that/so that
        yǐshàng, that level or higher/that amount or more/the above-mentioned
        yǒushǐyǐlái, [有史以來], since the beginning of history
        yǐfángwànyī, [以防萬一], to guard against the unexpected (idiom); just in case/prepared for any eventuali...
        Yǐsèliè, Israel
便         yǐbiàn, so that/so as to/in order to
        yǐwǎng, in the past/formerly
        quánlìyǐfù, to do at all costs/to make an all-out effort
        yǐzhìyú, [以至於], down to/up to/to the extent that...
        zìyǐwéishì, [自以為是], to believe oneself infallible (idiom)/to be opinionated
        
        déyǐ, able to/so that sb can/enabling/in order to/finally in a position to/with sth in...
        yǐmiǎn, in order to avoid/so as not to
        mèngmèiyǐqiú, [夢寐以求], to yearn for sth even in one's dreams (idiom)/to long for sth day and night
        yǐcǐ, with this/thereby/thus/because of this
        yǐnèi, [以內], within/less than
        shìmùyǐdài, lit. to wipe one's eyes and wait (idiom); to wait and see
        shéngzhīyǐfǎ, [繩之以法], to punish according to the law/to bring to justice
        jiāyǐ, in addition/moreover/(used before a disyllabic verb to indicate that the action ...
        yǐyáhuányá, [以牙還牙], a tooth for a tooth (retaliation)
        nányǐrěnshòu, [難以忍受], hard to endure/unbearable
        
        yǐzhì, to such an extent as to/down to/up to
        zhìyǐ, to express/to present/to extend/to tender (greetings, thanks etc)
        shùyǐqiānjì, [數以千計], thousands (of sth)
齿         nányǐqǐchǐ, [難以啟齒], to be too embarrassed to mention sth (idiom)/to find it hard to speak about sth
        zuòyǐdàibì, [坐以待斃], to sit and wait for death (idiom); resigned to one's fate
        yǒushēngyǐlái, [有生以來], since birth/for one's whole life
        yǐfáng, (so as) to avoid/to prevent/(just) in case
        rúyuànyǐcháng, [如願以償], to have one's wish fulfilled
        yǔyǐ, to give/to impose/to apply
        
        
        xíyǐwéicháng, [習以為常], accustomed to/used to
西         yǐxī, to the west of (suffix)
        
怀         
        yèyǐjìrì, [夜以繼日], night and day (idiom); continuous strenuous effort
        
        
        yòngyǐ, in order to/so as to
        yǐnán, to the south of (suffix)
        
        héyǐ, whence
        yǐzhì, down to/up to/to such an extent as to ... (also written 以至於|以至于[yǐ zhì yú])
        yǐběi, to the north of (suffix)
        
        shùyǐbǎijì, [數以百計], hundreds of
        làiyǐ, [賴以], to rely on/to depend on
        diàoyǐqīngxīn, [掉以輕心], treat sth lightly/to lower one's guard
        
        chúyǐ, divided by
        yǐnyǐwéiróng, [引以為榮], to regard it as an honor (idiom)
        shìyǐ, therefore/thus/so
        
        yǐdōng, [以東], to the east of (suffix)
        shùyǐwànjì, [數以萬計], tens of thousands/numerous
        
        yǐshēnzuòzé, [以身作則], to set an example (idiom); to serve as a model
        chángqīyǐlái, [長期以來], ever since a long time ago
        
        bùyǐwéirán, [不以為然], not to accept as correct (idiom); to object/to disapprove/to take exception to
        
        wànghūsuǒyǐ, to get carried away/to forget oneself
        
        yǐdúgōngdú, to cure ills with poison (TCM)/to fight evil with evil/set a thief to catch a th...
        chīzhīyǐbí, to snort disdainfully/to scoff at/to turn up one's nose
        
        zìgǔyǐlái, [自古以來], since ancient times
        
        wúyányǐduì, [無言以對], to be left speechless/unable to respond
        chízhīyǐhéng, [持之以恆], to pursue unremittingly (idiom); to persevere
        xiāngrúyǐmò, to moisten with spittle (idiom); sharing meager resources/mutual help in humble ...
        xuéyǐzhìyòng, [學以致用], to study sth to apply it/study for practical applications
        suǒyǐrán, the reason why
        
        qiáoshǒuyǐdài, [翹首以待], to hold one's breath (in anticipation) (idiom)/to anxiously await
        
        yǐqī, in order to/hoping to/attempting to/waiting for
        
        bàoyǐ, [報以], to give in return
        yǐjǐngxiàoyóu, in order to warn against following bad examples (idiom)/as a warning to others
        
        Yǐsèlièrén, Israelite/Israeli
亿         shùyǐyìjì, [數以億計], countless/innumerable
        gěiyǐ, [給以], to give/to grant
        
        yǐcǐlèituī, [以此類推], and so on/in a similar fashion
        
        yǐjūn, [以軍], Israeli soldiers
        yǐróukègāng, [以柔克剛], to use softness to conquer strength (idiom)
        yǐéchuáné, [以訛傳訛], to spread falsehoods/to increasingly distort the truth/to pile errors on top of ...
        
