的[的] de, dì, dī, dí of/~'s (possessive particle)/(used after an attribute)/(used to form a nominal expression)/(used at the end of a declarative sentence for emphasis), see 的士[dī shì], really and truly, aim/clear 我[我] wǒ I/me/my 你[你] nǐ you (informal, as opposed to courteous 您[nín]) 是[是] shì is/are/am/yes/to be, variant of 是[shì]/(used in given names) 了[了] liǎo, le (modal particle intensifying preceding clause)/(completed action marker), to finish/to achieve/to understand, (of eyes) bright/clear-sighted/to understand clearly 不[不] bù (negative prefix)/not/no 在[在] zài (located) at/(to be) in/to exist/in the middle of doing sth/(indicating an action in progress) 他[他] tā he or him/(used for either sex when the sex is unknown or unimportant)/(used before sb's name for emphasis)/(used as a meaningless mock object)/other/another 我们[我們] wǒmen we/us/ourselves/our 好[好] hào, hǎo good/well/proper/good to/easy to/very/so/(suffix indicating completion or readiness)/(of an unmarried couple) to be close/to be keen on each other, to be fond of/to have a tendency to/to be prone to 有[有] yǒu to have/there is/there are/to exist/to be 这[這] zhè this/these/(commonly pr. [zhèi] before a classifier, esp. in Beijing) 就[就] jiù at once/right away/only/just (emphasis)/as early as/already/as soon as/then/in that case/as many as/even if/to approach/to move towards/to undertake/to engage in/to suffer/subjected to/to accomplish/to take advantage of/to go with (of foods)/with regard to/concerning 会[會] kuài, huì can/to be possible/to be able to/will/to be likely to/to be sure to/to assemble/to meet/to gather/to see/union/group/association/CL:個|个[gè]/a moment (Taiwan pr. for this sense is [huǐ]), to balance an account/accountancy/accounting 吗[嗎] mǎ, ma see 嗎啡|吗啡, morphine, (question particle for "yes-no" questions) 要[要] yāo, yào to demand/to request/to coerce, important/vital/to want/to ask for/will/going to (as future auxiliary)/may/must/(used in a comparison) must be/probably/if 什么[什麼] shénme what?/who?/something/anything 说[說] shuō, shuì to persuade, to speak/to say/to explain/to scold/to tell off/a theory (usually in compounds such as 日心说 heliocentric theory) 她[她] tā she 想[想] xiǎng to think/to believe/to suppose/to wish/to want/to miss (feel wistful about the absence of sb or sth) 一[一] yī one/1/single/a (article)/as soon as/entire/whole/all/throughout/"one" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 1) 很[很] hěn (adverb of degree)/quite/very/awfully 知道[知道] zhīdào to know/to become aware of/also pr. [zhī dao] 人[人] rén man/person/people/CL:個|个[gè],位[wèi] 吧[吧] ba, bā bar (loanword) (serving drinks, or providing Internet access etc)/to puff (on a pipe etc)/(onom.) bang/abbr. for 貼吧|贴吧[tiē bā], (modal particle indicating suggestion or surmise)/...right?/...OK?/...I presume. 那[那] Nā, nà, nuó, Nuó, nǎ surname Na, surname Nuo, variant of 哪[nǎ], that/those/then (in that case)/commonly pr. [nèi] before a classifier, esp. in Beijing, (archaic) many/beautiful/how/old variant of 挪[nuó] 来[來] lái to come/to arrive/to come round/ever since/next 都[都] dōu, dū, Dū surname Du, all/both/entirely/(used for emphasis) even/already/(not) at all, capital city/metropolis 个[個] gè individual/this/that/size/classifier for people or objects in general, variant of 個|个[gè] 能[能] néng, Néng surname Neng, to be able to/to be capable of/ability/capability/able/capable/can possibly/(usually used in the negative) to have the possibility of 去[去] qù to go/to go to (a place)/to cause to go or send (sb)/to remove/to get rid of/(when used either before or after a verb) to go in order to do sth/to be apart from in space or time/(after a verb of motion indicates movement away from the speaker)/(used after certain verbs to indicate detachment or separation)/(of a time or an event etc) just passed or elapsed 没[沒] méi, mò (negative prefix for verbs)/have not/not, drowned/to end/to die/to inundate 和[咊] hé, hè, huó, huò, hú, Hé old variant of 和[hé], surname He/Japanese (food, clothes etc), and/together with/with/sum/union/peace/harmony/Taiwan pr. [hàn] when it means "and", to compose a poem in reply (to sb's poem) using the same rhyme sequence/to join in the singing/to chime in with others, to complete a set in mahjong or playing cards, soft/warm, to mix together/to blend, old variant of 和[hé]/harmonious 他们[他們] tāmen they 到[到] dào to (a place)/until (a time)/up to/to go/to arrive/(verb complement denoting completion or result of an action) 对[對] duì right/correct/couple/pair/towards/at/for/to face/opposite/to treat (sb a certain way)/to match together/to adjust/to fit/to suit/to answer/to reply/classifier: couple 也[也] Yě, yě surname Ye, also/too/(in Classical Chinese) final particle implying affirmation 啊[啊] à, ā, a, ǎ, á interjection of surprise/Ah!