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Word: freq index 250
zhīqián before
prior to
ago
previously
beforehand

Character Composition

Character Compounds

Word Compounds


        zhī, (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的[de])/him/her/it
        zhīqián, before/prior to/ago/previously/beforehand
        zhīhòu, [之後], afterwards/following/later/after
        zhījiān, [之間], between/among/inter-
        zhīyī, one of (sth)/one out of a multitude/one (third, quarter, percent etc)
        zhīlèi, [之類], and so on/and such
        zhīzhōng, inside/among/in the midst of (doing sth)/during
        zǒngzhī, [總之], in a word/in short/in brief
        zhīwài, outside/excluding
        zhīnèi, [之內], inside/within
        zhīxià, under/beneath/less than
        zhīsuǒyǐ, the reason why
        chēngzhīwéi, [稱之為], to call it.../known as...
        chúcǐzhīwài, apart from this/in addition to this
        zhīshàng, above
        bǎifēnzhībǎi, a hundred percent/out and out/absolutely
        sìfēnzhīyī, one-quarter
        sānfēnzhīyī, one third
        zhījì, [之際], during/at the time of
        yīxízhīdì, (acknowledged) place/a role to play/niche
        shéngzhīyǐfǎ, [繩之以法], to punish according to the law/to bring to justice
        zhìzhībùlǐ, to pay no heed to (idiom)/to ignore/to brush aside
        wújīzhītán, [無稽之談], complete nonsense (idiom)
        zǒngéryánzhī, [總而言之], in short/in a word/in brief
        yībìzhīlì, (lend) a helping hand
        qǔérdàizhī, to substitute for sb/to remove and replace
        suízhī, [隨之], thereupon/subsequently/accordingly
        qiúzhībùdé, lit. seek but fail to get (idiom); fig. exactly what one’s been looking for
        jùzhīménwài, [拒之門外], to lock one's door and refuse to see sb
        
        bùsùzhīkè, uninvited or unexpected guest
        
        dāngwùzhījí, [當務之急], top priority job/matter of vital importance
        táozhīyāoyāo, to escape without trace (idiom); to make one's getaway (from the scene of a crim...
        dāngzhīwúkuì, [當之無愧], fully deserving, without any reservations (idiom); entirely worthy (of a title, ...
        wújiàzhībǎo, [無價之寶], priceless treasure
        jiǎnéryánzhī, [簡而言之], in a nutshell/to put it briefly
        
        yìliàozhīzhōng, to come as no surprise/as expected
        
        míngzhìzhījǔ, [明智之舉], sensible act
        cāozhīguòjí, [操之過急], to act with undue haste (idiom); eager and impatient/over-hasty
        
        hènzhīrùgǔ, to hate somebody to the bone (idiom)
        rénzhīchángqíng, such is human nature (idiom)/only natural
        
        zhòngshǐzhīdì, [眾矢之的], lit. target of a multitude of arrows (idiom); the butt of public criticism/attac...
        wūhézhīzhòng, [烏合之眾], mob
        bǎifēnzhī, percent
        
        zìzhīzhīmíng, knowing oneself (idiom)/self-knowledge
        shífēnzhīyī, one tenth
        
        bùliǎoliǎozhī, to settle a matter by leaving it unsettled/to end up with nothing definite
        wǔfēnzhīyī, one fifth
        hòuqǐzhīxiù, [後起之秀], an up-and coming youngster/new talent/a brilliant younger generation
        yòngwǔzhīdì, ample scope for abilities/favorable position for the use of one's skills (idiom)
        suǒdàozhīchù, [所到之處], wherever one goes
        tīngzhīrènzhī, [聽之任之], to take a laissez-faire attitude
        hàiqúnzhīmǎ, [害群之馬], lit. a horse that brings trouble to its herd (idiom)/fig. trouble-maker/black sh...
        
