HSK东西 Scripts Advanced Search Radicals [collapse definitions]
Word: freq index 22204
[自討苦吃] zìtǎokǔchī to ask for trouble (idiom)
to make a rod for one's own back

Character Composition

Character Compounds

Word Compounds


        zìjǐ, oneself/one's own
        láizì, [來自], to come from (a place)/From: (in email header)
        zìyóu, freedom/free/liberty/CL:個|个[gè]
        zì, from/self/oneself/since
        zìshā, [自殺], to kill oneself/to commit suicide
        zìcóng, [自從], since (a time)/ever since
        zìrán, nature/natural/naturally
        zìwǒ, self-/ego (psychology)
        qīnzì, [親自], personally
        dúzì, [獨自], alone
        zìxìn, to have confidence in oneself/self-confidence
        zìháo, proud (of one's achievements etc)
        zìdòng, [自動], automatic/voluntarily
        zìxíngchē, [自行車], bicycle/bike/CL:輛|辆[liàng]
        zìsī, selfish/selfishness
        zìyuàn, [自願], voluntary
        gèzì, each/respective/apiece
        zìzai, free/unrestrained/comfortable/at ease
        zìshēn, itself/oneself/one's own
        zìshǒu, to give oneself up/to surrender (to the authorities)
        chūzì, to come from
        zìwèi, [自衛], self-defense
        zìzūn, self-respect/self-esteem/ego/pride
        zìchēng, [自稱], to call oneself/to claim to be/to profess/to claim a title
        zìzé, [自責], to blame oneself
        zìyǐwéishì, [自以為是], to believe oneself infallible (idiom)/to be opinionated
        zìzhǎo, to suffer as a consequence of one's own actions/you asked for it/to bring it on ...
        zìfù, [自負], to take responsibility/conceited
        zìdà, arrogant
        dàzìrán, nature (the natural world)
        zìzhì, [自製], to maintain self-control/self-control, self-made/improvised/homemade/handmade
        shànzì, without permission/of one's own initiative
        fāzì, [發自], to evolve from
        yuánzì, to originate from
        zìrú, freedom of action/unobstructed/unconstrained/smoothly/with ease/freely
        qíngbùzìjīn, unable to restrain emotions/cannot help
便         
        zìxíng, voluntary/autonomous/by oneself/self-
        zìyánzìyǔ, [自言自語], to talk to oneself/to think aloud/to soliloquize
        gǎiguòzìxīn, [改過自新], to reform and start afresh (idiom); to turn over a new leaf
        zìqīqīrén, to deceive others and to deceive oneself/to believe one's own lies
        zìjiā, self/(reflexive pronoun)/own
        zìzhuàn, [自傳], autobiography
        zìzūnxīn, self-respect/self-esteem/ego
        zìránérrán, involuntary/automatically
        zìzhùcān, buffet/self-service meal
        zìzhǔ, independent/to act for oneself/autonomous
        zìzhù, self service
        zìjué, [自覺], conscious/aware/on one's own initiative/conscientious
        zìxiāngcánshā, [自相殘殺], to massacre one another (idiom); internecine strife
        sīzì, private/personal/secretly/without explicit approval
        ménxīnzìwèn, [捫心自問], to ask oneself honestly/to search in one's heart
        zìzhǎomáfan, [自找麻煩], to ask for trouble/to invite difficulties
        zìzuòcōngmíng, [自作聰明], to think oneself clever (idiom)/self-styled genius/a smart aleck
        zìláishuǐ, [自來水], running water/tap water
        zìzuòzhǔzhāng, [自作主張], to think for oneself and act accordingly (idiom); to act on one's own initiative
        zìlì, independent/self-reliant/self-sustaining/to stand on one's own feet/to support o...
        zìbǎo, to defend oneself/self-defense/self-preservation
        zìjìn, [自盡], to kill oneself/suicide
        zìgěr, [自個兒], (dialect) oneself/by oneself
        zìdàikuáng, megalomania/egomania/delusions of grandeur
        zìshēngzìmiè, [自生自滅], to emerge and perish on its own; to run its course (idiom)
        zìshǐzhìzhōng, [自始至終], from start to finish (idiom)
        bùyóuzìzhǔ, can't help; involuntarily (idiom)
        