/Oh!, interjection expressing doubt or requiring answer/Eh?/what?/to show realization/to stress, interjection of surprise or doubt/Eh?/My!/what's up?, interjection or grunt of agreement/uhm/Ah, OK/expression of recognition/Oh, it's you!, modal particle ending sentence, showing affirmation, approval, or consent 还[還] hái, Huán, huán surname Huan, still/still in progress/still more/yet/even more/in addition/fairly/passably (good)/as early as/even/also/else, to pay back/to return 让[讓] ràng to yield/to permit/to let sb do sth/to have sb do sth/to make sb (feel sad etc) 做[做] zuò to do/to make/to produce/to write/to compose/to act as/to engage in/to hold (a party)/to be/to become/to function (in some capacity)/to serve as/to be used for/to form (a bond or relationship)/to pretend/to feign/to act a part/to put on appearance 给[給] gěi, jǐ to/for/for the benefit of/to give/to allow/to do sth (for sb)/(passive particle), to supply/to provide 上[上] shǎng, shàng see 上聲|上声[shǎng shēng], on top/upon/above/upper/previous/first (of multiple parts)/to climb/to get onto/to go up/to attend (class or university) 你们[你們] nǐmen you (plural) 过[過] Guò, guò surname Guo, (experienced action marker)/to cross/to go over/to pass (time)/to celebrate (a holiday)/to live/to get along/excessively/too- 没有[沒有] méiyǒu haven't/hasn't/doesn't exist/to not have/to not be 得[得] de, děi, dé to obtain/to get/to gain/to catch (a disease)/proper/suitable/proud/contented/to allow/to permit/ready/finished, structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc, to have to/must/ought to/to need to 看[看] kān, kàn to look after/to take care of/to watch/to guard, to see/to look at/to read/to watch/to visit/to call on/to consider/to regard as/to look after/to treat (an illness)/to depend on/to feel (that)/(after verb) to give it a try/Watch out! (for a danger) 真[真] zhēn really/truly/indeed/real/true/genuine 着[著] zháo, zhuó, zhāo, zhe (chess) move/trick/all right!/(dialect) to add, to touch/to come in contact with/to feel/to be affected by/to catch fire/to fall asleep/to burn, aspect particle indicating action in progress, to wear (clothes)/to contact/to use/to apply 事[事] shì matter/thing/item/work/affair/CL:件[jiàn],樁|桩[zhuāng] 怎么[怎麼] zěnme how?/what?/why?, variant of 怎麼|怎么[zěn me] 现在[現在] xiànzài now/at present/at the moment/modern/current/nowadays 可以[可以] kěyǐ can/may/possible/able to 点[點] diǎn point/dot/drop/speck/o'clock/point (in space or time)/to draw a dot/to check on a list/to choose/to order (food in a restaurant)/to touch briefly/to hint/to light/to ignite/to pour a liquid drop by drop/(old) one fifth of a two-hour watch 更[gēng]/dot stroke in Chinese characters/classifier for items 呢[呢] ní, ne particle indicating that a previously asked question is to be applied to the preceding word ("What about ...?", "And ...?")/particle for inquiring about location ("Where is ...?")/particle signaling a pause, to emphasize the preceding words and allow the listener time to take them on board ("ok?", "are you with me?")/(at the end of a declarative sentence) particle indicating continuation of a state or action/particle indicating strong affirmation, woolen material 如果[如果] rúguǒ if/in case/in the event that 只[只] zhǐ, zhī only/merely/just/but, but/only, grain that has begun to ripen/variant of 衹|只[zhǐ], variant of 祇|只[zhǐ], classifier for birds and certain animals, one of a pair, some utensils, vessels etc 别[別] bié, Bié, biè surname Bie, to leave/to depart/to separate/to distinguish/to classify/other/another/do not/must not/to pin/to stick (sth) in, to make sb change their ways, opinions etc 但[但] dàn but/yet/however/only/merely/still 走[走] zǒu to walk/to go/to run/to move (of vehicle)/to visit/to leave/to go away/to die (euph.)