HSK东西 Scripts Advanced Search Radicals [collapse definitions]
Word: freq index 63796
tiāngān the 10 heavenly stems 甲[jiǎ], 乙[yǐ], 丙[bǐng], 丁[dīng], 戊[wù], 己[jǐ], 庚[gēng], 辛[xīn], 壬[rén], 癸[guǐ], used cyclically in the calendar and as ordinal numbers I, II etc

Character Composition

Character Compounds

Word Compounds


        tiān, day/sky/heaven
        jīntiān, today/at the present/now
        míngtiān, tomorrow
        zuótiān, yesterday
        měitiān, every day/everyday
        nàtiān, that day/the other day
        lǎotiān, God/Heavens
使         tiānshǐ, angel
        tiāntáng, paradise/heaven
        tiānqì, [天氣], weather
        liáotiān, to chat/to gossip
        tiānfù, [天賦], gift/innate skill
        zhěngtiān, all day long/whole day
        xiàtiān, summer/CL:個|个[gè]
        tiāncái, talent/gift/genius/talented/gifted
        xiètiānxièdì, [謝天謝地], Thank heavens!/Thank goodness that's worked out so well!
        
        tiānshēng, nature/disposition/innate/natural
        tiānkōng, sky
        báitiān, daytime/during the day/day/CL:個|个[gè]
        lǎotiānyé, [老天爺], God/Heavens
        Xīngqītiān, Sunday/CL:個|个[gè]
        chūntiān, spring (season)/CL:個|个[gè]
        tiānshàng, celestial/heavenly
        dōngtiān, winter/CL:個|个[gè]
        tiānzhēn, naive/innocent/artless
        tiāntiān, every day
        tiānxià, land under heaven/the whole world/the whole of China/realm/rule
        dàngtiān, [當天], that day/the same day
        qiūtiān, autumn/CL:個|个[gè]
        tiānhuābǎn, ceiling
        tiānfèn, natural gift/talent
        Tiānzhǔjiào, Catholicism
        gǎitiān, another day/some other time/to find another day (for appointment etc)/to take a ...
        chéngtiān, (coll.) all day long/all the time
        tiānliàng, dawn/daybreak
        tiānxìng, nature/innate tendency
        Tiānzhǔjiàotú, Catholic/follower of Catholicism
        tiānrán, natural
线         tiānxiàn, [天線], antenna/mast/connection with high-ranking officials
        zhètiān, [這天], today/this day
        
        shàngtiān, Heaven/Providence/God/the day before/the sky above/to fly to the sky/to take off...
        tiāndì, heaven and earth/world/scope/field of activity
        lùtiān, outdoors/al fresco/in the open
        
        bàntiān, half of the day/a long time/quite a while/CL:個|个[gè]
        tiānzǐ, the (rightful) emperor/"Son of Heaven" (traditional English translation)
        qiántiān, the day before yesterday
        yītiāndàowǎn, all day long/the whole day
        cóngtiānérjiàng, [從天而降], lit. to drop from the sky (idiom)/fig. to appear unexpectedly/to arise abruptly/...
        tiāné, [天鵝], swan
        Tiānzhǔ, God (in Catholicism)/abbr. for 天主教[Tiān zhǔ jiào], Catholicism
        hòutiān, [後天], the day after tomorrow/post-natal/acquired (not innate)/a posteriori
        Tiānlángxīng, Sirius, a double star in constellation Canis Major 大犬座
        tiānguó, [天國], Kingdom of Heaven
        tiānxiǎode, [天曉得], Heaven knows!
        guāngtiānhuàrì, the full light of day (idiom)/fig. peace and prosperity/in broad daylight
        Tiānhuáng, Emperor of Japan/Tennō/Mikado
        dàbáitiān, broad daylight
        
        quántiānhòu, all-weather
        lántiān, [藍天], blue sky
        hángtiān, space flight
        tiānchuāng, hatchway/skylight/sun roof
        Tiānqiáo/tiānqiáo, [天橋], Tianqiao district of Ji'nan city 濟南市|济南市[Jǐ nán shì], Shandong/Tianqiao district...
        tiānránqì, [天然氣], natural gas
        tiānwénguǎn, [天文館], planetarium
        Lǐbàitiān, [禮拜天], Sunday
        tiāntǐ, [天體], celestial body/nude body
        
