的[的] dì, de, dí, dī of/~'s (possessive particle)/(used after an attribute)/(used to form a nominal expression)/(used at the end of a declarative sentence for emphasis), see 的士[dī shì], really and truly, aim/clear 我[我] wǒ I/me/my 你[你] nǐ you (informal, as opposed to courteous 您[nín]) 是[是] shì is/are/am/yes/to be, variant of 是[shì]/(used in given names) 了[了] le, liào, liǎo (completed action marker)/(modal particle indicating change of state, situation now)/(modal particle intensifying preceding clause), to finish/to achieve/variant of 瞭|了[liǎo]/to understand clearly, (of eyes) bright/clear-sighted/to understand clearly, unofficial variant of 瞭[liào] 不[不] bù (negative prefix)/not/no 在[在] zài (located) at/(to be) in/to exist/in the middle of doing sth/(indicating an action in progress) 他[他] tā he or him/(used for either sex when the sex is unknown or unimportant)/(used before sb's name for emphasis)/(used as a meaningless mock object)/other/another 我们[我們] wǒmen we/us/ourselves/our 好[好] hǎo, hào good/well/proper/good to/easy to/very/so/(suffix indicating completion or readiness)/(of two people) close/on intimate terms/(after a personal pronoun) hello, to be fond of/to have a tendency to/to be prone to 有[有] yǒu to have/there is/there are/to exist/to be 这[這] zhè this/these/(commonly pr. [zhèi] before a classifier, esp. in Beijing) 就[就] jiù at once/right away/only/just (emphasis)/as early as/already/as soon as/then/in that case/as many as/even if/to approach/to move towards/to undertake/to engage in/to suffer/subjected to/to accomplish/to take advantage of/to go with (of foods)/with regard to/concerning 会[會] huì, kuài can/to be possible/to be able to/will/to be likely to/to be sure to/to assemble/to meet/to gather/to see/union/group/association/CL:個|个[gè]/a moment (Taiwan pr. for this sense is [huǐ]), to balance an account/accountancy/accounting 吗[嗎] mǎ, ma see 嗎啡|吗啡, morphine, (question particle for "yes-no" questions) 要[要] yào, yāo to demand/to request/to coerce, important/vital/to want/to ask for/will/going to (as future auxiliary)/may/must/(used in a comparison) must be/probably/if 什么[什麼] shénme what?/something/anything 说[說] shuì, shuō to persuade, to speak/to say/to explain/to scold/to tell off/a theory (typically the last character in a compound, as in 日心說|日心说 heliocentric theory), variant of 說|说[shuō] 想[想] xiǎng to think/to believe/to suppose/to wish/to want/to miss (feel wistful about the absence of sb or sth) 一[一] yī one/1/single/a (article)/as soon as/entire/whole/all/throughout/"one" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 1)/also pr. [yāo] for greater clarity when spelling out numbers digit by digit 很[很] hěn (adverb of degree)/quite/very/awfully 知道[知道] zhīdào to know/to become aware of/also pr. [zhī dao] 人[人] rén man/person/people/CL:個|个[gè],位[wèi] 吧[吧] bā, biā, ba bar (loanword) (serving drinks, or providing Internet access etc)/to puff (on a pipe etc)/(onom.) bang/abbr. for 貼吧|贴吧[tiē bā], (modal particle indicating suggestion or surmise)/...right?/...OK?/...I presume., (onom.) smack! 那[那] nǎ, Nuó, nuó, nà, Nā surname Na, surname Nuo, variant of 哪[nǎ], that/those/then (in that case)/commonly pr. [nèi] before a classifier, esp. in Beijing, (archaic) many/beautiful/how/old variant of 挪[nuó] 来[來] lái to come/to arrive/to come round/ever since/next 都[都] dōu, dū, Dū surname Du, all/both/entirely/(used for emphasis) even/already/(not) at all, capital city/metropolis 个[個] gè individual/this/that/size/classifier for people or objects in general, variant of 個|个[gè] 能[能] néng, Néng surname Neng, can/to be able to/might possibly/ability/(physics) energy 去[去] qù to go/to go to (a place)/(of a time etc) last/just passed/to send/to remove/to get rid of/to reduce/to be apart from in space or time/to die (euphemism)/to play (a part)/(when used either before or after a verb) to go in order to do sth/(after a verb of motion indicates movement away from the speaker)/(used after certain verbs to indicate detachment or separation) 没[沒] méi, mò (negative prefix for verbs)/have not/not, drowned/to end/to die/to inundate 和[咊] huò, huó, hú, Hé, hè, hé old variant of 和[hé], surname He/Japanese (food, clothes etc), and/together with/with/sum/union/peace/harmony/Taiwan pr. [hàn] when it means "and" or "with", to compose a poem in reply (to sb's poem) using the same rhyme sequence/to join in the singing/to chime in with others, to complete a set in mahjong or playing cards, to combine a powdery substance (flour, plaster etc) with water/Taiwan pr. [huò], to mix (ingredients) together/to blend/classifier for rinses of clothes/classifier for boilings of medicinal herbs, old variant of 和[hé]/harmonious 他们[他們] tāmen they 到[到] dào to (a place)/until (a time)/up to/to go/to arrive/(verb complement denoting completion or result of an action) 对[對] duì right/correct/couple/pair/towards/at/for/to face/opposite/to treat (sb a certain way)/to match together/to adjust/to fit/to suit/to answer/to reply/classifier: couple 也[也] Yě, yě surname Ye, also/too/(in Classical Chinese) final particle implying affirmation 啊[啊] ā, á, à, a, ǎ interjection of surprise/Ah!