        
        
        bùzhìzhīzhèng, incurable disease
        fǎnzhī, on the other hand.../conversely...
        quányízhījì, [權宜之計], plan of convenience (idiom); stop-gap measure/makeshift stratagem/interim step
        wángmìngzhītú, runaway (idiom); desperate criminal/fugitive
        
        tiānrǎngzhībié, [天壤之別], lit. as different as sky and earth (idiom)/fig. night and day difference/opposit...
        fǎnzhīyìrán, vice versa
        shīzhījiāobì, to miss narrowly/to let a great opportunity slip
        
        bāfēnzhīyī, one eighth
        bùmáozhīdì, barren land/desert
        
        fùzhīyījù, to put to the torch (idiom)/to commit to the flames/to burn sth down deliberatel...
        xíngzhīyǒuxiào, to be effective (idiom)
        
        
        
        qiánchēzhījiàn, [前車之鑒], to learn a lesson from the mistakes of one's predecessor (idiom)
        
        jiāzhī, moreover/in addition to that
        
        
        nányánzhīyǐn, [難言之隱], a hidden trouble hard to mention (idiom)/sth too embarrassing to mention/an emba...
        yánwàizhīyì, unspoken implication (idiom)/the actual meaning of what was said
        
        
        
        shǒuzúzhīqíng, brotherly affection
        
        tiānlúnzhīlè, [天倫之樂], family love and joy/domestic bliss
        
        xīngxingzhīhuǒ, a single spark (idiom); an insignificant cause can have a massive effect
        
        jiǎnyánzhī, [簡言之], in simple terms/to put things simply/briefly
        
        shízhībājiǔ, most likely/mostly (in 8 or 9 cases out of 10)/vast majority
        xiānjiànzhīmíng, [先見之明], foresight
        zhìzhīnǎohòu, [置之腦後], to banish from one's thoughts/to ignore/to take no notice
        
        huànyánzhī, [換言之], in other words
        hòugùzhīyōu, [後顧之憂], fears of trouble in the rear (idiom); family worries (obstructing freedom of act...
        bùyìzhīcái, [不義之財], ill-gotten wealth or gains
        jìngéryuǎnzhī, [敬而遠之], to show respect from a distance (idiom)/to remain at a respectful distance
        yǒuguòzhīérwúbùjí, [有過之而無不及], not to be inferior in any aspects (idiom)/to surpass/to outdo/(derog.) to be eve...
        liùfēnzhīyī, one sixth
        
        
        fùzhīdōngliú, [付之東流], to commit to the waters (idiom); to lose sth irrevocably
        chīzhīyǐbí, to snort disdainfully/to scoff at/to turn up one's nose
        jiǔérjiǔzhī, over time/as time passes/in the fullness of time
        
        
        
        bùdéyǐérwéizhī, [不得已而為之], to have no other choice/to be the last resort
        fǎnqídàoérxíngzhī, to do the very opposite/to act in a diametrically opposite way
        
        zhìzhīdùwài, to give no thought to/to have no regard for/to disregard
        
        
        
        tángérhuángzhī, overt/to make no secret (of one's presence)/grandiose/with great scope
        jǐngdǐzhīwā, the frog at the bottom of the well (idiom)/fig. a person of limited outlook and ...
        
        
        jiānéryǒuzhī, to have both (at the same time)
        wèngzhōngzhībiē, [甕中之鱉], lit. like a turtle in a jar/to be trapped (idiom)
        qiáoqiānzhīxǐ, [喬遷之喜], congratulations on house-moving or promotion (idiom); Best wishes for your new h...
        chízhīyǐhéng, [持之以恆], to pursue unremittingly (idiom); to persevere
        
        
        
        yīqìzhīxià, [一氣之下], in a fit of pique/in a fury
        
        jīngrénzhījǔ, [驚人之舉], to astonish people (with a miraculous feat)
        
        
        
        
        bǎifēnzhīyībǎi, one hundred percent/totally (effective)
        
        
        
        yījìzhīcháng, [一技之長], proficiency in a particular field (idiom)/skill in a specialized area (idiom)
        fèifǔzhīyán, words from the bottom of one's heart
        shùzhīgāogé, [束之高閣], tied up in a bundle on a high shelf/to put sth on the back burner/no longer a hi...
        