        tiānéróng, [天鵝絨], velvet/swan's down
        tiānyì, providence/the Will of Heaven
        tiānfāndìfù, sky and the earth turning upside down (idiom); fig. complete confusion/everythin...
        yìxiǎngtiānkāi, [異想天開], to imagine the wildest thing/to indulge in fantasy
        
        chōngtiān, [沖天], to soar/to rocket
        Tiānwángxīng, Uranus (planet)
        tiāndà, gargantuan/as big as the sky/enormous
        TiānyáHǎijiǎo/tiānyáhǎijiǎo, Cape Haijiao in Sanya 三亞|三亚[Sān yà], Hainan, the ends of the earth/separated wor...
        qíngtiān, clear sky/sunny day
        
        tiānshén, god/deity
        wúfǎwútiān, [無法無天], regardless of the law and of natural morality (idiom); maverick/undisciplined an...
        tiānyá, the other end of the world/a far-away place
        shēngtiān, lit. to ascend to heaven/to die
        fāntiānfùdì, sky and the earth turning upside down (idiom); fig. complete confusion/everythin...
        
西         Xītiān, the Western Paradise (Buddhism)
        tiānsè, time of the day
        tīngtiānyóumìng, [聽天由命], to submit to the will of heaven/to resign oneself to fate/to trust to luck
        mótiāndàlóu, [摩天大樓], skyscraper/CL:座[zuò]
        tiānwáng, emperor/god/Hong Xiuquan's self-proclaimed title/see also 洪秀全[Hóng Xiù quán]
        tiānpíng, scales (to weigh things)
        cāngtiān, [蒼天], firmament
        mǎntiānfēi, [滿天飛], to rush around everywhere/always active
        xiāntiānxìng, congenital/intrinsic/innateness
        Tiānmìng, Mandate of Heaven/destiny/fate/one's life span
        tiānwénxuéjiā, [天文學家], astronomer
        
        
        tiānzàodìshè, [天造地設], lit. made by Heaven and arranged by Earth(idiom)/ideal/perfect/(of a match) made...
        tiānwénxué, [天文學], astronomy
        
        pūtiāngàidì, [鋪天蓋地], lit. hiding the sky and covering the earth (idiom); fig. earth-shattering/omnipr...
        tiānlài, [天籟], sounds of nature
        
        xiāntiān, inborn/innate/natural
        tiānwéntái, observatory
        tiānwén, astronomy
        tiānchángdìjiǔ, [天長地久], enduring while the world lasts (idiom)/eternal
        
        yǔtiān, rainy day/rainy weather
        tiāntíng, middle of the forehead/imperial court/heaven
        tiānhuā, smallpox
        hángtiānfēijī, [航天飛機], space shuttle
        Qǐrényōutiān, [杞人憂天], man of Qǐ fears the sky falling (idiom); groundless fears
        Tiānzhú, the Indian subcontinent (esp. in Tang or Buddhist context)
        
        tiāndǐxia, in this world/under the sun
        tiānzhí, [天職], vocation/duty/mission in life
        màntiān, lit. to fill the whole sky/everywhere/as far as the eye can see
        xìntiānwēng, albatross (family Diomedeidae)
        fēitiān, [飛天], flying Apsara (Buddhist art)
        
        jīngtiāndòngdì, [驚天動地], world-shaking (idiom)
        quántiān, whole day
        
        tiānhuāluànzhuì, [天花亂墜], lit. a deluge of heavenly flowers (idiom)/fig. extravagant embellishments/hype
        kāitiānchuāng, [開天窗], to leave a blank to mark censored area
        
        
        lètiānpài, [樂天派], happy-go-lucky people/optimists
        tiānjī, [天機], mystery known only to heaven (archaic)/inscrutable twist of fate/fig. top secret
        tiānrǎngzhībié, [天壤之別], lit. as different as sky and earth (idiom)/fig. night and day difference/opposit...
        
        tiānjià, [天價], extremely expensive/sky-high price
        tiāndí, [天敵], predator/natural enemy
        
        tiānjì, [天際], horizon
        
        tiānzhúshǔ, guinea pig/cavy
        rénmìngguāntiān, [人命關天], human life is beyond value (idiom)
        
        
        hángtiānjú, space agency
        yuàntiānyóurén, (idiom) to blame the gods and accuse others
        bīngtiānxuědì, a world of ice and snow
        
