HSK东西 Scripts Advanced Search Radicals [collapse definitions]
HSK 3 word: freq index 242
HSK 1 character: radical , 6 strokes, freq index 115
xiān early
prior
former
in advance
first

Character Composition

Character Compounds

Word Compounds


        Xiānsheng/xiānsheng, Mister (Mr.), teacher/husband/doctor (dialect)/CL:位[wèi]
        xiān, early/prior/former/in advance/first
        shǒuxiān, first (of all)/in the first place
        lǐngxiān, [領先], to lead/to be in front
        shìxiān, in advance/before the event/beforehand/prior
        xiānjìn, [先進], advanced (technology)/to advance
        xiānzhī, prophet
        yōuxiān, [優先], priority
        zǔxiān, ancestor/forebears
        xiānqián, before/previously
        yuánxiān, former/original
        zuìxiān, (the) very first
        yùxiān, [預先], beforehand/in advance
        xiānlì, antecedent/precedent
        
        qiǎngxiān, [搶先], to rush (to do sth urgent)/to try to be the first/to forestall
        zǎoxiān, previously/before
        qǐxiān, at first/in the beginning
        xiānfēng, [先鋒], vanguard/pioneer
        xiānqū, [先驅], pioneer
        xiānxíng, to precede others/in advance
        xiānhòu, [先後], early or late/priority/in succession/one after another
        
        xiānlìng, shilling (loanword)
        yáoyáolǐngxiān, [遙遙領先], a long way in front/to lead by a wide margin
        xiānbèi, [先輩], elders/former generations
        hǎohǎoxiānsheng, Mr Goody-goody/yes-man (sb who agrees with anything)
        xiānfāzhìrén, [先發制人], to gain the initiative by striking first (idiom); to pre-empt/to anticipate/pre-...
        xiāntiānxìng, congenital/intrinsic/innateness
        xiānxiàshǒuwéiqiáng, [先下手為強], strike first and gain the upper hand (idiom, martial arts term); Making the firs...
        shuàixiān, to take the lead/to show initiative
        xiāntiān, inborn/innate/natural
        jiézúxiāndēng, the quick-footed climb up first (idiom)/the early bird catches the worm/first co...
        
        xiānjī, [先機], key moment/decisive opportunity
        
        
        xiānrùwéizhǔ, [先入為主], lit. first impression is strongest
        xiāntóu, [先頭], in advance/ahead/before/previously
        xiānzhào, omen
        xiānqūzhě, [先驅者], pioneer
        
        xiānzǔ, deceased grandfather/ancestry
        yǒuyuēzàixiān, [有約在先], to have a prior engagement
        zhēngxiānkǒnghòu, [爭先恐後], striving to be first and fearing to be last (idiom); outdoing one another
        yīmǎdāngxiān, [一馬當先], to take the lead
        xiānjiànzhīmíng, [先見之明], foresight
        zàixiān, to come first/previous/prior/beforehand/first/formerly
        xiānfù, deceased father/my late father
        xiānfēngduì, [先鋒隊], vanguard
        xiānhé, priority/sth advocated first/refers to ancient tradition: Worship the river firs...
        
        xiānqiǎnduì, [先遣隊], advance party/advance troops
        xiānyàn, [先驗], a priori (philosophy)
        
        xiānjuétiáojiàn, [先決條件], precondition/prerequisite
        xiāndǔwéikuài, [先睹為快], joy of first experience (idiom)/the pleasure of reading sth for the first time
        
        xiānzhīxiānjué, [先知先覺], foresight/having foresight/person of foresight
        kāilùxiānfēng, [開路先鋒], pioneer/trailbreaker
        
        xiānzhǎnhòuzòu, [先斬後奏], first decapitate then present your trophy (idiom); act first, report later
        
        xiānqī, in advance/beforehand/premature/front-end
        
        
        
        xiānshēngduórén, [先聲奪人], to gain the upper hand by a show of strength
        
        xiānlǐhòubīng, [先禮後兵], peaceful measures before using force (idiom); diplomacy before violence/jaw-jaw ...
        
        zhēngxiān, [爭先], to compete to be first/to contest first place
        xiānxíngzhě, forerunner
        zhànxiān, [佔先], to take precedence
        
        xiāndǎo, [先導], guide/forerunner/pioneer
        xiānliè, martyr
        
        jìnshuǐlóutáixiāndéyuè, [近水樓臺先得月], the pavilion closest to the water enjoys moonlight first (idiom)/to benefit from...
        
        xiānjué, [先決], prerequisite/precondition
        
        
        
        
        
        gǎnwéirénxiān, [敢為人先], to dare to be first/to pioneer (idiom)
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        wèilǎoxiānshuāi, to age prematurely
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        

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