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HSK 5 word: freq index 31696
[成語] chéngyǔ Chinese set expression, often made up of 4 characters or two couplets of 4 characters each, often alluding to a story or historical quotation
idiom
proverb
saying
adage
set expression
CL:條
>条[tiáo],本[běn],句[jù]

Character Composition

Character Compounds

Word Compounds


        Chéng/chéng, surname Cheng, to succeed/to finish/to complete/to accomplish/to become/to turn ...
        chéngwéi, [成為], to become/to turn into
        Chénggōng/chénggōng, Chenggong or Chengkung town in Taitung county 臺東縣|台东县[Tái dōng xiàn], southeast ...
        biànchéng, [變成], to change into/to turn into/to become
        wánchéng, to complete/to accomplish
        zàochéng, to bring about/to create/to cause
        chéngyuán, [成員], member
        chéngshú, mature/ripe/to mature/to ripen/Taiwan pr. [chéng shóu]
        dàngchéng, [當成], to consider as/take to be
        dáchéng, [達成], to reach (an agreement)/to accomplish
        chéngzhǎng, [成長], to mature/to grow/growth
        chéngjì, [成績], achievement/performance records/grades/CL:項|项[xiàng],個|个[gè]
        chéngjiāo, to complete a contract/to reach a deal
        chéngjiù, accomplishment/success/achievement/CL:個|个[gè]/to attain a result
        chéngniánrén, adult person
        zànchéng, [贊成], to approve/to endorse/(literary) to assist
        chénglì, to establish/to set up/to be tenable/to hold water
        chéngrén, adult
        zǔchéng, [組成], to form/to make up/to constitute
        xíngchéng, to form/to take shape
        
        chéngqiānshàngwàn, [成千上萬], lit. by the thousands and tens of thousands (idiom); untold numbers/innumerable/...
        chéngguǒ, result/achievement/gain/profit/CL:個|个[gè]
        chéngfèn, composition/make-up/ingredient/element/component/one's social status/CL:個|个[gè]
        fēnchéng, to divide (into)/to split a bonus/to break into/tenths/percentage allotment
        gòuchéng, [構成], to constitute/to form/to compose/to make up/to configure (computing)
        kànchéng, to regard as
        chéngtiān, (coll.) all day long/all the time
        
        héchéng, to compose/to constitute/compound/synthesis/mixture/synthetic
        chéngnián, to grow to adulthood/fully grown/the whole year
        chéngmíng, to make one's name/to become famous
        chéngběn, (manufacturing, production etc) costs
        
        
        wèichéngniánrén, minor (i.e. person under 18)
        
        chéngxiàng, imaging
        
        zhìchéng, [製成], to manufacture/to turn out (a product)
        yīshìwúchéng, [一事無成], to have achieved nothing/to be a total failure/to get nowhere
        cùchéng, to facilitate/to effect
        chéngbǎishàngqiān, hundreds/a large number/lit. by the hundreds and thousands
        chéngjìdān, [成績單], school report or transcript
        jiànchéng, to establish/to build
        jiéchéng, [結成], to form/to forge (alliances etc)
        zhǎngchéng, [長成], to grow up
        chéngbài, [成敗], success or failure
        huànchéng, [換成], to exchange (sth) for (sth else)/to replace with/to convert into
        
        chéngxiào, effect/result
        chéngjiā, to settle down and get married (of a man)/to become a recognized expert
        yīchéngbùbiàn, [一成不變], nothing much changes (idiom); always the same/stuck in a rut
        chéngjiàn, [成見], preconceived idea/bias/prejudice
        shēngchéng, to generate/to produce/generated/produced
        bùchéng, won't do/unable to/(at the end of a rhetorical question) can that be?
        xiànchéng, [現成], ready-made/readily available
        
        chéngqún, in groups/large numbers of/grouping
        tíchéng, to take a percentage
        shōuchéng, harvest
        
        
        chéngquán, to help sb accomplish his aim/to help sb succeed/to complete/to make whole/to ro...
        
