的[的] dì, de, dí, dī of/~'s (possessive particle)/(used after an attribute)/(used to form a nominal expression)/(used at the end of a declarative sentence for emphasis), see 的士[dī shì], really and truly, aim/clear 我[我] wǒ I/me/my 你[你] nǐ you (informal, as opposed to courteous 您[nín]) 是[是] shì is/are/am/yes/to be, variant of 是[shì]/(used in given names) 了[了] le, liào, liǎo (completed action marker)/(modal particle indicating change of state, situation now)/(modal particle intensifying preceding clause), to finish/to achieve/variant of 瞭|了[liǎo]/to understand clearly, (of eyes) bright/clear-sighted/to understand clearly, unofficial variant of 瞭[liào] 不[不] bù (negative prefix)/not/no 在[在] zài (located) at/(to be) in/to exist/in the middle of doing sth/(indicating an action in progress) 他[他] tā he or him/(used for either sex when the sex is unknown or unimportant)/(used before sb's name for emphasis)/(used as a meaningless mock object)/other/another 我们[我們] wǒmen we/us/ourselves/our 好[好] hǎo, hào good/well/proper/good to/easy to/very/so/(suffix indicating completion or readiness)/(of two people) close/on intimate terms/(after a personal pronoun) hello, to be fond of/to have a tendency to/to be prone to 有[有] yǒu to have/there is/there are/to exist/to be 这[這] zhè this/these/(commonly pr. [zhèi] before a classifier, esp. in Beijing) 就[就] jiù at once/right away/only/just (emphasis)/as early as/already/as soon as/then/in that case/as many as/even if/to approach/to move towards/to undertake/to engage in/to suffer/subjected to/to accomplish/to take advantage of/to go with (of foods)/with regard to/concerning 会[會] huì, kuài can/to be possible/to be able to/will/to be likely to/to be sure to/to assemble/to meet/to gather/to see/union/group/association/CL:個|个[gè]/a moment (Taiwan pr. for this sense is [huǐ]), to balance an account/accountancy/accounting 吗[嗎] mǎ, ma see 嗎啡|吗啡, morphine, (question particle for "yes-no" questions) 要[要] yào, yāo to demand/to request/to coerce, important/vital/to want/to ask for/will/going to (as future auxiliary)/may/must/(used in a comparison) must be/probably/if 什么[什麼] shénme what?/something/anything 说[說] shuì, shuō to persuade, to speak/to say/to explain/to scold/to tell off/a theory (typically the last character in a compound, as in 日心說|日心说 heliocentric theory), variant of 說|说[shuō] 她[她] tā she 想[想] xiǎng to think/to believe/to suppose/to wish/to want/to miss (feel wistful about the absence of sb or sth) 一[一] yī one/1/single/a (article)/as soon as/entire/whole/all/throughout/"one" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 1)/also pr. [yāo] for greater clarity when spelling out numbers digit by digit 很[很] hěn (adverb of degree)/quite/very/awfully 知道[知道] zhīdào to know/to become aware of/also pr. [zhī dao] 人[人] rén man/person/people/CL:個|个[gè],位[wèi] 吧[吧] bā, biā, ba bar (loanword) (serving drinks, or providing Internet access etc)/to puff (on a pipe etc)/(onom.) bang/abbr. for 貼吧|贴吧[tiē bā], (modal particle indicating suggestion or surmise)/...right?/...OK?/...I presume., (onom.) smack! 那[那] nǎ, Nuó, nuó, nà, Nā surname Na, surname Nuo, variant of 哪[nǎ], that/those/then (in that case)/commonly pr. [nèi] before a classifier, esp. in Beijing, (archaic) many/beautiful/how/old variant of 挪[nuó] 来[來] lái to come/to arrive/to come round/ever since/next 都[都] dōu, dū, Dū surname Du, all/both/entirely/(used for emphasis) even/already/(not) at all, capital city/metropolis 个[個] gè individual/this/that/size/classifier for people or objects in general, variant of 個|个[gè] 能[能] néng, Néng surname Neng, can/to be able to/might possibly/ability/(physics) energy 去[去] qù to go/to go to (a place)/(of a time etc) last/just passed/to send/to remove/to get rid of/to reduce/to be apart from in space or time/to die (euphemism)/to play (a part)/(when used either before or after a verb) to go in order to do sth/(after a verb of motion indicates movement away from the speaker)/(used after certain verbs to indicate detachment or separation) 没[沒] méi, mò (negative prefix for verbs)/have not/not, drowned/to end/to die/to inundate 和[咊] huò, huó, hú, Hé, hè, hé old variant of 和[hé], surname He/Japanese (food, clothes etc), and/together with/with/sum/union/peace/harmony/Taiwan pr. [hàn] when it means "and" or "with", to compose a poem in reply (to sb's poem) using the same rhyme sequence/to join in the singing/to