HSK东西 Scripts Advanced Search Radicals [collapse definitions]
Word: freq index 81584
[冒天下之大不韙] màotiānxiàzhīdàbùwěi to defy world opinion
to risk universal condemnation

Character Composition

Character Compounds

Word Compounds


        màoxiǎn, [冒險], to take risks/to take chances/foray/adventure
        mào/Mào, [冐], old variant of 冒[mào], surname Mao, to emit/to give off/to send out (or up, fort...
        màofàn, to offend
        gǎnmào, to catch cold/(common) cold/CL:場|场[cháng],次[cì]
        màomèi, bold/presumptuous/to take the liberty of
        màochōng, to feign/to pretend to be/to pass oneself off as
        màoyān, [冒煙], to discharge smoke/to fume with rage
        jiǎmào, to impersonate/to pose as (someone else)/to counterfeit/to palm off (a fake as a...
        màopáihuò, [冒牌貨], fake goods/imitation/forgery
        màopái, fake/impostor/quack (doctor)/imitation brand
        gǎnmàoyào, [感冒藥], medicine for colds
        màoshi, rash/impudent
        màoxiǎnjiā, [冒險家], adventurer
        
        
        màomíngdǐngtì, [冒名頂替], to assume sb's name and take his place (idiom); to impersonate/to pose under a f...
仿         fǎngmào, to counterfeit/fake
        huǒmàosānzhàng, to get really angry
        yǎnmàojīnxīng, to see stars/dazed
        màoshiguǐ, reckless person/hothead
        màohuǒ, to get angry/to burn with rage
        màohào, [冒號], colon (punct.)
        màojìn, [冒進], to advance prematurely
        màoyǔ, to brave the rain
        
        màomíng, an impostor/to impersonate
        
        jiǎmàowěiliè, [假冒偽劣], cheap quality counterfeit (goods)/low-quality commodities
        
        màoxiǎnzhǔyì, [冒險主義], adventurism (a left-wing error against Mao's line during the 1930s)
        màotiānxiàzhīdàbùwěi, [冒天下之大不韙], to defy world opinion/to risk universal condemnation
        
        

        tiān, day/sky/heaven
        jīntiān, today/at the present/now
        míngtiān, tomorrow
        zuótiān, yesterday
        měitiān, every day/everyday
        nàtiān, that day/the other day
        lǎotiān, God/Heavens
使         tiānshǐ, angel
        tiāntáng, paradise/heaven
        tiānqì, [天氣], weather
        liáotiān, to chat/to gossip
        tiānfù, [天賦], gift/innate skill
        zhěngtiān, all day long/whole day
        xiàtiān, summer/CL:個|个[gè]
        tiāncái, talent/gift/genius/talented/gifted
        xiètiānxièdì, [謝天謝地], Thank heavens!/Thank goodness that's worked out so well!
        
        tiānshēng, nature/disposition/innate/natural
        tiānkōng, sky
        báitiān, daytime/during the day/day/CL:個|个[gè]
        lǎotiānyé, [老天爺], God/Heavens
        Xīngqītiān, Sunday/CL:個|个[gè]
        chūntiān, spring (season)/CL:個|个[gè]
        tiānshàng, celestial/heavenly
        dōngtiān, winter/CL:個|个[gè]
        tiānzhēn, naive/innocent/artless
        tiāntiān, every day
        tiānxià, land under heaven/the whole world/the whole of China/realm/rule
        dàngtiān, [當天], that day/the same day
        qiūtiān, autumn/CL:個|个[gè]
        tiānhuābǎn, ceiling
        tiānfèn, natural gift/talent
        Tiānzhǔjiào, Catholicism
        gǎitiān, another day/some other time/to find another day (for appointment etc)/to take a ...
        chéngtiān, (coll.) all day long/all the time
        tiānliàng, dawn/daybreak
        tiānxìng, nature/innate tendency
        Tiānzhǔjiàotú, Catholic/follower of Catholicism
        tiānrán, natural
线         tiānxiàn, [天線], antenna/mast/connection with high-ranking officials
        zhètiān, [這天], today/this day
        
        shàngtiān, Heaven/Providence/God/the day before/the sky above/to fly to the sky/to take off...
        tiāndì, heaven and earth/world/scope/field of activity
        lùtiān, outdoors/al fresco/in the open
        