/from/through/away (in compound verbs, such as 撤走[chè zǒu])/to change (shape, form, meaning) 太[太] tài highest/greatest/too (much)/very/extremely 这样[這樣] zhèyàng this kind of/so/this way/like this/such 里[裏] Lǐ, lǐ variant of 裡|里[lǐ], lining/interior/inside/internal/also written 裏|里[lǐ], Li (surname), li (Chinese mile)/500 meters (modern)/home/hometown/village/neighborhood/administrative unit 跟[跟] gēn heel/to follow closely/to go with/to marry sb (of woman)/with/towards/as (compared to)/from (different from)/and (in addition to) 告诉[告訴] gàosu to tell/to inform/to let know 因为[因為] yīnwèi because/owing to/on account of 自己[自己] zìjǐ oneself/one's own 再[再] zài again/once more/re-/second/another/then (after sth, and not until then) 听[听] tìng, tīng, yǐn smile (archaic), to listen/to hear/to obey/a can (loanword from English "tin")/classifier for canned beverages, (literary pronunciation, still advocated in Taiwan) to rule/to sentence/to allow 这里[這裏] zhèlǐ variant of 這裡|这里[zhè lǐ], here 快[快] kuài rapid/quick/speed/rate/soon/almost/to make haste/clever/sharp (of knives or wits)/forthright/plain-spoken/gratified/pleased/pleasant 谁[誰] shéi who/also pr. [shuí] 但是[但是] dànshì but/however 多[多] duō many/much/often/a lot of/numerous/more/in excess/how (to what extent)/multi-/Taiwan pr. [duó] when it means "how" 用[用] yòng to use/to employ/to have to/to eat or drink/expense or outlay/usefulness/hence/therefore 时候[時候] shíhou time/length of time/moment/period 下[下] xià down/downwards/below/lower/later/next (week etc)/second (of two parts)/to decline/to go down/to arrive at (a decision, conclusion etc)/measure word to show the frequency of an action 已经[已經] yǐjīng already 谢谢[謝謝] xièxie to thank/thanks/thank you 为什么[為什麼] wèishénme why?/for what reason? 觉得[覺得] juéde to think/to feel 天[天] tiān day/sky/heaven 像[像] xiàng to resemble/to be like/to look as if/such as/appearance/image/portrait/image under a mapping (math.) 这么[這麼] zhème so much/this much/how much?/this way/like this 它[它] tā it 从[從] zòng, Cóng, cōng, cóng surname Cong, lax/yielding/unhurried, from/via/passing through/through (a gap)/past/ever (followed by negative, meaning never)/(formerly pr. [zòng] and related to 縱|纵) to follow/to comply with/to obey/to join/to engage in/adopting some mode of action or attitude/follower/retainer/accessory/accomplice/related by common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor, second cousin 找[找] zhǎo to try to find/to look for/to call on sb/to find/to seek/to return/to give change 最[㝡] zuì variant of 最[zuì], old variant of 最[zuì], most/the most/-est (superlative suffix) 喜欢[喜歡] xǐhuan to like/to be fond of 可[可] kě, kè can/may/able to/to approve/to permit/to suit/(particle used for emphasis) certainly/very, see 可汗[kè hán] 为[為] wèi, wéi as (in the capacity of)/to take sth as/to act as/to serve as/to behave as/to become/to be/to do/by (in the passive voice), because of/for/to, variant of 為|为[wéi]/as (i.e. in the capacity of)/to take sth as/to act as/to serve as/to behave as/to become/to be/to do, variant of 為|为[wèi], because of/for/to 大[大] dài, dà big/huge/large/major/great/wide/deep/older (than)/oldest/eldest/greatly/very much/(dialect) father/father's elder or younger brother, see 大夫[dài fu] 可能[可能] kěnéng might (happen)/possible/probable/possibility/probability/maybe/perhaps/CL:個|个[gè] 死[死] sǐ to die/impassable/uncrossable/inflexible/rigid/extremely 次[次] cì next in sequence/second/the second (day, time etc)/secondary/vice-/sub-/infra-/inferior quality/substandard/order/sequence/hypo- (chemistry)/classifier for enumerated events: time 那么[那麼] nàme like that/in that way/or so/so/so very much/about/in that case 们[們] men plural marker for pronouns, and nouns referring to individuals 话[話] huà dialect/language/spoken words/speech/talk/words/conversation/what sb said/CL:種|种[zhǒng],席[xí],句[jù],口[kǒu],番[fān], old variant of 話|话[huà] 东西[東西] dōngxī, dōngxi east and west, thing/stuff/person/CL:個|个[gè],件[jiàn] 应该[應該] yīnggāi ought to/should/must 孩子[孩子] háizi child 起来[起來] qilai, qǐlai to stand up/to get up, (after a verb) indicating the beginning and continuation of an action or a state/indicating an upward movement (e.g. after 站[zhàn])/bringing things together (e.g. after 收拾[shōu shi])/(after a perception verb, e.g. 