        mǎntiān, [滿天], whole sky
        
        
        chóngjiàntiānrì, [重見天日], to see the light again (idiom); delivered from oppression
        kāitiānpìdì, [開天闢地], to split heaven and earth apart (idiom); refers to the Pangu 盤古|盘古[Pán gǔ] creat...
        TiānfāngYètán/tiānfāngyètán, [天方夜譚], The Arabian Nights (classic story), fantasy story
        tiānbiān, [天邊], horizon/ends of the earth/remotest places
        tiānzī, [天資], innate talent/gift/flair/native resource/dowry
        tiānmǎxíngkōng, [天馬行空], like a heavenly steed, soaring across the skies (idiom)/(of writing, calligraphy...
        Tiānxiēzuò, [天蠍座], Scorpio or Scorpius (constellation and sign of the zodiac)
        
        
        tiānshū, [天書], imperial edict/heavenly book (superstition)/obscure or illegible writing/double ...
        tiānjǐng, courtyard/patio/veranda/atrium/acupuncture point TB0
        tiānmíng, dawn/daybreak
        
        dǎndàbāotiān, [膽大包天], reckless/extremely daring
        tiānlúnzhīlè, [天倫之樂], family love and joy/domestic bliss
        
        
        tiānjīngdìyì, [天經地義], lit. heaven's law and earth's principle (idiom); fig. right and proper/right and...
        tiānxiān, immortal (esp. female)/deity/fairy/Goddess/fig. beautiful woman
        
        
        
        tántiān, [談天], to chat
        tiānzāi, [天災], natural disaster
        dǐngtiānlìdì, [頂天立地], lit. able to support both heaven and earth/of indomitable spirit (idiom)
        shāngtiānhàilǐ, [傷天害理], to offend Heaven and reason (idiom); bloody atrocities that cry to heaven/outrag...
        tiānxiàdìyī, first under heaven/number one in the country
        Tiānchèngzuò, Libra (constellation and sign of the zodiac)
        mántiānguòhǎi, [瞞天過海], to cross the sea by a trick (idiom)/to achieve one's aim by underhanded means
        yīntiān, [陰天], cloudy day/overcast sky
        qíngtiānpīlì, [晴天霹靂], thunder from a clear sky (idiom); a bolt from the blue
        
        pòtiānhuāng, unprecedented/for the first time/never before/first ever
        màntiānyàojià, [漫天要價], to ask for sky-high prices
        
        bēitiānmǐnrén, [悲天憫人], to bemoan the state of the universe and pity the fate of mankind
        
        
        Rèntiāntáng, Nintendo
        qīngtiān, clear sky/blue sky/upright and honorable (official)
        hángtiānyuán, [航天員], astronaut
        Tiāngōng, [天宮], Temple in Heaven (e.g. of the Jade Emperor)
        tiānzhúkuí, geranium (Pelargonium hortorum)
        
        TiānéHú, [天鵝湖], Swan Lake
        huātiānjiǔdì, to spend one's time in drinking and pleasure (idiom); to indulge in sensual plea...
        tiānxiàtàipíng, the whole world at peace (idiom); peace and prosperity
        mótiāndàshà, [摩天大廈], skyscraper/CL:座[zuò]
        lěngtiān, cold weather/cold season
        tiānhuāngdìlǎo, until the end of time (idiom)
        mótiānlóu, [摩天樓], skyscraper/CL:座[zuò]
        
        hūntiānhēidì, lit. dark sky and black earth (idiom)/fig. pitch dark/to black out/disorderly/tr...
        tiānluódìwǎng, [天羅地網], inescapable net (idiom)/trap/dragnet
        
        bànbiāntiān, [半邊天], half the sky/women of the new society/womenfolk
        dàhòutiān, [大後天], three days from now/day after day after tomorrow
        yībùdēngtiān, reaching heaven in a single bound (idiom); (esp. with negative: don't expect) in...
        tiānyǒubùcèfēngyún, [天有不測風雲], fortune as unpredictable as the weather (idiom); sth unexpected may happen at an...
        
        yǔguòtiānqíng, [雨過天晴], sky clears after rain/new hopes after a disastrous period (idiom)/every cloud ha...
        tiānhándìdòng, [天寒地凍], cold weather, frozen ground (idiom); bitterly cold
        hángtiānqì, spacecraft
        mǎntiānxīng, [滿天星], Baby's Breath/Gypsophila paniculata
        tiānlánsè, [天藍色], azure
        
        tiāncì, [天賜], bestowed by heaven
        wùjìngtiānzé, [物競天擇], natural selection
        
        
        
        dàqiántiān, three days ago
        rèhuǒcháotiān, [熱火朝天], in full swing (idiom)/(in a) frenzy/buzzing with activity
        tiānshí, [天時], the time/the right time/weather conditions/destiny/course of time/heaven's natur...
        lètiān, [樂天], carefree/happy-go-lucky/optimistic
        
        tiānpéng, ceiling/awning
        huítiānfáshù, [回天乏術], unable to turn around a hopeless situation (idiom)/to fail to save the situation
        liántiān, [連天], reaching the sky/for days on end/incessantly
使         
        
        
        tiānnián, natural life span
        
        
        