        
        
        mínyǐshíwéitiān, [民以食為天], Food is the God of the people. (idiom); People view food as the primary need./Fo...
        yǐfúsuǒ, Ephesis
        
        
        shòurényǐbǐng, to hand someone the swordhilt (idiom)/to give someone a hold on oneself
        
        
        fǔyǐ, [輔以], supplemented by/accompanied by/with
        yǐquánmóusī, [以權謀私], to use one's position for personal gain (idiom)
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        yǐyìdàiláo, [以逸待勞], to wait at one's ease for the exhausted enemy/to nurture one's strength and bide...
        
        
        liáoyǐzìwèi, just to console oneself (idiom)
        
        
        
        
        kuānyǐdàirén, [寬以待人], to be lenient with others (idiom)
        

        qián, front/forward/ahead/first/top (followed by a number)/future/ago/before/BC (e.g. ...
        zhīqián, before/prior to/ago/previously/beforehand
        yǐqián, before/formerly/previous/ago
        miànqián, in front of/facing/(in the) presence (of)
        mùqián, at the present time/currently
        qiánmiàn, ahead/in front/preceding/above
        qiánjìn, [前進], to go forward/to forge ahead/to advance/onward
        yǎnqián, before one's eyes/now/at present
        tíqián, to shift to an earlier date/to do sth ahead of time/in advance
        qiánwǎng, to leave for/to proceed towards/to go
        qiánqī, ex-wife
        qiántú, prospects/future outlook/journey
        xiàngqián, forward/onward
        cóngqián, [從前], previously/formerly/once upon a time
        qiánkē, criminal record/previous convictions
        qiánrèn, predecessor/ex-/former
        qiánfū, former husband
        Qiánmén/qiánmén, [前門], Qianmen subway station on Beijing Subway Line 2, front door/main entrance/honest...
        qiánlái, [前來], to come (formal)/before/previously
        qiánfāng, ahead/the front
        qiántí, premise/precondition/prerequisite
        xiānqián, before/previously
        qiántái, [前臺], front platform/front of theatrical stage/foreground in politics etc (sometimes d...
线         qiánxiàn, [前線], front line/military front/workface/cutting edge
        hūnqián, pre-marital/pre-nuptial
        shēngqián, (of a deceased) during one's life/while living
        ménqián, [門前], in front of the door
        qiánsuǒwèiyǒu, unprecedented
        dāngqián, [當前], current/today's/modern/present/to be facing (us)
        qiánchéng, future (career etc) prospects
        bùjiǔqián, not long ago
        
        qiánhòu, [前後], around/from beginning to end/all around/front and rear
        
        qiánjǐng, foreground/vista/(future) prospects/perspective
        qiáné, [前額], forehead
        qiántiān, the day before yesterday
        shàngqián, to advance/to step forward
        qiányè, the eve/the night before
        qiánbèi, [前輩], senior/older generation/precursor
        
        gōngyuánqián, BCE (before the Common Era)/BC (before Christ)
        kōngqián, unprecedented
        shǐwúqiánlì, [史無前例], unprecedented in history
        gēnqián/gēnqian, in front of/close to/nearby/the time just before, living with sb/nearby
        shìqián, in advance/before the event
        qiántou, [前頭], in front/at the head/ahead/above
        shǐqián, prehistory
        qiánwèi, [前衛], advanced guard/vanguard/avant-garde/forward (soccer position)
        qiánxián, former hatred/bygone enmity
        qiánfēng, [前鋒], vanguard/front line/a forward (sports)
        Táiqián, Taiqian county in Puyang 濮陽|濮阳[Pú yáng], Henan/front of the stage
        yǒngwǎngzhíqián, to advance bravely
        
        
        qiánxī, eve/the day before
        qiánlièxiàn, prostate
        qiánbùjiǔ, not long ago/not long before
        
        qiántúwúliàng, [前途無量], to have boundless prospects
        qiánqī, preceding period/early stage
        qiánzhě, the former
        cǐqián, before this/before then/previously
        
        
沿         qiányán, front-line/forward position/outpost/extending ahead/frontier (of science, techno...
        chǎnqián, [產前], prenatal/antenatal
        
        
        qiánsuǒwèijiàn, [前所未見], unprecedented/never seen before
        qiánshì, previous generations/previous incarnation (Buddhism)
        chāoqián, to be ahead of one's time/to surpass or outdo one's predecessors/to be ahead of ...
        