chime in with others, to complete a set in mahjong or playing cards, to combine a powdery substance (flour, plaster etc) with water/Taiwan pr. [huò], to mix (ingredients) together/to blend/classifier for rinses of clothes/classifier for boilings of medicinal herbs, old variant of 和[hé]/harmonious 他们[他們] tāmen they 到[到] dào to (a place)/until (a time)/up to/to go/to arrive/(verb complement denoting completion or result of an action) 对[對] duì right/correct/couple/pair/towards/at/for/to face/opposite/to treat (sb a certain way)/to match together/to adjust/to fit/to suit/to answer/to reply/classifier: couple 也[也] Yě, yě surname Ye, also/too/(in Classical Chinese) final particle implying affirmation 啊[啊] ā, á, à, a, ǎ interjection of surprise/Ah!/Oh!, interjection expressing doubt or requiring answer/Eh?/what?, interjection of surprise or doubt/Eh?/My!/what's up?, interjection or grunt of agreement/uhm/Ah, OK/expression of recognition/Oh, it's you!, modal particle ending sentence, showing affirmation, approval, or consent 还[還] huán, Huán, hái surname Huan, still/still in progress/still more/yet/even more/in addition/fairly/passably (good)/as early as/even/also/else, to pay back/to return 让[讓] ràng to yield/to permit/to let sb do sth/to have sb do sth/to make sb (feel sad etc)/by (indicates the agent in a passive clause, like 被[bèi]) 做[做] zuò to do/to make/to produce/to write/to compose/to act as/to engage in/to hold (a party)/to be/to become/to function (in some capacity)/to serve as/to be used for/to form (a bond or relationship)/to pretend/to feign/to act a part/to put on appearance 给[給] gěi, jǐ to/for/for the benefit of/to give/to allow/to do sth (for sb)/(grammatical equivalent of 被)/(grammatical equivalent of 把)/(sentence intensifier), to supply/to provide 上[上] shàng, shǎng see 上聲|上声[shǎng shēng], on top/upon/above/upper/previous/first (of multiple parts)/to climb/to get onto/to go up/to attend (class or university) 你们[你們] nǐmen you (plural) 过[過] guo, Guò, guò surname Guo, to cross/to go over/to pass (time)/to celebrate (a holiday)/to live/to get along/excessively/too-, (experienced action marker) 没有[沒有] méiyǒu haven't/hasn't/doesn't exist/to not have/to not be 得[得] de, dé, děi to obtain/to get/to gain/to catch (a disease)/proper/suitable/proud/contented/to allow/to permit/ready/finished, structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc, to have to/must/ought to/to need to 看[看] kān, kàn to look after/to take care of/to watch/to guard, to see/to look at/to read/to watch/to visit/to call on/to consider/to regard as/to look after/to treat (an illness)/to depend on/to feel (that)/(after verb) to give it a try/Watch out! (for a danger) 真[真] zhēn really/truly/indeed/real/true/genuine 着[著] zháo, zhāo, zhuó, zhe (chess) move/trick/all right!/(dialect) to add, to touch/to come in contact with/to feel/to be affected by/to catch fire/to burn/(coll.) to fall asleep/(after a verb) hitting the mark/succeeding in, aspect particle indicating action in progress, to wear (clothes)/to contact/to use/to apply 事[事] shì matter/thing/item/work/affair/CL:件[jiàn],樁|桩[zhuāng],回[huí] 怎么[怎麼] zěnme how?/what?/why?, variant of 怎麼|怎么[zěn me] 现在[現在] xiànzài now/at present/at the moment/modern/current/nowadays 可以[可以] kěyǐ can/may/possible/able to/not bad/pretty good 点[點] diǎn point/dot/drop/speck/o'clock/point (in space or time)/to draw a dot/to check on a list/to choose/to order (food in a restaurant)/to touch briefly/to hint/to light/to ignite/to pour a liquid drop by drop/(old) one fifth of a two-hour watch 更[gēng]/dot stroke in Chinese characters/classifier for items 呢[呢] ní, ne particle indicating that a previously asked question is to be applied to the preceding word ("What about ...?", "And ...?")/particle for inquiring about location ("Where is ...?")/particle signaling a pause, to emphasize the preceding words and allow the listener time to take them on board ("ok?", "are you with me?")/(at the end of a declarative sentence) particle indicating continuation of a state or action/particle indicating strong affirmation, woolen material 如果[如果] rúguǒ if/in case/in the event that 只[只] zhǐ, zhī only/merely/just/but, variant of 只[zhǐ], grain that has begun to ripen/variant of 衹|只[zhǐ], variant of 只[zhǐ], classifier for birds and certain animals, one of a pair, some utensils, vessels etc 别[別] biè, Bié, bié surname Bie, to leave/to depart/to separate/to distinguish/to classify/other/another/don't ...!