        
        
        yīxiàozhìzhī, to dismiss with a laugh/to make light of
        
        
        sàngjiāzhīquǎn, [喪家之犬], stray dog (idiom)
        
        fēnzhī, (indicating a fraction)
        bùbáizhīyuān, unrighted wrong/unredressed injustice
        
亿         
        jīnggōngzhīniǎo, [驚弓之鳥], lit. a bird startled by the mere twang of a bow (idiom)/fig. sb who frightens ea...
        yīniànzhīchā, momentary slip/false step/ill-considered action
        
        qūzhīruòwù, [趨之若鶩], to rush like ducks (idiom); the mob scrabbles madly for sth unobtainable/an unru...
        
        
        
        
        
        
        cèyǐnzhīxīn, [惻隱之心], compassion
        
        
        qīfēnzhīyī, one seventh
        
        chǔzhītàirán, [處之泰然], to take things calmly (idiom); not losing one's cool
        ānzhīruòsù, bear hardship with equanimity/regard wrongdoing with equanimity
        
        
        
        qièfūzhītòng, [切膚之痛], keenly felt pain/bitter anguish
        
        
        
        érlìzhīnián, aged thirty (see 三十而立)
        
        
便         
        
        yǎngshēngzhīdào, [養生之道], the way of maintaining good health
        
        
        
        
        
        
        yīngxióngwúyòngwǔzhīdì, [英雄無用武之地], a hero with no chance of using his might/to have no opportunity to display one's...
亿亿         
广         
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        shēnwàizhīwù, mere worldly possessions
        èrfēnzhīyī, one half
        
        ránméizhījí, lit. the fire burns one's eyebrows (idiom); fig. desperate situation/extreme eme...
        
        zhìzhīsǐdìérhòushēng, [置之死地而後生], place sb on a field of death and he will fight to live (common saying based on S...
        
        duōshìzhīqiū, troubled times/eventful period
亿         
        
        
        
        bùxiángzhīzhào, bad omen
        qiángnǔzhīmò, [強弩之末], lit. an arrow at the end of its flight (idiom)/fig. spent force
        
        
        
        
        jiǔfēnzhīyī, one ninth
        
        
亿         
        
        
        
        
        
        
        chuímùzhīnián, old age
        
        
        
广         
        
        
        
        bìyóuzhīlù, the road one must follow or take/the only way
        
亿         
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        fēngzhōngzhīzhú, [風中之燭], lit. candle in the wind (idiom)/fig. (of sb's life) feeble/hanging on a thread
        
        cìzhī, second (in a competition)/occupying second place
        
亿         
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        jiǔzhī, for a long time
        chéngrénzhīwēi, to take advantage of sb's precarious position
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
亿         
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        xuánzhīyòuxuán, mystery within a mystery/the mysteries of the Dao according to Laozi 老子
        mòránzhìzhī, to set to one side and ignore (idiom); quite indifferent/cold and uncaring
        
亿         
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        MěiguóZhīYīn, [美國之音], Voice of America (VOA)
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        màotiānxiàzhīdàbùwěi, [冒天下之大不韙], to defy world opinion/to risk universal condemnation
        
        
        
        tāotièzhītú, glutton/gourmand/by extension, person who is greedy for power, money, sex etc
        fàngzhīsìhǎiérjiēzhǔn, [放之四海而皆準], appropriate to any place and any time (idiom); universally applicable/a panacea,...
        
        
        
        
        
        huànnànzhījiāo, [患難之交], a friend in times of tribulations (idiom); a friend in need is a friend indeed
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
怀         
        
        
        sīchóuzhīlù, [絲綢之路], the Silk Road
        
        
        
        
        
        
        xīnfùzhīhuàn, lit. calamity within one's bosom (idiom); major trouble hidden within
        
        
        
        
        
        mònìzhījiāo, intimate friendship/bosom buddies
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
亿亿         
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        gānzhīrúyí, [甘之如飴], lit. as sweet as syrup (idiom, from Book of Songs); to endure hardship gladly/a ...
亿         
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
亿         
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        chìzǐzhīxīn, pure and innocent like the heart of a newborn/sincere
        
        
        
        
        
        mǐmǐzhīyīn, decadent or obscene music
        
        
        