看[kàn]) expressing preliminary judgement 所以[所以] suǒyǐ therefore/as a result/so/the reason why 才[才] cái ability/talent/sb of a certain type/a capable individual/only/only then/just now, a moment ago/just now/(preceded by a clause of condition or reason) not until/(followed by a numerical clause) only 两[兩] liǎng two/both/some/a few/tael, unit of weight equal to 50 grams (modern) or 1⁄16 of a catty 斤[jīn] (old) 错[錯] cuò, Cuò surname Cuo, mistake/wrong/bad/interlocking/complex/to grind/to polish/to alternate/to stagger/to miss/to let slip/to evade/to inlay with gold or silver 还有[還有] háiyǒu furthermore/in addition/still/also 又[又] yòu (once) again/also/both... and.../and yet/(used for emphasis) anyway 小[小] xiǎo small/tiny/few/young 中[中] zhòng, Zhōng, zhōng China/Chinese/surname Zhong, within/among/in/middle/center/while (doing sth)/during/(dialect) OK/all right, to hit (the mark)/to be hit by/to suffer/to win (a prize, a lottery) 叫[叫] jiào to shout/to call/to order/to ask/to be called/by (indicates agent in the passive mood), variant of 叫[jiào] 等[等] děng class/rank/grade/equal to/same as/to wait for/to await/et cetera/and so on/et al. (and other authors)/after/as soon as/once 问题[問題] wèntí question/problem/issue/topic/CL:個|个[gè] 一起[一起] yīqǐ in the same place/together/with/altogether (in total) 拿[㧱] ná old variant of 拿[ná], variant of 拿[ná], to hold/to seize/to catch/to apprehend/to take 更[更] gèng, gēng to change or replace/to experience/one of the five two hour periods into which the night was formerly divided/watch (e.g. of a sentry or guard), more/even more/further/still/still more 帮[幇] bāng old variant of 幫|帮[bāng], old variant of 幫|帮[bāng], to help/to assist/to support/for sb (i.e. as a help)/hired (as worker)/side (of pail, boat etc)/outer layer/group/gang/clique/party/secret society 打[打] dǎ, dá dozen (loanword), to beat/to strike/to hit/to break/to type/to mix up/to build/to fight/to fetch/to make/to tie up/to issue/to shoot/to calculate/to play (a game)/since/from 带[帶] dài band/belt/girdle/ribbon/tire/area/zone/region/CL:條|条[tiáo]/to wear/to carry/to take along/to bear (i.e. to have)/to lead/to bring/to look after/to raise 时间[時間] shíjiān time/period/CL:段[duàn] 年[年] Nián, nián surname Nian, year/CL:個|个[gè], grain/harvest (old)/variant of 年[nián] 请[請] qǐng to ask/to invite/please (do sth)/to treat (to a meal etc)/to request 回[回] huí to circle/to go back/to turn around/to answer/to return/to revolve/Hui ethnic group (Chinese Muslims)/time/classifier for acts of a play/section or chapter (of a classic book), to curve/to return/to revolve, variant of 迴|回[huí] 工作[工作] gōngzuò to work/(of a machine) to operate/job/work/task/CL:個|个[gè],份[fèn],項|项[xiàng] 然后[然後] ránhòu after/then (afterwards)/after that/afterwards 见[見] xiàn, jiàn to see/to meet/to appear (to be sth)/to interview, to appear/also written 現|现[xiàn] 钱[錢] qián, Qián surname Qian, coin/money/CL:筆|笔[bǐ]/unit of weight, one tenth of a tael 兩|两[liǎng] 一样[一樣] yīyàng same/like/equal to/the same as/just like 就是[就是] jiùshì (emphasizes that sth is precisely or exactly as stated)/precisely/exactly/even/if/just like/in the same way as 吃[吃] jí, chī to eat/to consume/to eat at (a cafeteria etc)/to eradicate/to destroy/to absorb/to suffer, stammer, variant of 吃[chī] 所有[所有] suǒyǒu all/to have/to possess/to own 开[開] kāi to open/to start/to turn on/to boil/to write out (a prescription, check, invoice etc)/to operate (vehicle)/abbr. for 開爾文|开尔文 degrees Kelvin 一下[一下] yīxià (used after a verb) give it a go/to do (sth for a bit to give it a try)/one time/once/in a while/all of a sudden/all at once 家[傢] Jiā, jiā see 傢伙|家伙[jiā huo], surname Jia, home/family/(polite) my (sister, uncle etc)/classifier for families or businesses/refers to the philosophical schools of pre-Han China/noun suffix for a specialist in some activity, such as a musician or revolutionary, corresponding to English -ist, -er, -ary or -ian/CL:個|个[gè] 看到 希望[希望] xīwàng to wish for/to desire/hope/CL:個|个[gè] 那些[那些] nàxiē those 朋友[朋友] péngyou friend/CL:個|个[gè],位[wèi] 妈妈[媽媽] māma mama/mommy/mother/CL:個|个[gè],位[wèi] 前[前] qián front/forward/ahead/first/top (followed by a number)/future/ago/before/BC (e.g. 