        bàntiān, half of the day/a long time/quite a while/CL:個|个[gè]
        tiānzǐ, the (rightful) emperor/"Son of Heaven" (traditional English translation)
        qiántiān, the day before yesterday
        yītiāndàowǎn, all day long/the whole day
        cóngtiānérjiàng, [從天而降], lit. to drop from the sky (idiom)/fig. to appear unexpectedly/to arise abruptly/...
        tiāné, [天鵝], swan
        Tiānzhǔ, God (in Catholicism)/abbr. for 天主教[Tiān zhǔ jiào], Catholicism
        hòutiān, [後天], the day after tomorrow/post-natal/acquired (not innate)/a posteriori
        Tiānlángxīng, Sirius, a double star in constellation Canis Major 大犬座
        tiānguó, [天國], Kingdom of Heaven
        tiānxiǎode, [天曉得], Heaven knows!
        guāngtiānhuàrì, the full light of day (idiom)/fig. peace and prosperity/in broad daylight
        Tiānhuáng, Emperor of Japan/Tennō/Mikado
        dàbáitiān, broad daylight
        
        quántiānhòu, all-weather
        lántiān, [藍天], blue sky
        hángtiān, space flight
        tiānchuāng, hatchway/skylight/sun roof
        Tiānqiáo/tiānqiáo, [天橋], Tianqiao district of Ji'nan city 濟南市|济南市[Jǐ nán shì], Shandong/Tianqiao district...
        tiānránqì, [天然氣], natural gas
        tiānwénguǎn, [天文館], planetarium
        Lǐbàitiān, [禮拜天], Sunday
        tiāntǐ, [天體], celestial body/nude body
        
        tiānéróng, [天鵝絨], velvet/swan's down
        tiānyì, providence/the Will of Heaven
        tiānfāndìfù, sky and the earth turning upside down (idiom); fig. complete confusion/everythin...
        yìxiǎngtiānkāi, [異想天開], to imagine the wildest thing/to indulge in fantasy
        
        chōngtiān, [沖天], to soar/to rocket
        Tiānwángxīng, Uranus (planet)
        tiāndà, gargantuan/as big as the sky/enormous
        TiānyáHǎijiǎo/tiānyáhǎijiǎo, Cape Haijiao in Sanya 三亞|三亚[Sān yà], Hainan, the ends of the earth/separated wor...
        qíngtiān, clear sky/sunny day
        
        tiānshén, god/deity
        wúfǎwútiān, [無法無天], regardless of the law and of natural morality (idiom); maverick/undisciplined an...
        tiānyá, the other end of the world/a far-away place
        shēngtiān, lit. to ascend to heaven/to die
        fāntiānfùdì, sky and the earth turning upside down (idiom); fig. complete confusion/everythin...
        
西         Xītiān, the Western Paradise (Buddhism)
        tiānsè, time of the day
        tīngtiānyóumìng, [聽天由命], to submit to the will of heaven/to resign oneself to fate/to trust to luck
        mótiāndàlóu, [摩天大樓], skyscraper/CL:座[zuò]
        tiānwáng, emperor/god/Hong Xiuquan's self-proclaimed title/see also 洪秀全[Hóng Xiù quán]
        tiānpíng, scales (to weigh things)
        cāngtiān, [蒼天], firmament
        mǎntiānfēi, [滿天飛], to rush around everywhere/always active
        xiāntiānxìng, congenital/intrinsic/innateness
        Tiānmìng, Mandate of Heaven/destiny/fate/one's life span
        tiānwénxuéjiā, [天文學家], astronomer
        
        
        tiānzàodìshè, [天造地設], lit. made by Heaven and arranged by Earth(idiom)/ideal/perfect/(of a match) made...
        tiānwénxué, [天文學], astronomy
        
        pūtiāngàidì, [鋪天蓋地], lit. hiding the sky and covering the earth (idiom); fig. earth-shattering/omnipr...
        tiānlài, [天籟], sounds of nature
        
        xiāntiān, inborn/innate/natural
        tiānwéntái, observatory
        tiānwén, astronomy
        tiānchángdìjiǔ, [天長地久], enduring while the world lasts (idiom)/eternal
        
        yǔtiān, rainy day/rainy weather
        tiāntíng, middle of the forehead/imperial court/heaven
        tiānhuā, smallpox
        hángtiānfēijī, [航天飛機], space shuttle
        Qǐrényōutiān, [杞人憂天], man of Qǐ fears the sky falling (idiom); groundless fears
        Tiānzhú, the Indian subcontinent (esp. in Tang or Buddhist context)
        
        tiāndǐxia, in this world/under the sun
        tiānzhí, [天職], vocation/duty/mission in life
        màntiān, lit. to fill the whole sky/everywhere/as far as the eye can see
        xìntiānwēng, albatross (family Diomedeidae)
        fēitiān, [飛天], flying Apsara (Buddhist art)
        