        zhùchéng, [鑄成], to cast in metal/(fig.) to forge/to fashion
        yǎngchéng, [養成], to cultivate/to raise/to form (a habit)/to acquire
        dǎchéngyīpiàn, to merge/to integrate/to become as one/to unify together
        dàgōnggàochéng, successfully accomplished (project or goal)/to be highly successful
        zànchéngpiào, [贊成票], approval/affirmative vote
        
        xīnxiǎngshìchéng, to have one's wishes come true/wish you the best!
        chénghūn, to get married
        chéngxíng, to become shaped/to become formed
        chéngpǐn, finished goods/a finished product
        chéngqiān, thousands
        xiōngyǒuchéngzhú, to plan in advance (idiom)/a card up one's sleeve/forewarned is forearmed
        niàngchéng, [釀成], to form gradually/to lead to
        chéngfèn, composition/make-up/ingredient/element/component/one's social status/same as 成分
        
        shùnlǐchéngzhāng, [順理成章], logical/only to be expected/rational and clearly structured (of text)
        shìyèyǒuchéng, [事業有成], to be successful in business/professional success
        shuǐdàoqúchéng, lit. where water flows, a canal is formed (idiom)/fig. when conditions are right...
        chéngxīn, intentional/deliberate/on purpose
        chéngrén, to die for a good cause
        biānchéng, [編成], to organize/to put together/to edit
        gōngchéngmíngjiù, to win success and recognition (idiom)
        chéngyī, ready-made clothes
        
        mùyǐchéngzhōu, lit. the timber has been turned into a boat already (idiom)/fig. what is done ca...
        luòchéng, to complete a construction project
        JīnRìchéng, Kim Il Sung (1912-1994) Great Leader of North Korea
        
        ChéngLóng, [成龍], Jackie Chan (1954-), kungfu film and cantopop star
        yīqìhēchéng, [一氣呵成], to do something at one go/to flow smoothly
        chéngwén, written/statutory
        diǎnshíchéngjīn, [點石成金], to touch base matter and turn it to gold (idiom); fig. to turn crude writing int...
        Chéngjísīhán, Genghis Khan (1162-1227)
        mòshǒuchéngguī, [墨守成規], hidebound by convention (idiom)
        chéngyīn, cause/factor/cause of formation
        
        chéngqúnjiéduì, [成群結隊], making up a group, forming a troupe (idiom); in large numbers/as a large crowd
        nǎoxiūchéngnù, [惱羞成怒], to fly into a rage out of humiliation/to be ashamed into anger (idiom)
        sùchéng, crash course/intensive course
        
        zǔchéngbùfèn, [組成部分], part/component/ingredient/constituent
        zuòxiǎngqíchéng, to reap where one has not sown (idiom)
        chéngqīn, [成親], to get married
        chéngxíng, to embark on a journey
        
        chéngtào, forming a complete set/complementing one another
        chénghuó, to survive
        chéngyǔ, [成語], Chinese set expression, often made up of 4 characters or two couplets of 4 chara...
        
        lǎochéng, mature/experienced/sophisticated
        yǒuzhìzhěshìjìngchéng, a really determined person will find a solution (idiom); where there's a will, t...
        nòngqiǎochéngzhuō, to outsmart oneself/to shoot oneself in the foot
        
        
        
        bànchéngpǐn, semi-manufactured goods/semi-finished articles/semi-finished products
        
        zìxuéchéngcái, [自學成才], a self-made genius
        chéngzhēn, to come true
        
        zhòngzhìchéngchéng, [眾志成城], unity of will is an impregnable stronghold (idiom)
        héchéngxiānwéi, [合成纖維], synthetic fiber
        
        
        chéngguī, [成規], established rules/the beaten track
        
        
        chéngjiālìyè, [成家立業], to get married and start a career (idiom)/to settle down/to establish oneself
        
        
        jíchéng, integrated (as in integrated circuit)
        jíchéngdiànlù, [集成電路], integrated circuit/IC
        
        mǎdàochénggōng, [馬到成功], to win instant success (idiom)
        
        
        bāchéng, eighty percent/most probably/most likely
        fǎnmùchéngchóu, to become enemies (idiom); to fall out with sb
        huǒchéngyán, igneous rock (geology)/volcanic rock
        Píngchéng, Heisei, reign name of Japanese Emperor Akihito, from 1989
        
亿         
        
        chéngcái, to make sth of oneself/to become a person who is worthy of respect/(of a tree) t...
        