前293年)/former/formerly 今天[今天] jīntiān today/at the present/now 明白[明白] míngbai clear/obvious/unequivocal/to understand/to realize 一直[一直] yīzhí straight (in a straight line)/continuously/always/from the beginning of ... up to .../all along 车[車] Chē, chē, jū surname Che, car/vehicle/CL:輛|辆[liàng]/machine/to shape with a lathe, war chariot (archaic)/rook (in Chinese chess)/rook (in chess) 地方[地方] dìfāng, dìfang region/regional (away from the central administration)/local, area/place/space/room/territory/CL:處|处[chù],個|个[gè],塊|块[kuài] 发生[發生] fāshēng to happen/to occur/to take place/to break out 几[几] jǐ, jī small table, almost, how much/how many/several/a few 回来[回來] huílai to return/to come back 找到[找到] zhǎodào to find 后[后] Hòu, hòu surname Hou, empress/queen, back/behind/rear/afterwards/after/later 爸爸[爸爸] bàba (informal) father/CL:個|个[gè],位[wèi] 比[比] bì, Bǐ, bǐ Belgium/Belgian/abbr. for 比利時|比利时[Bǐ lì shí], (particle used for comparison and "-er than")/to compare/to contrast/to gesture (with hands)/ratio, to associate with/to be near 些[些] xiē some/few/several/measure word indicating a small amount or small number (greater than 1) 怎么样[怎麼樣] zěnmeyàng how?/how about?/how was it?/how are things? 出来[出來] chūlái, chulai to come out/to appear/to arise, (after a verb, indicates coming out, completion of an action, or ability to discern or detect) 问[問] wèn to ask 一点[一點] yīdiǎn a bit/a little/one dot/one point 一定[一定] yīdìng surely/certainly/necessarily/fixed/a certain (extent etc)/given/particular/must 还是[還是] háishi or/still/nevertheless/had better 发现[發現] fāxiàn to find/to discover 住[住] zhù to live/to dwell/to stay/to reside/to stop/(suffix indicating firmness, steadiness, or coming to a halt) 件[件] jiàn item/component/classifier for events, things, clothes etc 意思[意思] yìsi idea/opinion/meaning/wish/desire/interest/fun/token of appreciation, affection etc/CL:個|个[gè]/to give as a small token/to do sth as a gesture of goodwill etc 为了[為了] wèile in order to/for the purpose of/so as to 地[地] de, dì -ly/structural particle: used before a verb or adjective, linking it to preceding modifying adverbial adjunct, earth/ground/field/place/land/CL:片[piàn] 进[進] jìn to advance/to enter/to come (or go) into/to receive or admit/to eat or drink/to submit or present/(used after a verb) into, in/to score a goal 新[新] Xīn, xīn abbr. for Xinjiang 新疆[Xīn jiāng] or Singapore 新加坡[Xīn jiā pō], new/newly/meso- (chemistry) 一些[一些] yīxiē some/a few/a little 三[三] sān, Sān surname San, three/3 那里[那裏] nàli there/that place/also written 那裡|那里, there/that place 以为[以為] yǐwéi to believe/to think/to consider/to be under the impression 高兴[高興] gāoxìng happy/glad/willing (to do sth)/in a cheerful mood 老[老] lǎo prefix used before the surname of a person or a numeral indicating the order of birth of the children in a family or to indicate affection or familiarity/old (of people)/venerable (person)/experienced/of long standing/always/all the time/of the past/very/outdated/(of meat etc) tough 过来[過來] guòlái, guòlai to come over/to manage/to handle/to be able to take care of, see 過來|过来[guò lái] 先[先] xiān early/prior/former/in advance/first 生活[生活] shēnghuó life/activity/to live/livelihood 买[買] mǎi to buy/to purchase 最后[最後] zuìhòu final/last/finally/ultimate 手[手] shǒu hand/(formal) to hold/person engaged in certain types of work/person skilled in certain types of work/personal(ly)/convenient/CL:雙|双[shuāng],隻|只[zhī] 哪儿[哪兒] nǎr where?/wherever/anywhere 女人[女人] nǚren, nǚrén woman, wife 名字[名字] míngzi name (of a person or thing)/CL:個|个[gè] 认识[認識] rènshi to know/to recognize/to be familiar with/to get acquainted with sb/knowledge/understanding/awareness/cognition 坐[坐] Zuò, zuò surname Zuo, to sit/to take a seat/to take (a bus, airplane etc)/to bear fruit/variant of 座[zuò] 喝[喝] hē, hè to drink/My goodness!, to shout loudly 记得[記得] jìde to remember 穿[穿] chuān to bore through/to pierce/to perforate/to penetrate/to pass through/to dress/to wear/to put on/to thread 哪里[哪裏] nǎlǐ where?/somewhere/anywhere/wherever/nowhere (negative answer to question)/humble expression denying compliment/also written 哪裡|哪里, where?/somewhere/anywhere/wherever/nowhere (negative answer to question)/humble expression denying compliment 送[送] sòng to deliver/to carry/to give (as a present)/to present (with)/to see off/to send 女孩[女孩] nǚhái girl/lass 玩[玩] wán, wàn toy/sth used for amusement/curio or antique (Taiwan pr. [wàn])/to play/to have fun/to trifle with/to keep sth for entertainment, variant of 玩[wán] 成[成] chéng, Chéng surname Cheng, to succeed/to finish/to complete/to accomplish/to become/to turn into/to be all right/OK!/one tenth 以前[以前] yǐqián before/formerly/previous/ago 跑[跑] páo, pǎo (of an animal) to paw (the ground), to run/to run away/to escape/to run around (on errands etc)/(of a gas or liquid) to leak or evaporate/(verb complement) away/off 早[早] zǎo early/morning/Good morning! 