        jīngtiāndòngdì, [驚天動地], world-shaking (idiom)
        quántiān, whole day
        
        tiānhuāluànzhuì, [天花亂墜], lit. a deluge of heavenly flowers (idiom)/fig. extravagant embellishments/hype
        kāitiānchuāng, [開天窗], to leave a blank to mark censored area
        
        
        lètiānpài, [樂天派], happy-go-lucky people/optimists
        tiānjī, [天機], mystery known only to heaven (archaic)/inscrutable twist of fate/fig. top secret
        tiānrǎngzhībié, [天壤之別], lit. as different as sky and earth (idiom)/fig. night and day difference/opposit...
        
        tiānjià, [天價], extremely expensive/sky-high price
        tiāndí, [天敵], predator/natural enemy
        
        tiānjì, [天際], horizon
        
        tiānzhúshǔ, guinea pig/cavy
        rénmìngguāntiān, [人命關天], human life is beyond value (idiom)
        
        
        hángtiānjú, space agency
        yuàntiānyóurén, (idiom) to blame the gods and accuse others
        bīngtiānxuědì, a world of ice and snow
        
        mǎntiān, [滿天], whole sky
        
        
        chóngjiàntiānrì, [重見天日], to see the light again (idiom); delivered from oppression
        kāitiānpìdì, [開天闢地], to split heaven and earth apart (idiom); refers to the Pangu 盤古|盘古[Pán gǔ] creat...
        TiānfāngYètán/tiānfāngyètán, [天方夜譚], The Arabian Nights (classic story), fantasy story
        tiānbiān, [天邊], horizon/ends of the earth/remotest places
        tiānzī, [天資], innate talent/gift/flair/native resource/dowry
        tiānmǎxíngkōng, [天馬行空], like a heavenly steed, soaring across the skies (idiom)/(of writing, calligraphy...
        Tiānxiēzuò, [天蠍座], Scorpio or Scorpius (constellation and sign of the zodiac)
        
        
        tiānshū, [天書], imperial edict/heavenly book (superstition)/obscure or illegible writing/double ...
        tiānjǐng, courtyard/patio/veranda/atrium/acupuncture point TB0
        tiānmíng, dawn/daybreak
        
        dǎndàbāotiān, [膽大包天], reckless/extremely daring
        tiānlúnzhīlè, [天倫之樂], family love and joy/domestic bliss
        
        
        tiānjīngdìyì, [天經地義], lit. heaven's law and earth's principle (idiom); fig. right and proper/right and...
        tiānxiān, immortal (esp. female)/deity/fairy/Goddess/fig. beautiful woman
        
        
        
        tántiān, [談天], to chat
        tiānzāi, [天災], natural disaster
        dǐngtiānlìdì, [頂天立地], lit. able to support both heaven and earth/of indomitable spirit (idiom)
        shāngtiānhàilǐ, [傷天害理], to offend Heaven and reason (idiom); bloody atrocities that cry to heaven/outrag...
        tiānxiàdìyī, first under heaven/number one in the country
        Tiānchèngzuò, Libra (constellation and sign of the zodiac)
        mántiānguòhǎi, [瞞天過海], to cross the sea by a trick (idiom)/to achieve one's aim by underhanded means
        yīntiān, [陰天], cloudy day/overcast sky
        qíngtiānpīlì, [晴天霹靂], thunder from a clear sky (idiom); a bolt from the blue
        
        pòtiānhuāng, unprecedented/for the first time/never before/first ever
        màntiānyàojià, [漫天要價], to ask for sky-high prices
        
        bēitiānmǐnrén, [悲天憫人], to bemoan the state of the universe and pity the fate of mankind
        
        
        Rèntiāntáng, Nintendo
        qīngtiān, clear sky/blue sky/upright and honorable (official)
        hángtiānyuán, [航天員], astronaut
        Tiāngōng, [天宮], Temple in Heaven (e.g. of the Jade Emperor)
        tiānzhúkuí, geranium (Pelargonium hortorum)
        
