HSK东西 Scripts Advanced Search Radicals [collapse definitions]
Word: freq index 50815
[年輕化] niánqīnghuà to make more youthful
to promote younger staff

Character Composition

Character Compounds

Word Compounds


        Nián/nián, [秊], surname Nian, year/CL:個|个[gè], grain/harvest (old)/variant of 年[nián]
        niánqīng, [年輕], young
        qùnián, last year
        jīnnián, this year
        niándài, a decade of a century (e.g. the Sixties)/age/era/period/CL:個|个[gè]
        niánqīngrén, [年輕人], young people/youngster
        niánjí, [年級], grade/year (in school, college etc)/CL:個|个[gè]
        niánjì, [年紀], age/CL:把[bǎ],個|个[gè]
        niánlíng, [年齡], (a person's) age/CL:把[bǎ],個|个[gè]
        měinián, every year/each year/yearly
        míngnián, next year
        chéngniánrén, adult person
        zhōunián, [週年], anniversary/annual
        xīnnián, New Year/CL:個|个[gè]
        dāngnián, [當年], in those days/then/in those years/during that time
        qīngshàonián, adolescent/youth/teenager
        niándù, year (e.g. school year, fiscal year)/annual
        shàonián, youngster/juvenile
        tóngnián, childhood
        qīngnián, youth/youthful years/young person/the young
        
        
        qiānnián, millennium
        niántóu, [年頭], start of the year/whole year/a particular year/period/days/epoch/a year's harves...
        zhōngnián, middle age
        chéngnián, to grow to adulthood/fully grown/the whole year
        
        niánzhǎng, [年長], senior
        wèichéngniánrén, minor (i.e. person under 18)
        niánjiàn, [年鑑], annual report/yearbook/almanac
        chénnián, [陳年], old/stored for many years
        lǎoniánrén, old people/the elderly
        lǎonián, elderly/old age/autumn of one's years
        jiāniánhuá, [嘉年華], carnival (loanword)
        guāngnián, light-year
        niánfen, particular year/certain year/given year
        niányòu, young/underage
        
        
        bǎinián, hundred years/century/lifetime
        
        gēngniánqī, menopause/andropause
        
        niánfùyīnián, [年復一年], over the years/year after year
        niánlǎo, aged
        niánqīng, youthful
        lǎoniánchīdāizhèng, [老年痴獃症], senile dementia/Alzheimer's disease
        niánshào, young/junior
        
        niánxīn, annual salary
        xuénián, [學年], academic year
        niándǐ, the end of the year/year-end
        wǎnnián, one's later years
        shàoniánfàn, young criminal/juvenile delinquent
        tóngnián, the same year
        niánhuá, [年華], years/time/age
        zǎonián, early years/adolescence
        
        
        niánmài, [年邁], old/aged
        wǎngnián, in former years/in previous years
        yīngniánzǎoshì, to die an untimely death (idiom)/to be cut off in one's prime
        
        niánnián, year after year/yearly/every year/annually
        qiánnián, the year before last
        niánzhōng, [年終], end of the year
        guònián, [過年], to celebrate the Chinese New Year
        yòunián, childhood/infancy
        quánnián, the whole year/all year long
        dùrìrúnián, a day drags past like a year (idiom); time hangs heavy/time crawls when one is w...
        niánsuì, [年歲], years of age/age
        chángnián, all year round/for years on end/average year
        niányuè, months and year/time/days of one's life
        xiǎoqīngnián, young person/youngster
        niánqīngyǒuwéi, [年輕有為], young and promising
        niánqīnglìzhuàng, [年輕力壯], young and vigorous (idiom)
        niángāo, nian gao, New Year cake made of steamed glutinous rice/Japanese mochi
        biānniánshǐ, [編年史], annals/chronicle
        
        xiànnián, [現年], current age
        xiǎngnián, to live to the (ripe) age of
        láinián, [來年], next year/the coming year
        wànniánqīng, [萬年青], Nippon lily (Rohdea japonica)
        niánqián, ...years ago
        jìnniánlái, [近年來], for the past few years
        qīngniánrén, young person/the young
        