/Oh!, interjection expressing doubt or requiring answer/Eh?/what?, interjection of surprise or doubt/Eh?/My!/what's up?, interjection or grunt of agreement/uhm/Ah, OK/expression of recognition/Oh, it's you!, modal particle ending sentence, showing affirmation, approval, or consent 还[還] huán, Huán, hái surname Huan, still/still in progress/still more/yet/even more/in addition/fairly/passably (good)/as early as/even/also/else, to pay back/to return 让[讓] ràng to yield/to permit/to let sb do sth/to have sb do sth/to make sb (feel sad etc)/by (indicates the agent in a passive clause, like 被[bèi]) 做[做] zuò to do/to make/to produce/to write/to compose/to act as/to engage in/to hold (a party)/to be/to become/to function (in some capacity)/to serve as/to be used for/to form (a bond or relationship)/to pretend/to feign/to act a part/to put on appearance 给[給] gěi, jǐ to/for/for the benefit of/to give/to allow/to do sth (for sb)/(grammatical equivalent of 被)/(grammatical equivalent of 把)/(sentence intensifier), to supply/to provide 上[上] shàng, shǎng see 上聲|上声[shǎng shēng], on top/upon/above/upper/previous/first (of multiple parts)/to climb/to get onto/to go up/to attend (class or university) 你们[你們] nǐmen you (plural) 过[過] guo, Guò, guò surname Guo, to cross/to go over/to pass (time)/to celebrate (a holiday)/to live/to get along/excessively/too-, (experienced action marker) 没有[沒有] méiyǒu haven't/hasn't/doesn't exist/to not have/to not be 得[得] de, dé, děi to obtain/to get/to gain/to catch (a disease)/proper/suitable/proud/contented/to allow/to permit/ready/finished, structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc, to have to/must/ought to/to need to 看[看] kān, kàn to look after/to take care of/to watch/to guard, to see/to look at/to read/to watch/to visit/to call on/to consider/to regard as/to look after/to treat (an illness)/to depend on/to feel (that)/(after verb) to give it a try/Watch out! (for a danger) 真[真] zhēn really/truly/indeed/real/true/genuine 着[著] zháo, zhāo, zhuó, zhe (chess) move/trick/all right!/(dialect) to add, to touch/to come in contact with/to feel/to be affected by/to catch fire/to burn/(coll.) to fall asleep/(after a verb) hitting the mark/succeeding in, aspect particle indicating action in progress, to wear (clothes)/to contact/to use/to apply 事[事] shì matter/thing/item/work/affair/CL:件[jiàn],樁|桩[zhuāng],回[huí] 怎么[怎麼] zěnme how?/what?/why?, variant of 怎麼|怎么[zěn me] 现在[現在] xiànzài now/at present/at the moment/modern/current/nowadays 可以[可以] kěyǐ can/may/possible/able to/not bad/pretty good 点[點] diǎn point/dot/drop/speck/o'clock/point (in space or time)/to draw a dot/to check on a list/to choose/to order (food in a restaurant)/to touch briefly/to hint/to light/to ignite/to pour a liquid drop by drop/(old) one fifth of a two-hour watch 更[gēng]/dot stroke in Chinese characters/classifier for items 呢[呢] ní, ne particle indicating that a previously asked question is to be applied to the preceding word ("What about ...?", "And ...?")/particle for inquiring about location ("Where is ...?")/particle signaling a pause, to emphasize the preceding words and allow the listener time to take them on board ("ok?", "are you with me?")/(at the end of a declarative sentence) particle indicating continuation of a state or action/particle indicating strong affirmation, woolen material 如果[如果] rúguǒ if/in case/in the event that 只[只] zhǐ, zhī only/merely/just/but, variant of 只[zhǐ], grain that has begun to ripen/variant of 衹|只[zhǐ], variant of 只[zhǐ], classifier for birds and certain animals, one of a pair, some utensils, vessels etc 别[別] biè, Bié, bié surname Bie, to leave/to depart/to separate/to distinguish/to classify/other/another/don't ...!/to pin/to stick (sth) in, to make sb change their ways, opinions etc 走[走] zǒu to walk/to go/to run/to move (of vehicle)/to visit/to leave/to go away/to die (euph.)/from/through/away (in compound verbs, such as 撤走[chè zǒu])/to change (shape, form, meaning) 太[太] tài highest/greatest/too (much)/very/extremely 这样[這樣] zhèyàng this kind of/so/this way/like this/such 里[裏] Lǐ, lǐ variant of 裡|里[lǐ], lining/interior/inside/internal/also written 裏|里[lǐ], Li (surname), li, ancient measure of length, approx. 