        TiānéHú, [天鵝湖], Swan Lake
        huātiānjiǔdì, to spend one's time in drinking and pleasure (idiom); to indulge in sensual plea...
        tiānxiàtàipíng, the whole world at peace (idiom); peace and prosperity
        mótiāndàshà, [摩天大廈], skyscraper/CL:座[zuò]
        lěngtiān, cold weather/cold season
        tiānhuāngdìlǎo, until the end of time (idiom)
        mótiānlóu, [摩天樓], skyscraper/CL:座[zuò]
        
        hūntiānhēidì, lit. dark sky and black earth (idiom)/fig. pitch dark/to black out/disorderly/tr...
        tiānluódìwǎng, [天羅地網], inescapable net (idiom)/trap/dragnet
        
        bànbiāntiān, [半邊天], half the sky/women of the new society/womenfolk
        dàhòutiān, [大後天], three days from now/day after day after tomorrow
        yībùdēngtiān, reaching heaven in a single bound (idiom); (esp. with negative: don't expect) in...
        tiānyǒubùcèfēngyún, [天有不測風雲], fortune as unpredictable as the weather (idiom); sth unexpected may happen at an...
        
        yǔguòtiānqíng, [雨過天晴], sky clears after rain/new hopes after a disastrous period (idiom)/every cloud ha...
        tiānhándìdòng, [天寒地凍], cold weather, frozen ground (idiom); bitterly cold
        hángtiānqì, spacecraft
        mǎntiānxīng, [滿天星], Baby's Breath/Gypsophila paniculata
        tiānlánsè, [天藍色], azure
        
        tiāncì, [天賜], bestowed by heaven
        wùjìngtiānzé, [物競天擇], natural selection
        
        
        
        dàqiántiān, three days ago
        rèhuǒcháotiān, [熱火朝天], in full swing (idiom)/(in a) frenzy/buzzing with activity
        tiānshí, [天時], the time/the right time/weather conditions/destiny/course of time/heaven's natur...
        lètiān, [樂天], carefree/happy-go-lucky/optimistic
        
        tiānpéng, ceiling/awning
        huítiānfáshù, [回天乏術], unable to turn around a hopeless situation (idiom)/to fail to save the situation
        liántiān, [連天], reaching the sky/for days on end/incessantly
使         
        
        
        tiānnián, natural life span
        
        
        
        
        
        
        yǎngtiān, to face upwards/to look up to the sky
        zhōngtiān, culmination (astronomy)
        
        húnrántiānchéng, [渾然天成], to resemble nature itself/of the highest quality (idiom)
        bàotiǎntiānwù, to waste natural resources recklessly/not to know how to use things sparingly
        
        tiānzhēnlànmàn, [天真爛漫], innocent and unaffected
        
        tiānhòu, weather
        
        tántiānshuōdì, [談天說地], to talk endlessly/talking of anything under the sun
        tiānxiàng, meteorological or astronomical phenomenon (e.g. rainbow or eclipse)
        tiāndào, natural law/heavenly law/weather (dialect)
        
        
        huāntiānxǐdì, [歡天喜地], delighted/with great joy/in high spirits
        
        dìjiǔtiāncháng, [地久天長], enduring while the world lasts (idiom, from Laozi); eternal/for ever and ever (o...
        Tiānānmén, [天安門], Tiananmen Gate, entrance of the Imperial City in Beijing
        
        
        
        zhētiānbìrì, lit. hiding the sky and covering the earth (idiom); fig. earth-shattering/omnipr...
        
        sàngjìntiānliáng, [喪盡天良], devoid of conscience (idiom); utterly heartless
        dìlǎotiānhuāng, see 天荒地老[tiān huāng dì lǎo]
        
        tiānwǎnghuīhuī, [天網恢恢], Heaven's net is wide meshed, but nothing escapes it (idiom, from Laozi 73).
        
        guītiān, [歸天], to die
        
        
        tiānlán, [天藍], sky blue
        
        
        zuòjǐngguāntiān, [坐井觀天], lit. to view the sky from the bottom of a well (idiom); ignorant and narrow-mind...
        tiānzāirénhuò, [天災人禍], natural and man-made disasters (idiom); natural calamities (flood, drought, eart...
        tiānchángrìjiǔ, [天長日久], after a long time (idiom)
        
        
        
        zuìètāotiān, [罪惡滔天], evil crimes fill heaven (idiom)
        
        mínyǐshíwéitiān, [民以食為天], Food is the God of the people. (idiom); People view food as the primary need./Fo...
        
        
        détiāndúhòu, [得天獨厚], (of an area) rich in resources/(of a person) gifted or able (idiom)
        tiānméndōng, [天門冬], asparagus
        
        tiānlún, [天倫], family bonds/ethical family relations
        
        tiāngān, the 10 heavenly stems 甲[jiǎ], 乙[yǐ], 丙[bǐng], 丁[dīng], 戊[wù], 己[jǐ], 庚[gēng], 辛[...
        