/to pin/to stick (sth) in, to make sb change their ways, opinions etc 但[但] dàn but/yet/however/only/merely/still 走[走] zǒu to walk/to go/to run/to move (of vehicle)/to visit/to leave/to go away/to die (euph.)/from/through/away (in compound verbs, such as 撤走[chè zǒu])/to change (shape, form, meaning) 太[太] tài highest/greatest/too (much)/very/extremely 这样[這樣] zhèyàng this kind of/so/this way/like this/such 里[裏] Lǐ, lǐ variant of 裡|里[lǐ], lining/interior/inside/internal/also written 裏|里[lǐ], Li (surname), li, ancient measure of length, approx. 500 m/neighborhood/ancient administrative unit of 25 families/(Tw) borough, administrative unit between the township 鎮|镇[zhèn] and neighborhood 鄰|邻[lín] levels 跟[跟] gēn heel/to follow closely/to go with/(of a woman) to marry sb/with/compared with/to/towards/and (joining two nouns) 告诉[告訴] gàosu, gàosù to press charges/to file a complaint, to tell/to inform/to let know 因为[因為] yīnwèi because/owing to/on account of 自己[自己] zìjǐ oneself/one's own 再[再] zài again/once more/re-/second/another/then (after sth, and not until then)/no matter how ... (followed by an adjective or verb, and then (usually) 也[yě] or 都[dōu] for emphasis) 听[听] tīng, yǐn, tìng smile (archaic), to listen/to hear/to obey/a can (loanword from English "tin")/classifier for canned beverages, (literary pronunciation, still advocated in Taiwan) to rule/to sentence/to allow 这里[這裏] zhèlǐ variant of 這裡|这里[zhè lǐ], here 快[快] kuài rapid/quick/speed/rate/soon/almost/to make haste/clever/sharp (of knives or wits)/forthright/plainspoken/gratified/pleased/pleasant 但是[但是] dànshì but/however 多[多] duō many/much/often/a lot of/numerous/more/in excess/how (to what extent)/multi-/Taiwan pr. [duó] when it means "how" 用[用] yòng to use/to employ/to have to/to eat or drink/expense or outlay/usefulness/hence/therefore 时候[時候] shíhou time/length of time/moment/period 下[下] xià down/downwards/below/lower/later/next (week etc)/second (of two parts)/to decline/to go down/to arrive at (a decision, conclusion etc)/measure word to show the frequency of an action 已经[已經] yǐjīng already 谢谢[謝謝] xièxie to thank/thanks/thank you 为什么[為什麼] wèishénme why?/for what reason? 觉得[覺得] juéde to think/to feel 天[天] tiān day/sky/heaven 这么[這麼] zhème so much/this much/how much?/this way/like this 它[它] tā it 从[從] Cóng, cóng surname Cong, from/through/via/to follow/to obey/to engage in (an activity)/never (in negative sentence)/(Taiwan pr. [zòng]) retainer/assistant/auxiliary/subordinate/related by common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor 先生[先生] xiānsheng, Xiānsheng Mister (Mr.), teacher/husband/doctor (dialect)/CL:位[wèi] 找[找] zhǎo to try to find/to look for/to call on sb/to find/to seek/to return/to give change 喜欢[喜歡] xǐhuan to like/to be fond of 可[可] kè, kě can/may/able to/to approve/to permit/to suit/(particle used for emphasis) certainly/very, see 可汗[kè hán] 为[為] wéi, wèi as (in the capacity of)/to take sth as/to act as/to serve as/to behave as/to become/to be/to do/by (in the passive voice), because of/for/to, variant of 為|为[wéi]/as (i.e. in the capacity of)/to take sth as/to act as/to serve as/to behave as/to become/to be/to do, variant of 為|为[wèi], because of/for/to 大[大] dà, dài big/huge/large/major/great/wide/deep/older (than)/oldest/eldest/greatly/very much/(dialect) father/father's elder or younger brother, see 大夫[dài fu] 可能[可能] kěnéng might (happen)/possible/probable/possibility/probability/maybe/perhaps/CL:個|个[gè] 需要[需要] xūyào to need/to want/to demand/to require/requirement/need 是的[是的] shìde yes, that's right/variant of 似的[shì de] 死[死] sǐ to die/impassable/uncrossable/inflexible/rigid/extremely/damned 次[次] cì next in sequence/second/the second (day, time etc)/secondary/vice-/sub-/infra-/inferior quality/substandard/order/sequence/hypo- (chemistry)/classifier for enumerated events: time 出[出] chū to go out/to come out/to occur/to produce/to go beyond/to rise/to put forth/to happen/(used after a verb to indicate an outward direction or a positive result)/classifier for dramas, plays, operas etc, variant of 出[chū] (classifier for plays or chapters of classical novels) 那么[那麼] nàme like that/in that way/or so/so/so very much/about/in that case 话[話] huà dialect/language/spoken words/speech/talk/words/conversation/what sb said/CL:種|种[zhǒng],席[xí],句[jù],口[kǒu],番[fān], old variant of 話|话[huà] 东西[東西] dōngxi, dōngxī east and west, thing/stuff/person/CL:個|个[gè],件[jiàn] 应该[應該] yīnggāi ought to/should/must 孩子[孩子] háizi child 起来[起來] qilai, qǐlai to stand up/to get up/also pr. [qǐ lái], (after a verb) indicating the beginning and continuation of an action or a state/indicating an upward movement (e.g. after 站[zhàn])/indicating completion/(after a perception verb, e.g. 