        zìránjiè, nature/the natural world
        zìyóuzìzài, free and easy (idiom); carefree/leisurely
        zìfén, self-immolation
        zìrán, spontaneous combustion
        zìbá, to free oneself/to extricate oneself from a difficult situation
        zìbēi, feeling inferior/self-abased
        zìkòng, automatic control
        zìbàozìqì, [自暴自棄], to abandon oneself to despair/to give up and stop bothering
        zìjǐrén, those on our side/ourselves/one's own people/one of us
        
        zìjuéfénmù, [自掘墳墓], to dig one's own grave
        zìwèiduì, [自衛隊], self-defense force/the Japanese armed forces
        zìmìngbùfán, to think too much of oneself/self-important/arrogant
        zìshíqíguǒ, to eat one's own fruit (idiom); fig. suffering the consequences of one's own act...
        zìdǎ, (coll.) since
        zìyóuzhǔyì, [自由主義], liberalism
        zìxìnxīn, self-confidence
        zìjǐzìzú, [自給自足], self-sufficiency/autarchy
        zìxiāngmáodùn, to contradict oneself/self-contradictory/inconsistent
        zìfā, [自發], spontaneous
        zìyǒu, to possess/to own/to have
        bànzìdòng, [半自動], semi-automatic
        wúdìzìróng, [無地自容], ashamed and unable to show one's face
        zìyú, [自娛], to amuse oneself
        
        
        zìlìgēngshēng, regeneration through one's own effort (idiom)/self-reliance
        zìxué, [自學], self-study/to study on one's own
        zìránzāihài, [自然災害], natural disaster
        zìmíngdéyì, [自鳴得意], to think highly of oneself
        zìzhì, autonomy
        zìsīzìlì, everything for self and selfish profit (idiom); with no regard for others/selfis...
        zìwèn, [自問], to ask oneself/to search one's soul/to reach a conclusion after weighing a matte...
        zhānzhānzìxǐ, immeasurably self-satisfied
        zìxí, [自習], to study by oneself/teach yourself
        zìzhīzhīmíng, knowing oneself (idiom)/self-knowledge
        zìzhìlì, self-control
        zìdéqílè, [自得其樂], to find amusement in one's own way/to enjoy oneself quietly
        
        zìtǎokǔchī, [自討苦吃], to ask for trouble (idiom)/to make a rod for one's own back
        zìshíqílì, lit. to eat off one's own strength (idiom)/fig. to stand on one's own feet/to ea...
        zìchuīzìléi, to blow one's own trumpet (idiom)
        zìránkēxué, [自然科學], natural sciences
        zìzhòng, to conduct oneself with dignity/to be dignified/deadweight
        kuángwàngzìdà, arrogant and conceited
        zìào, arrogance/proud of sth
        zìgàofènyǒng, [自告奮勇], to volunteer for/to offer to undertake
        
        zìkuā, [自誇], to boast
        
        zìài, [自愛], self-respect/self-love/self-regard/regard for oneself/to cherish one's good name...
        zìlǜ, self-discipline/self-regulation/autonomy (ethics)/autonomic (physiology)
        ànzì, inwardly/to oneself/secretly
        zìháogǎn, pride in sth/self-esteem
        zìyóudǎng, [自由黨], Liberal Party
        
        zìxúnfánnǎo, [自尋煩惱], to bring trouble on oneself (idiom)
        zìmǎn, [自滿], complacent/self-satisfied
        zìbáishū, [自白書], confession
        zìxǔ, [自詡], to pose as/to flaunt oneself as/to boast of/to brag
        xiāoyáozìzai, [逍遙自在], free and at leisure (idiom); unfettered/outside the reach of the law (of crimina...
        
