HSK东西 Scripts Advanced Search Radicals [collapse definitions]
Word: freq index 46279
zìshàngérxià top-down

Character Composition

Character Compounds

Word Compounds


        zìjǐ, oneself/one's own
        láizì, [來自], to come from (a place)/From: (in email header)
        zìyóu, freedom/free/liberty/CL:個|个[gè]
        zì, from/self/oneself/since
        zìshā, [自殺], to kill oneself/to commit suicide
        zìcóng, [自從], since (a time)/ever since
        zìrán, nature/natural/naturally
        zìwǒ, self-/ego (psychology)
        qīnzì, [親自], personally
        dúzì, [獨自], alone
        zìxìn, to have confidence in oneself/self-confidence
        zìháo, proud (of one's achievements etc)
        zìdòng, [自動], automatic/voluntarily
        zìxíngchē, [自行車], bicycle/bike/CL:輛|辆[liàng]
        zìsī, selfish/selfishness
        zìyuàn, [自願], voluntary
        gèzì, each/respective/apiece
        zìzai, free/unrestrained/comfortable/at ease
        zìshēn, itself/oneself/one's own
        zìshǒu, to give oneself up/to surrender (to the authorities)
        chūzì, to come from
        zìwèi, [自衛], self-defense
        zìzūn, self-respect/self-esteem/ego/pride
        zìchēng, [自稱], to call oneself/to claim to be/to profess/to claim a title
        zìzé, [自責], to blame oneself
        zìyǐwéishì, [自以為是], to believe oneself infallible (idiom)/to be opinionated
        zìzhǎo, to suffer as a consequence of one's own actions/you asked for it/to bring it on ...
        zìfù, [自負], to take responsibility/conceited
        zìdà, arrogant
        dàzìrán, nature (the natural world)
        zìzhì, [自製], to maintain self-control/self-control, self-made/improvised/homemade/handmade
        shànzì, without permission/of one's own initiative
        fāzì, [發自], to evolve from
        yuánzì, to originate from
        zìrú, freedom of action/unobstructed/unconstrained/smoothly/with ease/freely
        qíngbùzìjīn, unable to restrain emotions/cannot help
便         
        zìxíng, voluntary/autonomous/by oneself/self-
        zìyánzìyǔ, [自言自語], to talk to oneself/to think aloud/to soliloquize
        gǎiguòzìxīn, [改過自新], to reform and start afresh (idiom); to turn over a new leaf
        zìqīqīrén, to deceive others and to deceive oneself/to believe one's own lies
        zìjiā, self/(reflexive pronoun)/own
        zìzhuàn, [自傳], autobiography
        zìzūnxīn, self-respect/self-esteem/ego
        zìránérrán, involuntary/automatically
        zìzhùcān, buffet/self-service meal
        zìzhǔ, independent/to act for oneself/autonomous
        zìzhù, self service
        zìjué, [自覺], conscious/aware/on one's own initiative/conscientious
        zìxiāngcánshā, [自相殘殺], to massacre one another (idiom); internecine strife
        sīzì, private/personal/secretly/without explicit approval
        ménxīnzìwèn, [捫心自問], to ask oneself honestly/to search in one's heart
        zìzhǎomáfan, [自找麻煩], to ask for trouble/to invite difficulties
        zìzuòcōngmíng, [自作聰明], to think oneself clever (idiom)/self-styled genius/a smart aleck
        zìláishuǐ, [自來水], running water/tap water
        zìzuòzhǔzhāng, [自作主張], to think for oneself and act accordingly (idiom); to act on one's own initiative
        zìlì, independent/self-reliant/self-sustaining/to stand on one's own feet/to support o...
        zìbǎo, to defend oneself/self-defense/self-preservation
        zìjìn, [自盡], to kill oneself/suicide
        zìgěr, [自個兒], (dialect) oneself/by oneself
        zìdàikuáng, megalomania/egomania/delusions of grandeur
        zìshēngzìmiè, [自生自滅], to emerge and perish on its own; to run its course (idiom)
        zìshǐzhìzhōng, [自始至終], from start to finish (idiom)
        bùyóuzìzhǔ, can't help; involuntarily (idiom)
        
        zìránjiè, nature/the natural world
        zìyóuzìzài, free and easy (idiom); carefree/leisurely
        zìfén, self-immolation
        zìrán, spontaneous combustion
        zìbá, to free oneself/to extricate oneself from a difficult situation
        zìbēi, feeling inferior/self-abased
        zìkòng, automatic control
        zìbàozìqì, [自暴自棄], to abandon oneself to despair/to give up and stop bothering
        zìjǐrén, those on our side/ourselves/one's own people/one of us
        
        zìjuéfénmù, [自掘墳墓], to dig one's own grave
        zìwèiduì, [自衛隊], self-defense force/the Japanese armed forces
        zìmìngbùfán, to think too much of oneself/self-important/arrogant
        zìshíqíguǒ, to eat one's own fruit (idiom); fig. suffering the consequences of one's own act...
        zìdǎ, (coll.) since
        zìyóuzhǔyì, [自由主義], liberalism
        zìxìnxīn, self-confidence
        zìjǐzìzú, [自給自足], self-sufficiency/autarchy
        zìxiāngmáodùn, to contradict oneself/self-contradictory/inconsistent
        zìfā, [自發], spontaneous
        zìyǒu, to possess/to own/to have
        bànzìdòng, [半自動], semi-automatic
        wúdìzìróng, [無地自容], ashamed and unable to show one's face
        zìyú, [自娛], to amuse oneself
        
        
        zìlìgēngshēng, regeneration through one's own effort (idiom)/self-reliance
        zìxué, [自學], self-study/to study on one's own
        zìránzāihài, [自然災害], natural disaster
        zìmíngdéyì, [自鳴得意], to think highly of oneself
        zìzhì, autonomy
        zìsīzìlì, everything for self and selfish profit (idiom); with no regard for others/selfis...
        zìwèn, [自問], to ask oneself/to search one's soul/to reach a conclusion after weighing a matte...
        zhānzhānzìxǐ, immeasurably self-satisfied
        zìxí, [自習], to study by oneself/teach yourself
        zìzhīzhīmíng, knowing oneself (idiom)/self-knowledge
        zìzhìlì, self-control
        zìdéqílè, [自得其樂], to find amusement in one's own way/to enjoy oneself quietly
        