        
        
        
        yǎngtiān, to face upwards/to look up to the sky
        zhōngtiān, culmination (astronomy)
        
        húnrántiānchéng, [渾然天成], to resemble nature itself/of the highest quality (idiom)
        bàotiǎntiānwù, to waste natural resources recklessly/not to know how to use things sparingly
        
        tiānzhēnlànmàn, [天真爛漫], innocent and unaffected
        
        tiānhòu, weather
        
        tántiānshuōdì, [談天說地], to talk endlessly/talking of anything under the sun
        tiānxiàng, meteorological or astronomical phenomenon (e.g. rainbow or eclipse)
        tiāndào, natural law/heavenly law/weather (dialect)
        
        
        huāntiānxǐdì, [歡天喜地], delighted/with great joy/in high spirits
        
        dìjiǔtiāncháng, [地久天長], enduring while the world lasts (idiom, from Laozi); eternal/for ever and ever (o...
        Tiānānmén, [天安門], Tiananmen Gate, entrance of the Imperial City in Beijing
        
        
        
        zhētiānbìrì, lit. hiding the sky and covering the earth (idiom); fig. earth-shattering/omnipr...
        
        sàngjìntiānliáng, [喪盡天良], devoid of conscience (idiom); utterly heartless
        dìlǎotiānhuāng, see 天荒地老[tiān huāng dì lǎo]
        
        tiānwǎnghuīhuī, [天網恢恢], Heaven's net is wide meshed, but nothing escapes it (idiom, from Laozi 73).
        
        guītiān, [歸天], to die
        
        
        tiānlán, [天藍], sky blue
        
        
        zuòjǐngguāntiān, [坐井觀天], lit. to view the sky from the bottom of a well (idiom); ignorant and narrow-mind...
        tiānzāirénhuò, [天災人禍], natural and man-made disasters (idiom); natural calamities (flood, drought, eart...
        tiānchángrìjiǔ, [天長日久], after a long time (idiom)
        
        
        
        zuìètāotiān, [罪惡滔天], evil crimes fill heaven (idiom)
        
        mínyǐshíwéitiān, [民以食為天], Food is the God of the people. (idiom); People view food as the primary need./Fo...
        
        
        détiāndúhòu, [得天獨厚], (of an area) rich in resources/(of a person) gifted or able (idiom)
        tiānméndōng, [天門冬], asparagus
        
        tiānlún, [天倫], family bonds/ethical family relations
        
        tiāngān, the 10 heavenly stems 甲[jiǎ], 乙[yǐ], 丙[bǐng], 丁[dīng], 戊[wù], 己[jǐ], 庚[gēng], 辛[...
        
        Tiānshān, Tianshan mountain range between XinJiang and Mongolia and Kyrgyzstan
        tiānr, [天兒], the weather
        tiāngōng, heaven/lord of heaven
        Tiāntán, [天壇], Temple of Heaven (in Beijing)
        
        
        cāntiān, [參天], reach high to the sky/tall/of great height
        tiānxiàngyí, [天象儀], planetarium projector
        Hútiān, Zoroastrianism
        
        tiāndàochóuqín, Heaven rewards the diligent. (idiom)
        shípòtiānjīng, [石破天驚], earth-shattering/breakthrough/remarkable and original work
        
        jīquǎnshēngtiān, [雞犬升天], lit. poultry and dogs rise to Heaven (idiom)/fig. to ride on sb else's success/O...
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        bàitiāndì, to worship heaven and earth/ritual kneeling by bride and groom in a old-fashione...
        
        míngmǎntiānxià, [名滿天下], world famous
        
        
        
        sāntiānliǎngtóu, [三天兩頭], lit. twice every three days (idiom); practically every day/frequently
        
        shuǐtiānyīsè, water and sky merge in one color (idiom)
        
        
        pǔtiāntóngqìng, [普天同慶], everybody celebrating together/universal celebration/universal rejoicing
        
        
        biàntiān, [變天], to undergo change in weather/restoration of reactionary rule or the previous reg...
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        màotiānxiàzhīdàbùwěi, [冒天下之大不韙], to defy world opinion/to risk universal condemnation
        