        
        
        gōngbàichuíchéng, [功敗垂成], to fail within sight of success (idiom); last-minute failure/to fall at the last...
        chéngyuánguó, [成員國], member country
        
        héchéngqì, synthesizer
        
        
        
        chéngzāi, [成災], disastrous/to turn into a disaster
        
        chéngsè, relative purity of silver or gold/purity in carat weight/quality/fineness
        chéngchóng, [成蟲], imago (adult, sexually mature insect, the final stage of its development)
        húnrántiānchéng, [渾然天成], to resemble nature itself/of the highest quality (idiom)
        wàngzǐchénglóng, [望子成龍], lit. to hope one's son becomes a dragon (idiom); fig. to long for one' s child t...
        fànlànchéngzāi, [泛濫成災], flood causes disaster (idiom); fig. swamped with work
退         
        
        
        zhuóyǒuchéngxiào, highly effective/fruitful
        
        
        
        
        jíyúqiúchéng, [急於求成], anxious for quick results (idiom); to demand instant success/impatient for resul...
        
        
        yīshīzúchéngqiāngǔhèn, lit. one wrong step causes thousand hatred (idiom)/A single slip may cause lasti...
        
        chéngniánlěiyuè, year in, year out (idiom)
        
        chéngmíngzuò, work that makes one's name
        
        xiāngfǔxiāngchéng, [相輔相成], to complement one another (idiom)
        
        
        
        
        sānwǔchéngqún, forming groups of three or squads of five (idiom); people stand around in small ...
        
        Chéngdū, Chengdu subprovincial city and capital of Sichuan province 四川 in southwest China
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        gǎichéng, to convert/to turn into (sth else)/to adapt (a story to another medium)
        
        
亿         
        zéchéng, [責成], give sb a task
        yuēdìngsúchéng, [約定俗成], established by popular usage (idiom); common usage agreement/customary conventio...
        
        
        dàqìwǎnchéng, lit. it takes a long time to make a big pot (idiom); fig. a great talent matures...
        
        
        chéngpī, in batches/in bulk
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        Chéngtián, Narita (Japanese surname and place name)
        
        
        
        chéngyào, [成藥], patent medicine/medicine already made up
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        chénghuólǜ, survival rate/rate of success
        
        
        
        
亿         
        
        
        chéngqiānchéngwàn, [成千成萬], lit. by the thousands and tens of thousands (idiom); untold numbers/innumerable/...
        
        
        
        
        
绿         lǜshùchéngyìn, [綠樹成蔭], (of an area) to have trees with shade-giving foliage/(of a road) to be tree-line...
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
·         
        
        
        
        
亿         
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        jùshāchéngtǎ, sand grains accumulate to make a tower a tower (idiom); by gathering small amoun...
·         
        
        
        xiāngyìngchéngqù, to set each other off nicely
        
        
        
        
        chéngwénfǎ, statute
        
        héchéngxiàngjiāo, [合成橡膠], synthetic rubber
        
        
亿         
        
        chéngjiāojià, [成交價], sale price/negotiated price/price reached in an auction
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        shàoniánlǎochéng, accomplished though young/lacking youthful vigor
        
        
        
        
        chéngshuō, [成說], accepted theory or formulation
        
        
        