500 m/neighborhood/ancient administrative unit of 25 families/(Tw) borough, administrative unit between the township 鎮|镇[zhèn] and neighborhood 鄰|邻[lín] levels 跟[跟] gēn heel/to follow closely/to go with/(of a woman) to marry sb/with/compared with/to/towards/and (joining two nouns) 告诉[告訴] gàosu, gàosù to press charges/to file a complaint, to tell/to inform/to let know 因为[因為] yīnwèi because/owing to/on account of 自己[自己] zìjǐ oneself/one's own 再[再] zài again/once more/re-/second/another/then (after sth, and not until then)/no matter how ... (followed by an adjective or verb, and then (usually) 也[yě] or 都[dōu] for emphasis) 听[听] tīng, yǐn, tìng smile (archaic), to listen/to hear/to obey/a can (loanword from English "tin")/classifier for canned beverages, (literary pronunciation, still advocated in Taiwan) to rule/to sentence/to allow 这里[這裏] zhèlǐ variant of 這裡|这里[zhè lǐ], here 快[快] kuài rapid/quick/speed/rate/soon/almost/to make haste/clever/sharp (of knives or wits)/forthright/plainspoken/gratified/pleased/pleasant 谁[誰] shéi who/also pr. [shuí] 但是[但是] dànshì but/however 多[多] duō many/much/often/a lot of/numerous/more/in excess/how (to what extent)/multi-/Taiwan pr. [duó] when it means "how" 用[用] yòng to use/to employ/to have to/to eat or drink/expense or outlay/usefulness/hence/therefore 时候[時候] shíhou time/length of time/moment/period 下[下] xià down/downwards/below/lower/later/next (week etc)/second (of two parts)/to decline/to go down/to arrive at (a decision, conclusion etc)/measure word to show the frequency of an action 已经[已經] yǐjīng already 谢谢[謝謝] xièxie to thank/thanks/thank you 为什么[為什麼] wèishénme why?/for what reason? 觉得[覺得] juéde to think/to feel 天[天] tiān day/sky/heaven 像[像] xiàng to resemble/to be like/to look as if/such as/appearance/image/portrait/image under a mapping (math.) 这么[這麼] zhème so much/this much/how much?/this way/like this 它[它] tā it 从[從] Cóng, cóng surname Cong, from/through/via/to follow/to obey/to engage in (an activity)/never (in negative sentence)/(Taiwan pr. [zòng]) retainer/assistant/auxiliary/subordinate/related by common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor 先生[先生] xiānsheng, Xiānsheng Mister (Mr.), teacher/husband/doctor (dialect)/CL:位[wèi] 找[找] zhǎo to try to find/to look for/to call on sb/to find/to seek/to return/to give change 最[㝡] zuì variant of 最[zuì], old variant of 最[zuì], most/the most/-est (superlative suffix) 喜欢[喜歡] xǐhuan to like/to be fond of 大[大] dà, dài big/huge/large/major/great/wide/deep/older (than)/oldest/eldest/greatly/very much/(dialect) father/father's elder or younger brother, see 大夫[dài fu] 可能[可能] kěnéng might (happen)/possible/probable/possibility/probability/maybe/perhaps/CL:個|个[gè] 需要[需要] xūyào to need/to want/to demand/to require/requirement/need 是的[是的] shìde yes, that's right/variant of 似的[shì de] 次[次] cì next in sequence/second/the second (day, time etc)/secondary/vice-/sub-/infra-/inferior quality/substandard/order/sequence/hypo- (chemistry)/classifier for enumerated events: time 出[出] chū to go out/to come out/to occur/to produce/to go beyond/to rise/to put forth/to happen/(used after a verb to indicate an outward direction or a positive result)/classifier for dramas, plays, operas etc, variant of 出[chū] (classifier for plays or chapters of classical novels) 那么[那麼] nàme like that/in that way/or so/so/so very much/about/in that case 们[們] men plural marker for pronouns, and nouns referring to individuals 话[話] huà dialect/language/spoken words/speech/talk/words/conversation/what sb said/CL:種|种[zhǒng],席[xí],句[jù],口[kǒu],番[fān], old variant of 話|话[huà] 东西[東西] dōngxi, dōngxī east and west, thing/stuff/person/CL:個|个[gè],件[jiàn] 应该[應該] yīnggāi ought to/should/must 起来[起來] qilai, qǐlai to stand up/to get up/also pr. [qǐ lái], (after a verb) indicating the beginning and continuation of an action or a state/indicating an upward movement (e.g. after 站[zhàn])/indicating completion/(after a perception verb, e.g. 看[kàn]) expressing preliminary judgment/also pr. [qǐ lai] 所以[所以] suǒyǐ therefore/as a result/so/the reason why 才[才] cái ability/talent/sb of a certain type/a capable individual/only/only then/just now, a moment ago/just now/(indicating sth happening later than expected)/(preceded by a clause of condition or reason) not until/(followed by a numerical clause) only 两[兩] liǎng two/both/some/a few/tael, unit of weight equal to 50 grams (modern) or 1⁄16 of a catty 斤[jīn] (old) 还有[還有] háiyǒu furthermore/in addition/still/also 又[又] yòu (once) again/also/both... and.../and yet/(used for emphasis) anyway 小[小] xiǎo small/tiny/few/young 中[中] zhōng, zhòng, Zhōng China/Chinese/surname Zhong, within/among/in/middle/center/while (doing sth)/during/(dialect) OK/all right, to hit (the mark)/to be hit by/to suffer/to win (a prize, a lottery) 叫[叫] jiào to shout/to call/to order/to ask/to be called/by (indicates agent in the passive mood), variant of 叫[jiào] 等[等] děng class/rank/grade/equal to/same as/to wait for/to await/et cetera/and