        Tiānyīngzuò, [天鷹座], Aquila (constellation)
        
        
        
        
        
        
        sānfútiān, three periods forming the hottest periods of summer, from mid-July to mid-August...
        guósètiānxiāng, [國色天香], national grace, divine fragrance (idiom); an outstanding beauty
        
        
        
        
        Tiāntái, Mt Tiantai near Shaoxing 紹興|绍兴 in Zhejiang, the center of Tiantai Buddhism 天台宗/T...
        
        
        Tiānchí, Lake Tianchi in Xinjiang
        Tiānjīn, Tianjin, a municipality in northeast China, abbr. 津
        
        
        
        
        tiānnándìběi, distant places/all over the country/(to talk) about this and that
        tiānniú, Longhorn beetle
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        hǎijiǎotiānyá, see 天涯海角[tiān yá hǎi jiǎo]
        biéyǒudòngtiān, [別有洞天], place of charm and beauty/scenery of exceptional charm/completely different worl...
        tiāntī, stairway to heaven/high mountain road/tall ladder on a building or other large s...
        Xiǎotiāné/xiǎotiāné, [小天鵝], Little Swan (PRC appliance brand), tundra swan
        
        tiānliáng, conscience
        
        
        
        
        
        
        réndìngshèngtiān, [人定勝天], man can conquer nature (idiom); human wisdom can prevail over nature
        
        
        shǔtiān, hot (summer) day
        Tiānshùn, [天順], Tianshun Emperor, reign name of eighth Ming Emperor 朱祁鎮|朱祁镇[Zhū Qí zhèn] (1427-1...
        Nántiānmén, [南天門], The Southern Heavenly Gates/a name for a mountain pass gate in several places
        
        
        fútiān, the hottest period of the year/see 三伏天[sān fú tiān]
        

        gān/Gān/gàn, [乹]/[乾]/[亁]/[幹], old variant of 乾|干[gān], surname Gan, dry/clean/in vain/dried food/foster/adopti...
        gànmá, [幹嗎], see 幹嘛|干嘛[gàn má]
        gànshénme, [幹甚麼], what are you doing?/what's he up to?
        gānjìng, [乾淨], clean/neat
        gānbēi, [乾杯], to drink a toast/Cheers! (proposing a toast)/Here's to you!/Bottoms up!/lit. dry...
        gàndiào, [幹掉], to get rid of
        gànhuó, [幹活], to work/to be employed/manual labor
        bǐnggān, [餅乾], biscuit/cracker/cookie/CL:片[piàn],塊|块[kuài]
        gāncuì, [乾脆], straightforward/clear-cut/blunt (e.g. statement)/you might as well/simply
        gānrǎo, [干擾], to disturb/to interfere/perturbation/interference (physics)
        gānshè, to interfere/to meddle/interference
        gānlào, [乾酪], cheese
        gānyù, [干預], to meddle/to intervene/intervention
        
        gānzào, [乾燥], to dry (of weather, paint, cement etc)/desiccation/dull/uninteresting/arid
        
        gānxǐ, [乾洗], to dry clean/dry cleaning
        dāngàn, [單幹], to work on one's own/to work single-handed/individual farming
        pútaogān, [葡萄乾], raisin/dried grape
        gànxìbāo, [幹細胞], stem cell
        
        gānxì, [干係], responsibility
        yīgānèrjìng, [一乾二淨], thoroughly (idiom)/completely/one and all/very clean
        hōnggān, [烘乾], to dry over a stove
        gànjìn, [幹勁], enthusiasm for doing sth
        gānjìnglìluo, [乾淨利落], squeaky clean/neat and tidy/efficient
        
        cáigàn, [才幹], ability/competence
        Wūgāndá, [烏干達], Uganda
        ruògān, a certain number or amount/how many?/how much?
        gāncǎo, [乾草], hay
        
        gānhàn, [乾旱], drought/arid/dry
        nénggàn, [能幹], capable/competent
        rǔxiùwèigān, [乳臭未乾], smell of mother's milk not yet dried (idiom); immature and inexperienced/still w...
        qūgàn, [軀幹], trunk/torso
        gānbīng, [乾冰], dry ice (i.e. frozen CÓ)/CL:塊|块[kuài]
        gānhé, [乾涸], to dry up
        