        
        

        qián, front/forward/ahead/first/top (followed by a number)/future/ago/before/BC (e.g. ...
        zhīqián, before/prior to/ago/previously/beforehand
        yǐqián, before/formerly/previous/ago
        miànqián, in front of/facing/(in the) presence (of)
        mùqián, at the present time/currently
        qiánmiàn, ahead/in front/preceding/above
        qiánjìn, [前進], to go forward/to forge ahead/to advance/onward
        yǎnqián, before one's eyes/now/at present
        tíqián, to shift to an earlier date/to do sth ahead of time/in advance
        qiánwǎng, to leave for/to proceed towards/to go
        qiánqī, ex-wife
        qiántú, prospects/future outlook/journey
        xiàngqián, forward/onward
        cóngqián, [從前], previously/formerly/once upon a time
        qiánkē, criminal record/previous convictions
        qiánrèn, predecessor/ex-/former
        qiánfū, former husband
        Qiánmén/qiánmén, [前門], Qianmen subway station on Beijing Subway Line 2, front door/main entrance/honest...
        qiánlái, [前來], to come (formal)/before/previously
        qiánfāng, ahead/the front
        qiántí, premise/precondition/prerequisite
        xiānqián, before/previously
        qiántái, [前臺], front platform/front of theatrical stage/foreground in politics etc (sometimes d...
线         qiánxiàn, [前線], front line/military front/workface/cutting edge
        hūnqián, pre-marital/pre-nuptial
        shēngqián, (of a deceased) during one's life/while living
        ménqián, [門前], in front of the door
        qiánsuǒwèiyǒu, unprecedented
        dāngqián, [當前], current/today's/modern/present/to be facing (us)
        qiánchéng, future (career etc) prospects
        bùjiǔqián, not long ago
        
        qiánhòu, [前後], around/from beginning to end/all around/front and rear
        
        qiánjǐng, foreground/vista/(future) prospects/perspective
        qiáné, [前額], forehead
        qiántiān, the day before yesterday
        shàngqián, to advance/to step forward
        qiányè, the eve/the night before
        qiánbèi, [前輩], senior/older generation/precursor
        
        gōngyuánqián, BCE (before the Common Era)/BC (before Christ)
        kōngqián, unprecedented
        shǐwúqiánlì, [史無前例], unprecedented in history
        gēnqián/gēnqian, in front of/close to/nearby/the time just before, living with sb/nearby
        shìqián, in advance/before the event
        qiántou, [前頭], in front/at the head/ahead/above
        shǐqián, prehistory
        qiánwèi, [前衛], advanced guard/vanguard/avant-garde/forward (soccer position)
        qiánxián, former hatred/bygone enmity
        qiánfēng, [前鋒], vanguard/front line/a forward (sports)
        Táiqián, Taiqian county in Puyang 濮陽|濮阳[Pú yáng], Henan/front of the stage
        yǒngwǎngzhíqián, to advance bravely
        
        
        qiánxī, eve/the day before
        qiánlièxiàn, prostate
        qiánbùjiǔ, not long ago/not long before
        
        qiántúwúliàng, [前途無量], to have boundless prospects
        qiánqī, preceding period/early stage
        qiánzhě, the former
        cǐqián, before this/before then/previously
        
        
沿         qiányán, front-line/forward position/outpost/extending ahead/frontier (of science, techno...
        chǎnqián, [產前], prenatal/antenatal
        
        
        qiánsuǒwèijiàn, [前所未見], unprecedented/never seen before
        qiánshì, previous generations/previous incarnation (Buddhism)
        chāoqián, to be ahead of one's time/to surpass or outdo one's predecessors/to be ahead of ...
        
        qiánduàn, first part/front end/forepart/front segment/the preceding section
        
        qiánzhào, omen/to foreshadow
        qiánshào, outpost
        tíngzhìbùqián, [停滯不前], stuck and not moving forward (idiom); stagnant/in a rut/at a standstill
        qiánbì, forearm
        rìqián, the other day/a few days ago
        qiántīng, [前廳], anteroom/vestibule/lobby (of a hotel etc)
        
        qiánduān, front/front end/forward part of sth
        qiánzòu, prelude/presage
        
        qiánnián, the year before last
        qiánbian, [前邊], front/the front side/in front of
        