so on/et al. (and other authors)/after/as soon as/once 问题[問題] wèntí question/problem/issue/topic/CL:個|个[gè] 一起[一起] yīqǐ in the same place/together/with/altogether (in total) 拿[㧱] ná old variant of 拿[ná], variant of 拿[ná], to hold/to seize/to catch/to apprehend/to take/(used in the same way as 把[bǎ]: to mark the following noun as a direct object) 更[更] gèng, gēng to change or replace/to experience/one of the five two-hour periods into which the night was formerly divided/watch (e.g. of a sentry or guard), more/even more/further/still/still more 开始[開始] kāishǐ to begin/beginning/to start/initial/CL:個|个[gè] 帮[幇] bāng old variant of 幫|帮[bāng], old variant of 幫|帮[bāng], to help/to assist/to support/for sb (i.e. as a help)/hired (as worker)/side (of pail, boat etc)/outer layer/upper (of a shoe)/group/gang/clique/party/secret society 带[帶] dài band/belt/girdle/ribbon/tire/area/zone/region/CL:條|条[tiáo]/to wear/to carry/to take along/to bear (i.e. to have)/to lead/to bring/to look after/to raise 时间[時間] shíjiān time/period/CL:段[duàn] 年[年] nián, Nián surname Nian, year/CL:個|个[gè], grain/harvest (old)/variant of 年[nián] 请[請] qǐng to ask/to invite/please (do sth)/to treat (to a meal etc)/to request 回[回] huí to circle/to go back/to turn around/to answer/to return/to revolve/Hui ethnic group (Chinese Muslims)/time/classifier for acts of a play/section or chapter (of a classic book), to curve/to return/to revolve, variant of 迴|回[huí] 工作[工作] gōngzuò to work/(of a machine) to operate/job/work/task/CL:個|个[gè],份[fèn],項|项[xiàng] 然后[然後] ránhòu after/then (afterwards)/after that/afterwards 见[見] xiàn, jiàn to see/to meet/to appear (to be sth)/to interview, to appear/also written 現|现[xiàn] 钱[錢] Qián, qián surname Qian, coin/money/CL:筆|笔[bǐ]/unit of weight, one tenth of a tael 兩|两[liǎng] 一样[一樣] yīyàng same/like/equal to/the same as/just like 就是[就是] jiùshì (emphasizes that sth is precisely or exactly as stated)/precisely/exactly/even/if/just like/in the same way as 吃[吃] chī to eat/to consume/to eat at (a cafeteria etc)/to eradicate/to destroy/to absorb/to suffer/to stammer (Taiwan pr. for this sense is [jí]), variant of 吃[chī] 开[開] kāi to open/to start/to turn on/to boil/to write out (a prescription, check, invoice etc)/to operate (a vehicle)/carat (gold)/abbr. for Kelvin, 開爾文|开尔文[Kāi ěr wén]/abbr. for 開本|开本[kāi běn], book format 一下[一下] yīxià (used after a verb) give it a go/to do (sth for a bit to give it a try)/one time/once/in a while/all of a sudden/all at once 家[傢] jiā see 傢伙|家伙[jiā huo], home/family/(polite) my (sister, uncle etc)/classifier for families or businesses/refers to the philosophical schools of pre-Han China/noun suffix for a specialist in some activity, such as a musician or revolutionary, corresponding to English -ist, -er, -ary or -ian/CL:個|个[gè] 看到 希望[希望] xīwàng to wish for/to desire/hope/CL:個|个[gè] 那些[那些] nàxiē those 哪[哪] nǎ, něi, na how/which, (emphatic sentence-final particle, used instead of 啊[a] after a word ending in "n"), which? (interrogative, followed by classifier or numeral-classifier) 行[行] háng, xíng row/line/commercial firm/line of business/profession/to rank (first, second etc) among one's siblings (by age)/(in data tables) row/(Tw) column, to walk/to go/to travel/a visit/temporary/makeshift/current/in circulation/to do/to perform/capable/competent/effective/all right/OK!/will do/behavior/conduct/Taiwan pr. [xìng] for the behavior-conduct sense 朋友[朋友] péngyou friend/CL:個|个[gè],位[wèi] 相信[相信] xiāngxìn to be convinced (that sth is true)/to believe/to accept sth as true 前[前] qián front/forward/ahead/first/top (followed by a number)/future/ago/before/BC (e.g. 前293年)/former/formerly 今天[今天] jīntiān today/at the present/now 明白[明白] míngbai clear/obvious/unequivocal/to understand/to realize 一直[一直] yīzhí straight (in a straight line)/continuously/always/from the beginning of ... up to .../all along 车[車] jū, Chē, chē surname Che, car/vehicle/CL:輛|辆[liàng]/machine/to shape with a lathe/Kangxi radical 159, war chariot (archaic)/rook (in Chinese chess)/rook (in chess) 地方[地方] dìfang, dìfāng region/regional (away from the central administration)/local, area/place/space/room/territory/CL:處|处[chù],個|个[gè],塊|块[kuài] 几[几] jī, jǐ small table, almost, how much/how many/several/a few 回来[回來] huílai to return/to come back 找到[找到] zhǎodào to find 些[些] xiē classifier indicating a small amount or small number greater than 1: some, a few, several 怎么样[怎麼樣] zěnmeyàng how?/how about?/how was it?/how are things? 出来[出來] chulai, chūlái to come out/to appear/to arise, (after a verb, indicates coming out, completion of an action, or ability to discern or detect) 不要[不要] bùyào don't!