        gànshi, [幹事], administrator/executive secretary
        xiānggān, relevant/to have to do with/coherent (Physics: light etc)
        shùgàn, [樹幹], tree trunk
        gānkū, [乾枯], withered/dried up
        
        gànbù, [幹部], cadre
        gànhuór, [幹活兒], to work/manual labor
        gōnggàn, [公幹], public business/official work
线         gànxiàn, [幹線], main line/trunk line
        
        gānbiě, [乾癟], dried out/wizened/shriveled
        liànggān, [晾乾], to dry by the sun
        gānbābā, [乾巴巴], dry/parched/dull/insipid
        dàdònggāngē, [大動干戈], to go to war (idiom)/to make a big fuss over sth
        máitóukǔgàn, [埋頭苦幹], to bury oneself in work (idiom); to be engrossed in work/to make an all-out effo...
        fēnggān, [風乾], to air-dry/to season (timber etc)/air-dried/air-drying
        gāncuìlìluo, [乾脆利落], (of speech or actions) direct and efficient/without fooling around
        gānguǒ, [乾果], dried fruit/dry fruits (nuts etc)
        gǔgàn, [骨幹], diaphysis (long segment of a bone)/fig. backbone
        BāěrgānBàndǎo, [巴爾幹半島], Balkan Peninsula
        shígàn, [實幹], on the job/solid practical work/pragmatic
        gānliáng, [乾糧], rations (to take on expedition)
        hégān, what business?
        gāngē, weapons of war/arms
        gànjiàng, [幹將], capable person
        shígànjiā, [實幹家], practical person/constructive person
        jīnggàn, [精幹], crack (troops)/special (forces)/highly capable
        gànliàn, [幹練], capable and experienced
        kǔgàn, [苦幹], to work hard
        mángàn, [蠻幹], to act rashly/to act precipitously regardless of the consequences/reckless/foolh...
        
        gānshuǎng, [乾爽], dry and clean/clear and fresh
        
        gānsè, [乾澀], dry and rough (skin)/hoarse (voice)/dry and heavy (style)
        gānkě, [乾渴], parched/dry mouth
        gāndiē, [乾爹], godfather
        
        
        yìnggàn, [硬幹], by brute strength/rashly and forcefully/bull-headed/to work tenaciously with no ...
        gāndèngyǎn, [乾瞪眼], to watch helplessly
        gānhuò, [乾貨], dry goods/dried fruit, nuts etc
        
        Dégān, Deccan (India)
        
        kūgān, [枯乾], withered
        
        
        gānfàn, [乾飯], cooked and dried rice
        gānmā, [乾媽], godmother
        
        gàndào, [幹道], arterial road/main road/main watercourse
        
        bāogān, [包乾], to have the full responsibility of a job/allocated task
        wàiqiángzhōnggān, [外強中乾], strong in appearance but weak in reality (idiom)
        Bāěrgān, [巴爾幹], Balkan
        xiānggān, [香乾], smoked bean curd
线         Xīngànxiàn, [新幹線], Shinkansen (Japanese high-speed train)
        
        
        jīngmíngnénggàn, [精明能幹], able and efficient
        
        gānbèi, [乾貝], conpoy/dried scallop
        gānrǎosù, [干擾素], interferon
        gànliú, [幹流], main stream (of a river)
西         
        
        
        
        
西         
        
        gānnǚér, [乾女兒], (nominally) adopted daughter/goddaughter
        
线         zhǔgànxiàn, [主幹線], trunk line (of road, network etc)/backbone (cable)
        tiāngān, the 10 heavenly stems 甲[jiǎ], 乙[yǐ], 丙[bǐng], 丁[dīng], 戊[wù], 己[jǐ], 庚[gēng], 辛[...
        
        
        zhǔgàn, [主幹], trunk/main/core
        
        
        gānzháojí, [乾著急], to worry helplessly
        gànjǐng, [幹警], police/police cadres
        gānzàojì, [乾燥劑], desiccant
        
        
        gānfěn, [乾粉], dry powder
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
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西         
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        gānshòu, [乾瘦], wizened/skinny and shriveled
        
        
        
        
        
        
        gānérzi, [乾兒子], (nominally) adopted son/godson
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        gàncái, [幹才], ability/capable
        
        
        
        
        
        gānniáng, [乾娘], godmother (see also 干妈)
        
        
        
        
        
        

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