        
        
        qiánliè, the very front
        kōngqiánjuéhòu, [空前絕後], unprecedented and never to be duplicated/the first and the last/unmatched/unique
        
        mínglièqiánmáo, to rank among the best
        
        niánqián, ...years ago
        yīwǎngwúqián, [一往無前], to advance courageously (idiom)/to press forward
        qiánchēzhījiàn, [前車之鑒], to learn a lesson from the mistakes of one's predecessor (idiom)
        
        qiánlún, [前輪], front wheel
        qiánrén, predecessor/forebears/the person facing you
        
        guǒzúbùqián, to stand still without advancing (idiom); to hesitate and hold back
        
        qiánshēn, forerunner/predecessor/precursor/previous incarnation (Buddhism)/jacket front
        
        qiányán, preface/forward/introduction
        
        qiányīnhòuguǒ, [前因後果], cause and effects (idiom); entire process of development
        chēdàoshānqiánbìyǒulù, [車到山前必有路], When we get to the mountain, there'll be a way through (俗话 common saying). fig. ...
        qiánlì, precedent
        qiánzhānxìng, farsightedness/perspicacity/prescience/forward-looking
        huāqiányuèxià, in flowers by moonlight (idiom); fig. courtship/honeymoon
        qiánshēng, pre-existence
        tònggǎiqiánfēi, completely correcting one's former misdeeds (idiom); to repent past mistakes and...
        wèisuōbùqián, [畏縮不前], to shrink back in fear (idiom); too cowardly to advance
        qiántíng, front courtyard/vestibule
        
        dàqiántiān, three days ago
        
        jǐnxiùqiánchéng, [錦繡前程], bright future/bright prospects
        
        qiánpūhòujì, [前仆後繼], one falls, the next follows (idiom); stepping into the breach to replace fallen ...
        qiánsuǒwèiwén, [前所未聞], unheard-of/unprecedented
        qiánchén, [前塵], the past/impurity contracted previously (in the sentient world) (Buddhism)
        
        sīqiánxiǎnghòu, [思前想後], to consider past cause and future effect (idiom); to think over the past and fut...
        ānqiánmǎhòu, [鞍前馬後], to follow everywhere/to always be there for sb at their beck and call
        qiánfùhòujì, [前赴後繼], to advance dauntlessly in wave upon wave (idiom)
        
        
        qiánzhuì, [前綴], prefix (linguistics)
        qiánrì, day before yesterday
        
        yīwǎngzhíqián, see 一往無前|一往无前[yī wǎng wú qián]
        
        
        
        
        mǎshīqiántí, [馬失前蹄], lit. the horse loses its front hooves/fig. sudden failure through miscalculation...
        
        gèbènqiánchéng, each goes his own way (idiom); each person has his own life to lead
        
沿         
        zhānqiángùhòu, [瞻前顧後], to look forward and back/to consider prudently/overcautious
        
        
        
        qiándǎo, [前導], to precede/to guide
        dàdídāngqián, [大敵當前], facing a powerful enemy (idiom); fig. confronting grave difficulties/Enemy at th...
        qiánzhān, forward-looking/prescient/foresight/forethought/outlook
        qiáncháo, the previous dynasty
        
        qiánzhī, forelimb/foreleg
        qiánshù, aforestated/stated above/the preceding statement
        
        
        wǔqián, morning/a.m.
        qiánbànyè, first half of the night (from nightfall to midnight)
        
        
        
        qiánhòuwén, [前後文], context/the surrounding words/same as 上下文
齿         qiánjiùchǐ, [前臼齒], premolar tooth (immediately behind canine teeth in some mammals)
线         
        qiánzòuqǔ, prelude (music)
        
        
        
        
        
        
        qiánmáo, forward patrol (miitary)
        
        zhīqián, to support the front (military)
        
        mǎqiánzú, [馬前卒], lackey/errand boy/lit. runner before a carriage
        
        
        chéngqiánqǐhòu, [承前啟後], to follow the past and herald the future (idiom); part of a historical transitio...
        
        
        
        

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