        niánshōurù, annual income
        yíchòuwànnián, [遺臭萬年], to have one's name go down in history as a byword for infamy (idiom)
        niánchū, beginning of the year
        hóunián, Year of the Monkey (e.g. 2004)
        
        niánhuì, [年會], annual meeting
        niánmò, end of the year
        
        
        
        zhúnián, year after year/with each passing year/over the years
        Wànnián, [萬年], Wannian county in Shangrao 上饒|上饶, Jiangxi
        yīniándàotóu, [一年到頭], all year round
        
        niánxiàn, age limit/fixed number of years
        
        chángnián, [長年], all the year round
        niánbào, [年報], annual report
        niánjià, annual leave/New Year holidays
        
        yīniánsìjì, all year round
        niánlún, [年輪], growth ring
        zhuàngnián, [壯年], lit. robust years/prime of life/summer/able-bodied (fit for military service)/ma...
        xiàbànnián, last-half year
        
        wǔniánjìhuà, [五年計劃], Five-Year Plan
        
        qīngniántuán, [青年團], youth corps/youth wing of a political party
寿         yánniányìshòu, [延年益壽], to make life longer/to promise longevity/(this product will) extend your life
        
        niánjiǔshīxiū, worn down by years of non-repair
        tiānnián, natural life span
        duōniánshēng, perennial (of plants)
        zhōngnián, [終年], entire year/throughout the year/age at death
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        liánnián, [連年], successive years/over many years
        bàinián, to pay a New Year call/to wish sb a Happy New Year
        
        chángniánlěiyuè, [長年累月], year in, year out (idiom)/(over) many years
        rùnnián, [閏年], leap year/(lunar calendar) year with a thirteen intercalary month
        
        niánqīnghuà, [年輕化], to make more youthful/to promote younger staff
        
        érlìzhīnián, aged thirty (see 三十而立)
        
        
        
        
        niánjīn, annuity/pension/superannuation
        niánjiān, [年間], in the years of/during those years/period (of dynasty or decade)
        yīniánbànzǎi, [一年半載], about a year
        lìnián, [曆年]/[歷年], calendar year, over the years/bygone years
        
        
        fēngzhúcánnián, [風燭殘年], one's late days/to have one foot in the grave
        
        
        
        niánzhōngjiǎng, [年終獎], year-end bonus
        chéngniánlěiyuè, year in, year out (idiom)
        liúnián, fleeting time/horoscope for the year
        niánshìyǐgāo, old in years
        niánlì, [年曆], calendar/diary
        
        
        qīngzhuàngnián, [青壯年], the prime of one's life
        
        
        
        jìnnián, recent year(s)
        hòunián, [後年], the year after next
        tùnián, Year of the Rabbit (e.g. 2011)
        jìnián, [紀年], to number the years/calendar era/annals/chronicle
        
        
        
        
        
        
        zhōnglǎonián, middle and old age
        zhōnglǎoniánrén, middle-aged and elderly people
        
        bǎiniánbùyù, only met with once every hundred years (drought, flood etc)
        yuánnián, first year of Emperor's reign
        chuímùzhīnián, old age
        
        
        
        gǒunián, Year of the Dog (e.g. 2006)
        shénián, Year of the Snake (e.g. 2001)
        
        dòukòuniánhuá, [豆蔻年華], a girl's teenage years (idiom); maidenhood/a budding beauty
        mònián, the final years (of a regime)
        
        
        niánbiǎo, timeline/chronology/annals/financial year/year
        yángnián, Year of the Ram (e.g. 2003)
        zhūnián, [豬年], Year of the Boar (e.g. 2007)
        shèngnián, the prime of one's life
        
        niánnèi, [年內], during the current year
        niánshì, years of age/age
        niánchǎn, [年產], annual production
        niánxī, annual interest
        hèniánkǎ, [賀年卡], New Year greeting card
        
        
        shàngbànnián, first half (of a year)
        
        niánhuò, [年貨], merchandise sold for Chinese New Year
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        shǔnián, Year of the Rat (e.g. 2008)
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        wàngniánjiāo, friends despite the difference in age
        