        zìtǎokǔchī, [自討苦吃], to ask for trouble (idiom)/to make a rod for one's own back
        zìshíqílì, lit. to eat off one's own strength (idiom)/fig. to stand on one's own feet/to ea...
        zìchuīzìléi, to blow one's own trumpet (idiom)
        zìránkēxué, [自然科學], natural sciences
        zìzhòng, to conduct oneself with dignity/to be dignified/deadweight
        kuángwàngzìdà, arrogant and conceited
        zìào, arrogance/proud of sth
        zìgàofènyǒng, [自告奮勇], to volunteer for/to offer to undertake
        
        zìkuā, [自誇], to boast
        
        zìài, [自愛], self-respect/self-love/self-regard/regard for oneself/to cherish one's good name...
        zìlǜ, self-discipline/self-regulation/autonomy (ethics)/autonomic (physiology)
        ànzì, inwardly/to oneself/secretly
        zìháogǎn, pride in sth/self-esteem
        zìyóudǎng, [自由黨], Liberal Party
        
        zìxúnfánnǎo, [自尋煩惱], to bring trouble on oneself (idiom)
        zìmǎn, [自滿], complacent/self-satisfied
        zìbáishū, [自白書], confession
        zìxǔ, [自詡], to pose as/to flaunt oneself as/to boast of/to brag
        xiāoyáozìzai, [逍遙自在], free and at leisure (idiom); unfettered/outside the reach of the law (of crimina...
        
        fàngrènzìliú, to let sb do whatever they want/to indulge/to give free reins to/to let things s...
        zìzhuàn, [自轉], rotation
        zìjiàn, [自薦], to recommend oneself (for a job)
        zìlǐ, to take care of oneself/to provide for oneself
        zuòjiǎnzìfù, [作繭自縛], to spin a cocoon around oneself (idiom); enmeshed in a trap of one's own devisin...
        zìyóushì, freestyle (in sports)
        zìmìng, to consider oneself to be (sth positive)
        
        
        zìdònghuà, [自動化], automation
        jiānshǒuzìdào, [監守自盜], to embezzle
        
        
        zìránzīyuán, [自然資源], natural resource
        
        zìbái, confession/to make clear one's position or intentions/to brag
        bùyánzìmíng, self-evident; needing no explanation (idiom)
        zìyóuyǒng, freestyle swimming
        
        
        zìjū, to consider oneself as/to believe oneself to be
        zìzhǔquán, [自主權], ability to make one's own decisions
        zìcǐ, since then/henceforth
        zìqiáng, [自強], to strive for self-improvement
        zìcháo, to mock oneself/to laugh at oneself
        dúlìzìzhǔ, [獨立自主], independent and autonomous (idiom); self-determination/to act independently/to m...
        zìxuǎn, [自選], to choose by oneself/free to choose/optional/self-service
        tàiránzìruò, cool and collected (idiom); showing no sign of nerves/perfectly composed
        wàngzìzūndà, ridiculous self-importance (idiom); arrogance
        MáoSuìzìjiàn, [毛遂自薦], Mao Sui recommends himself (idiom); to offer one's services (in the style of Mao...
        zìyóutǐcāo, [自由體操], floor (gymnastics)
        zìgǔ, (since) ancient times/(from) time immemorial
        
        zìhuàxiàng, [自畫像], self-portrait
        
        zìxiū, to study on one's own/self study
        
        zìxuéchéngcái, [自學成才], a self-made genius
        
        
        jiéshēnzìhào, [潔身自好], clean-living and honest (idiom); to avoid immorality/to shun evil influence/to m...
        zìshì, self esteem/self reliance/over confident/conceited
        zìgǔyǐlái, [自古以來], since ancient times
        zìyóushìchǎng, [自由市場], free market
        
        bùzìliàng, not take a proper measure of oneself/to overrate one's own abilities
        
        zìshù, to recount in one's own words/autobiography/written self-introduction
        
        zìzhìqū, [自治區], autonomous region, namely: Inner Mongolia 內蒙古自治區|内蒙古自治区, Guangxi 廣西壯族自治區|广西壮族自治区...
        
        wàngzìfěibó, to be unduly humble (idiom)/to undervalue oneself
        
        zìxǐng, to examine oneself/to reflect on one's shortcomings/introspection/self-awareness...
        
        yíránzìdé, happy and content (idiom)
        
        zìgāozìdà, to think of oneself as terrific (idiom); arrogant
        zìxíngqíshì, to act as one thinks fit/to have one's own way
        zìránzhǔyì, [自然主義], naturalism (philosophy)
        zìfèi, [自費], (be) at one's own expense
        zìkuìbùrú, ashamed of being inferior (idiom)/to feel inferior to others
        zìjǐ, [自給], self-reliant
        
        jìngzì, [徑自], without leave/without consulting anyone
        bùgōngzìpò, (of a rumor etc) to collapse (in the light of facts etc)/to be discredited
        
        zìwèi, to console oneself/to masturbate/onanism/masturbation
        zìbèi, [自備], to provide one's own.../own/self-provided/self-contained
        zìyòu, since childhood
        
        
        
        zìshàngérxià, top-down
        zìqiángbùxī, [自強不息], to strive unremittingly/self-improvement
        zìwěn, to commit suicide by cutting one's own throat
        
        ZìyóuMínzhǔdǎng, [自由民主黨], Liberal Democratic Party
        
        
        
        
        zìbùliànglì, to overestimate one's capabilities (idiom)
        yángyángzìdé, immensely pleased with oneself (idiom)/proud/complacent
        
        huǐguòzìxīn, [悔過自新], to repent and start afresh (idiom); to turn over a new leaf
        zìtǎoméiqù, [自討沒趣], to invite a snub/to court a rebuff
        
        zìwǒpīpíng, [自我批評], self-criticism
        zìránshù, [自然數], natural number
        zìránfǎ, natural law
        gāngbìzìyòng, [剛愎自用], obstinate and self-opinionated (idiom)
        zìqiān, [自謙], modest/self-deprecating
        zìyóuwángguó, [自由王國], realm of freedom (philosophy)
        
        Mǎzìdá, [馬自達], Mazda, Japanese car make (derived from name Matsuda 松田)/also known as 萬事得|万事得
        zìránbǎohùqū, [自然保護區], nature reserve
        zìgěr, [自各兒], variant of 自個兒|自个儿[zì gě r]
        
        zìbùbìshuō, [自不必說], to not need dwell on (idiom)
        
        
        zìyóudù, (number of) degrees of freedom (physics and statistics)
        
        zìcǔn, to speculate/to ponder
        
        
        
        
        zìyǎng, [自養], self-sustaining/economically independent (of state aid, foreign subsidy etc)
        
        
        