/must not 问[問] wèn to ask 一点[一點] yīdiǎn a bit/a little/one dot/one point 一定[一定] yīdìng surely/certainly/necessarily/fixed/a certain (extent etc)/given/particular/must 起[起] qǐ to rise/to raise/to get up/to set out/to start/to appear/to launch/to initiate (action)/to draft/to establish/to get (from a depot or counter)/verb suffix, to start/starting from (a time, place, price etc)/classifier for occurrences or unpredictable events: case, instance/classifier for groups: batch, group 还是[還是] háishi or/still/nevertheless/had better 发现[發現] fāxiàn to find/to discover 住[住] zhù to live/to dwell/to stay/to reside/to stop/(suffix indicating firmness, steadiness, or coming to a halt) 意思[意思] yìsi idea/opinion/meaning/wish/desire/interest/fun/token of appreciation, affection etc/CL:個|个[gè]/to give as a small token/to do sth as a gesture of goodwill etc 放[放] fàng to put/to place/to release/to free/to let go/to let out/to set off (fireworks) 不错[不錯] bùcuò correct/right/not bad/pretty good 为了[為了] wèile in order to/for the purpose of/so as to 地[地] dì, de -ly/structural particle: used before a verb or adjective, linking it to preceding modifying adverbial adjunct, earth/ground/field/place/land/CL:片[piàn] 进[進] jìn to go forward/to advance/to go in/to enter/to put in/to submit/to take in/to admit/(math.) base of a number system/classifier for sections in a building or residential compound 那样[那樣] nàyàng that kind/that sort 新[新] xīn, Xīn abbr. for Xinjiang 新疆[Xīn jiāng] or Singapore 新加坡[Xīn jiā pō]/surname Xin, new/newly/meso- (chemistry) 一些[一些] yīxiē some/a few/a little/(following an adjective) slightly ...er 三[三] Sān, sān surname San, three/3 那里[那裏] nàli there/that place/also written 那裡|那里, there/that place 以为[以為] yǐwéi to think (i.e. to take it to be true that ...) (Usually there is an implication that the notion is mistaken – except when expressing one's own current opinion.) 高兴[高興] gāoxìng happy/glad/willing (to do sth)/in a cheerful mood 老[老] lǎo prefix used before the surname of a person or a numeral indicating the order of birth of the children in a family or to indicate affection or familiarity/old (of people)/venerable (person)/experienced/of long standing/always/all the time/of the past/very/outdated/(of meat etc) tough 过来[過來] guòlái, guòlai to come over/to manage/to handle/to be able to take care of, see 過來|过来[guò lái] 先[先] xiān early/prior/former/in advance/first 生活[生活] shēnghuó life/activity/to live/livelihood 买[買] mǎi to buy/to purchase 种[種] zhòng, zhǒng seed/species/kind/type/classifier for types, kinds, sorts, to plant/to grow/to cultivate 最后[最後] zuìhòu final/last/finally/ultimate 手[手] shǒu hand/(formal) to hold/person engaged in certain types of work/person skilled in certain types of work/personal(ly)/convenient/classifier for skill/CL:雙|双[shuāng],隻|只[zhī] 名字[名字] míngzi name (of a person or thing)/CL:個|个[gè] 认识[認識] rènshi to know/to recognize/to be familiar with/to get acquainted with sb/knowledge/understanding/awareness/cognition 坐[坐] zuò, Zuò surname Zuo, to sit/to take a seat/to take (a bus, airplane etc)/to bear fruit/variant of 座[zuò] 今晚[今晚] jīnwǎn tonight 喝[喝] hè, hē to drink/variant of 嗬[hē], to shout 记得[記得] jìde to remember 写[寫] xiě to write 过去[過去] guòqù, guòqu (in the) past/former/previous/to go over/to pass by, (verb suffix) 哪里[哪裏] nǎlǐ where?/somewhere/anywhere/wherever/nowhere (negative answer to question)/humble expression denying compliment/also written 哪裡|哪里, where?/somewhere/anywhere/wherever/nowhere (negative answer to question)/humble expression denying compliment 以前[以前] yǐqián before/formerly/previous/ago 跑[跑] pǎo, páo (of an animal) to paw (the ground), to run/to run away/to escape/to run around (on errands etc)/(of a gas or liquid) to leak or evaporate/(verb complement) away/off 月[月] yuè moon/month/monthly/CL:個|个[gè],輪|轮[lún] 早[早] zǎo early/morning/Good morning!/long ago/prematurely 长[長] zhǎng, cháng length/long/forever/always/constantly, chief/head/elder/to grow/to develop/to increase/to enhance 号[號] háo, hào roar/cry/CL:個|个[gè], ordinal number/day of a month/mark/sign/business establishment/size/ship suffix/horn (wind instrument)/bugle call/assumed name/to take a pulse/classifier used to indicate number of people 枪[槍] Qiāng, qiāng surname Qiang, gun/firearm/rifle/spear/thing with shape or function similar to a gun/CL:支[zhī],把[bǎ],桿|杆[gǎn],條|条[tiáo],枝[zhī]/to substitute for another person in a test/to knock/classifier for rifle shots, variant of 槍|枪[qiāng]/rifle/spear 可是[可是] kěshì but/however/(used for emphasis) indeed 小时[小時] xiǎoshí hour/CL:個|个[gè] 重要[重要] zhòngyào important/significant/major 别人[別人] biéren other people/others/other person 男人[男人] nánrén a man/a male/men/CL:個|个[gè] 机会[機會] jīhuì opportunity/chance/occasion/CL:個|个[gè] 岁[嵗] suì variant of 歲|岁[suì], year/years old, classifier for years (of age)/year/year (of crop harvests) 出去[出去] chūqù to go out 好像[好像] hǎoxiàng as if/to seem like 警察[警察] jǐngchá police/police officer/CL:個|个[gè] 完[完] wán to finish/to be over/whole/complete/entire 张[張] Zhāng, zhāng surname Zhang, to open up/to spread/sheet of paper/classifier for flat objects, sheet/classifier for votes 漂亮[漂亮] piàoliang pretty/beautiful 刚[剛] gāng hard/firm/strong/just/barely/exactly 马上[馬上] mǎshàng at once/right away/immediately/on horseback (i.e. by military force) 难[難] nán, nàn difficult (to...)