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Word: freq index 46723
[艱苦奮鬥] jiānkǔfèndòu to struggle arduously

Character Composition

Character Compounds

Word Compounds


        jiānnán, [艱難], difficult/hard/challenging
        jiānkǔ, [艱苦], difficult/hard/arduous
        jiānxīn, [艱辛], hardships/arduous/difficult
        jiānjù, [艱巨], arduous/terrible (task)/very difficult/formidable
        jiānxiǎn, [艱險], difficult and dangerous/hardships and perils
        jǔbùwéijiān, [舉步維艱], to make progress only with great difficulty (idiom)
        jiān, [艱], difficult/hard/hardship
        
        jiānnánxiǎnzǔ, [艱難險阻], untold dangers and difficulties (idiom)
        
        jiānkǔfèndòu, [艱苦奮鬥], to struggle arduously
        
        bùlǚwéijiān, [步履維艱], to have difficulty walking (idiom)/to walk with difficulty
        

        tòngkǔ, pain/suffering/painful/CL:個|个[gè]
        xīnkǔ, hard/exhausting/with much toil/thanks for your trouble
        kǔ, bitter/hardship/pain/to suffer/to bring suffering to/painstakingly
        jiānkǔ, [艱苦], difficult/hard/arduous
        shòukǔ, to suffer/hardship
        kǔnàn, [苦難], suffering
        kǔnǎo, [苦惱], vexed/distressed
        kǔkǔ, strenuously/persistently/hard/painful
        wākǔ, to speak sarcastically/to make cutting remarks
        kǔtou, [苦頭], sufferings
        kèkǔ, hardworking/assiduous
        kǔzhōng, painful embarrassment/predicament/difficulties
        kǔlì, bitter work/hard toil/(loanword) coolie, unskilled Chinese laborer in colonial t...
        xīnxīnkǔkǔ, painstakingly/with great trouble
        kǔtòng, pain/suffering
        kǔsè, [苦澀], bitter and astringent/pained/agonized
        kùnkǔ, deprivation/distressed/miserable
        kǔguǒ, lit. bitter fruit/fig. painful consequence
        zìtǎokǔchī, [自討苦吃], to ask for trouble (idiom)/to make a rod for one's own back
        qióngkǔ, [窮苦], impoverished/destitute
        kǔmèn, [苦悶], depressed/dejected/feeling low
        kǔgōng, hard labor (in penal code)/coolie
        kǔhǎi, lit. sea of bitterness/abyss of worldly suffering (Buddhist term)/depths of mise...
        sùkǔ, [訴苦], to grumble/to complain/grievance
        kǔchāi, hard and unprofitable (job)/poorly paid drudgery/arduous and unrewarding (undert...
        qiānxīnwànkǔ, [千辛萬苦], to suffer untold hardships (idiom); trials and tribulations/with difficulty/afte...
        kǔliàn, [苦練], to train hard/to practice diligently/hard work/blood, sweat, and tears
        kǔchǔ, suffering/misery/pain (esp. psychological)
        hékǔ, why bother?/is it worth the trouble?
        kǔguā, bitter melon (bitter gourd, balsam pear, balsam apple, leprosy gourd, bitter cuc...
        máitóukǔgàn, [埋頭苦幹], to bury oneself in work (idiom); to be engrossed in work/to make an all-out effo...
        tónggāngòngkǔ, shared delights and common hardships (idiom); to share life's joys and sorrows/f...
        kǔzhàn, [苦戰], bitter struggle/hard battle/arduous effort
        chīkǔ, to bear/hardships
        chīkǔtou, [吃苦頭], to suffer/to suffer for one's actions/to pay dearly/to burn one's fingers
        pínkǔ, [貧苦], poverty-stricken/poor
        hánxīnrúkǔ, to suffer every possible torment (idiom); bitter hardship/to bear one's cross
        kǔshuǐ, bitter water (e.g. mineral water containing sulfates)/suffering/digestive fluids...
        kǔxīnjīngyíng, [苦心經營], to build up an enterprise through painstaking efforts
        kǔxīn, painstaking effort/to take a lot of trouble/laborious at pains
        shàfèikǔxīn, [煞費苦心], to take a lot of trouble (idiom); painstaking/at the cost of a lot of effort
        