        Yèlángzìdà, lit. Yelang thinks highly of itself (idiom)/fig. foolish conceit
        
        zìxiàérshàng, bottom-up
        
        
        wùzì, (literary) still/yet
        zìliúdì, private plot allocated to an individual on a collective farm
        
        
        zìyíng, [自營], self-operated/to operate one's own business
        
        bìguānzìshǒu, [閉關自守], close the country to international intercourse
        
        zìránxuǎnzé, [自然選擇], natural selection
        zìyóugǎng, free port
        
        zìsù, [自訴], private prosecution (law)/(of a patient) to describe (one's symptoms)
        
        
        
        
        
        zìyì, [自縊], to hang oneself
        
        zìzhìzhōu, autonomous prefecture
        
        zìdé, contented/pleased with one's position
        
        
        zìdòngqiānbǐ, [自動鉛筆], mechanical pencil/propelling pencil
        
        
        
        liáoyǐzìwèi, just to console oneself (idiom)
        rènqízìrán, to let things take their course (idiom)/to leave it to nature/laissez-faire
        
        zìfùyíngkuī, [自負盈虧], responsible for its profit and losses (of organization)/financially autonomous/p...
        zìyóufàngrèn, laissez-faire
        
        Zìliújǐng, Ziliujing district of Zigong city 自貢市|自贡市[Zì gòng shì], Sichuan

        shǎng/shàng, see 上聲|上声[shǎng shēng], on top/upon/above/upper/previous/first (of multiple part...
        Shàngdì, God
        mǎshàng, [馬上], at once/right away/immediately/on horseback (i.e. by military force)
        wǎnshang, evening/night/CL:個|个[gè]/in the evening
        shēnshang, on the body/at hand/among
        kànshangqu, it would appear/it seems (that)
        shìshíshàng, [事實上], in fact/in reality/actually/as a matter of fact/de facto/ipso facto
        shàngmian, on top of/above-mentioned
        zǎoshang, early morning/CL:個|个[gè]
        shíjìshàng, [實際上], in fact/in reality/as a matter of fact/in practice
        lùshang, on the road/on a journey/road surface
        shàngbān, to go to work/to be on duty/to start work/to go to the office
        shàngqù, to go up
        shàngcì, last time
        
        àishàng, [愛上], to fall in love with/to be in love with
        shàngzhōu, last week
        
        dìshang, on the ground/on the floor
        shàngxiào, high ranking officer in Chinese army/colonel
        jiēshang, on the street
        jiāshàng, plus/to put in/to add/to add on/to add into/in addition/on top of that
        
        shàngxué, [上學], to go to school/to attend school
        shàngwèi, captain (military rank)
        shìshàng, on earth
        
        wǎngshàng, [網上], online
        lóushàng, [樓上], upstairs
        táishàng, [臺上], on stage
        shàngkè, [上課], to go to class/to attend class/to go to teach a class
        
        guānshàng, [關上], to close (a door)/to turn off (light, electrical equipment etc)
        
        gǎnshàng, [趕上], to keep up with/to catch up with/to overtake/to chance upon/in time for
        shàngsi, boss/superior
        shàngchǎng, [上場], on stage/to go on stage/to take the field
        shàngwǔ, morning/CL:個|个[gè]
        
        shàngchē, [上車], to get on or into (a bus, train, car etc)
        yǐshàng, that level or higher/that amount or more/the above-mentioned
        shànglái, [上來], to come up/to approach/(verb complement indicating success)
        
        shàngtái, to rise to power (in politics)/to go on stage (in the theater)
        shàngshēng, [上昇], to rise/to go up/to ascend
        tiānshàng, celestial/heavenly
        shàngmén, [上門], to drop in/to visit/to lock a door/(of a shop) to close
        jīběnshang, basically/on the whole
        shàngyǎn, to screen (a movie)/to stage (a play)/a screening/a staging
        shàngyī, jacket/upper outer garment/CL:件[jiàn]
        Shānshàng, Shanshang township in Tainan county 台南縣|台南县[Tái nán xiàn], Taiwan
        chéngqiānshàngwàn, [成千上萬], lit. by the thousands and tens of thousands (idiom); untold numbers/innumerable/...
        pèngshàng, to run into/to come upon/to meet
        shàngwǎng, [上網], to be on the Internet/to stretch a net (in a sports game or for covering sth)/to...
        zhīshàng, above
        shàngyǐn, [上癮], to get into a habit/to become addicted
        shàngsù, [上訴], to appeal (a judicial case)/appeal
        hǎishàng, maritime
        
        shànglù, to start on a journey/to be on one's way
        shàngjí, [上級], higher authorities/superiors/CL:個|个[gè]
        shànggèyuè, [上個月], last month
        
        shànggōu, [上鉤], to take the bait
        shànglóu, [上樓], to go upstairs
        shàngxià, up and down/top and bottom/old and new/length/about
        shènshàngxiàn, [腎上腺], adrenal glands
        
        
        shàngxīngqī, last week/previous week
        
        shàngtou, [上頭], above/on top of/on the surface of
        
        
        shàngjiàng, [上將], general/admiral/air chief marshal
        shàngkōng, overhead/in the sky
        Shuǐshàng/shuǐshàng, Shuishang township in Chiayi county 嘉義縣|嘉义县[Jiā yì xiàn], west Taiwan, on water/...
        shàngshēn, upper part of the body
        
        
        bǐbùshàng, can't compare with
        
        
        xiàngshàng, upward/up/to advance/to try to improve oneself/to make progress
        Shànghǎi, Shanghai municipality, central east China, abbr. to 滬|沪[Hù]
        shàngbào, [上報], to report to one's superiors/to appear in the news/to reply to a letter
        
        shàngdàng, [上當], taken in (by sb's deceit)/to be fooled/to be duped
        
        shàngyìng, to show (a movie)/to screen
        shàngtiān, Heaven/Providence/God/the day before/the sky above/to fly to the sky/to take off...
        shàngcéng, [上層], upper layer
        shàngdiào, to hang oneself
        shànghǎo, first-rate/top-notch
        shàngshì, to hit the market (of a new product)/to float (a company on the stock market)
        zhǎoshàngmén, [找上門], to come to sb's door/to call on sb
        shàngjiē, to go onto the streets/to go shopping
        shàngbian, [上邊], the top/above/overhead/upwards/the top margin/above-mentioned/those higher up
        shàngděng, highest quality/top-notch
        zhìshàng, supreme/paramount/above all else
        shàngliú, upper class
        shàngqián, to advance/to step forward
        shàngrèn, to take office
        chéngbǎishàngqiān, hundreds/a large number/lit. by the hundreds and thousands
        gēnbushàng, not able to keep up with
        shàngjiāo, to hand over to/to give to higher authority/to seek connections in high places
        gāogāozàishàng, set up on high (idiom); not in touch with reality/aloof and remote
        shàngshān, to go uphill/to spin cocoon (silkworms)/to pass away
        shàngzhèn, [上陣], to go into battle
        kànshàng, to look upon/to take a fancy to/to fall for
        shàngyóu, upper reaches (of a river)/upper level/upper echelon/upstream
        rǎnshàng, to catch (a disease)/to get (a bad habit)
        huángshang, the emperor/Your majesty the emperor/His imperial majesty
        shàngzhǎng, [上漲], to rise/to go up
        shàngfēng, [上風], on the up/currently winning/rising (in popularity etc)
        