/problem/difficulty/difficult/not good, disaster/distress/to scold 里面[裡面] lǐmiàn inside/interior/also pr. [lǐ mian] 每[每] měi each/every 明天[明天] míngtiān tomorrow 公司[公司] gōngsī (business) company/company/firm/corporation/incorporated/CL:家[jiā] 来说 晚上[晚上] wǎnshang evening/night/CL:個|个[gè]/in the evening 块[塊] kuài lump (of earth)/chunk/piece/classifier for pieces of cloth, cake, soap etc/(coll.) classifier for money and currency units 说话[說話] shuōhuà to speak/to say/to talk/to gossip/to tell stories/talk/word 门[門] mén, Mén surname Men, gate/door/CL:扇[shàn]/gateway/doorway/CL:個|个[gè]/opening/valve/switch/way to do something/knack/family/house/(religious) sect/school (of thought)/class/category/phylum or division (taxonomy)/classifier for large guns/classifier for lessons, subjects, branches of technology/(suffix) -gate (i.e. scandal; derived from Watergate) 以后[以後] yǐhòu after/later/afterwards/following/later on/in the future 照片[照片] zhàopiàn photograph/picture/CL:張|张[zhāng],套[tào],幅[fú] 从来[從來] cónglái always/at all times/never (if used in negative sentence) 总是[總是] zǒngshì always 听说[聽說] tīngshuō to hear (sth said)/one hears (that)/hearsay/listening and speaking 办法[辦法] bànfǎ means/method/way (of doing sth)/CL:條|条[tiáo],個|个[gè] 睡[睡] shuì to sleep/to lie down 人们[人們] rénmen people 晚[晚] wǎn evening/night/late 高[高] gāo, Gāo surname Gao, high/tall/above average/loud/your (honorific) 试[試] shì to test/to try/experiment/examination/test 房间[房間] fángjiān room/CL:間|间[jiān],個|个[gè] 书[書] shū, Shū abbr. for 書經|书经[Shū jīng], book/letter/document/CL:本[běn],冊|册[cè],部[bù]/to write 拍[拍] pāi to pat/to clap/to slap/to swat/to take (a photo)/to shoot (a film)/racket (sports)/beat (music) 小心[小心] xiǎoxīn to be careful/to take care 进来[進來] jìnlái to come in 路[路] Lù, lù surname Lu, road/CL:條|条[tiáo]/journey/route/line (bus etc)/sort/kind 四[四] sì four/4 只有 怎么办[怎麼辦] zěnmebàn what's to be done 第[第] dì (prefix indicating ordinal number, e.g. first, number two etc)/order/(old) rank in the imperial examinations/mansion/(literary) but/just 进去[進去] jìnqù to go in 听到[聽到] tīngdào to hear 笑[咲] xiào old variant of 笑[xiào], laugh/smile/CL:個|个[gè] 远[遠] yuǎn, yuàn far/distant/remote/(intensifier in a comparison) by far/much (lower etc), to distance oneself from (classical) 处理[處理] chǔlǐ to handle/to treat/to deal with/to process/to deal with a criminal case/to mete out punishment/to offer for sale at a reduced price/to punish 刚刚[剛剛] gānggang just recently/just a moment ago 案子[案子] ànzi long table/counter/case/law case/legal case/judicial case 发[發] fà, fā to send out/to show (one's feeling)/to issue/to develop/to make a bundle of money/classifier for gunshots (rounds), hair/Taiwan pr. [fǎ] 刚才[剛才] gāngcái just now/a moment ago, (just) a moment ago 别的[別的] biéde else/other 学[學] xué to learn/to study/to imitate/science/-ology 开心[開心] kāixīn to feel happy/to rejoice/to have a great time/to make fun of sb 往[往] wǎng to go (in a direction)/to/towards/(of a train) bound for/past/previous, old variant of 往[wǎng] 万[万] Wàn, wàn, Mò see 万俟[Mò qí], surname Wan, ten thousand/a great number 关[關] guān, Guān surname Guan, mountain pass/to close/to shut/to turn off/to concern/to involve 五[五] wǔ five/5 有点[有點] yǒudiǎn a little 办公室[辦公室] bàngōngshì office/business premises/bureau/CL:間|间[jiān] 奇怪[奇怪] qíguài strange/odd/to marvel/to be baffled 同意[同意] tóngyì to agree/to consent/to approve 帮忙[幫忙] bāngmáng to help/to lend a hand/to do a favor/to do a good turn 外面[外面] wàimiàn outside (also pr. [wài mian] for this sense)/surface/exterior/external appearance 半[半] bàn half/semi-/incomplete/(after a number) and a half 上面[上面] shàngmiàn on top of/above-mentioned/also pr. [shàng mian] 少[少] shào, shǎo few/less/to lack/to be missing/to stop (doing sth)/seldom, young 真的 想到[想到] xiǎngdào to think of/to call to mind/to anticipate 打开[打開] dǎkāi to open/to show (a ticket)/to turn on/to switch on 紧张[緊張] jǐnzhāng nervous/keyed up/intense/tense/strained/in short supply/scarce/CL:陣|阵[zhèn] 二[二] èr two/2/(Beijing dialect) stupid 身体[身體] shēntǐ the body/one's health/CL:具[jù],個|个[gè]/in person 想法[想法] xiǎngfǎ way of thinking/opinion/notion/to think of a way (to do sth)/CL:個|个[gè] 黑[黑] Hēi, hēi abbr. for Heilongjiang province 黑龍江|黑龙江[Hēi lóng jiāng], black/dark/sinister/secret/shady/illegal/to hide (sth) away/to vilify/(loanword) to hack (computing) 身[身] shēn body/life/oneself/personally/one's