看[kàn]) expressing preliminary judgment/also pr. [qǐ lai] 所以[所以] suǒyǐ therefore/as a result/so/the reason why 才[才] cái ability/talent/sb of a certain type/a capable individual/only/only then/just now, a moment ago/just now/(indicating sth happening later than expected)/(preceded by a clause of condition or reason) not until/(followed by a numerical clause) only 两[兩] liǎng two/both/some/a few/tael, unit of weight equal to 50 grams (modern) or 1⁄16 of a catty 斤[jīn] (old) 还有[還有] háiyǒu furthermore/in addition/still/also 又[又] yòu (once) again/also/both... and.../and yet/(used for emphasis) anyway 小[小] xiǎo small/tiny/few/young 叫[叫] jiào to shout/to call/to order/to ask/to be called/by (indicates agent in the passive mood), variant of 叫[jiào] 该[該] gāi should/ought to/probably/must be/to deserve/to owe/to be sb's turn to do sth/that/the above-mentioned 等[等] děng class/rank/grade/equal to/same as/to wait for/to await/et cetera/and so on/et al. (and other authors)/after/as soon as/once 问题[問題] wèntí question/problem/issue/topic/CL:個|个[gè] 一起[一起] yīqǐ in the same place/together/with/altogether (in total) 拿[㧱] ná old variant of 拿[ná], variant of 拿[ná], to hold/to seize/to catch/to apprehend/to take/(used in the same way as 把[bǎ]: to mark the following noun as a direct object) 更[更] gèng, gēng to change or replace/to experience/one of the five two-hour periods into which the night was formerly divided/watch (e.g. of a sentry or guard), more/even more/further/still/still more 帮[幇] bāng old variant of 幫|帮[bāng], old variant of 幫|帮[bāng], to help/to assist/to support/for sb (i.e. as a help)/hired (as worker)/side (of pail, boat etc)/outer layer/upper (of a shoe)/group/gang/clique/party/secret society 爱[愛] ài to love/to be fond of/to like/affection/to be inclined (to do sth)/to tend to (happen) 带[帶] dài band/belt/girdle/ribbon/tire/area/zone/region/CL:條|条[tiáo]/to wear/to carry/to take along/to bear (i.e. to have)/to lead/to bring/to look after/to raise 时间[時間] shíjiān time/period/CL:段[duàn] 年[年] nián, Nián surname Nian, year/CL:個|个[gè], grain/harvest (old)/variant of 年[nián] 请[請] qǐng to ask/to invite/please (do sth)/to treat (to a meal etc)/to request 回[回] huí to circle/to go back/to turn around/to answer/to return/to revolve/Hui ethnic group (Chinese Muslims)/time/classifier for acts of a play/section or chapter (of a classic book), to curve/to return/to revolve, variant of 迴|回[huí] 工作[工作] gōngzuò to work/(of a machine) to operate/job/work/task/CL:個|个[gè],份[fèn],項|项[xiàng] 然后[然後] ránhòu after/then (afterwards)/after that/afterwards 见[見] xiàn, jiàn to see/to meet/to appear (to be sth)/to interview, to appear/also written 現|现[xiàn] 钱[錢] Qián, qián surname Qian, coin/money/CL:筆|笔[bǐ]/unit of weight, one tenth of a tael 兩|两[liǎng] 一样[一樣] yīyàng same/like/equal to/the same as/just like 就是[就是] jiùshì (emphasizes that sth is precisely or exactly as stated)/precisely/exactly/even/if/just like/in the same way as 吃[吃] chī to eat/to consume/to eat at (a cafeteria etc)/to eradicate/to destroy/to absorb/to suffer/to stammer (Taiwan pr. for this sense is [jí]), variant of 吃[chī] 所有[所有] suǒyǒu all/to have/to possess/to own 开[開] kāi to open/to start/to turn on/to boil/to write out (a prescription, check, invoice etc)/to operate (a vehicle)/carat (gold)/abbr. for Kelvin, 開爾文|开尔文[Kāi ěr wén]/abbr. for 開本|开本[kāi běn], book format 一下[一下] yīxià (used after a verb) give it a go/to do (sth for a bit to give it a try)/one time/once/in a while/all of a sudden/all at once 家[傢] jiā see 傢伙|家伙[jiā huo], home/family/(polite) my (sister, uncle etc)/classifier for families or businesses/refers to the philosophical schools of pre-Han China/noun suffix for a specialist in some activity, such as a musician or revolutionary, corresponding to English -ist, -er, -ary or -ian/CL:個|个[gè] 看到 希望[希望] xīwàng to wish for/to desire/hope/CL:個|个[gè] 那些[那些] nàxiē those 当然[當然] dāngrán only natural/as it should be/certainly/of course/without doubt 也许[也許] yěxǔ perhaps/maybe 朋友[朋友] péngyou friend/CL:個|个[gè],位[wèi] 妈妈[媽媽] māma mama/mommy/mother/CL:個|个[gè],位[wèi] 相信[相信] xiāngxìn to be convinced (that sth is true)/to believe/to accept sth as true 前[前] qián front/forward/ahead/first/top (followed by a number)/future/ago/before/BC (e.g. 