        
        shàngcāng, [上蒼], heaven
        shàngshǒu, to obtain/to master/overhand (serve etc)/seat of honor
        ànshàng, ashore
        dēngshàng, to climb over/to ascend onto/to mount
        shàngshù, aforementioned/above-mentioned
        shàngàn, to land/to disembark/to abandon a boat and go ashore/fig. to give up evil ways a...
        zhìgāowúshàng, [至高無上], supreme/paramount/unsurpassed
        xuěshàngjiāshuāng, to add hail to snow (idiom); one disaster on top of another/to make things worse...
        
        shàngwàn, [上萬], over ten thousand/fig. untold numbers/innumerable/thousands upon thousands
        xīnshàngrén, sweetheart/one's beloved
        kǎoshàng, to pass a university entrance exam
        
        dàtǐshàng, [大體上], overall/in general terms
        
        huǒshàngjiāoyóu, [火上澆油], to pour oil on the fire (idiom); fig. to aggravate a situation/to enrage people ...
        shàngxiàn, upper bound
        
        gèngshàngyīcénglóu, [更上一層樓], to take it up a notch/to bring it up a level
        shàngmǎ, [上馬], to get on a horse/to mount
        shàngxīn, carefully/meticulously/to set one's heart on sth
        bǎnshàngdìngdīng, [板上釘釘], that clinches it/that's final/no two ways about it
        
        shànggǎng, [上崗], to take up one's post/to be given a job
        
        zhànshàngfēng, [佔上風], to take the lead/to gain the upper hand
        
亿         
        shàngfú, to float up
        
        bùxiāngshàngxià, equally matched/about the same
        
        jǐnshàngtiānhuā, [錦上添花], lit. on brocade, add flowers (idiom); to decorate sth already perfect/gilding th...
        
        shàngjìn, [上進], to make progress/to do better/fig. ambitious to improve oneself/to move forwards
        shàngsè/shàngshǎi, top-quality/top-grade, to color (a picture etc)/to dye (fabric etc)/to stain (fu...
        
        shàngyuè, last month
        
        shàngxiàbān, to start and finish work
        
        Shàngyě, Ueno, Tokyo
        fùshàng, attached/included herewith
        wúshàng, [無上], supreme
        lùshàng, [陸上], land based/on land
        
        shàngxíng, (of trains) up (i.e. towards the capital)/(of river boats) to go against the cur...
        shànghuí, last time/the previous time
        shàngbānzú, office workers (as social group)
        shàngzhuāng, [上裝], upper garment
        zhēngzhēngrìshàng, becoming more prosperous with each passing day
        shàngbèizi, [上輩子], one's ancestors/past generations/a former incarnation
        dǐngtóushàngsi, [頂頭上司], one's immediate superior
        
        shàngkǒu, to be able to read aloud fluently/to be suitable (easy enough) for reading aloud
        tánbushàng, [談不上], to be out of the question
        shàngpō, uphill/upslope/to move upwards/to climb a slope
        
        
        zhǐshàngtánbīng, [紙上談兵], lit. military tactics on paper (idiom)/fig. theoretical discussion that is worse...
        
        shàngbù, upper section
        
        shàngchéng, first-class/best quality/also pr. [shàng shèng]
        shàngjiǎo, [上繳], to transfer (income, profits etc) to higher authorities
        lǎnglǎngshàngkǒu, to flow right off the tongue (of lyrics or poetry)/to recite with ease/catchy (o...
        shàngxiàwén, (textual) context
        shàngzhī, upper limb
        
        
        yíngtóugǎnshàng, [迎頭趕上], to try hard to catch up
        shànghuǒ, to get angry/to suffer from excessive internal heat (TCM)
        tàshàng, to set foot on/to step on or into
        shàngyáng, [上揚], to rise (i.e. number increases)/a price rise/to raise
        zhǎngshàngmíngzhū, lit. a pearl in the palm (idiom)/fig. beloved person (esp. daughter)
        shàngjìnxīn, [上進心], motivation/ambition
        shàngtiáo, [上調], to raise (prices)/to adjust upwards
        Shàngyìyuàn, [上議院], Upper Chamber/Upper House/Senate
        
        
        gēnshàng, to catch up with/to keep pace with
        
        shànggōng, to go to work/to start work
        
        
        
        
        zuǒshàng, upper left
        hòuláijūshàng, [後來居上], lit. late-comer lives above (idiom); the up-and-coming youngster outstrips the o...
        
        shàngwén, preceding part of the text
        
        
        fǔshàng, (polite) your home/residence
        
        shànghé, [上頜], maxilla (upper jaw)
        shàngwèi, top seat/person occupying leading position
        
        fànshàng, to offend one's superiors
        
        
        
        shàngfáng, see 正房[zhèng fáng]
        
        zōngshàngsuǒshù, [綜上所述], to summarize/a round-up/in summary ...
        
        jǔguóshàngxià, [舉國上下], the entire nation/the whole country, from the leadership to the rank and file
        
        
        shuǐshàngfēijī, [水上飛機], seaplane
        
        
        fúyáozhíshàng, [扶搖直上], to skyrocket/to get quick promotion in one's career
        huǒshàngjiāyóu, to add oil to the fire (idiom); fig. to aggravate a situation/to enrage people a...
        zǒumǎshàngrèn, [走馬上任], to ride to take up an official appointment (idiom); to take on a job with alacri...
        