        
亿         
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        bànnián, half a year
        
        
        niándàixué, [年代學], chronology (the science of determining the dates of past events)
        
        
        
        niánguān, [年關], end of the year
亿亿         
        
        hǔnián, Year of the Tiger (e.g. 2010)
        
        niánlǎotǐruò, [年老體弱], old and weak (idiom)
        cáinián, [財年], fiscal year/financial year
亿         
        fēngnián, [豐年], prosperous year/year with bumper harvest
        
        
        
        
        
        
        niánjūn, annual average (rate)
        niánhào, [年號], era name (subdivision in the reign of an emperor)
        
        qùniándǐ, late last year/the end of last year
        
        niánxià, lunar new year
        niánwěi, end of the year
        
        
        
        
        
        mǎnián, [馬年], Year of the Horse (e.g. 2002)
        
        
        jīngniánlěiyuè, [經年累月], for years/over the years
        shàoniánlǎochéng, accomplished though young/lacking youthful vigor
        
        
        dàhòunián, [大後年], three years from now/year after year after next year
        
        
        
        zhèngdāngnián, [正當年], to be in the prime of life
        
        yúnián, [餘年], one's remaining years
        
        niánfùlìqiáng, [年富力強], young and vigorous (idiom)
        
        niúnián, Year of the Ox or Bull (e.g. 2009)
        
        
        
        

        niánqīng, [年輕], young
        qīngsōng, [輕鬆], light/gentle/relaxed/effortless/uncomplicated/to relax/to take things less serio...
        niánqīngrén, [年輕人], young people/youngster
        qīng, [輕], light/easy/gentle/soft/reckless/unimportant/frivolous/small in number/unstressed...
        qīngyì, [輕易], easily/lightly/rashly
        qīngqīng, [輕輕], lightly/softly
        jiǎnqīng, [減輕], to lighten/to ease/to alleviate
        qīngwēi, [輕微], slight/light/trivial/to a small extent
        qīngéryìjǔ, [輕而易舉], easy/with no difficulty
        qīngjǔwàngdòng, [輕舉妄動], to act blindly without thinking (idiom)
        qīngshuài, [輕率], hasty
        wúzúqīngzhòng, [無足輕重], insignificant
        qīngróu, [輕柔], soft/gentle/pliable
        qīngshì, [輕視], contempt/contemptuous/to despise/to scorn/scornful
        qīngqiǎo, [輕巧], dexterous/deft/easy/light and easy to use/nimble/agile/lithe/graceful
        qīngshēng, [輕聲], quietly/softly/neutral tone/light stress
        qīngxìn, [輕信], to easily trust/gullible/naïve
        qīngmiè, [輕蔑], to contempt/to disdain/pejorative
        qīngdù, [輕度], mild (symptoms etc)
        qīngfú, [輕浮], frivolous/careless/giddy
        qīngyíng, [輕盈], graceful/lithe/light and graceful/lighthearted/relaxed
        qīngguǐ, [輕軌], light rail/transit system (underground, at street level or elevated)/streetcar/m...
        jǔzúqīngzhòng, [舉足輕重], a foot's move sways the balance (idiom); to hold the balance of power/to play th...
        
        qīngshāng, [輕傷], lightly wounded/minor injuries
        diàoyǐqīngxīn, [掉以輕心], treat sth lightly/to lower one's guard
        qīngkuài, [輕快], light and quick/brisk/spry/lively/effortless/relaxed/agile/blithe
        qīngmiáodànxiě, [輕描淡寫], to sketch in light shades/to play down/to deemphasize (idiom)
        qīngxíng, [輕型], light (machinery, aircraft etc)
        qīngtiāo, [輕佻], frivolous/coquettish
        jiàqīngjiùshú, [駕輕就熟], lit. an easy drive on a familiar path (idiom); fig. experience makes progress ea...
        qīngpiāopiāo, [輕飄飄], light as a feather
便         qīngbiàn, [輕便], lightweight and portable/light and convenient
        qīngliàngjí, [輕量級], light-weight class (in athletics)
        