        qiánduàn, first part/front end/forepart/front segment/the preceding section
        
        qiánzhào, omen/to foreshadow
        qiánshào, outpost
        tíngzhìbùqián, [停滯不前], stuck and not moving forward (idiom); stagnant/in a rut/at a standstill
        qiánbì, forearm
        rìqián, the other day/a few days ago
        qiántīng, [前廳], anteroom/vestibule/lobby (of a hotel etc)
        
        qiánduān, front/front end/forward part of sth
        qiánzòu, prelude/presage
        
        qiánnián, the year before last
        qiánbian, [前邊], front/the front side/in front of
        
        
        
        qiánliè, the very front
        kōngqiánjuéhòu, [空前絕後], unprecedented and never to be duplicated/the first and the last/unmatched/unique
        
        mínglièqiánmáo, to rank among the best
        
        niánqián, ...years ago
        yīwǎngwúqián, [一往無前], to advance courageously (idiom)/to press forward
        qiánchēzhījiàn, [前車之鑒], to learn a lesson from the mistakes of one's predecessor (idiom)
        
        qiánlún, [前輪], front wheel
        qiánrén, predecessor/forebears/the person facing you
        
        guǒzúbùqián, to stand still without advancing (idiom); to hesitate and hold back
        
        qiánshēn, forerunner/predecessor/precursor/previous incarnation (Buddhism)/jacket front
        
        qiányán, preface/forward/introduction
        
        qiányīnhòuguǒ, [前因後果], cause and effects (idiom); entire process of development
        chēdàoshānqiánbìyǒulù, [車到山前必有路], When we get to the mountain, there'll be a way through (俗话 common saying). fig. ...
        qiánlì, precedent
        qiánzhānxìng, farsightedness/perspicacity/prescience/forward-looking
        huāqiányuèxià, in flowers by moonlight (idiom); fig. courtship/honeymoon
        qiánshēng, pre-existence
        tònggǎiqiánfēi, completely correcting one's former misdeeds (idiom); to repent past mistakes and...
        wèisuōbùqián, [畏縮不前], to shrink back in fear (idiom); too cowardly to advance
        qiántíng, front courtyard/vestibule
        
        dàqiántiān, three days ago
        
        jǐnxiùqiánchéng, [錦繡前程], bright future/bright prospects
        
        qiánpūhòujì, [前仆後繼], one falls, the next follows (idiom); stepping into the breach to replace fallen ...
        qiánsuǒwèiwén, [前所未聞], unheard-of/unprecedented
        qiánchén, [前塵], the past/impurity contracted previously (in the sentient world) (Buddhism)
        
        sīqiánxiǎnghòu, [思前想後], to consider past cause and future effect (idiom); to think over the past and fut...
        ānqiánmǎhòu, [鞍前馬後], to follow everywhere/to always be there for sb at their beck and call
        qiánfùhòujì, [前赴後繼], to advance dauntlessly in wave upon wave (idiom)
        
        
        qiánzhuì, [前綴], prefix (linguistics)
        qiánrì, day before yesterday
        
        yīwǎngzhíqián, see 一往無前|一往无前[yī wǎng wú qián]
        
        
        
        
        mǎshīqiántí, [馬失前蹄], lit. the horse loses its front hooves/fig. sudden failure through miscalculation...
        
        gèbènqiánchéng, each goes his own way (idiom); each person has his own life to lead
        
沿         
        zhānqiángùhòu, [瞻前顧後], to look forward and back/to consider prudently/overcautious
        
        
        
        qiándǎo, [前導], to precede/to guide
        dàdídāngqián, [大敵當前], facing a powerful enemy (idiom); fig. confronting grave difficulties/Enemy at th...
        qiánzhān, forward-looking/prescient/foresight/forethought/outlook
        qiáncháo, the previous dynasty
        
        qiánzhī, forelimb/foreleg
        qiánshù, aforestated/stated above/the preceding statement
        
        
        wǔqián, morning/a.m.
        qiánbànyè, first half of the night (from nightfall to midnight)
        
        
        
        qiánhòuwén, [前後文], context/the surrounding words/same as 上下文
齿         qiánjiùchǐ, [前臼齒], premolar tooth (immediately behind canine teeth in some mammals)
线         
        qiánzòuqǔ, prelude (music)
        
        
        
        
        
        
        qiánmáo, forward patrol (miitary)
        
        zhīqián, to support the front (military)
        
        mǎqiánzú, [馬前卒], lackey/errand boy/lit. runner before a carriage
        
        
        chéngqiánqǐhòu, [承前啟後], to follow the past and herald the future (idiom); part of a historical transitio...
        
        
        
        

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