前293年)/former/formerly 认为[認為] rènwéi to believe/to think/to consider/to feel 这儿[這兒] zhèr here 今天[今天] jīntiān today/at the present/now 明白[明白] míngbai clear/obvious/unequivocal/to understand/to realize 一直[一直] yīzhí straight (in a straight line)/continuously/always/from the beginning of ... up to .../all along 车[車] jū, Chē, chē surname Che, car/vehicle/CL:輛|辆[liàng]/machine/to shape with a lathe/Kangxi radical 159, war chariot (archaic)/rook (in Chinese chess)/rook (in chess) 地方[地方] dìfang, dìfāng region/regional (away from the central administration)/local, area/place/space/room/territory/CL:處|处[chù],個|个[gè],塊|块[kuài] 不过[不過] bùguò only/merely/no more than/but/however/anyway (to get back to a previous topic)/cannot be more (after adjectival) 发生[發生] fāshēng to happen/to occur/to take place/to break out 几[几] jī, jǐ small table, almost, how much/how many/several/a few 回来[回來] huílai to return/to come back 找到[找到] zhǎodào to find 后[后] hòu, Hòu surname Hou, empress/queen/(archaic) monarch/ruler, back/behind/rear/afterwards/after/later/post- 爸爸[爸爸] bàba (informal) father/CL:個|个[gè],位[wèi] 比[比] bī, Bǐ, bǐ, bì Belgium/Belgian/abbr. for 比利時|比利时[Bǐ lì shí], euphemistic variant of 屄[bī], (particle used for comparison and "-er than")/to compare/to contrast/to gesture (with hands)/ratio, to associate with/to be near 些[些] xiē classifier indicating a small amount or small number greater than 1: some, a few, several 怎么样[怎麼樣] zěnmeyàng how?/how about?/how was it?/how are things? 出来[出來] chulai, chūlái to come out/to appear/to arise, (after a verb, indicates coming out, completion of an action, or ability to discern or detect) 不要[不要] bùyào don't!/must not 对不起[對不起] duìbuqǐ unworthy/to let down/I'm sorry/excuse me/pardon me/if you please/sorry? (please repeat) 问[問] wèn to ask 离开[離開] líkāi to depart/to leave 一点[一點] yīdiǎn a bit/a little/one dot/one point 一定[一定] yīdìng surely/certainly/necessarily/fixed/a certain (extent etc)/given/particular/must 起[起] qǐ to rise/to raise/to get up/to set out/to start/to appear/to launch/to initiate (action)/to draft/to establish/to get (from a depot or counter)/verb suffix, to start/starting from (a time, place, price etc)/classifier for occurrences or unpredictable events: case, instance/classifier for groups: batch, group 还是[還是] háishi or/still/nevertheless/had better 发现[發現] fāxiàn to find/to discover 住[住] zhù to live/to dwell/to stay/to reside/to stop/(suffix indicating firmness, steadiness, or coming to a halt) 放[放] fàng to put/to place/to release/to free/to let go/to let out/to set off (fireworks) 妈[媽] mā ma/mom/mother 地[地] dì, de -ly/structural particle: used before a verb or adjective, linking it to preceding modifying adverbial adjunct, earth/ground/field/place/land/CL:片[piàn] 新[新] xīn, Xīn abbr. for Xinjiang 新疆[Xīn jiāng] or Singapore 新加坡[Xīn jiā pō]/surname Xin, new/newly/meso- (chemistry) 向[向] xiàng, Xiàng surname Xiang, towards/to face/to turn towards/direction/to support/to side with/shortly before/formerly/always/all along/(suffix) suitable for .../oriented to ..., to tend toward/to guide/variant of 向[xiàng], variant of 向[xiàng]/direction/orientation/to face/to turn toward/to/towards/shortly before/formerly 一些[一些] yīxiē some/a few/a little/(following an adjective) slightly ...er 三[三] Sān, sān surname San, three/3 那里[那裏] nàli there/that place/also written 那裡|那里, there/that place 以为[以為] yǐwéi to think (i.e. to take it to be true that ...) (Usually there is an implication that the notion is mistaken – except when expressing one's own current opinion.) 高兴[高興] gāoxìng happy/glad/willing (to do sth)/in a cheerful mood 老[老] lǎo prefix used before the surname of a person or a numeral indicating the order of birth of the children in a family or to indicate affection or familiarity/old (of people)/venerable (person)/experienced/of long standing/always/all the time/of the past/very/outdated/(of meat etc) tough 过来[過來] guòlái, guòlai to come over/to manage/to handle/to be able to take care of, see 過來|过来[guò lái] 买[買] mǎi to buy/to purchase 种[種] zhòng, zhǒng seed/species/kind/type/classifier for types, kinds, sorts, to plant/to grow/to cultivate 最后[最後] zuìhòu final/last/finally/ultimate 手[手] shǒu hand/(formal) to hold/person engaged in certain types of work/person skilled in certain types of work/personal(ly)/convenient/classifier for skill/CL:雙|双[shuāng],隻|只[zhī] 哪儿[哪兒] nǎr where?