长[長] cháng, zhǎng length/long/forever/always/constantly, chief/head/elder/to grow/to develop/to increase/to enhance 狗[狗] gǒu dog/CL:隻|只[zhī],條|条[tiáo] 可是[可是] kěshì but/however 谈[談] Tán, tán surname Tan, to speak/to talk/to converse/to chat/to discuss 别人[別人] biéren other people/others/other person 男人[男人] nánrén a man/a male/men/CL:個|个[gè] 岁[嵗] suì variant of 歲|岁[suì], year/years old, classifier for years (of age)/year/year (of crop harvests) 出去[出去] chūqù to go out 好像[好像] hǎoxiàng as if/to seem like 完[完] wán to finish/to be over/whole/complete/entire 张[張] zhāng, Zhāng surname Zhang, to open up/to spread/sheet of paper/classifier for flat objects, sheet/classifier for votes 儿子[兒子] érzi son 漂亮[漂亮] piàoliang pretty/beautiful 变[變] biàn to change/to become different/to transform/to vary/rebellion 马上[馬上] mǎshàng at once/right away/immediately/on horseback (i.e. by military force) 难[難] nàn, nán difficult (to...)/problem/difficulty/difficult/not good, disaster/distress/to scold 每[每] měi each/every 来说[來說] láishuō to have one's say/to interpret a topic (from a certain point of view)/now we come to talk about it, ... 晚上[晚上] wǎnshang evening/night/CL:個|个[gè]/in the evening 周[周] Zhōu, zhōu surname Zhou/Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 BC), to make a circuit/to circle/circle/circumference/lap/cycle/complete/all/all over/thorough/to help financially, week/weekly/variant of 周[zhōu] 说话[說話] shuōhuà to speak/to say/to talk/to gossip/to tell stories/talk/word 心[心] xīn heart/mind/intention/center/core/CL:顆|颗[kē],個|个[gè] 花[花] huā, Huā surname Hua, flower/blossom/CL:朵[duǒ],支[zhī],束[shù],把[bǎ],盆[pén],簇[cù]/fancy pattern/florid/to spend (money, time), old variant of 花[huā], variant of 花[huā]/flower/blossom/also pr. [wěi] 她们[她們] tāmen they/them (for females) 门[門] mén, Mén surname Men, gate/door/CL:扇[shàn]/gateway/doorway/CL:個|个[gè]/opening/valve/switch/way to do something/knack/family/house/(religious) sect/school (of thought)/class/category/phylum or division (taxonomy)/classifier for large guns/classifier for lessons, subjects, branches of technology 以后[以後] yǐhòu after/later/afterwards/following/later on/in the future 从来[從來] cónglái always/at all times/never (if used in negative sentence) 总是[總是] zǒngshì always 女儿[女兒] nǚér daughter 动[動] dòng to use/to act/to move/to change/abbr. for 動詞|动词[dòng cí], verb 忙[忙] máng busy/hurriedly/to hurry/to rush 房子[房子] fángzi house/building (single- or two-story)/apartment/room/CL:棟|栋[dòng],幢[zhuàng],座[zuò],套[tào] 衣服[衣服] yīfu clothes/CL:件[jiàn],套[tào] 听说[聽說] tīngshuō to hear (sth said)/one hears (that)/hearsay/listening and speaking 办法[辦法] bànfǎ means/method/way (of doing sth)/CL:條|条[tiáo],個|个[gè] 睡[睡] shuì to sleep/to lie down 人们[人們] rénmen people 晚[晚] wǎn evening/night/late 坏[壞] huài bad/spoiled/broken/to break down 原因[原因] yuányīn cause/origin/root cause/reason/CL:個|个[gè] 水[水] shuǐ, Shuǐ surname Shui, water/river/liquid/beverage/additional charges or income/(of clothes) classifier for number of washes 高[高] Gāo, gāo surname Gao, high/tall/above average/loud/your (honorific) 出现[出現] chūxiàn to appear/to arise/to emerge/to show up 美[美] měi, Měi the Americas/abbr. for 美洲[Měi zhōu]/USA/abbr. for 美國|美国[Měi guó], beautiful/very satisfactory/good/to be pleased with oneself 书[書] Shū, shū abbr. for 書經|书经[Shū jīng], book/letter/document/CL:本[běn],冊|册[cè],部[bù]/to write 忘[忘] wàng to forget/to overlook/to neglect 小心[小心] xiǎoxīn to be careful/to take care 进来[進來] jìnlái to come in 路[路] lù, Lù surname Lu, road/CL:條|条[tiáo]/journey/route/line (bus etc)/sort/kind 四[四] sì four/4 久[久] jiǔ (long) time/(long) duration of time 只有[只有] zhǐyǒu only 第[第] dì (prefix indicating ordinal number, e.g. first, number two etc) 进去[進去] jìnqù to go in 听到[聽到] tīngdào to hear 笑[咲] xiào old variant of 笑[xiào], laugh/smile/CL:個|个[gè] 远[遠] yuàn, yuǎn far/distant/remote, to distance oneself from (classical) 酒[酒] jiǔ wine (esp. rice wine)/liquor/spirits/alcoholic beverage/CL:杯[bēi],瓶[píng],罐[guàn],桶[tǒng],缸[gāng] 发[發] fā, fà to send out/to show (one's feeling)/to issue/to develop/classifier for gunshots (rounds), hair/Taiwan pr. [fǎ] 刚才[剛才] gāngcái just now/a moment ago, (just) a moment ago 别的[別的] biéde else/other 学[學] xué to learn/to study/science/-ology 开心[開心] kāixīn to feel happy/to rejoice/to have a great time/to make