        
        niánqīngyǒuwéi, [年輕有為], young and promising
        qīngkuáng, [輕狂], frivolous
        kànqīng, [看輕], to belittle/to scorn/to take sth lightly
        niánqīnglìzhuàng, [年輕力壯], young and vigorous (idiom)
        qīngzhònghuǎnjí, [輕重緩急], slight or important, urgent or non-urgent (idiom); to deal with important matter...
        qīngzhòng, [輕重], severity (of the case)/degree of seriousness/whether sth is slight or serious
        qīngwǔqì, [輕武器], light weapon
        qīngbó, [輕薄], light/frivolous/a philanderer
        qīngdí, [輕敵], to underestimate the enemy
        qīngfēng, [輕風], breeze/light wind
        qīngqí, [輕騎], light cavalry/light motorcycle/moped
        qīngshǒuqīngjiǎo, [輕手輕腳], (to move or do sth) softly and quietly (idiom)
        qīngyīnyuè, [輕音樂], light music
        qīngshēng, [輕生], a suicide/to commit suicide
        
        
        bìzhòngjiùqīng, [避重就輕], to avoid the important and dwell on the trivial/to keep silent about major charg...
        qīngchēshúlù, [輕車熟路], lit. to drive a lightweight chariot on a familiar road (idiom)/fig. to do sth ro...
        
        niánqīnghuà, [年輕化], to make more youthful/to promote younger staff
        qīngqǔ, [輕取], to beat easily/to gain an easy victory
便         
        qīngmàn, [輕慢], irreverent
        
        
        
        qīngjīqiāng, [輕機槍], light machine gun
        
        
        
        
        
        
        

        biànhuà, [變化], change/variation/to change/to vary/CL:個|个[gè]
        huā/huà, variant of 花[huā], to make into/to change into/-ization/to ... -ize/to transform...
        wénhuà, culture/civilization/cultural/CL:個|个[gè],種|种[zhǒng]
        huàxué, [化學], chemistry/chemical
        huàzhuāng, [化妝], to put on makeup
        èhuà, [惡化], to worsen
        jìnhuà, [進化], evolution/CL:個|个[gè]
        huàzhuāngpǐn, [化妝品], cosmetic/makeup product
        rónghuà, to melt/to thaw/to dissolve/to blend into/to combine/to fuse
        shēnghuà, biochemistry
        huàyàn, [化驗], laboratory test/chemical experiment/assay
        huàliáo, [化療], chemotherapy
        xiāohuà, to digest/digestion/digestive
        jìnghuà, [淨化], to purify
        qíngxùhuà, [情緒化], emotional/sentimental
        huàshēn, incarnation/reincarnation/embodiment (of abstract idea)/personification
        huàhéwù, chemical compound
        huàmíng, to use an alias/assumed name/pseudonym
        huǒhuà, to cremate/to incinerate
        huàzhuāng, [化裝], (of actors) to make up/to disguise oneself
        yìnghuà, to harden/hardening/sclerosis/fig. to become rigid or inflexible in opinions/to ...
        yǎnghuà, to oxidize
        èryǎnghuàtàn, carbon dioxide CÓ
        zhuǎnhuà, [轉化], to change/to transform/isomerization (chemistry)
        guāngtiānhuàrì, the full light of day (idiom)/fig. peace and prosperity/in broad daylight
        huàxuéfǎnyìng, [化學反應], chemical reaction
退         tuìhuà, to degenerate/atrophy
        qiánghuà, [強化], to strengthen/to intensify
        cuīhuàjì, [催化劑], catalyst
        