morality and conduct/the main part of a structure or body/pregnant/classifier for sets of clothes: suit, twinset/Kangxi radical 158 后面[後面] hòumiàn rear/back/behind/later/afterwards/also pr. [hòu mian] 昨天[昨天] zuótiān yesterday 抓住[抓住] zhuāzhù to grab/to capture 聪明[聰明] cōngming intelligent/clever/bright/smart/acute (of sight and hearing) 记[記] jì to record/to note/to memorize/to remember/mark/sign/classifier for blows, kicks, shots 店[店] diàn inn/shop/store/CL:家[jiā] 方法[方法] fāngfǎ method/way/means/CL:個|个[gè] 日[日] rì, Rì abbr. for 日本[Rì běn], Japan, sun/day/date, day of the month 有关[有關] yǒuguān to have sth to do with/to relate to/related to/to concern/concerning 外[外] wài outside/in addition/foreign/external 睡觉[睡覺] shuìjiào to go to bed/to sleep 子[子] zǐ, zi son/child/seed/egg/small thing/1st earthly branch: 11 p.m.-1 a.m., midnight, 11th solar month (7th December to 5th January), year of the Rat/Viscount, fourth of five orders of nobility 五等爵位[wǔ děng jué wèi]/ancient Chinese compass point: 0° (north), (noun suffix) 头发[頭髮] tóufa hair (on the head) 面[面] miàn face/side/surface/aspect/top/classifier for flat surfaces such as drums, mirrors, flags etc, variant of 麵|面[miàn], flour/noodles/(of food) soft (not crunchy)/(slang) (of a person) ineffectual/spineless 六[六] liù six/6 飞[飛] fēi to fly 生气[生氣] shēngqì to get angry/to take offense/angry/vitality/liveliness 光[光] guāng light/ray/CL:道[dào]/bright/only/merely/to use up 下面[下面] xiàmiàn below/under/next/the following/also pr. [xià mian], to boil noodles 十[十] shí ten/10 生意[生意] shēngyì, shēngyi life force/vitality, business/CL:筆|笔[bǐ] 记住[記住] jìzhu to remember/to bear in mind/to learn by heart 洗[洗] xǐ to wash/to bathe/to develop (photo) 边[邊] biān, bian side/edge/margin/border/boundary/CL:個|个[gè]/simultaneously, suffix of a noun of locality 见面[見面] jiànmiàn to meet/to see each other/CL:次[cì] 经常[經常] jīngcháng frequently/constantly/regularly/often/day-to-day/everyday/daily 老板[老板] lǎobǎn, Lǎobǎn variant of 老闆|老板[lǎo bǎn], Robam (brand), boss/business proprietor/CL:個|个[gè] 一会儿[一會兒] yīhuìr a moment/a while/in a moment/now...now.../also pr. [yī huǐ r] 认真[認真] rènzhēn conscientious/earnest/serious/to take seriously/to take to heart 真相[真相] zhēnxiàng the truth about sth/the actual facts 有意思[有意思] yǒuyìsi interesting/meaningful/enjoyable/fun 银行[銀行] yínháng bank/CL:家[jiā],個|个[gè] 什么样[什麼樣] shénmeyàng what kind?/what sort?/what appearance? 多么[多麼] duōme how (wonderful etc)/what (a great idea etc)/however (difficult it may be etc)/(in interrogative sentences) how (much etc)/to what extent 下午[下午] xiàwǔ afternoon/CL:個|个[gè]/p.m. 谢[謝] xiè, Xiè surname Xie, to thank/to apologize/to wither (of flowers, leaves etc)/to decline 慢[慢] màn slow 家人[家人] jiārén household/(one's) family 逃[逃] táo to escape/to run away/to flee 刀[刀] dāo, Dāo surname Dao, knife/blade/single-edged sword/cutlass/CL:把[bǎ]/(slang) dollar (loanword)/classifier for sets of one hundred sheets (of paper)/classifier for knife cuts or stabs 后来[後來] hòulái afterwards/later 一边[一邊] yībiān one side/either side/on the one hand/on the other hand/doing while 字[字] zì letter/symbol/character/word/CL:個|个[gè]/courtesy or style name traditionally given to males aged 20 in dynastic China 味道[味道] wèidao flavor/smell/hint of 路上[路上] lùshang on the road/on a journey/road surface 广告[廣告] guǎnggào to advertise/a commercial/advertisement/CL:項|项[xiàng] 鞋[鞋] xié shoe/CL:雙|双[shuāng],隻|只[zhī], variant of 鞋[xié] 再说[再說] zàishuō to say again/to put off a discussion until later/moreover/what's more/besides 空[空] kòng, kōng empty/air/sky/in vain, to empty/vacant/unoccupied/space/leisure/free time 上班[上班] shàngbān to go to work/to be on duty/to start work/to go to the office 越来越[越來越] yuèláiyuè more and more 山[山] Shān, shān surname Shan, mountain/hill/anything that resembles a mountain/CL:座[zuò]/bundled straw in which silkworms spin cocoons/gable 前面[前面] qiánmiàn ahead/in front/preceding/above/also pr. [qián mian] 八[八] bā eight/8 王[王] wàng, wáng, Wáng surname Wang, king or monarch/best or strongest of its type/grand/great, to rule/to reign over 中国[中國] Zhōngguó China 上去[上去] shàngqù to go up 七[七] qī seven/7 目的[目的] mùdì purpose/aim/goal/target/objective/CL:個|个[gè] 心里[心裡] xīnli chest/heart/mind 左[左] zuǒ, Zuǒ surname Zuo, left/the Left (politics)/east/unorthodox/queer/wrong/differing/opposite/variant of 佐[zuǒ] 经理[經理] jīnglǐ manager/director/CL:個|个[gè],位[wèi],名[míng] 右[右] yòu right (-hand)/the Right (politics)/west (old) 报纸[報紙] bàozhǐ newspaper/newsprint/CL:份[fèn],期[qī],張|张[zhāng] 手上 灯[燈] dēng lamp/light/lantern/CL:盞|盏[zhǎn] 桌子[桌子] zhuōzi table/desk/CL:張|张[zhāng],套[tào] 难过[難過] nánguò to feel sad/to feel unwell/(of life) to be difficult 箱子[箱子] xiāngzi suitcase/chest/box/case/trunk/CL:隻|只[zhī],個|个[gè] 卷[卷] juǎn, juàn to roll up/roll/classifier for small rolled things (wad of paper money, movie reel etc), scroll/book/volume/chapter/examination paper/classifier for books, paintings: volume, scroll, to roll (up)/to sweep up/to carry on/roll 看法[看法] kànfǎ way of looking at a thing/view/opinion/CL:個|个[gè] 纸[帋] zhǐ variant of 紙|纸[zhǐ], paper/CL:張|张[zhāng],沓[dá]/classifier for documents, letter etc 午饭[午飯] wǔfàn lunch/CL:份[fèn],頓|顿[dùn],次[cì],餐[cān] 石头[石頭] shítou stone/CL:塊|块[kuài] 有的[有的] yǒude (there are) some (who are...)