        fàngrènzìliú, to let sb do whatever they want/to indulge/to give free reins to/to let things s...
        zìzhuàn, [自轉], rotation
        zìjiàn, [自薦], to recommend oneself (for a job)
        zìlǐ, to take care of oneself/to provide for oneself
        zuòjiǎnzìfù, [作繭自縛], to spin a cocoon around oneself (idiom); enmeshed in a trap of one's own devisin...
        zìyóushì, freestyle (in sports)
        zìmìng, to consider oneself to be (sth positive)
        
        
        zìdònghuà, [自動化], automation
        jiānshǒuzìdào, [監守自盜], to embezzle
        
        
        zìránzīyuán, [自然資源], natural resource
        
        zìbái, confession/to make clear one's position or intentions/to brag
        bùyánzìmíng, self-evident; needing no explanation (idiom)
        zìyóuyǒng, freestyle swimming
        
        
        zìjū, to consider oneself as/to believe oneself to be
        zìzhǔquán, [自主權], ability to make one's own decisions
        zìcǐ, since then/henceforth
        zìqiáng, [自強], to strive for self-improvement
        zìcháo, to mock oneself/to laugh at oneself
        dúlìzìzhǔ, [獨立自主], independent and autonomous (idiom); self-determination/to act independently/to m...
        zìxuǎn, [自選], to choose by oneself/free to choose/optional/self-service
        tàiránzìruò, cool and collected (idiom); showing no sign of nerves/perfectly composed
        wàngzìzūndà, ridiculous self-importance (idiom); arrogance
        MáoSuìzìjiàn, [毛遂自薦], Mao Sui recommends himself (idiom); to offer one's services (in the style of Mao...
        zìyóutǐcāo, [自由體操], floor (gymnastics)
        zìgǔ, (since) ancient times/(from) time immemorial
        
        zìhuàxiàng, [自畫像], self-portrait
        
        zìxiū, to study on one's own/self study
        
        zìxuéchéngcái, [自學成才], a self-made genius
        
        
        jiéshēnzìhào, [潔身自好], clean-living and honest (idiom); to avoid immorality/to shun evil influence/to m...
        zìshì, self esteem/self reliance/over confident/conceited
        zìgǔyǐlái, [自古以來], since ancient times
        zìyóushìchǎng, [自由市場], free market
        
        bùzìliàng, not take a proper measure of oneself/to overrate one's own abilities
        
        zìshù, to recount in one's own words/autobiography/written self-introduction
        
        zìzhìqū, [自治區], autonomous region, namely: Inner Mongolia 內蒙古自治區|内蒙古自治区, Guangxi 廣西壯族自治區|广西壮族自治区...
        
        wàngzìfěibó, to be unduly humble (idiom)/to undervalue oneself
        
        zìxǐng, to examine oneself/to reflect on one's shortcomings/introspection/self-awareness...
        
        yíránzìdé, happy and content (idiom)
        
        zìgāozìdà, to think of oneself as terrific (idiom); arrogant
        zìxíngqíshì, to act as one thinks fit/to have one's own way
        zìránzhǔyì, [自然主義], naturalism (philosophy)
        zìfèi, [自費], (be) at one's own expense
        zìkuìbùrú, ashamed of being inferior (idiom)/to feel inferior to others
        zìjǐ, [自給], self-reliant
        
        jìngzì, [徑自], without leave/without consulting anyone
        bùgōngzìpò, (of a rumor etc) to collapse (in the light of facts etc)/to be discredited
        
        zìwèi, to console oneself/to masturbate/onanism/masturbation
        zìbèi, [自備], to provide one's own.../own/self-provided/self-contained
        zìyòu, since childhood
        
        
        
        zìshàngérxià, top-down
        zìqiángbùxī, [自強不息], to strive unremittingly/self-improvement
        zìwěn, to commit suicide by cutting one's own throat
        
        ZìyóuMínzhǔdǎng, [自由民主黨], Liberal Democratic Party
        
        
        
        
        zìbùliànglì, to overestimate one's capabilities (idiom)
        yángyángzìdé, immensely pleased with oneself (idiom)/proud/complacent
        
        huǐguòzìxīn, [悔過自新], to repent and start afresh (idiom); to turn over a new leaf
        zìtǎoméiqù, [自討沒趣], to invite a snub/to court a rebuff
        
        zìwǒpīpíng, [自我批評], self-criticism
        zìránshù, [自然數], natural number
        zìránfǎ, natural law
        gāngbìzìyòng, [剛愎自用], obstinate and self-opinionated (idiom)
        zìqiān, [自謙], modest/self-deprecating
        zìyóuwángguó, [自由王國], realm of freedom (philosophy)
        