        rónghuà, to melt (of ice, metals etc)
        yīyǎnghuàtàn, carbon monoxide CO
        fūhuà, breeding/to incubate/innovation (esp. in commerce and marketing)
        qínghuà, cyanide
        héfǎhuà, to legalize/to make legal/legalization
        huàxuépǐn, [化學品], chemicals
        lǎohuà, to age (of person or object)/becoming old
        měihuà, to make more beautiful/to decorate/embellishment
        huàjiě, to dissolve/to resolve (contradictions)/to dispel (doubts)/to iron out (difficul...
        jiǎnhuà, [簡化], to simplify
        
        báirèhuà, [白熱化], turn white hot
        huàshí, fossil
        
        huàxuéjiā, [化學家], chemist
        tónghuà, assimilation (cultural, digestive, phonemic etc)
        xiàndàihuà, [現代化], modernization/CL:個|个[gè]
        huàxuéwǔqì, [化學武器], chemical weapon
        fǔhuà, to rot/to decay/to become corrupt
        duōyànghuà, [多樣化], diversification/to diversify
        rónghuà, to melt/to dissolve (of sugar etc)
        ruǎnhuà, [軟化], to soften
        chūshǐhuà, (computing) to initialize/initialization
        jīxièhuà, [機械化], to mechanize
        shāngyèhuà, [商業化], to commercialize
        fēnhuà, to split apart/differentiation
        nǚxìnghuà, to feminize/feminization
        shíhuà, to petrify/petrochemical industry
        jiǎndānhuà, [簡單化], simplification/to simplify
        qīngyǎnghuànà, [氫氧化鈉], caustic soda/sodium hydroxide NaOH
        huàgōngchǎng, [化工廠], chemical factory
        
        gǎnhuà, corrective influence/to reform (a criminal)/redemption (of a sinner)/to influenc...
        quánqiúhuà, globalization
        jìnhuàlùn, [進化論], Darwin's theory of evolution
        
        huàgōng, chemical industry, abbr. of 化學工業|化学工业[huà xué gōng yè]/chemical engineering, abb...
        huàzuò, to change into/to turn into/to become
        shùzìhuà, [數字化], to digitalize/digital
        
        nánxìnghuà, to masculinize/masculinization
        yèhuà, to liquefy
        
        
        qìhuàqì, carburetor/vaporizer
        duōyuánhuà, diversification/pluralism/to diversify
        huàwéiwūyǒu, [化為烏有], to go up in smoke/to vanish
        
        huàfènchí, [化糞池], septic tank
        kāihuà, [開化], civilized/to have laws and culture/to civilize/the process of becoming civilized
        lǐxiǎnghuà, to idealize
        yōuhuà, [優化], optimization/to optimize/to make superior
        
        huàxiǎnwéiyí, [化險為夷], to turn peril into safety (idiom); to avert disaster
        zàohuà, good luck/Nature (as the mother of all things)
        hélǐhuà, to rationalize/to make compatible/to streamline/rationalization
        yǎnhuà, to evolve/evolution
        fēnghuà, [風化], decency/public morals/to weather (rocks)/wind erosion
        
        xiāohuàxìtǒng, [消化系統], digestive system/gastrointestinal tract
        biāozhǔnhuà, [標準化], standardization
        fùzáhuà, [複雜化], complicate/complicating
        lǜhuàjiǎ, [氯化鉀], potassium chloride
        zìdònghuà, [自動化], automation
        huàzhuāngshì, [化妝室], dressing room/powder room/(Taiwan) toilets
        géshìhuà, to format
        fénhuà, to cremate
        gānyìnghuà, cirrhosis
        
        báihuàbìng, albinism
        huàféi, fertilizer
        dànhuà, to water down/to play down/to trivialize/to weaken/to become dull with time/to d...
        zuìdàhuà, to maximize
        xiāohuàdào, digestive tract
        chūshénrùhuà, to reach perfection (idiom); a superb artistic achievement
        