fun of sb 往[往] wǎng to go (in a direction)/to/towards/(of a train) bound for/past/previous, old variant of 往[wǎng] 有点[有點] yǒudiǎn a little 奇怪[奇怪] qíguài strange/odd/to marvel/to be baffled 外面[外面] wàimiàn, wàimian surface/exterior/external appearance, outside 国家[國家] guójiā country/nation/state/CL:個|个[gè] 声音[聲音] shēngyīn voice/sound/CL:個|个[gè] 可爱[可愛] kěài adorable/cute/lovely 醒[醒] xǐng to wake up/to be awake/to become aware/to sober up/to come to 同[仝] tóng, tòng (used in given names)/variant of 同[tóng], like/same/similar/together/alike/with, see 衚衕|胡同[hú tòng] 样子[樣子] yàngzi appearance/manner/pattern/model 少[少] shào, shǎo few/less/to lack/to be missing/to stop (doing sth)/seldom, young 真的 办[辦] bàn to do/to manage/to handle/to go about/to run/to set up/to deal with 不同[不同] bùtóng different/distinct/not the same/not alike 早上[早上] zǎoshang early morning/CL:個|个[gè] 身体[身體] shēntǐ (human) body/health/CL:具[jù],個|个[gè] 想法[想法] xiǎngfǎ idea/notion/train of thought/what sb is thinking/to think of a way (to do sth)/CL:個|个[gè] 黑[黑] Hēi, hēi abbr. for Heilongjiang province 黑龍江|黑龙江[Hēi lóng jiāng], black/dark/sinister/secret/shady/illegal/(loanword) to hack (computing) 身[身] shēn body/life/oneself/personally/one's morality and conduct/the main part of a structure or body/pregnant/classifier for sets of clothes: suit, twinset/Kangxi radical 158 后面[後面] hòumian rear/back/behind/later/afterwards 昨天[昨天] zuótiān yesterday 怕[怕] Pà, pà surname Pa, to be afraid/to fear/to dread/to be unable to endure/perhaps 声[聲] shēng sound/voice/tone/noise/classifier for sounds 外[外] wài outside/in addition/foreign/external 梦[夢] mèng dream/CL:場|场[cháng],個|个[gè] 睡觉[睡覺] shuìjiào to go to bed/to sleep 子[子] zi, zǐ son/child/seed/egg/small thing/1st earthly branch: 11 p.m.-1 a.m., midnight, 11th solar month (7th December to 5th January), year of the Rat/Viscount, fourth of five orders of nobility 五等爵位[wǔ děng jué wèi], (noun suffix) 头发[頭髮] tóufa hair (on the head) 关心[關心] guānxīn to care for sth/caring/concerned 六[六] liù six/6 不用[不用] bùyòng need not 小孩[小孩] xiǎohái child/CL:個|个[gè] 生气[生氣] shēngqì to get angry/to take offense/angry/vitality/liveliness 哭[哭] kū to cry/to weep 年轻[年輕] niánqīng young 包[包] Bāo, bāo surname Bao, to cover/to wrap/to hold/to include/to take charge of/to contract (to or for)/package/wrapper/container/bag/to hold or embrace/bundle/packet/CL:個|个[gè],隻|只[zhī] 哥哥[哥哥] gēge older brother/CL:個|个[gè],位[wèi] 十[十] shí ten/10 边[邊] bian, biān side/edge/margin/border/boundary/CL:個|个[gè]/simultaneously, suffix of a noun of locality 见面[見面] jiànmiàn to meet/to see each other/CL:次[cì] 经常[經常] jīngcháng frequently/constantly/regularly/often/day-to-day/everyday/daily 一会儿[一會兒] yīhuìr a while/also pr. [yī huǐ r] 老婆[老婆] lǎopó (coll.) wife 可怕[可怕] kěpà awful/dreadful/fearful/formidable/frightful/scary/hideous/horrible/terrible/terribly 妹妹[妹妹] mèimei younger sister/young woman/CL:個|个[gè] 战争[戰爭] zhànzhēng war/conflict/CL:場|场[cháng],次[cì] 有意思[有意思] yǒuyìsi interesting/meaningful/enjoyable/fun 谢[謝] Xiè, xiè surname Xie, to thank/to apologize/to wither (of flowers, leaves etc)/to decline 慢[慢] màn slow 家人[家人] jiārén household/(one's) family 破[破] pò broken/damaged/worn out/to break, split or cleave/to get rid of/to destroy/to break with/to defeat/to capture (a city etc)/to expose the truth of 刀[刀] Dāo, dāo surname Dao, knife/blade/single-edged sword/cutlass/CL:把[bǎ]/classifier for sets of one hundred sheets (of paper)/(slang) dollar (loanword) 后来[後來] hòulái afterwards/later 近[近] jìn near/close to/approximately 白[白] bái, Bái surname Bai, white/snowy/pure/bright/empty/blank/plain/clear/to make clear/in vain/gratuitous/free of charge/reactionary/anti-communist/funeral/to stare coldly/to write wrong character/to state/to explain/vernacular/spoken lines in opera 女朋友[女朋友] nǚpéngyou girlfriend 一边[一邊] yībiān one side/either side/on the one hand/on the other hand/doing while 字[字] zì letter/symbol/character/word/CL:個|个[gè]/courtesy or style name traditionally given to males aged 20 in dynastic China 鱼[魚] Yú, yú surname Yu, fish/CL:條|条[tiáo],尾[wěi] 有时候[有時候] yǒushíhou sometimes 路上[路上] lùshang on the road/on a journey/road surface 短[短] duǎn short/brief/to lack/weak point/fault 喝酒[喝酒] hējiǔ to drink (alcohol) 越来越[越來越] yuèláiyuè more and more 山[山] Shān, shān surname Shan, mountain/hill/anything that resembles a mountain/CL:座[zuò]/bundled straw