        kǔmìng, hard lot/bitter fate/unfortunate
        jíkǔ, pain and difficulties/suffering (of the people)
        gūkǔlíngdīng, solitary and impoverished (idiom)
        láokǔ, [勞苦], labor/toil
        mìngkǔ, to be born under an ill star
        
        kǔgàn, [苦幹], to work hard
        kǔròujì, [苦肉計], the trick of injuring oneself to gain the enemy's confidence/CL:條|条[tiáo]
        suāntiánkǔlà, sour, sweet, bitter and spicy hot/fig. the joys and sorrows of life
        bùcíláokǔ, [不辭勞苦], spare no effort
        
        kǔxiào, to force a smile/a bitter laugh
        
        bùcíxīnkǔ, [不辭辛苦], make nothing of hardships
        kǔjìngānlái, [苦盡甘來], bitterness finishes, sweetness begins (idiom); the hard times are over, the good...
        
        kǔyì, forced labor/corvée/penal servitude
        jiānkǔfèndòu, [艱苦奮鬥], to struggle arduously
        kǔgōng, hard work/laborious effort/painstaking work
        kǔhuó, bitter work/sweated labor
        kǔxíng, ascetic practice
        chīkǔnàiláo, [吃苦耐勞], hardworking and enduring hardships (idiom)
        kǔkǒupóxīn, earnest and well-meaning advice (idiom); to persuade patiently
        gānkǔ, good times and hardships/joys and tribulations/for better or for worse
        jiàokǔ, to whine about hardships/to complain of one's bitter lot/to complain/to grumble
        kǔsī, to think hard/bitter thoughts/to pour out one's sufferings
        
        kǔsīmíngxiǎng, to consider from all angles (idiom); to think hard/to rack one's brains
        
        
        kǔdàchóushēn, great bitterness, deep hatred (idiom); deeply ingrained long-standing resentment
        liángkǔyòngxīn, to ponder earnestly/to give a lot of thought to sth
        
        kǔxíng, torture/corporal punishment (traditionally involving mutilation or amputation)
        kǔwèi, bitter taste/bitterness
        chóukǔ, anxiety/distress
        
        qīkǔ, bleak/miserable
        qínxuékǔliàn, [勤學苦練], to study diligently/to train assiduously
        
        kǔjìng, grievance/dire straits
        yìkǔsītián, [憶苦思甜], to view one's past as miserable and one's present as happy (idiom)
        
        
        kǔláo, [苦勞], toil/hard work
        
        kǔhán, bitter cold
        kǔshēn, [苦參], liquorice (Sophora flavescens), with roots used in TCM
        
        kǔzhǔ, victim's family (esp. in murder case)
        kǔxīngūyì, [苦心孤詣], to make painstaking efforts (idiom); after much trouble/to work hard at sth
        
        
        jiàokǔbudié, to complain without stopping (idiom); to bitch endlessly/incessant grievances
        

        xīngfèn, [興奮], excited/excitement
        fèndòu, [奮鬥], to strive/to struggle
        xīngfènjì, [興奮劑], stimulant/doping (in athletics)
        fènlì, [奮力], to do everything one can/to spare no effort/to strive
        zhènfèn, [振奮], to stir oneself up/to raise one's spirits/to inspire
        qínfèn, [勤奮], hardworking/diligent
        
        fènzhàn, [奮戰], to fight bravely
        kàngfèn, [亢奮], excited/stimulated
        fèn, [奮], exert oneself
        gūjūnfènzhàn, [孤軍奮戰], lit. lone army putting up a brave fight (idiom)/fig. (of a person or group of pe...
        fènqǐ, [奮起], to rise vigorously/a spirited start
        zìgàofènyǒng, [自告奮勇], to volunteer for/to offer to undertake
        fènyǒng, [奮勇], dauntless/to summon up courage and determination/using extreme force of will
        lìngrénzhènfèn, [令人振奮], inspiring/exciting/rousing
        
        fènjìn, [奮進], to advance bravely/to endeavor
        fènbùgùshēn, [奮不顧身], to dash on bravely with no thought of personal safety (idiom); undaunted by dang...
        