        dàzhònghuà, [大眾化], mass-oriented/to cater for the masses/popularized
        sīyǒuhuà, privatization/to privatize
        yǎnghuàjì, [氧化劑], oxidant/oxidizing agent
        lǜhuàwù, chloride
        xùnhuà, [馴化], to tame/to domesticate
        guójìhuà, [國際化], to internationalize/internationalization
        liànghuà, to quantize/quantization/quantitative
        huàyóuqì, carburetor
        
        chǒuhuà, [醜化], to defame/to libel/to defile/to smear/to vilify
        gèxìnghuà, [個性化], to personalize/to customize/customization
        wùhuà, objectification
        
        
        lǜhuànà, [氯化鈉], sodium chloride NaCl/common salt
        shénhuà, to make divine/apotheosis
        huàxuéyuánsù, [化學元素], chemical element
        huàxuéxì, [化學系], department of chemistry
        fūhuàqì, incubator/apparatus for incubating eggs
        cuīhuà, catalysis/to catalyze (a reaction)
        gōngkāihuà, [公開化], to publicize/openness (of government, PRC equivalent of 'glasnost')
        yǒujīhuàxué, [有機化學], organic chemistry
        zhèngzhìhuà, to politicize
        ruòhuà, weaken/make weaker
        jiānghuà, to become rigid
        
        gùhuà, to solidify/solidification (chemistry)
绿         lǜhuà, [綠化], to make green with plants/to reforest
        qìhuà, to boil/to vaporize
        kuòdàhuà, [擴大化], to extend the scope/to exaggerate
        qiányímòhuà, [潛移默化], imperceptible influence/to influence secretly
        liúhuàqīng, [硫化氫], hydrogen sulfide HS/sulfureted hydrogen
        huànóng, [化膿], to fester/to suppurate/to be infected
        qiānbiànwànhuà, [千變萬化], countless changes/constant permutation
        yàwénhuà, [亞文化], subculture
        dòngmàiyìnghuà, [動脈硬化], hardening of the arteries/arteriosclerosis
        huàxuéjiàn, [化學鍵], chemical bond
        cíhuà, to magnetize
        yǎnghuàlǚ, [氧化鋁], aluminum oxide
        gǎnhuàyuàn, reformatory/reform school
        
        jūnshìhuà, [軍事化], militarization
        
        féngxiōnghuàjí, misfortune turns to blessing (idiom); to turn an inauspicious start to good acco...
        gōngyèhuà, [工業化], to industrialize/industrialization
        
        
        
        
        liúhuà, vulcanization (curing rubber using sulfur and heat)
        biànhuàduōduān, [變化多端], changeable/changing/varied/full of changes
        gàihuà, [鈣化], to calcify/calcification
        èryǎnghuàguī, silicon dioxide (SiÓ)
        èryǎnghuàliú, sulfur dioxide SÓ
        guòyǎnghuàqīng, [過氧化氫], hydrogen peroxide HÓ
        
        gānghuàbōli, [鋼化玻璃], reinforced glass
        biānyuánhuà, [邊緣化], to marginalize/marginalization
        
        
        yītǐhuà, [一體化], integration/incorporation/unification
        
        huàhé, chemical combination
        zhíyèhuà, [職業化], professionalization
        jùtǐhuà, [具體化], to concretize
        
        shēnhuà, to deepen/to intensify
        huànhuà, to be transformed/to metamorphose/transformation/metamorphosis
        biànhuàmòcè, [變化莫測], unpredictable/changeable
        zhuānyèhuà, [專業化], specialization
        shèhuìhuà, [社會化], socialization/to socialize/to fit into society/to train sb for society
        qìhuà, [氣化], to vaporize/evaporation/carburetion/氣|气[qì] transformation in TCM (i.e. transfor...
        diǎnhuàjiǎ, [碘化鉀], potassium iodide
        yǎnghuàwù, oxide
        
        
        rǔhuà, to emulsify
        gǔhuà, to ossify/ossification
        shígǔbùhuà, to swallow ancient learning without digesting it (idiom)/to be pedantic without ...
        niánqīnghuà, [年輕化], to make more youthful/to promote younger staff
        
        diànqìhuà, [電氣化], electrification
        zhìdùhuà, systematization
        
        jíhuà, [極化], polarization
        diànhuàxué, [電化學], electrochemistry
        fūhuàchǎng, [孵化場], incubator/hatchery (for poultry etc)
        lǎolínghuà, [老齡化], aging (population)
        dúhuà, to poison/to infect
        