in which silkworms spin cocoons/gable 树[樹] shù tree/CL:棵[kē]/to cultivate/to set up 八[八] bā eight/8 中国[中國] Zhōngguó China 七[七] qī seven/7 菜[菜] cài dish (type of food)/vegetables/vegetable/cuisine/CL:盤|盘[pán],道[dào] 饭[飯] fàn food/cuisine/cooked rice/meal/CL:碗[wǎn],頓|顿[dùn] 心里[心裡] xīnli chest/heart/mind 左[左] Zuǒ, zuǒ surname Zuo, left/the Left (politics)/east/unorthodox/queer/wrong/differing/opposite/variant of 佐[zuǒ] 出生[出生] chūshēng to be born 右[右] yòu right (-hand)/the Right (politics)/west (old) 日本[日本] Rìběn Japan/Japanese 好几[好幾] hǎojǐ several/quite a few 难过[難過] nánguò to feel sad/to feel unwell/(of life) to be difficult 洞[洞] dòng cave/hole/zero (unambiguous spoken form when spelling out numbers)/CL:個|个[gè] 去世[去世] qùshì to pass away/to die 有的[有的] yǒude (there are) some (who are...)/some (exist) 变化[變化] biànhuà change/variation/to change/to vary/CL:個|个[gè] 好看[好看] hǎokàn good-looking/nice-looking/good (of a movie, book, TV show etc)/embarrassed/humiliated 天气[天氣] tiānqì weather 好玩[好玩] hǎowán, hàowán amusing/fun/interesting, to be playful/to be fond of one's fun 茶[茶] chá tea/tea plant/CL:杯[bēi],壺|壶[hú] 九[九] jiǔ nine/9 好吃[好吃] hǎochī, hàochī tasty/delicious, to be fond of eating/to be gluttonous 胖[胖] pàng, pán healthy/at ease, fat/plump 放心[放心] fàngxīn to feel relieved/to feel reassured/to be at ease 河[河] hé river/CL:條|条[tiáo],道[dào] 好奇[好奇] hàoqí inquisitive/curious/inquisitiveness/curiosity 觉[覺] jué, jiào a nap/a sleep/CL:場|场[cháng], to feel/to find that/thinking/awake/aware 过分[過分] guòfèn excessive/undue/overly 老公[老公] lǎogong, lǎogōng (coll.) husband, (coll.) eunuch/see also 老公[lǎo gōng] 姓[姓] xìng family name/surname/CL:個|个[gè]/to be surnamed 方便[方便] fāngbiàn convenient/to help out/to make things easy for people/convenience/suitable/having money to spare/(euphemism) to go to the toilet 百[百] Bǎi, bǎi surname Bai, hundred/numerous/all kinds of 胡子[鬍子] húzi beard/mustache or whiskers/facial hair/CL:撮[zuǒ],根[gēn]/(coll.) bandit 睡着[睡著] shuìzháo to fall asleep 瘦[瘦] shòu thin/to lose weight/(of clothing) tight/(of meat) lean/(of land) unproductive 出门[出門] chūmén to go out/to go on a journey/away from home 平时[平時] píngshí ordinarily/in normal times/in peacetime 小孩子[小孩子] xiǎoháizi child 老人[老人] lǎorén old man or woman/the elderly/one's aged parents or grandparents 胡[胡] Hú, hú surname Hu, non-Han people, esp. from central Asia/reckless/outrageous/what?/why?/to complete a winning hand at mahjong (also written 和[hú]), see 衚衕|胡同[hú tòng], beard/mustache/whiskers 水果[水果] shuǐguǒ fruit/CL:個|个[gè] 然[然] rán correct/right/so/thus/like this/-ly 国会[國會] guóhuì parliament/Congress/diet 公[公] gōng public/collectively owned/common/international (e.g. high seas, metric system, calendar)/make public/fair/just/Duke, highest of five orders of nobility 五等爵位[wǔ děng jué wèi]/honorable (gentlemen)/father-in-law/male (animal) 木头[木頭] mùtou slow-witted/blockhead/log (of wood, timber etc)/CL:塊|块[kuài],根[gēn] 听话[聽話] tīnghuà to do what one is told/obedient 要不然[要不然] yàobùrán otherwise/or else/or 好听[好聽] hǎotīng pleasant to hear 一下子[一下子] yīxiàzi in a short while/all at once/all of a sudden 山上[山上] Shānshàng Shanshang township in Tainan county 台南縣|台南县[Tái nán xiàn], Taiwan 天天[天天] tiāntiān every day 要不[要不] yàobù otherwise/or else/how about...?/either... (or...) 面子[面子] miànzi outer surface/outside/honor/reputation/face (as in "losing face")/self-respect/feelings/(medicinal) powder 同一[同一] tóngyī identical/the same 皇帝[皇帝] huángdì emperor/CL:個|个[gè] 北边[北邊] běibiān north/north side/northern part/to the north of 山洞[山洞] shāndòng cavern/cave 北京[北京] Běijīng Beijing, capital of People's Republic of China/Peking/PRC government 不只[不只] bùzhǐ not only/not merely 自来水[自來水] zìláishuǐ running water/tap water 好意思[好意思] hǎoyìsi to have the nerve/what a cheek!/to feel no shame/to overcome the shame/(is it) proper? (rhetorical question) 睡醒[睡醒] shuìxǐng to wake up/awake/conscious 茶馆[茶館] cháguǎn teahouse/CL:家[jiā] 欢欢 不太 小黑 一个人[一個人] yīgèrén by oneself (without assistance)/alone (without company) 声说[聲說] shēngshuō to narrate 快点[快點] kuàidiǎn to do sth more quickly/Hurry up!/Get a move on! 怎么了[怎麼了] zěnmele What's up?/What's going on?/What happened?, variant of 怎麼了|怎么了[zěn me le] 有点儿[有點兒] yǒudiǎnr slightly/a little/somewhat 没问题[沒問題] méiwèntí no problem 活着[活著] huózhe alive 香山[香山] xiāngshān Fragrance Hill (a park in Beijing) 刘老三 周国平 周国英 周学发 周欢欢 小花 我们的 王小花