/wherever/anywhere 认识[認識] rènshi to know/to recognize/to be familiar with/to get acquainted with sb/knowledge/understanding/awareness/cognition 坐[坐] zuò, Zuò surname Zuo, to sit/to take a seat/to take (a bus, airplane etc)/to bear fruit/variant of 座[zuò] 喝[喝] hè, hē to drink/variant of 嗬[hē], to shout 记得[記得] jìde to remember 过去[過去] guòqù, guòqu (in the) past/former/previous/to go over/to pass by, (verb suffix) 送[送] sòng to deliver/to carry/to give (as a present)/to present (with)/to see off/to send 下来[下來] xiàlai to come down/(completed action marker)/(after verb of motion, indicates motion down and towards us, also fig.)/(indicates continuation from the past towards us)/to be harvested (of crops)/to be over (of a period of time)/to go among the masses (said of leaders) 以前[以前] yǐqián before/formerly/previous/ago 跑[跑] pǎo, páo (of an animal) to paw (the ground), to run/to run away/to escape/to run around (on errands etc)/(of a gas or liquid) to leak or evaporate/(verb complement) away/off 月[月] yuè moon/month/monthly/CL:個|个[gè],輪|轮[lún] 早[早] zǎo early/morning/Good morning!/long ago/prematurely 长[長] zhǎng, cháng length/long/forever/always/constantly, chief/head/elder/to grow/to develop/to increase/to enhance 可是[可是] kěshì but/however/(used for emphasis) indeed 别人[別人] biéren other people/others/other person 男人[男人] nánrén a man/a male/men/CL:個|个[gè] 头[頭] tóu, tou head/hair style/the top/end/beginning or end/a stub/remnant/chief/boss/side/aspect/first/leading/classifier for pigs or livestock/CL:個|个[gè], suffix for nouns 岁[嵗] suì variant of 歲|岁[suì], year/years old, classifier for years (of age)/year/year (of crop harvests) 好像[好像] hǎoxiàng as if/to seem like 得到[得到] dédào to get/to obtain/to receive 完[完] wán to finish/to be over/whole/complete/entire 张[張] Zhāng, zhāng surname Zhang, to open up/to spread/sheet of paper/classifier for flat objects, sheet/classifier for votes 儿子[兒子] érzi son 马上[馬上] mǎshàng at once/right away/immediately/on horseback (i.e. by military force) 见到[見到] jiàndào to see 里面[裡面] lǐmiàn inside/interior/also pr. [lǐ mian] 每[每] měi each/every 明天[明天] míngtiān tomorrow 站[站] zhàn station/to stand/to halt/to stop/branch of a company or organization/website 来说 晚上[晚上] wǎnshang evening/night/CL:個|个[gè]/in the evening 块[塊] kuài lump (of earth)/chunk/piece/classifier for pieces of cloth, cake, soap etc/(coll.) classifier for money and currency units 爸[爸] bà father/dad/pa/papa 说话[說話] shuōhuà to speak/to say/to talk/to gossip/to tell stories/talk/word 有些[有些] yǒuxiē some/somewhat 门[門] mén, Mén surname Men, gate/door/CL:扇[shàn]/gateway/doorway/CL:個|个[gè]/opening/valve/switch/way to do something/knack/family/house/(religious) sect/school (of thought)/class/category/phylum or division (taxonomy)/classifier for large guns/classifier for lessons, subjects, branches of technology/(suffix) -gate (i.e. scandal; derived from Watergate) 以后[以後] yǐhòu after/later/afterwards/following/later on/in the future 从来[從來] cónglái always/at all times/never (if used in negative sentence) 总是[總是] zǒngshì always 动[動] dòng (of sth) to move/to set in movement/to displace/to touch/to make use of/to stir (emotions)/to alter/abbr. for 動詞|动词[dòng cí], verb 房子[房子] fángzi house/building (single- or two-story)/apartment/room/CL:棟|栋[dòng],幢[zhuàng],座[zuò],套[tào],間|间[jiān] 听说[聽說] tīngshuō to hear (sth said)/one hears (that)/hearsay/listening and speaking 办法[辦法] bànfǎ means/method/way (of doing sth)/CL:條|条[tiáo],個|个[gè] 睡[睡] shuì to sleep/to lie down 回去[回去] huíqu to return/to go back 晚[晚] wǎn evening/night/late 好好[好好] hǎohǎo well/carefully/nicely/properly 杯[杯] bēi cup/trophy cup/classifier for certain containers of liquids: glass, cup, variant of 杯[bēi], variant of 杯[bēi]/trophy cup/classifier for certain containers of liquids: glass, cup 信[信] xìn letter/mail/CL:封[fēng]/to trust/to believe/to profess faith in/truthful/confidence/trust/at will/at random 看来[看來] kànlai apparently/it seems that 出现[出現] chūxiàn to appear/to arise/to emerge/to show up 房间[房間] fángjiān room/CL:間|间[jiān],個|个[gè] 书[書] shū, Shū abbr. for 書經|书经[Shū jīng], book/letter/document/CL:本[běn],冊|册[cè],部[bù]/to write 忘[忘] wàng to