        
        
        
        shàngjiā, preceding player (in a game)
        
        shàngfén, [上墳], to sweep the tombs (of one's ancestors)/the Qingming festival
        
        
        
        
        
        shàngshū, [上書], to write a letter (to the authorities)/to present a petition
        shàngpōlù, uphill road/slope up/fig. upward trend/progress
        shuōbushàng, [說不上], to be unable to say or tell/to not be worth mentioning
亿         
        xíngérshàngxué, [形而上學], metaphysics
        
        
        zìshàngérxià, top-down
        shènxiāochénshàng, [甚囂塵上], clamor raises the dust (idiom); a tremendous clamor/to raise a tremendous stink
        
        yīyōngérshàng, [一擁而上], to swarm around/flocking (to see)
        
        
        shèngshàng, [聖上], courtier's or minister's form of address for the current Emperor
        
        shàngděngbīng, private first class (army rank)
        shàngliángbùzhèngxiàliángwāi, lit. If the upper beam is not straight, the lower beam will be crooked (idiom); ...
        
        qīngyúnzhíshàng, [青雲直上], rising straight up in a clear sky (idiom); rapid promotion to a high post/meteor...
线         shànggāngshàngxiàn, [上綱上線], to criticize (as a matter of principle)
        Shànggāo, Shanggao county in Yichun 宜春, Jiangxi
        
        
        
        yuèránzhǐshàng, [躍然紙上], to appear vividly on paper (idiom); to show forth vividly (in writing, painting ...
        
        
        
        xīnguānshàngrènsānbǎhuǒ, the new boss cracks the whip three times/a new broom sweeps clean/fig. vigorous ...
        
        
        chìbóshàngzhèn, [赤膊上陣], lit. to go into battle bare-breasted (idiom)/fig. to go all out/to come out in t...
        
        
        
        
        
        
        shàngcéngjiànzhù, [上層建築], superstructure
        
        bīshàngliángshān, driven to join the Liangshan Mountain rebels/to drive to revolt/to force sb to d...
        
        
        
        shàngshǒu, seat of honor/first place
        
        shàngzuò, seat of honor
        
        
        Shàngshuǐ, Sheung Shui (area in Hong Kong)
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
亿         
        
        
亿         
访         shàngfǎng, [上訪], to seek an audience with higher-ups (esp. government officials) to petition for ...
        
亿         
        shǎngshēng, [上聲], falling and rising tone/third tone in modern Mandarin
        shànggǔ, the distant past/ancient times/antiquity/early historical times
        shànggòng, to make offerings (to gods or ancestors)/to offer gifts to superiors in order to...
        
        
        
        
        
        shàngxián, to wind/to tighten/crescent moon/first quarter or waxing moon
        tóngshàng, as above/ditto/idem
        shàngbànnián, first half (of a year)
        zìxiàérshàng, bottom-up
亿         
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        shàngbànyè, [上半葉], the first half (of a period)
        
        
        
        
亿         
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        Shàngguān/shàngguān, two-character surname Shangguan, high-ranking official/superior
        
        
        
        shàngdài, previous generation
        
        fànbushàng, see 犯不著|犯不着[fàn bu zháo]
        
        shàngkuǎn, addressee/name of recipient on painting or scroll
        
        
        shàngxún, first third of a month
        Shànglín, Shanglin county in Nanning 南寧|南宁[Nán níng], Guangxi
        Shàngháng, Shanghang county level city in Longyan 龍岩|龙岩, Fujian
        
        
        
        
        
亿         
        
        
        
        Tàishànghuáng, Taishang Huang/Retired Emperor/father of the reigning emperor/fig. puppet master
        
        
        liángshàngjūnzǐ, lit. the gentleman on the roof beam/fig. a thief
        Shàngchéngqū, [上城區], Shangcheng district of Hangzhou city 杭州市[Háng zhōu shì], Zhejiang
        
        

        ér, and/as well as/and so/but (not)/yet (not)/(indicates causal relation)/(indicates...
        érqiě, (not only ...) but also/moreover/in addition/furthermore
        éryǐ, that's all/nothing more
        érshì, rather
        éryán, with regard to (preceding phrase)
        ránér, however/yet/but
        fǎnér, instead/on the contrary/contrary (to expectations)
        xiǎnéryìjiàn, [顯而易見], clearly and easy to see (idiom); obviously/clearly/it goes without saying
        cóngér, [從而], thus/thereby
        jìnlìérwéi, [盡力而為], to try one's utmost/to strive
        qīngéryìjǔ, [輕而易舉], easy/with no difficulty
        shìérbùjiàn, [視而不見], to turn a blind eye to/to ignore
        pòménérrù, [破門而入], to break the door and enter/to force a door open (idiom)
        tuōyǐngérchū, [脫穎而出], to reveal one's talent (idiom)/to rise above others/to distinguish oneself
        cóngtiānérjiàng, [從天而降], lit. to drop from the sky (idiom)/fig. to appear unexpectedly/to arise abruptly/...
        zìránérrán, involuntary/automatically
        tǐngshēnérchū, to step forward bravely
        zǒngéryánzhī, [總而言之], in short/in a word/in brief
        bàntúérfèi, [半途而廢], to give up halfway (idiom); leave sth unfinished
        qǔérdàizhī, to substitute for sb/to remove and replace
        shìkěérzhǐ, [適可而止], to stop before going too far (idiom); to stop while one can/don't overdo it/stop...
        yīnér, therefore/as a result/thus/and as a result, ...
        tuōkǒuérchū, [脫口而出], to blurt out/to let slip (an indiscreet remark)
        huáérbùshí, [華而不實], flower but no fruit (idiom); handsome exterior but hollow inside/flashy
        
        érjīn, now/at the present (time)
        jiǎnéryánzhī, [簡而言之], in a nutshell/to put it briefly
        
        cājiānérguò, [擦肩而過], brief encounter/to brush past sb
        bèidàoérchí, [背道而馳], to run in the opposite direction (idiom); to run counter to
        tǐngérzǒuxiǎn, [鋌而走險], to take a risk out of desperation (idiom)
        
        sānsīérhòuxíng, [三思而後行], think again and again before acting (idiom); consider carefully in advance
        érhòu, [而後], after that/then
        xuánérwèijué, [懸而未決], pending a decision/hanging in the balance
        bùcíérbié, [不辭而別], to leave without saying good-bye
        jìnér, [進而], and then (what follows next)
        shíér, [時而], occasionally/from time to time
        
        bùdéérzhī, unknown/unable to find out
        yíngrènérjiě, lit. (bamboo) splits when it meets the knife's edge (idiom)/fig. easily solved
        bùyìérfēi, [不翼而飛], to disappear without trace/to vanish all of a sudden/to spread fast/to spread li...
        zhuǎnér, [轉而], conversely/but rather/to turn and (address a topic, face attackers etc)/to turn ...
        
        bùyánéryù, it goes without saying/it is self-evident
        suíyùérān, [隨遇而安], at home wherever one is (idiom); ready to adapt/flexible/to accept circumstances...
        