        WénhuàDàgémìng, Cultural Revolution (1966-1976)
        jiàohuāzi, variant of 叫花子[jiào huā zi]
        
        
        guīfànhuà, [規範化], to standardize/standardization
        huàzhěngwéilíng, [化整為零], to break up the whole into pieces (idiom); dealing with things one by one/divide...
        
        
        
        huàxiān, [化纖], synthetic fiber
西         
        
        mínzhǔhuà, to convert to democracy/democratic transformation
        
        huàxuézhàn, [化學戰], chemical warfare
        
        
        
        
        
        
        huàxuénéng, [化學能], chemical energy
        gōngshìhuà, to formalize/formalism in art (esp. as proscribed in USSR and PRC)
        
        
        lǜhuàqīng, [氯化氫], hydrogen chloride
        
        guòyǎnghuàwù, [過氧化物], peroxide
        
        
        
        tànhuàwù, carbide
        huóhuàshí, living fossil
        
        běntǔhuà, to localize/localization
        qínghuàjiǎ, [氰化鉀], potassium cyanide KCN
        qínghuànà, [氰化鈉], sodium cyanide NaCN
        gàiniànhuà, conceptualization
        réngéhuà, to personalize/anthropomorphism
        xiāohuàméi, digestive enzyme
        yìhuà, [異化], alienation (philosophy)/(of speech) dissimilation
        
        
        shìchǎnghuà, [市場化], marketization
绿         
        
        huàdòng, [化凍], to defrost
        
        huàtán, to transform phlegm (TCM)
        mínyínghuà, [民營化], privatization
        
        
        Shùnhuà, [順化], Hue, city in central Vietnam and capital of Thua Thien province
        
        yèhuàqì, [液化氣], liquid gas/bottled gas (fuel)
        
        huàxuéshì, [化學式], chemical formula (e.g. water HO)
        fúhuàqīng, [氟化氫], hydrofluoric acid
        
        
        
        tànhuàguī, silicon carbide/carborundum
        
        
        
        
        
        yǔhuà, levitation (of Daoist immortal)/to become as light as a feather and ascend to he...
        zuòhuà, to die in a seated posture (Buddhism)
        
        
西         
        shāngpǐnhuà, commodification
        
        guóyǒuhuà, [國有化], nationalization
        chǎnyèhuà, [產業化], to industrialize/industrialization
        wùhuàqì, [霧化器], nebulizer/spray/atomizer
        qīngyǎnghuàwù, [氫氧化物], hydroxide
        xíngshìhuà, formalization/formalized
        
        yǎnghuàgǒng, mercuric oxide (HgO)
        zhèngchánghuà, normalization (of diplomatic relations etc)
        
        liànhuà, [煉化], to refine/refining (e.g. oil, chemicals etc)
        
        jiāohuà, to distill
        
        
        
        huàxuégōngyè, [化學工業], chemical industry, abbr. to 化工[huà gōng]
        
        
        
        
        huàhéjià, [化合價], valence (chemistry)
        
        
        
        
        
        wùlǐhuàxué, [物理化學], physical chemistry
        
        dànyǎnghuàwù, nitrogen oxide
        
        
        
        
        shāmòhuà, desertification
        lǐhuà, physical and chemical
        
        fūhuàqī, incubation period/time for sth to develop
        wénhuàshǐ, cultural history
        
        rìhuà, household chemicals (cleaning products etc) and toiletries/abbr. for 日用化學製品|日用化学...
        
        lǔhuàwù, [鹵化物], halide (i.e. fluoride, chloride, bromide etc)
        huàwǔ, chemical weapon/abbr. for 化學武器|化学武器[huà xué wǔ qì]
        
        
        

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