forget/to overlook/to neglect 小心[小心] xiǎoxīn to be careful/to take care 进来[進來] jìnlái to come in 路[路] Lù, lù surname Lu, road/CL:條|条[tiáo]/journey/route/line (bus etc)/sort/kind 四[四] sì four/4 只有 怎么办[怎麼辦] zěnmebàn what's to be done 第[第] dì (prefix indicating ordinal number, e.g. first, number two etc)/order/(old) rank in the imperial examinations/mansion/(literary) but/just 进去[進去] jìnqù to go in 听到[聽到] tīngdào to hear 笑[咲] xiào old variant of 笑[xiào], laugh/smile/CL:個|个[gè] 远[遠] yuǎn, yuàn far/distant/remote/(intensifier in a comparison) by far/much (lower etc), to distance oneself from (classical) 故事[故事] gùshì, gùshi old practice/CL:個|个[gè], narrative/story/tale 害怕[害怕] hàipà to be afraid/to be scared 酒[酒] jiǔ wine (esp. rice wine)/liquor/spirits/alcoholic beverage/CL:杯[bēi],瓶[píng],罐[guàn],桶[tǒng],缸[gāng] 失去[失去] shīqù to lose 刚才[剛才] gāngcái just now/a moment ago, (just) a moment ago 开心[開心] kāixīn to feel happy/to rejoice/to have a great time/to make fun of sb 离[离] Lí, chī, lí mythical beast (archaic), surname Li, to leave/to part from/to be away from/(in giving distances) from/without (sth)/independent of/one of the Eight Trigrams 八卦[bā guà], symbolizing fire/☲ 往[往] wǎng to go (in a direction)/to/towards/(of a train) bound for/past/previous, old variant of 往[wǎng] 万[万] Wàn, wàn, Mò see 万俟[Mò qí], surname Wan, ten thousand/a great number 关[關] guān, Guān surname Guan, mountain pass/to close/to shut/to turn off/to concern/to involve 有点[有點] yǒudiǎn a little 奇怪[奇怪] qíguài strange/odd/to marvel/to be baffled 生[生] shēng to be born/to give birth/life/to grow/raw/uncooked/student 外面[外面] wàimiàn outside (also pr. [wài mian] for this sense)/surface/exterior/external appearance 声音[聲音] shēngyīn voice/sound/CL:個|个[gè] 可爱[可愛] kěài adorable/cute/lovely 样子[樣子] yàngzi appearance/manner/pattern/model 少[少] shào, shǎo few/less/to lack/to be missing/to stop (doing sth)/seldom, young 真的 想到[想到] xiǎngdào to think of/to call to mind/to anticipate 打开[打開] dǎkāi to open/to show (a ticket)/to turn on/to switch on 早上[早上] zǎoshang early morning/CL:個|个[gè] 二[二] èr two/2/(Beijing dialect) stupid 怪[怪] guài bewildering/odd/strange/uncanny/devil/monster/to wonder at/to blame/quite/rather, variant of 怪[guài] 想法[想法] xiǎngfǎ way of thinking/opinion/notion/to think of a way (to do sth)/CL:個|个[gè] 黑[黑] Hēi, hēi abbr. for Heilongjiang province 黑龍江|黑龙江[Hēi lóng jiāng], black/dark/sinister/secret/shady/illegal/to hide (sth) away/to vilify/(loanword) to hack (computing) 身[身] shēn body/life/oneself/personally/one's morality and conduct/the main part of a structure or body/pregnant/classifier for sets of clothes: suit, twinset/Kangxi radical 158 后面[後面] hòumiàn rear/back/behind/later/afterwards/also pr. [hòu mian] 带来[帶來] dàilái to bring/to bring about/to produce 昨天[昨天] zuótiān yesterday 太太[太太] tàitai married woman/Mrs./Madam/wife/CL:個|个[gè],位[wèi] 怕[怕] Pà, pà surname Pa, to be afraid/to fear/to dread/to be unable to endure/perhaps 声[聲] shēng sound/voice/tone/noise/reputation/classifier for sounds 方法[方法] fāngfǎ method/way/means/CL:個|个[gè] 外[外] wài outside/in addition/foreign/external 睡觉[睡覺] shuìjiào to go to bed/to sleep 子[子] zǐ, zi son/child/seed/egg/small thing/1st earthly branch: 11 p.m.-1 a.m., midnight, 11th solar month (7th December to 5th January), year of the Rat/Viscount, fourth of five orders of nobility 五等爵位[wǔ děng jué wèi]/ancient Chinese compass point: 0° (north), (noun suffix) 面[面] miàn face/side/surface/aspect/top/classifier for flat surfaces such as drums, mirrors, flags etc, variant of 麵|面[miàn], flour/noodles/(of food) soft (not crunchy)/(slang) (of a person) ineffectual/spineless 生气[生氣] shēngqì to get angry/to take offense/angry/vitality/liveliness 哭[哭] kū to cry/to weep 十[十] shí ten/10 生意[生意] shēngyì, shēngyi life force/vitality, business/CL:筆|笔[bǐ] 边[邊] biān, bian side/edge/margin/border/boundary/CL:個|个[gè]/simultaneously, suffix of a noun of locality 经常[經常] jīngcháng frequently/constantly/regularly/often/day-to-day/everyday/daily 一会儿[一會兒] yīhuìr a moment/a while/in a moment/now...now.../also pr. [yī huǐ r] 老婆[老婆] lǎopó (coll.) wife 可怕[可怕] kěpà awful/dreadful/fearful/formidable/frightful/scary/hideous/horrible/terrible/terribly 认真[認真] rènzhēn conscientious/earnest/serious/to take seriously/to take to heart 有意思[有意思] yǒuyìsi interesting/meaningful/enjoyable/fun 慢[慢] màn slow 家人[家人] jiārén household/(one's) family 后来[後來] hòulái