        Tiānshān, Tianshan mountain range between XinJiang and Mongolia and Kyrgyzstan
        tiānr, [天兒], the weather
        tiāngōng, heaven/lord of heaven
        Tiāntán, [天壇], Temple of Heaven (in Beijing)
        
        
        cāntiān, [參天], reach high to the sky/tall/of great height
        tiānxiàngyí, [天象儀], planetarium projector
        Hútiān, Zoroastrianism
        
        tiāndàochóuqín, Heaven rewards the diligent. (idiom)
        shípòtiānjīng, [石破天驚], earth-shattering/breakthrough/remarkable and original work
        
        jīquǎnshēngtiān, [雞犬升天], lit. poultry and dogs rise to Heaven (idiom)/fig. to ride on sb else's success/O...
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        bàitiāndì, to worship heaven and earth/ritual kneeling by bride and groom in a old-fashione...
        
        míngmǎntiānxià, [名滿天下], world famous
        
        
        
        sāntiānliǎngtóu, [三天兩頭], lit. twice every three days (idiom); practically every day/frequently
        
        shuǐtiānyīsè, water and sky merge in one color (idiom)
        
        
        pǔtiāntóngqìng, [普天同慶], everybody celebrating together/universal celebration/universal rejoicing
        
        
        biàntiān, [變天], to undergo change in weather/restoration of reactionary rule or the previous reg...
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        màotiānxiàzhīdàbùwěi, [冒天下之大不韙], to defy world opinion/to risk universal condemnation
        
        Tiānyīngzuò, [天鷹座], Aquila (constellation)
        
        
        
        
        
        
        sānfútiān, three periods forming the hottest periods of summer, from mid-July to mid-August...
        guósètiānxiāng, [國色天香], national grace, divine fragrance (idiom); an outstanding beauty
        
        
        
        
        Tiāntái, Mt Tiantai near Shaoxing 紹興|绍兴 in Zhejiang, the center of Tiantai Buddhism 天台宗/T...
        
        
        Tiānchí, Lake Tianchi in Xinjiang
        Tiānjīn, Tianjin, a municipality in northeast China, abbr. 津
        
        
        
        
        tiānnándìběi, distant places/all over the country/(to talk) about this and that
        tiānniú, Longhorn beetle
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        hǎijiǎotiānyá, see 天涯海角[tiān yá hǎi jiǎo]
        biéyǒudòngtiān, [別有洞天], place of charm and beauty/scenery of exceptional charm/completely different worl...
        tiāntī, stairway to heaven/high mountain road/tall ladder on a building or other large s...
        Xiǎotiāné/xiǎotiāné, [小天鵝], Little Swan (PRC appliance brand), tundra swan
        
        tiānliáng, conscience
        
        
        
        
        
        
        réndìngshèngtiān, [人定勝天], man can conquer nature (idiom); human wisdom can prevail over nature
        
        
        shǔtiān, hot (summer) day
        Tiānshùn, [天順], Tianshun Emperor, reign name of eighth Ming Emperor 朱祁鎮|朱祁镇[Zhū Qí zhèn] (1427-1...
        Nántiānmén, [南天門], The Southern Heavenly Gates/a name for a mountain pass gate in several places
        
        
        fútiān, the hottest period of the year/see 三伏天[sān fú tiān]
        

        xià, down/downwards/below/lower/later/next (week etc)/second (of two parts)/to declin...
        yīxià, (used after a verb) give it a go/to do (sth for a bit to give it a try)/one time...
        xiàlai, [下來], to come down/(after verb of motion, indicates motion down and towards us, also f...
        xiàqù, to go down/to descend/to go on/to continue/(of a servant) to withdraw
        liúxià, to leave behind/to stay behind/to remain/to keep/not to let (sb) go
        xiàmian, below/under/next/the following
        fàngxia, to put down/to let go/to set aside/to digress
        shèngxià, to remain/left over
        xiàwǔ, afternoon/CL:個|个[gè]/p.m.
        zuòxia, to sit down
        tíngxià, to stop
        xiàcì, next time
        