        fènqǐzhízhuī, [奮起直追], to catch up vigorously/to set off in hot pursuit
        jiānkǔfèndòu, [艱苦奮鬥], to struggle arduously
        fènfā, [奮發], to rouse to vigorous action/energetic mood
        fāfèn, [發奮], to make an effort/to push for sth/to work hard
        fènfātúqiáng, [奮發圖強], to work energetically for prosperity (of the country)
        
        
        
        
        fènbǐjíshū, [奮筆疾書], to write at a tremendous speed

        zhàndòu, [戰鬥], to fight/to battle/CL:場|场[cháng],次[cì]
        Dǒu/dǒu/dòu, [鬥]/[鬦]/[鬪]/[鬭], abbr. for the Big Dipper constellation 北斗星[Běi dǒu xīng], dry measure for grain ...
        dòuzhēng, [鬥爭], a struggle/fight/battle
        fèndòu, [奮鬥], to strive/to struggle
        dǎdòu, [打鬥], to fight
        juédòu, [決鬥], to duel/a duel/decisive struggle
        DǒuNiú/dòuniú, [鬥牛], Big Dipper and Altair (astronomy), bullfighting
        gédòu, [格鬥], to wrestle
        dòushì, [鬥士], a warrior/an activist
        bódòu, [搏鬥], to wrestle/to fight/to struggle
        zhēngdòu, [爭鬥], struggle/war
        zhàndòujī, [戰鬥機], fighter (aircraft)
        dǒupeng, cloak/mantle
        dòuōu, [鬥毆], to fight/to brawl/a scuffle/a punch-up
        dòuzhì, [鬥志], will to fight/fighting spirit
        yāndǒu, [煙斗], (smoking) pipe
        Běidǒu, Great Bear/Big Dipper/Peitou town in Changhua county 彰化縣|彰化县[Zhāng huà xiàn], Ta...
        hàodòu, [好鬥], to be warlike/to be belligerent
        dòujī, [鬥雞], cock fighting
        yùndǒu, clothes iron
        
        lòudǒu, funnel
        
        juédòu, [角鬥], to wrestle
        dòuzuǐ, [鬥嘴], to quarrel/to bicker/glib repartee
        zhàndòulì, [戰鬥力], fighting strength
        gōuxīndòujiǎo, [勾心鬥角], (in palace construction) center hook and corner link/locked in constant strife (...
        jīndǒu, to tumble/somersault/a complete turn-around/a 180 degrees turn/fig. a change of ...
        dòuqì, [鬥氣], to have a grudge against
        
        dǒudǎn, [斗膽], (courteous) to be so bold as to
        
        wōlidòu, [窩裡鬥], internal strife (family, group, etc)
        dòuzhìángyáng, [鬥志昂揚], having high fighting spirit
        
        
        
        èdòu, [惡鬥], hard fighting/fierce battle
        
        ōudòu, [毆鬥], to have a fist fight/fist fight/brawl
        
        xièdòu, [械鬥], armed confrontation/bust-up between gangs
        xīngdǒu, stars
        
        dòuzhì, [鬥智], battle of wits
        pīdòu, [批鬥], (during the cultural revolution) to criticize and denounce sb publicly for their...
        
        
        lóngzhēnghǔdòu, [龍爭虎鬥], lit. the dragon wars, the tiger battles (idiom); fierce battle between giants
        
        míngzhēngàndòu, [明爭暗鬥], struggling in the light and fighting in the dark (idiom); fig. intriguing agains...
        
        jiānkǔfèndòu, [艱苦奮鬥], to struggle arduously
        
        
        
        
        chēdǒu, [車斗], open-topped container (mounted on a truck or cart) for carrying loads/dump box (...
        tàidǒu, leading scholar of his time/magnate
        ĀDǒu, A-dou, nickname of Liu Chan 劉禪|刘禅 (207-271), son of Liu Bei, reigned as Shu Han ...
        
        jiējídòuzhēng, [階級鬥爭], the class struggle
        QuánDòuhuàn, [全斗煥], Chun Doo Hwan (1931-), South Korean politician, president 1980-1988
        
        
        jīndǒu, variant of 筋斗[jīn dǒu]
        
        
        tuōdǒu, small open trailer
        
        
        
        
        dǒulì, conical bamboo hat
        
        
        áidòu, [挨鬥], to suffer censure/denounced
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        

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