        
        bùhuānérsàn, [不歡而散], to part on bad terms/(of a meeting etc) to break up in discord
        bùláoérhuò, [不勞而獲], to reap without sowing (idiom)
        jiēzhǒngérlái, [接踵而來], to come one after the other
        héérwéiyī, [合而為一], to merge together (idiom); to unify disparate elements into one whole
        kěxiǎngérzhī, it is obvious that.../as one can well imagine...
        jìér, [繼而], then/afterwards
        
        chéngxūérrù, [乘虛而入], to enter by exploiting a weak spot (idiom); to take advantage of a lapse
        
        
        yángchángérqù, [揚長而去], to shake one's sleeve and leave (idiom); to turn and leave abruptly
        yīsǎoérguāng, [一掃而光], to clear off/to make a clean sweep of
        shīérfùdé, [失而復得], to regain/to lose and win back/to find again/regained
        jìngéryuǎnzhī, [敬而遠之], to show respect from a distance (idiom)/to remain at a respectful distance
        yǒuguòzhīérwúbùjí, [有過之而無不及], not to be inferior in any aspects (idiom)/to surpass/to outdo/(derog.) to be eve...
        jiǔérjiǔzhī, over time/as time passes/in the fullness of time
        
        bùdéyǐérwéizhī, [不得已而為之], to have no other choice/to be the last resort
        sìshìérfēi, apparently right but actually wrong; specious (idiom)
        fǎnqídàoérxíngzhī, to do the very opposite/to act in a diametrically opposite way
        yóuránérshēng, arising involuntarily (idiom); spontaneous/to spring up unbidden (of emotion)
        yīsǎoérkōng, [一掃而空], to sweep clean/to clean out
        zhōuérfùshǐ, [週而復始], lit. the cycle comes back to the start (idiom); to move in circles/the wheel com...
        hélèérbùwéi, [何樂而不為], What can you have against it? (idiom)/We should do this./Go for it!
        tángérhuángzhī, overt/to make no secret (of one's presence)/grandiose/with great scope
        yīnrénéryì, [因人而異], varying from person to person (idiom); different for each individual
        
        jiānéryǒuzhī, to have both (at the same time)
        bùkětóngrìéryǔ, [不可同日而語], lit. mustn't speak of two things on the same day (idiom); not to be mentioned in...
        bùhánérlì, [不寒而慄], shiver all over though not cold/tremble with fear/shudder
        yībānéryán, generally speaking
        
        
        bùmóuérhé, [不謀而合], to agree without prior consultation/to happen to hold the same view
        mìérbùxuān, [祕而不宣], to withhold information/to keep sth secret
        yìngyùnérshēng, [應運而生], to emerge to meet a historic destiny (idiom)/to arise at an opportune time/able ...
        bùqīéryù, meet by chance/have a chance encounter
        yánéryǒuxìn, to speak and keep one's promise (idiom); as good as one's word
        qièérbùshě, [鍥而不捨], to chip away at a task and not abandon it (idiom); to chisel away at sth/to pers...
        
        
        
        shāyǔérguī, [鎩羽而歸], to return in low spirits following a defeat or failure to achieve one's ambition...
        kěwàngérbùkějí, in sight but unattainable (idiom)/inaccessible
        
        
退         zhīnánértuì, [知難而退], to sound out the difficulties and retreat to avoid defeat (idiom); fig. to back ...
        yíngmiànérlái, [迎面而來], directly/head-on (collision)/in one's face (of wind)
        xíngérshàngxué, [形而上學], metaphysics
        
        bùjìngérzǒu, [不脛而走], to get round fast/to spread like wildfire
        zìshàngérxià, top-down
        yīyōngérshàng, [一擁而上], to swarm around/flocking (to see)
        xīnyǒuyúérlìbùzú, [心有餘而力不足], The will is there, but not the strength (idiom, from Confucian Analects)./I real...
        fànfànértán, [泛泛而談], to speak in general terms
        mǎnzàiérguī, [滿載而歸], to return from a rewarding journey
        fúxiùérqù, to brush with one's sleeve then go (idiom); to turn and leave abruptly
        mùmíngérlái, [慕名而來], to come to a place on account of its reputation (idiom); attracted to visit a fa...
        pūmiànérlái, [撲面而來], lit. sth hits one in the face/directly in one's face/sth assaults the senses/bla...
        yīyuèérqǐ, [一躍而起], to jump up suddenly/to bound up/to rise up in one bound
        
        yīgàiérlùn, [一概而論], to lump different matters together (idiom)
        tīngérbùwén, [聽而不聞], to hear but not react (idiom); to turn a deaf ear/to ignore deliberately
        jiáránérzhǐ, with a grunting sound it stops (idiom); to come to an end spontaneously (esp. of...
        érlìzhīnián, aged thirty (see 三十而立)
        yīcùérjiù, to get there in one step (idiom); easily done/success at a stroke/to get results...
        
        wàngérquèbù, [望而卻步], to shrink back/to flinch
        wénfēngérdòng, [聞風而動], to respond instantly/to act at once on hearing the news
        liànglìérxíng, to assess one's capabilities and act accordingly (idiom); to act within one's co...
广         
        
        bùyuēértóng, [不約而同], to agree by chance (idiom); taking the same action without prior consultation
        zhìzhīsǐdìérhòushēng, [置之死地而後生], place sb on a field of death and he will fight to live (common saying based on S...
        
        
        kǎnkǎnértán, [侃侃而談], to speak frankly with assurance
竿         
        
        láoérwúgōng, [勞而無功], to work hard while accomplishing little/to toil to no avail
        gùér, therefore
        shíyánérféi, lit. to grow fat eating one's words (idiom)/fig. not to live up to one's promise...
广         
        wàngérshēngwèi, intimidate at the first glance (idiom); awe-inspiring/terrifying/overwhelming
        
        shènér, even/so much so that
        
        
        
        zìxiàérshàng, bottom-up
        
        cóngyīérzhōng, [從一而終], faithful unto death (i.e. Confucian ban on widow remarrying)
        
        
        sǐérhòuyǐ, [死而後已], until death puts an end (idiom); one's whole life/unto one's dying day
        
        
        
        
        
        fàngzhīsìhǎiérjiēzhǔn, [放之四海而皆準], appropriate to any place and any time (idiom); universally applicable/a panacea,...
        
        pāiànérqǐ, lit. to slap the table and stand up (idiom); fig. at the end of one's tether/una...
        