        
        bìxià, Your Majesty/His or Her Majesty
        géxià, [閣下], your distinguished self/your majesty/sire
        jiēxiàlái, [接下來], to accept/to take/next/following
        dìxià, underground/subterranean/covert
        dǐxia, the location below sth/afterwards
        dìxiàshì, basement/cellar
        lóuxià, [樓下], downstairs
        xiàbān, to finish work/to get off work
殿         diànxià, Your Majesty (honorific)/His or Her Highness
        shǒuxià, leadership/under one's control or administration/subordinates/to take action/to ...
        yǐxià, that level or lower/that amount or less/the following
        xiàshǒu, to start/to put one's hand to/to set about/the seat to the right of the main gue...
        zhīxià, under/beneath/less than
        sīxià, in private
        xiàjiàng, to decline/to drop/to fall/to go down/to decrease
        dǎoxià, to collapse/to topple over
        xiàzǎi, [下載], to download/also pr. [xià zài]
        xiàba, chin/CL:個|个[gè]
        yīxiàzi, in a short while/all at once/all of a sudden
        guìxia, to kneel down
        xiàluò, whereabouts/to drop/to fall
        rēngxià, to throw down/to drop (bomb)
        náxià, to arrest/to capture/to seize/to win (a set, a game etc)
        xiāngxia, [鄉下], countryside/rural area/CL:個|个[gè]
        tiānxià, land under heaven/the whole world/the whole of China/realm/rule
        xiàchǎng/xiàchang, [下場], to leave (the stage, an exam room, the playing field etc)/to take part in some a...
        xiàlìng, to give an order/to command
        xiàshuǐdào, sewer
        jiǎoxià, [腳下], under the foot
        xiàchē, [下車], to get off or out of (a bus, train, car etc)
        xiàyǔ, to rain/rainy
        shàngxià, up and down/top and bottom/old and new/length/about
        yǎnxià, now/at present/subocular (medicine)
        
        xiàdú, to put poison in sth/to poison
        
        míngxià, under sb's name
        xiàxuě, to snow
        shuǐxià, under the water/submarine
        xiàxīngqī, next week
        xiàliú, lower course of a river/low-class/mean and lowly/vulgar/obscene
        
        rúxià, as follows
        yúxià, [餘下], remaining
        xiàshǔ, [下屬], subordinate/underling
        xiàdá, [下達], to transmit down (a chain of command)/to pass down (to lower level)/to issue/to ...
        xiàdìngjuéxīn, [下定決心], to make a firm resolution
        dīxià, low status/lowly/to lower (one's head)
        xiàkè, [下課], to finish class/to get out of class
        bùxià, troops under one's command/subordinate
        xiàtái, [下臺], to go off the stage/to fall from position of prestige/to step down (from office ...
        xiàshuǐ/xiàshui, downstream/to go into the water/to put into water/to launch (a ship)/fig. to fal...
        xiàfāng, underneath/below/the underside/world of mortals/to descend to the world of morta...
        dǎxià, to lay (a foundation)/to conquer (a city etc)/to shoot down (a bird etc)
        xiàhuá, sliding/slide
        
        xiàqí, to play chess
        xièxià, to unload
        xiàrèn, next office holder/next to serve
        xiàzàng, to bury/to inter
        xiàyīdài, the next generation
        
        
        dāngxià, [當下], presently/immediately/at once
        táixià, off the stage/in the audience
        
        xiāngxiàrén, [鄉下人], country folk/rustic/rural folk
        xiàè, [下顎], mandible (lower jaw)
        xiàchén, to sink down
        liǎngxiàzi, [兩下子], a couple of times/to repeat the same/the same old trick/tricks of the trade
        piēxia, to cast away
        
        xiàbèizi, [下輩子], the next life
        xiàchuí, to droop/to sag/to hang down/sagging/drooping/prolapse (medicine)
        xiàshēn, lower part of the body/genitalia/trousers
        xiàluòbùmíng, unaccounted/unknown whereabouts
        xiàbùwéilì, [下不為例], not to be repeated/not to be taken as a precedent/just this once
        xiàjuéxīn, [下決心], to determine/to resolve
        língxià, below zero
        xiàhuí, next chapter/next time
        yànxià, [嚥下], to swallow/to suppress
        
        
        
        
        
        xiàbian, [下邊], under/the underside/below
        xiàchú, [下廚], to go to the kitchen (to prepare a meal)/to cook
        xiàcéng, [下層], underlayer/lower class/lower strata/substrate
        xiàguì, to kneel/to go down on one's knees
        
        xiàtǐ, [下體], lower body/euphemism for genitals/root and stem of plants
        gāoxià, relative superiority (better or worse, stronger or weaker, above or below etc)
        
        xiàmǎ, [下馬], to dismount from a horse/(fig.) to abandon (a project)
        xiàdiē, to fall/to tumble
        luòxià, to fall/to drop/to land (of projectile)
        chuàngxià, [創下], to establish/to set (a new record)
        xiàyóu, lower reaches (of a river)/lower level/lower echelon/downstream
        shíxià, [時下], at present/right now
        shǔxià, [屬下], subordinate/affiliated to/subsidiary
        
        xiānxiàshǒuwéiqiáng, [先下手為強], strike first and gain the upper hand (idiom, martial arts term); Making the firs...
        xiàyìshí, [下意識], subconscious mind
        xiàshān, (of the sun) to set
        