        Mǎzìdá, [馬自達], Mazda, Japanese car make (derived from name Matsuda 松田)/also known as 萬事得|万事得
        zìránbǎohùqū, [自然保護區], nature reserve
        zìgěr, [自各兒], variant of 自個兒|自个儿[zì gě r]
        
        zìbùbìshuō, [自不必說], to not need dwell on (idiom)
        
        
        zìyóudù, (number of) degrees of freedom (physics and statistics)
        
        zìcǔn, to speculate/to ponder
        
        
        
        
        zìyǎng, [自養], self-sustaining/economically independent (of state aid, foreign subsidy etc)
        
        
        
        Yèlángzìdà, lit. Yelang thinks highly of itself (idiom)/fig. foolish conceit
        
        zìxiàérshàng, bottom-up
        
        
        wùzì, (literary) still/yet
        zìliúdì, private plot allocated to an individual on a collective farm
        
        
        zìyíng, [自營], self-operated/to operate one's own business
        
        bìguānzìshǒu, [閉關自守], close the country to international intercourse
        
        zìránxuǎnzé, [自然選擇], natural selection
        zìyóugǎng, free port
        
        zìsù, [自訴], private prosecution (law)/(of a patient) to describe (one's symptoms)
        
        
        
        
        
        zìyì, [自縊], to hang oneself
        
        zìzhìzhōu, autonomous prefecture
        
        zìdé, contented/pleased with one's position
        
        
        zìdòngqiānbǐ, [自動鉛筆], mechanical pencil/propelling pencil
        
        
        
        liáoyǐzìwèi, just to console oneself (idiom)
        rènqízìrán, to let things take their course (idiom)/to leave it to nature/laissez-faire
        
        zìfùyíngkuī, [自負盈虧], responsible for its profit and losses (of organization)/financially autonomous/p...
        zìyóufàngrèn, laissez-faire
        
        Zìliújǐng, Ziliujing district of Zigong city 自貢市|自贡市[Zì gòng shì], Sichuan

        tǎoyàn, [討厭], to dislike/to loathe/disagreeable/troublesome/annoying
        tǎolùn, [討論], to discuss/to talk over/CL:個|个[gè]
        tǎo, [討], to invite/to provoke/to demand or ask for/to send armed forces to suppress/to de...
        tǎohǎo, [討好], to get the desired outcome/to win favor by fawning on sb/to curry favor with/a f...
        tǎojiàhuánjià, [討價還價], to haggle over price
        tàntǎo, [探討], to investigate/to probe
        yántǎohuì, [研討會], discussion forum/seminar
        shāngtǎo, [商討], to discuss/to deliberate
        qǐtǎo, [乞討], to beg/to go begging
        tǎolùnhuì, [討論會], symposium/discussion forum
        zìtǎokǔchī, [自討苦吃], to ask for trouble (idiom)/to make a rod for one's own back
        tǎofá, [討伐], to suppress by armed force/to send a punitive expedition against/to crusade agai...
        tǎozhài, [討債], to demand repayment
        jiǎntǎo, [檢討], to examine or inspect/self-criticism/review
        tǎojiào, [討教], to consult/to ask for advice
        shēngtǎo, [聲討], to denounce/to condemn
        yántǎo, [研討], discussion
        
        tǎohuán, [討還], to ask for sth back/to recover
        tǎoxián, [討嫌], disagreeable/hateful/a pain in the neck
        tǎoqiǎo, [討巧], to act cleverly to get what one desires/to get the best at least expense
        tǎofàn, [討飯], to ask for food/to beg
        zìtǎoméiqù, [自討沒趣], to invite a snub/to court a rebuff
        
        
        tǎoráo, [討饒], to beg for mercy/to ask for forgiveness
        shēntǎo, [申討], to denounce
        cuītǎo, [催討], to demand repayment of debt
        