afterwards/later 愿[愿] yuàn honest/prudent/variant of 願|愿[yuàn], to hope/to wish/to desire/hoped-for/ready/willing 失望[失望] shīwàng disappointed/to lose hope/to despair 一边[一邊] yībiān one side/either side/on the one hand/on the other hand/doing while 叔叔[叔叔] shūshu father's younger brother/uncle/Taiwan pr. [shú shu]/CL:個|个[gè] 有时候[有時候] yǒushíhou sometimes 冷[冷] lěng, Lěng surname Leng, cold 喝酒[喝酒] hējiǔ to drink (alcohol) 前面[前面] qiánmiàn ahead/in front/preceding/above/also pr. [qián mian] 八[八] bā eight/8 老天[老天] lǎotiān God/Heavens 菜[菜] cài dish (type of food)/vegetable/cuisine/CL:盤|盘[pán],道[dào]/(coll.) (one's) type/(of one's skills etc) weak/poor 风[風] fēng wind/news/style/custom/manner/CL:陣|阵[zhèn],絲|丝[sī] 长大[長大] zhǎngdà to grow up 机器[機器] jīqì machine/CL:臺|台[tái],部[bù],個|个[gè] 难过[難過] nánguò to feel sad/to feel unwell/(of life) to be difficult 午饭[午飯] wǔfàn lunch/CL:份[fèn],頓|顿[dùn],次[cì],餐[cān] 同事[同事] tóngshì colleague/co-worker/CL:個|个[gè],位[wèi] 实现[實現] shíxiàn to achieve/to implement/to realize/to bring about 开门[開門] kāimén to open a door (lit. and fig.)/to open for business 神奇[神奇] shénqí magical/mystical/miraculous 雨[雨] yù, yǔ rain/CL:陣|阵[zhèn],場|场[cháng], to rain/(of rain, snow etc) to fall/to precipitate/to wet 天气[天氣] tiānqì weather 你好[你好] nǐhǎo hello/hi 好吃[好吃] hàochī, hǎochī tasty/delicious, to be fond of eating/to be gluttonous 运[運] yùn to move/to transport/to use/to apply/fortune/luck/fate 左右[左右] zuǒyòu left and right/nearby/approximately/attendant/to control/to influence 好奇[好奇] hàoqí inquisitive/curious/inquisitiveness/curiosity 许[許] xǔ, Xǔ surname Xu, to allow/to permit/to promise/to praise/somewhat/perhaps 发出[發出] fāchū to issue (an order, decree etc)/to send out/to dispatch/to produce (a sound)/to let out (a laugh) 工厂[工廠] gōngchǎng factory/CL:家[jiā],座[zuò] 贵[貴] guì expensive/noble/precious/(honorific) your 最好[最好] zuìhǎo best/(you) had better (do what we suggest) 猴子[猴子] hóuzi monkey/CL:隻|只[zhī] 没事[沒事] méishì it's not important/it's nothing/never mind/to have nothing to do/to be free/to be all right (out of danger or trouble) 老朋友[老朋友] lǎopéngyou old friend/(slang) period/menstruation 愿望[願望] yuànwàng desire/wish 睡着[睡著] shuìzháo to fall asleep 走路[走路] zǒulù to walk/to go on foot 常常[常常] chángcháng frequently/often 出事[出事] chūshì to have an accident/to meet with a mishap 平常[平常] píngcháng ordinary/common/usually/ordinarily 没用[沒用] méiyòng useless 出门[出門] chūmén to go out/to leave home/to go on a journey/away from home/(of a woman) to get married 老人[老人] lǎorén old man or woman/the elderly/one's aged parents or grandparents 工人[工人] gōngrén worker/CL:個|个[gè],名[míng] 上午[上午] shàngwǔ morning/CL:個|个[gè] 白天[白天] báitiān daytime/during the day/day/CL:個|个[gè] 窗[牎] chuāng old variant of 窗[chuāng], variant of 窗[chuāng], variant of 窗[chuāng], shutter/window/CL:扇[shàn], variant of 窗[chuāng] 早饭[早飯] zǎofàn breakfast/CL:份[fèn],頓|顿[dùn],次[cì],餐[cān] 魔力[魔力] mólì magic/magic power 一下子[一下子] yīxiàzi in a short while/all at once/all of a sudden 前门[前門] Qiánmén, qiánmén Qianmen subway station on Beijing Subway Line 2, front door/main entrance/honest and upright approach (as opposed to 後門|后门, back-door or under the counter) 天天[天天] tiāntiān every day 没错[沒錯] méicuò that's right/sure!/rest assured!/that's good/can't go wrong 墓地[墓地] mùdì cemetery/graveyard 猴[猴] hóu monkey/CL:隻|只[zhī] 暖和[暖和] nuǎnhuo warm/nice and warm 下雨[下雨] xiàyǔ to rain 再也[再也] zàiyě (not) any more 拿到 爪子[爪子] zhuǎzi (animal's) claw 爪[爪] zhuǎ, zhǎo foot of a bird or animal/paw/claws/talons, (coll.) foot of an animal or bird/(coll.) foot supporting a cooking pot etc 不怎么[不怎麼] bùzěnme not very/not particularly 点头[點頭] diǎntóu to nod 许愿[許願] xǔyuàn to make a wish/to make a vow/to promise a reward 小看[小看] xiǎokàn to look down on/to underestimate 中山[中山] Zhōngshān refers to Dr Sun Yat-sen/Zhongshan, prefecture-level city in Guangdong, close to Sun Yat-sen's birthplace/Nakayama (Japanese surname) 不太 一个人[一個人] yīgèrén by oneself (without assistance)/alone (without company) 云南[雲南] Yúnnán Yunnan province in southwest China, bordering on Vietnam, Laos and Myanmar, abbr. 滇[diān] or 雲|云, capital Kunming 昆明 声说[聲說] shēngshuō to narrate 快点[快點] kuàidiǎn to do sth more quickly/Hurry up!/Get a move on! 怎么了[怎麼了] zěnmele What's up?/What's going on?/What happened?, variant of 怎麼了|怎么了[zěn me le] 说到[說到] shuōdào to talk about/to mention/(preposition) as for 请进[請進] qǐngjìn "please come in" 多少钱 张希平 张贵生 我们的 说的 贵生 运来 钱运来