        
        
        héchéngcí, [合成詞], compound word
        
        

        yǔ/yù, [語], dialect/language/speech, to tell to
        Yīngyǔ, [英語], English (language)
        yǔyán, [語言], language/CL:門|门[mén],種|种[zhǒng]
        Fǎyǔ, [法語], French (language)
西         Xībānyáyǔ, [西班牙語], Spanish language
        zhòuyǔ, [咒語], incantation/spell/enchantment/curse
        yǔqì, [語氣], tone/manner of speaking/mood/CL:個|个[gè]
        yǔyīn, [語音], voice/colloquial (rather than literary) pronunciation of a Chinese character
        Déyǔ, [德語], German (language)
        yányǔ/yányu, [言語], words/speech/(spoken) language, to speak/to tell
        Éyǔ, [俄語], Russian (language)
        shùyǔ, [術語], term/terminology
        húyánluànyǔ, [胡言亂語], babbling nonsense (idiom); crazy and unfounded ravings/double Dutch
        Pútáoyáyǔ, [葡萄牙語], Portuguese (language)
        cíyǔ, [詞語], word (general term including monosyllables through to short phrases)/term (e.g. ...
        huàyǔ, [話語], words/speech/utterance/discourse
        Rìyǔ, [日語], Japanese language
        Lādīngyǔ, [拉丁語], Latin (language)
        biāoyǔ, [標語], written slogan/placard/CL:幅[fú],張|张[zhāng],條|条[tiáo]
        zìyánzìyǔ, [自言自語], to talk to oneself/to think aloud/to soliloquize
        ànyǔ, [暗語], code word
        yànyǔ, [諺語], proverb
        míyǔ, [謎語], riddle/conundrum/CL:條|条[tiáo]
        tiányánmìyǔ, [甜言蜜語], sweet speech and honeyed words (idiom); hypocritical flattery
        yòngyǔ, [用語], choice of words/wording/phraseology/term
        liúyánfēiyǔ, [流言蜚語], rumors and slanders (idiom); gossip/lies and slanders
        lǐyǔ, [俚語], slang
        yǔfǎ, [語法], grammar
        yǔdiào, [語調], intonation/CL:個|个[gè]
        shuāngguānyǔ, [雙關語], pun/play on words/a phrase with a double meaning
        ěryǔ, [耳語], to whisper in sb's ear/a whisper
        wàiyǔ, [外語], foreign language/CL:門|门[mén]
        shǒuyǔ, [手語], sign language
        Ālābóyǔ, [阿拉伯語], Arabic (language)
        sīyǔ, [私語], murmur
        píngyǔ, [評語], comment/evaluation
        dīyǔ, [低語], mutter
        
        Hélányǔ, [荷蘭語], Dutch (language)
        duǎnyǔ, [短語], phrase/clause (grammar)
        Hànyǔ, [漢語], Chinese language/CL:門|门[mén]
        mǔyǔ, [母語], native language/mother tongue/(linguistics) parent language
        súyǔ, [俗語], common saying/proverb/colloquial speech
        yǔyánxué, [語言學], linguistics
        wàiláiyǔ, [外來語], imported word
        qiānyánwànyǔ, [千言萬語], thousands of words (idiom); having a lot of things to say/talking nonstop
        xìyǔ, [細語], to chat with a low voice
        yǔjù, [語句], sentence
        
        yǔwén, [語文], literature and language
        xiányánsuìyǔ, [閑言碎語], idle gossip/irrelevant nonsense/slanderous rumor
西         
        Ruìdiǎnyǔ, [瑞典語], Swedish (language)
        jiéshùyǔ, [結束語], concluding remarks
        wūyánhuìyǔ, [污言穢語], filthy speech/obscenities
        liúxíngyǔ, [流行語], popular jargon/catchword
        kǒuyǔ, [口語], colloquial speech/spoken language/vernacular language/slander/gossip/CL:門|门[mén]
        
        yǔcí, [語詞], word/significative/predicate
        yǔlù, [語錄], quotation (from a book or existing source)
        
        chéngyǔ, [成語], Chinese set expression, often made up of 4 characters or two couplets of 4 chara...
        èyǔ, [惡語], evil words/malicious talk
        shīyǔzhèng, [失語症], aphasia or aphemia (loss of language)
        gǔyǔ, [古語], ancient language/old expression
        