        
        
        xiàgǎng, [下崗], to come off sentry duty/to lay off (a worker)/laid-off
        měikuàngyùxià, [每況愈下], to steadily deteriorate
        luòjǐngxiàshí, to throw stones at sb who fell down a well (idiom); to hit a person who is down
        
        xiàhǎi, to go to sea/fig. to leave secure job (iron rice-bowl 鐵飯碗|铁饭碗) for sth better bu...
        bùxiāngshàngxià, equally matched/about the same
        
        dìxiàshuǐ, groundwater
        xiàjí, [下級], low ranking/low level/an underclass
        xiàpō, downhill
        xiàfán, to descend to the world (of immortals)
        yèxià, underarm/armpit
        
        tiāndǐxia, in this world/under the sun
        
        
        
        zǒuxiàpōlù, to go downhill/to decline/to slump
        xiàfēng, [下風], leeward/downwind/disadvantageous position/to concede or give way in an argument
        xiàzhī, lower limbs
        shàngxiàbān, to start and finish work
        xiàhé, [下頜], lower jaw/mandible
        jízhuǎnzhíxià, [急轉直下], to develop rapidly after abrupt turn (idiom); dramatic change
        bùzàihuàxià, [不在話下], to be nothing difficult/to be a cinch
        
        
        xiàgōngfu, see 下工夫[xià gōng fu]
        bǐxià, [筆下], the wording and purport of what one writes
        
        huīxià, troops/subordinates/(honorific appellation for a general)
        xiàfàng, to delegate/to decentralize/to demote a party cadre to work on the shop floor or...
        
        xīxià, at the knee (in reference to children)/(salutation used in letters to parents or...
        xiàliè, following
        jūgāolínxià, [居高臨下], to live high and look down (idiom)/to overlook/to tower above/to occupy the high...
        dǎxiàshǒu, to act in a supporting role/fig. to play second fiddle
        xiàyuè, next month
        
        
        
        xiěxià, [寫下], to write down
        
        
        
        xiàjiè, [下屆], next office holder/next to serve
        
        
        xiàxíng, (of trains) down (i.e. away from the capital)/(of river boats) to travel downstr...
        xiàyìyuàn, [下議院], lower chamber (of legislative body)/lower house/the House of Commons
        zàixià, under/myself (humble)
        xiàmǎwēi, [下馬威], display of severity immediately on taking office/(fig.) initial show of strength
        
        
        
        
        shàngxiàwén, (textual) context
        shuāngguǎnqíxià, [雙管齊下], lit. to paint holding two brushes (idiom); fig. to work on two tasks at the same...
        sìxià, everywhere
        
        
        xiàbùlái, [下不來], awkward/embarrassed/cannot be accomplished
        xiàbǎi, [下擺], hem of a skirt/shirt tail
        
        qíhǔnánxià, [騎虎難下], if you ride a tiger, it's hard to get off (idiom); fig. impossible to stop halfw...
        
        tiānxiàdìyī, first under heaven/number one in the country
        
        
        
线         xiàxiàn, [下線], to go offline
        xiàtà, to stay (at a hotel etc during a trip)
        duìzhèngxiàyào, [對症下藥], lit. to prescribe the right medicine for an illness (idiom); fig. to study a pro...
        
        
线         xiàhuàxiàn, [下劃線], underscore _/underline
        tiānxiàtàipíng, the whole world at peace (idiom); peace and prosperity
        
        jǔguóshàngxià, [舉國上下], the entire nation/the whole country, from the leadership to the rank and file
        
        xiàjiǔ, to be appropriate to have with alcohol/to down one's drink
        
        
        huāqiányuèxià, in flowers by moonlight (idiom); fig. courtship/honeymoon
西         xīyángxīxià, [夕陽西下], the sun sets in the west (idiom)
        yīqìzhīxià, [一氣之下], in a fit of pique/in a fury
        
        Xiàchéngqū, [下城區], Xiacheng district of Hangzhou city 杭州市[Háng zhōu shì], Zhejiang
        Sōngxià, Matsushita (name)/Panasonic (brand), abbr. for 松下電器|松下电器[Sōng xià Diàn qì]
        
        
        
        
        xiàzhuāng, [下裝], to take off costume and makeup
        
        xiàbànnián, last-half year
        
        lìxià, to set up/to establish
        
        
        
        
        xiàgōngfu, to put in time and energy/to concentrate one's efforts
        
        bēixià, base/low
        xiàbǐ, [下筆], to put pen to paper
        xiàxún, last third of the month
        xiàdiào/xiàtiáo, [下調], to demote/to pass down to a lower unit, to adjust downwards/to lower (prices, wa...
        