        
        jiézééryú, [竭澤而漁], lit. to drain the pond to get at the fish (idiom)/fig. to kill the goose that la...
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        

        xià, down/downwards/below/lower/later/next (week etc)/second (of two parts)/to declin...
        yīxià, (used after a verb) give it a go/to do (sth for a bit to give it a try)/one time...
        xiàlai, [下來], to come down/(after verb of motion, indicates motion down and towards us, also f...
        xiàqù, to go down/to descend/to go on/to continue/(of a servant) to withdraw
        liúxià, to leave behind/to stay behind/to remain/to keep/not to let (sb) go
        xiàmian, below/under/next/the following
        fàngxia, to put down/to let go/to set aside/to digress
        shèngxià, to remain/left over
        xiàwǔ, afternoon/CL:個|个[gè]/p.m.
        zuòxia, to sit down
        tíngxià, to stop
        xiàcì, next time
        
        
        bìxià, Your Majesty/His or Her Majesty
        géxià, [閣下], your distinguished self/your majesty/sire
        jiēxiàlái, [接下來], to accept/to take/next/following
        dìxià, underground/subterranean/covert
        dǐxia, the location below sth/afterwards
        dìxiàshì, basement/cellar
        lóuxià, [樓下], downstairs
        xiàbān, to finish work/to get off work
殿         diànxià, Your Majesty (honorific)/His or Her Highness
        shǒuxià, leadership/under one's control or administration/subordinates/to take action/to ...
        yǐxià, that level or lower/that amount or less/the following
        xiàshǒu, to start/to put one's hand to/to set about/the seat to the right of the main gue...
        zhīxià, under/beneath/less than
        sīxià, in private
        xiàjiàng, to decline/to drop/to fall/to go down/to decrease
        dǎoxià, to collapse/to topple over
        xiàzǎi, [下載], to download/also pr. [xià zài]
        xiàba, chin/CL:個|个[gè]
        yīxiàzi, in a short while/all at once/all of a sudden
        guìxia, to kneel down
        xiàluò, whereabouts/to drop/to fall
        rēngxià, to throw down/to drop (bomb)
        náxià, to arrest/to capture/to seize/to win (a set, a game etc)
        xiāngxia, [鄉下], countryside/rural area/CL:個|个[gè]
        tiānxià, land under heaven/the whole world/the whole of China/realm/rule
        xiàchǎng/xiàchang, [下場], to leave (the stage, an exam room, the playing field etc)/to take part in some a...
        xiàlìng, to give an order/to command
        xiàshuǐdào, sewer
        jiǎoxià, [腳下], under the foot
        xiàchē, [下車], to get off or out of (a bus, train, car etc)
        xiàyǔ, to rain/rainy
        shàngxià, up and down/top and bottom/old and new/length/about
        yǎnxià, now/at present/subocular (medicine)
        
        xiàdú, to put poison in sth/to poison
        
        míngxià, under sb's name
        xiàxuě, to snow
        shuǐxià, under the water/submarine
        xiàxīngqī, next week
        xiàliú, lower course of a river/low-class/mean and lowly/vulgar/obscene
        
        rúxià, as follows
        yúxià, [餘下], remaining
        xiàshǔ, [下屬], subordinate/underling
        xiàdá, [下達], to transmit down (a chain of command)/to pass down (to lower level)/to issue/to ...
        xiàdìngjuéxīn, [下定決心], to make a firm resolution
        dīxià, low status/lowly/to lower (one's head)
        xiàkè, [下課], to finish class/to get out of class
        bùxià, troops under one's command/subordinate
        xiàtái, [下臺], to go off the stage/to fall from position of prestige/to step down (from office ...
        xiàshuǐ/xiàshui, downstream/to go into the water/to put into water/to launch (a ship)/fig. to fal...
        xiàfāng, underneath/below/the underside/world of mortals/to descend to the world of morta...
        dǎxià, to lay (a foundation)/to conquer (a city etc)/to shoot down (a bird etc)
        xiàhuá, sliding/slide
        
        xiàqí, to play chess
        xièxià, to unload
        xiàrèn, next office holder/next to serve
        xiàzàng, to bury/to inter
        xiàyīdài, the next generation
        
        
        dāngxià, [當下], presently/immediately/at once
        táixià, off the stage/in the audience
        
        xiāngxiàrén, [鄉下人], country folk/rustic/rural folk
        xiàè, [下顎], mandible (lower jaw)
        xiàchén, to sink down
        liǎngxiàzi, [兩下子], a couple of times/to repeat the same/the same old trick/tricks of the trade
        piēxia, to cast away
        
        xiàbèizi, [下輩子], the next life
        xiàchuí, to droop/to sag/to hang down/sagging/drooping/prolapse (medicine)
        xiàshēn, lower part of the body/genitalia/trousers
        xiàluòbùmíng, unaccounted/unknown whereabouts
        xiàbùwéilì, [下不為例], not to be repeated/not to be taken as a precedent/just this once
        xiàjuéxīn, [下決心], to determine/to resolve
        língxià, below zero
        xiàhuí, next chapter/next time
        yànxià, [嚥下], to swallow/to suppress
        
        
        
        
        
        xiàbian, [下邊], under/the underside/below
        xiàchú, [下廚], to go to the kitchen (to prepare a meal)/to cook
        xiàcéng, [下層], underlayer/lower class/lower strata/substrate
        xiàguì, to kneel/to go down on one's knees
        
        xiàtǐ, [下體], lower body/euphemism for genitals/root and stem of plants
        gāoxià, relative superiority (better or worse, stronger or weaker, above or below etc)
        
        xiàmǎ, [下馬], to dismount from a horse/(fig.) to abandon (a project)
        xiàdiē, to fall/to tumble
        luòxià, to fall/to drop/to land (of projectile)
        chuàngxià, [創下], to establish/to set (a new record)
        xiàyóu, lower reaches (of a river)/lower level/lower echelon/downstream
        shíxià, [時下], at present/right now
        shǔxià, [屬下], subordinate/affiliated to/subsidiary
        
        xiānxiàshǒuwéiqiáng, [先下手為強], strike first and gain the upper hand (idiom, martial arts term); Making the firs...
        xiàyìshí, [下意識], subconscious mind
        xiàshān, (of the sun) to set
        