        
        sānyánliǎngyǔ, [三言兩語], in a few words (idiom); expressed succinctly
        bùkětóngrìéryǔ, [不可同日而語], lit. mustn't speak of two things on the same day (idiom); not to be mentioned in...
        zhǐyánpiànyǔ, [只言片語], just a word or two (idiom); a few isolated phrases
        zhǔyǔ, [主語], subject (in grammar)
        wèiyǔ, [謂語], (grammatical) predicate
        huìyǔ, [穢語], obscene language
        tǔyǔ, [土語], dialect/patois
        
        
        yǔxì, [語系], language family
        qíyǔ, [旗語], signal flags (for communicating between ships or army units)/semaphore
        xiányánxiányǔ, [閒言閒語], idle gossip
        
        jiéyǔ, [結語], concluding remarks
        Tàiyǔ, [泰語], Thai (language)
        Yuèyǔ, [粵語], Cantonese language
        yǐnyǔ, [引語], quotation
        yìyǔ, [囈語], to talk in one's sleep/crazy talk
        yǔyì, [語義], meaning of words/semantic
        jìngyǔ, [敬語], honorific (e.g. in grammar of oriental languages)
        yǔyìxué, [語義學], semantics
        
        huāyánqiǎoyǔ, [花言巧語], graceful words, flowery speech (idiom); elegant but insincere words/cheating whe...
        
        
        yǔjìng, [語境], context
        kǒutóuyǔ, [口頭語], pet phrase/regularly used expression/manner of speaking
        duànyǔ, [斷語], conclusion/judgement/verdict
        Guóyǔ, [國語], Chinese language (Mandarin), emphasizing its national nature/Chinese as a primar...
        lěngyánlěngyǔ, [冷言冷語], cold words and sarcastic comments (idiom); to mock and ridicule
        yǔyì, [語意], meaning/content of speech or writing/semantic
        
        Gāolúyǔ, [高盧語], Gaulish or Gallic (language)
        yǔxù, [語序], word order
        fǎnyǔ, [反語], irony
        yǎyǔ, [啞語], sign language
        háoyánzhuàngyǔ, [豪言壯語], bold, visionary words
        
        bùyánbùyǔ, [不言不語], to not say a word (idiom)/to keep silent
        
        yǔzhòng, [語種], language type (in a classification)
        yǔyīnxué, [語音學], phonetics
        
        
        xiēhòuyǔ, [歇後語], saying in which the second part, uttered after a pause or totally left out, is t...
        yǐnyǔ, [隱語], secret language/codeword
        yǔsè, [語塞], to be at a loss for words/speechless
        
        yǔgǎn, [語感], a feel for language/instinctive understanding
        YìnŌuyǔ, [印歐語], Indo-European (language)
        biǎoyǔ, [表語], predicative
        wàiguóyǔ, [外國語], foreign language
        Zàngyǔ, [藏語], Tibetan language
        
        yǔyānbùxiáng, [語焉不詳], to mention sth without elaborating (idiom); not giving details
        yīyǔdàopò, [一語道破], one word says it all (idiom)/to hit the nail on the head/to be pithy and correct
        Lúnyǔ, [論語], The Analects of Confucius 孔子[Kǒng zǐ]
        
        lüèyǔ, [略語], abbreviation
        
        
        yǔzhùcí, [語助詞], auxiliary word
        
        biāozhǔnyǔ, [標準語], standard language
        
        
        
        
        
        
        Hányǔ, [韓語], Korean language (esp. in context of South Korea)
        
        
        
        biāoyǔpái, [標語牌], placard
        yǔqìcí, [語氣詞], modal particle
        lěngyǔ, [冷語], cold words/sarcasm/sneering talk
        
        bīnyǔ, [賓語], object (grammar)
        shūmiànyǔ, [書面語], written language
        wàngyǔ, [妄語], to tell lies/to talk nonsense
        
        yǔqìzhùcí, [語氣助詞], modal particle
        bǔyǔ, [補語], complement (grammar)
        

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