        tòngkǔ, pain/suffering/painful/CL:個|个[gè]
        xīnkǔ, hard/exhausting/with much toil/thanks for your trouble
        kǔ, bitter/hardship/pain/to suffer/to bring suffering to/painstakingly
        jiānkǔ, [艱苦], difficult/hard/arduous
        shòukǔ, to suffer/hardship
        kǔnàn, [苦難], suffering
        kǔnǎo, [苦惱], vexed/distressed
        kǔkǔ, strenuously/persistently/hard/painful
        wākǔ, to speak sarcastically/to make cutting remarks
        kǔtou, [苦頭], sufferings
        kèkǔ, hardworking/assiduous
        kǔzhōng, painful embarrassment/predicament/difficulties
        kǔlì, bitter work/hard toil/(loanword) coolie, unskilled Chinese laborer in colonial t...
        xīnxīnkǔkǔ, painstakingly/with great trouble
        kǔtòng, pain/suffering
        kǔsè, [苦澀], bitter and astringent/pained/agonized
        kùnkǔ, deprivation/distressed/miserable
        kǔguǒ, lit. bitter fruit/fig. painful consequence
        zìtǎokǔchī, [自討苦吃], to ask for trouble (idiom)/to make a rod for one's own back
        qióngkǔ, [窮苦], impoverished/destitute
        kǔmèn, [苦悶], depressed/dejected/feeling low
        kǔgōng, hard labor (in penal code)/coolie
        kǔhǎi, lit. sea of bitterness/abyss of worldly suffering (Buddhist term)/depths of mise...
        sùkǔ, [訴苦], to grumble/to complain/grievance
        kǔchāi, hard and unprofitable (job)/poorly paid drudgery/arduous and unrewarding (undert...
        qiānxīnwànkǔ, [千辛萬苦], to suffer untold hardships (idiom); trials and tribulations/with difficulty/afte...
        kǔliàn, [苦練], to train hard/to practice diligently/hard work/blood, sweat, and tears
        kǔchǔ, suffering/misery/pain (esp. psychological)
        hékǔ, why bother?/is it worth the trouble?
        kǔguā, bitter melon (bitter gourd, balsam pear, balsam apple, leprosy gourd, bitter cuc...
        máitóukǔgàn, [埋頭苦幹], to bury oneself in work (idiom); to be engrossed in work/to make an all-out effo...
        tónggāngòngkǔ, shared delights and common hardships (idiom); to share life's joys and sorrows/f...
        kǔzhàn, [苦戰], bitter struggle/hard battle/arduous effort
        chīkǔ, to bear/hardships
        chīkǔtou, [吃苦頭], to suffer/to suffer for one's actions/to pay dearly/to burn one's fingers
        pínkǔ, [貧苦], poverty-stricken/poor
        hánxīnrúkǔ, to suffer every possible torment (idiom); bitter hardship/to bear one's cross
        kǔshuǐ, bitter water (e.g. mineral water containing sulfates)/suffering/digestive fluids...
        kǔxīnjīngyíng, [苦心經營], to build up an enterprise through painstaking efforts
        kǔxīn, painstaking effort/to take a lot of trouble/laborious at pains
        shàfèikǔxīn, [煞費苦心], to take a lot of trouble (idiom); painstaking/at the cost of a lot of effort
        
        kǔmìng, hard lot/bitter fate/unfortunate
        jíkǔ, pain and difficulties/suffering (of the people)
        gūkǔlíngdīng, solitary and impoverished (idiom)
        láokǔ, [勞苦], labor/toil
        mìngkǔ, to be born under an ill star
        
        kǔgàn, [苦幹], to work hard
        kǔròujì, [苦肉計], the trick of injuring oneself to gain the enemy's confidence/CL:條|条[tiáo]
        suāntiánkǔlà, sour, sweet, bitter and spicy hot/fig. the joys and sorrows of life
        bùcíláokǔ, [不辭勞苦], spare no effort
        
        kǔxiào, to force a smile/a bitter laugh
        
        bùcíxīnkǔ, [不辭辛苦], make nothing of hardships
        kǔjìngānlái, [苦盡甘來], bitterness finishes, sweetness begins (idiom); the hard times are over, the good...
        
        kǔyì, forced labor/corvée/penal servitude
        jiānkǔfèndòu, [艱苦奮鬥], to struggle arduously
        kǔgōng, hard work/laborious effort/painstaking work
        kǔhuó, bitter work/sweated labor
        kǔxíng, ascetic practice
        chīkǔnàiláo, [吃苦耐勞], hardworking and enduring hardships (idiom)
        kǔkǒupóxīn, earnest and well-meaning advice (idiom); to persuade patiently
        gānkǔ, good times and hardships/joys and tribulations/for better or for worse
        jiàokǔ, to whine about hardships/to complain of one's bitter lot/to complain/to grumble
        kǔsī, to think hard/bitter thoughts/to pour out one's sufferings
        