        
        
        xiàgǎng, [下崗], to come off sentry duty/to lay off (a worker)/laid-off
        měikuàngyùxià, [每況愈下], to steadily deteriorate
        luòjǐngxiàshí, to throw stones at sb who fell down a well (idiom); to hit a person who is down
        
        xiàhǎi, to go to sea/fig. to leave secure job (iron rice-bowl 鐵飯碗|铁饭碗) for sth better bu...
        bùxiāngshàngxià, equally matched/about the same
        
        dìxiàshuǐ, groundwater
        xiàjí, [下級], low ranking/low level/an underclass
        xiàpō, downhill
        xiàfán, to descend to the world (of immortals)
        yèxià, underarm/armpit
        
        tiāndǐxia, in this world/under the sun
        
        
        
        zǒuxiàpōlù, to go downhill/to decline/to slump
        xiàfēng, [下風], leeward/downwind/disadvantageous position/to concede or give way in an argument
        xiàzhī, lower limbs
        shàngxiàbān, to start and finish work
        xiàhé, [下頜], lower jaw/mandible
        jízhuǎnzhíxià, [急轉直下], to develop rapidly after abrupt turn (idiom); dramatic change
        bùzàihuàxià, [不在話下], to be nothing difficult/to be a cinch
        
        
        xiàgōngfu, see 下工夫[xià gōng fu]
        bǐxià, [筆下], the wording and purport of what one writes
        
        huīxià, troops/subordinates/(honorific appellation for a general)
        xiàfàng, to delegate/to decentralize/to demote a party cadre to work on the shop floor or...
        
        xīxià, at the knee (in reference to children)/(salutation used in letters to parents or...
        xiàliè, following
        jūgāolínxià, [居高臨下], to live high and look down (idiom)/to overlook/to tower above/to occupy the high...
        dǎxiàshǒu, to act in a supporting role/fig. to play second fiddle
        xiàyuè, next month
        
        
        
        xiěxià, [寫下], to write down
        
        
        
        xiàjiè, [下屆], next office holder/next to serve
        
        
        xiàxíng, (of trains) down (i.e. away from the capital)/(of river boats) to travel downstr...
        xiàyìyuàn, [下議院], lower chamber (of legislative body)/lower house/the House of Commons
        zàixià, under/myself (humble)
        xiàmǎwēi, [下馬威], display of severity immediately on taking office/(fig.) initial show of strength
        
        
        
        
        shàngxiàwén, (textual) context
        shuāngguǎnqíxià, [雙管齊下], lit. to paint holding two brushes (idiom); fig. to work on two tasks at the same...
        sìxià, everywhere
        
        
        xiàbùlái, [下不來], awkward/embarrassed/cannot be accomplished
        xiàbǎi, [下擺], hem of a skirt/shirt tail
        
        qíhǔnánxià, [騎虎難下], if you ride a tiger, it's hard to get off (idiom); fig. impossible to stop halfw...
        
        tiānxiàdìyī, first under heaven/number one in the country
        
        
        
线         xiàxiàn, [下線], to go offline
        xiàtà, to stay (at a hotel etc during a trip)
        duìzhèngxiàyào, [對症下藥], lit. to prescribe the right medicine for an illness (idiom); fig. to study a pro...
        
        
线         xiàhuàxiàn, [下劃線], underscore _/underline
        tiānxiàtàipíng, the whole world at peace (idiom); peace and prosperity
        
        jǔguóshàngxià, [舉國上下], the entire nation/the whole country, from the leadership to the rank and file
        
        xiàjiǔ, to be appropriate to have with alcohol/to down one's drink
        
        
        huāqiányuèxià, in flowers by moonlight (idiom); fig. courtship/honeymoon
西         xīyángxīxià, [夕陽西下], the sun sets in the west (idiom)
        yīqìzhīxià, [一氣之下], in a fit of pique/in a fury
        
        Xiàchéngqū, [下城區], Xiacheng district of Hangzhou city 杭州市[Háng zhōu shì], Zhejiang
        Sōngxià, Matsushita (name)/Panasonic (brand), abbr. for 松下電器|松下电器[Sōng xià Diàn qì]
        
        
        
        
        xiàzhuāng, [下裝], to take off costume and makeup
        
        xiàbànnián, last-half year
        
        lìxià, to set up/to establish
        
        
        
        
        xiàgōngfu, to put in time and energy/to concentrate one's efforts
        
        bēixià, base/low
        xiàbǐ, [下筆], to put pen to paper
        xiàxún, last third of the month
        xiàdiào/xiàtiáo, [下調], to demote/to pass down to a lower unit, to adjust downwards/to lower (prices, wa...
        
        
        
        zìshàngérxià, top-down
        shānránlèixià, [潸然淚下], to shed silent tears (idiom)
        xiàjiā, player whose turn comes next (in a game)/next one/my humble home
        xiàpōlù, downhill road/slope down/fig. to go downhill/on the decline
        dīsānxiàsì, servile
        
        
        
        Xiàguān, [下關], Xiaguan district of Nanjing City 南京市 in Jiangsu 江蘇|江苏
        xiàxiàn, to subside/subsidence
        
        
        
        shàngliángbùzhèngxiàliángwāi, lit. If the upper beam is not straight, the lower beam will be crooked (idiom); ...
        hànrúyǔxià, sweating like rain (idiom); to perspire profusely/sweating like a pig
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        nánxià, southward
        
        jiānghérìxià, rivers pour away by the day (idiom); going from bad to worse/deteriorating day b...
        
        
        xiàcuò, (of sales, prices etc) to fall/to drop/decline/slump
        
        xiàxiāng, [下鄉], to go to the countryside
        zúxià, you (used to a superior or between persons of the same generation)/below the foo...
        lèirúyǔxià, [淚如雨下], tears falling like rain (idiom)
        mùxià, at present
        shěxià/shèxià, [捨下], to abandon/to lay down, my humble home
        
        shēnglèijùxià, [聲淚俱下], to shed tears while recounting sth/speaking in a tearful voice
        
        bīnglínchéngxià, [兵臨城下], soldiers at the city walls (idiom); fig. at a critical juncture
        
        xiāngchíbùxià, at a stalemate/deadlocked/in unrelenting mutual opposition
        
        zìxiàérshàng, bottom-up
        
        
        xiàyù, [下獄], to imprison
        
        xiàfú, downward fluctuation (of prices etc)
        
        
        
        
        xiàshì, to die/future incarnation/next life/to be born/to come into the world/future gen...
        bùxiàyú, as many as/no less than/not inferior to/as good as/on a par with
        
        xiàyě, to step down from office/to go into opposition
        
        
        
        
        míngmǎntiānxià, [名滿天下], world famous
        yǎndǐxia, in front of one's eyes/in full view as a panorama/right now
        
        
        
        
        màotiānxiàzhīdàbùwěi, [冒天下之大不韙], to defy world opinion/to risk universal condemnation
        
        xiàqíng, feelings of the masses/my situation (humble speech)
        
        
        
        
        
        
        niánxià, lunar new year
        
        
        jūgāobùxià, (of prices, rates etc) to remain high
        
        
        xiàbakē, [下巴頦], chin
        

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