/some (exist) 东[東] Dōng, dōng surname Dong, east/host (i.e. sitting on east side of guest)/landlord 伤口[傷口] shāngkǒu wound/cut 天气[天氣] tiānqì weather 茶[茶] chá tea/tea plant/CL:杯[bēi],壺|壶[hú] 胖[胖] pán, pàng healthy/at ease, fat/plump 明[明] Míng, míng Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)/surname Ming/Ming (c. 2000 BC), fourth of the legendary Flame Emperors, 炎帝[Yán dì] descended from Shennong 神農|神农[Shén nóng] Farmer God, bright/opposite: dark 暗[àn]/(of meaning) clear/to understand/next/public or open/wise/generic term for a sacrifice to the gods 椅子[椅子] yǐzi chair/CL:把[bǎ],套[tào] 箱[箱] xiāng box/trunk/chest 亮[亮] liàng bright/clear/resonant/to shine/to show/to reveal 放心[放心] fàngxīn to feel relieved/to feel reassured/to be at ease 平[平] píng, Píng surname Ping, flat/level/equal/to tie (make the same score)/to draw (score)/calm/peaceful/see also 平聲|平声[píng shēng] 的话[的話] dehuà if (coming after a conditional clause) 好笑[好笑] hǎoxiào laughable/funny/ridiculous 左边[左邊] zuǒbian left/the left side/to the left of 拍照[拍照] pāizhào to take a picture 面试[面試] miànshì to be interviewed (as a candidate)/interview 请问[請問] qǐngwèn Excuse me, may I ask...? 百[百] bǎi, Bǎi surname Bai, hundred/numerous/all kinds of 助理[助理] zhùlǐ assistant 敲[敲] qiāo to hit/to strike/to tap/to rap/to knock/to rip sb off/to overcharge 右边[右邊] yòubian right side/right, to the right 关门[關門] guānmén to close a door/to lock a door/(of a shop etc) to close (for the night, or permanently) 地下室[地下室] dìxiàshì basement/cellar 什么的[什麼的] shénmede and so on/and what not 平常[平常] píngcháng ordinary/common/usually/ordinarily 没用[沒用] méiyòng useless 出门[出門] chūmén to go out/to leave home/to go on a journey/away from home/(of a woman) to get married 饭店[飯店] fàndiàn restaurant/hotel/CL:家[jiā],個|个[gè] 中午[中午] zhōngwǔ noon/midday/CL:個|个[gè] 黄金[黃金] huángjīn gold/golden (opportunity)/prime (time) 老人[老人] lǎorén old man or woman/the elderly/one's aged parents or grandparents 二十[二十] èrshí twenty/20 上午[上午] shàngwǔ morning/CL:個|个[gè] 银[銀] yín silver/silver-colored/relating to money or currency 星期五[星期五] Xīngqīwǔ Friday 星期六[星期六] Xīngqīliù Saturday 早饭[早飯] zǎofàn breakfast/CL:份[fèn],頓|顿[dùn],次[cì],餐[cān] 星期天[星期天] Xīngqītiān Sunday/CL:個|个[gè] 后门[後門] hòumén the back door/fig. under the counter (indirect way for influence or pressure)/anus 人才[人才] réncái talent/talented person/looks/attractive looks 对了[對了] duìle Correct!/Oh, that's right, ... (when one suddenly remembers sth one wanted to mention)/Oh, by the way, ... 有名[有名] yǒumíng famous/well-known 一下子[一下子] yīxiàzi in a short while/all at once/all of a sudden 星期一[星期一] Xīngqīyī Monday 下车[下車] xiàchē to get off or out of (a bus, train, car etc) 地道[地道] dìdao, dìdào tunnel/causeway, authentic/genuine/proper 上海[上海] Shànghǎi Shanghai municipality, central east China, abbr. to 滬|沪[Hù] 高明[高明] Gāomíng, gāomíng Gaoming district of Foshan city 佛山市[Fó shān shì], Guangdong, brilliant/superior/tall and bright 小吃[小吃] xiǎochī snack/refreshments/CL:家[jiā] 后天[後天] hòutiān the day after tomorrow/acquired (not innate)/a posteriori 刘[劉] Liú, liú surname Liu, (classical) a type of battle-ax/to kill/to slaughter 南京[南京] Nánjīng Nanjing subprovincial city on the Changjiang, capital of Jiangsu province 江蘇|江苏/capital of China at different historical periods 赵[趙] zhào, Zhào surname Zhao/one of the seven states during the Warring States Period (476-220 BC)/the Former Zhao 前趙 (304-329) and Later Zhao 後趙 (319-350), states of the Sixteen Kingdoms, to surpass (old) 好意思[好意思] hǎoyìsi to have the nerve/what a cheek!/to feel no shame/to overcome the shame/(is it) proper? (rhetorical question) 上进[上進] shàngjìn to make progress/to do better/fig. ambitious to improve oneself/to move forwards 茶馆[茶館] cháguǎn teahouse/CL:家[jiā] 不太 海南[海南] Hǎinán Hainan Province, in the South China Sea, short name 瓊|琼[Qióng], capital Haikou 海口/Hainan Island/Hainan District of Wuhai City 烏海市|乌海市[Wū hǎi Shì], Inner Mongolia/Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture 海南藏族自治州[Hǎi nán Zàng zú Zì zhì zhōu], Qinghai 一个人[一個人] yīgèrén by oneself (without assistance)/alone (without company) 不见了[不見了] bùjiànle to have disappeared/to be missing/nowhere to be found 外滩[外灘] Wàitān the Shanghai Bund or Waitan 往前[往前] wǎngqián to move forwards 有点儿[有點兒] yǒudiǎnr slightly/a little/somewhat 看书[看書] kànshū to read/to study 一点也 他们的 刘路飞 赵亮