        kǔsīmíngxiǎng, to consider from all angles (idiom); to think hard/to rack one's brains
        
        
        kǔdàchóushēn, great bitterness, deep hatred (idiom); deeply ingrained long-standing resentment
        liángkǔyòngxīn, to ponder earnestly/to give a lot of thought to sth
        
        kǔxíng, torture/corporal punishment (traditionally involving mutilation or amputation)
        kǔwèi, bitter taste/bitterness
        chóukǔ, anxiety/distress
        
        qīkǔ, bleak/miserable
        qínxuékǔliàn, [勤學苦練], to study diligently/to train assiduously
        
        kǔjìng, grievance/dire straits
        yìkǔsītián, [憶苦思甜], to view one's past as miserable and one's present as happy (idiom)
        
        
        kǔláo, [苦勞], toil/hard work
        
        kǔhán, bitter cold
        kǔshēn, [苦參], liquorice (Sophora flavescens), with roots used in TCM
        
        kǔzhǔ, victim's family (esp. in murder case)
        kǔxīngūyì, [苦心孤詣], to make painstaking efforts (idiom); after much trouble/to work hard at sth
        
        
        jiàokǔbudié, to complain without stopping (idiom); to bitch endlessly/incessant grievances
        

        chī/jí, [喫], to eat/to consume/to eat at (a cafeteria etc)/to eradicate/to destroy/to absorb/...
        chīfàn, [吃飯], to have a meal/to eat/to make a living
        chījīng, [吃驚], to be startled/to be shocked/to be amazed
        hǎochī/hàochī, tasty/delicious, to be fond of eating/to be gluttonous
        dàchīyījīng, [大吃一驚], to have a surprise (idiom); shocked or startled/gobsmacked
        chīcù, to feel jealous
        
        xiǎochī, snack/refreshments/CL:家[jiā]
        chīsù, to be a vegetarian
        nánchī, [難吃], unpalatable
        chīlì, to entail strenuous effort/to toil at a task/strenuous/laborious/strain
        chīkuī, [吃虧], to suffer losses/to come to grief/to lose out/to get the worst of it/to be at a ...
        chībuxiāo, to be unable to tolerate or endure/to find sth difficult to manage
        chīyào, [吃藥], to take medicine
        tānchī, [貪吃], gluttonous/voracious
        zìtǎokǔchī, [自討苦吃], to ask for trouble (idiom)/to make a rod for one's own back
        báichī, to eat without paying/to eat for free
        
        kǒuchī, to stammer/to stutter/also pr. [kǒu jí]
        chīxiāng, very popular
        chīhē, food and drink/diet
        xiǎochīdiàn, snack bar/lunch room/CL:家[jiā]
        dàchīdàhē, to eat and drink as much as one likes/to make a pig of oneself
        chīkǔ, to bear/hardships
        chīkǔtou, [吃苦頭], to suffer/to suffer for one's actions/to pay dearly/to burn one's fingers
        chīfǎ, way of eating/how something is eaten/how a dish is prepared/the way a dish is to...
        chīdexiāo, to be able to endure (exertion, fatigue etc)/to be able to afford
        chīhēwánlè, [吃喝玩樂], to eat, drink and be merry (idiom)/to abandon oneself to a life of pleasure
        chīdekāi, [吃得開], to be popular/to be getting on well/much in demand
        shěngchījiǎnyòng, [省吃儉用], to live frugally/to economize on food and clothing/to scrimp and save
        chījǐn, [吃緊], in short supply/dire/tense/critical/hard-pressed/important
        chīguānsī, to face legal action/to get sued
        
        
        chīshuǐ, drinking water/to obtain water (for daily needs)/to absorb water/draft (of ship)
        chīkǔnàiláo, [吃苦耐勞], hardworking and enduring hardships (idiom)
        
        gǒuchīshǐ, to fall flat on one's face (vulgar)
        
        chībukāi, [吃不開], be unpopular/won't work
        chīxiánfàn, [吃閒飯], to live as a parasite/doing nothing to earn one's keep
        
        
        
        
        
        chīyǎbakuī, [吃啞巴虧], to be forced to suffer in silence/unable to speak of one's bitter suffering
        
        

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