        
        
        zìshàngérxià, top-down
        shānránlèixià, [潸然淚下], to shed silent tears (idiom)
        xiàjiā, player whose turn comes next (in a game)/next one/my humble home
        xiàpōlù, downhill road/slope down/fig. to go downhill/on the decline
        dīsānxiàsì, servile
        
        
        
        Xiàguān, [下關], Xiaguan district of Nanjing City 南京市 in Jiangsu 江蘇|江苏
        xiàxiàn, to subside/subsidence
        
        
        
        shàngliángbùzhèngxiàliángwāi, lit. If the upper beam is not straight, the lower beam will be crooked (idiom); ...
        hànrúyǔxià, sweating like rain (idiom); to perspire profusely/sweating like a pig
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        nánxià, southward
        
        jiānghérìxià, rivers pour away by the day (idiom); going from bad to worse/deteriorating day b...
        
        
        xiàcuò, (of sales, prices etc) to fall/to drop/decline/slump
        
        xiàxiāng, [下鄉], to go to the countryside
        zúxià, you (used to a superior or between persons of the same generation)/below the foo...
        lèirúyǔxià, [淚如雨下], tears falling like rain (idiom)
        mùxià, at present
        shěxià/shèxià, [捨下], to abandon/to lay down, my humble home
        
        shēnglèijùxià, [聲淚俱下], to shed tears while recounting sth/speaking in a tearful voice
        
        bīnglínchéngxià, [兵臨城下], soldiers at the city walls (idiom); fig. at a critical juncture
        
        xiāngchíbùxià, at a stalemate/deadlocked/in unrelenting mutual opposition
        
        zìxiàérshàng, bottom-up
        
        
        xiàyù, [下獄], to imprison
        
        xiàfú, downward fluctuation (of prices etc)
        
        
        
        
        xiàshì, to die/future incarnation/next life/to be born/to come into the world/future gen...
        bùxiàyú, as many as/no less than/not inferior to/as good as/on a par with
        
        xiàyě, to step down from office/to go into opposition
        
        
        
        
        míngmǎntiānxià, [名滿天下], world famous
        yǎndǐxia, in front of one's eyes/in full view as a panorama/right now
        
        
        
        
        màotiānxiàzhīdàbùwěi, [冒天下之大不韙], to defy world opinion/to risk universal condemnation
        
        xiàqíng, feelings of the masses/my situation (humble speech)
        
        
        
        
        
        
        niánxià, lunar new year
        
        
        jūgāobùxià, (of prices, rates etc) to remain high
        
        
        xiàbakē, [下巴頦], chin
        

        zhī, (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的[de])/him/her/it
        zhīqián, before/prior to/ago/previously/beforehand
        zhīhòu, [之後], afterwards/following/later/after
        zhījiān, [之間], between/among/inter-
        zhīyī, one of (sth)/one out of a multitude/one (third, quarter, percent etc)
        zhīlèi, [之類], and so on/and such
        zhīzhōng, inside/among/in the midst of (doing sth)/during
        zǒngzhī, [總之], in a word/in short/in brief
        zhīwài, outside/excluding
        zhīnèi, [之內], inside/within
        zhīxià, under/beneath/less than
        zhīsuǒyǐ, the reason why
        chēngzhīwéi, [稱之為], to call it.../known as...
        chúcǐzhīwài, apart from this/in addition to this
        zhīshàng, above
        bǎifēnzhībǎi, a hundred percent/out and out/absolutely
        sìfēnzhīyī, one-quarter
        sānfēnzhīyī, one third
        zhījì, [之際], during/at the time of
        yīxízhīdì, (acknowledged) place/a role to play/niche
        shéngzhīyǐfǎ, [繩之以法], to punish according to the law/to bring to justice
        zhìzhībùlǐ, to pay no heed to (idiom)/to ignore/to brush aside
        wújīzhītán, [無稽之談], complete nonsense (idiom)
        zǒngéryánzhī, [總而言之], in short/in a word/in brief
        yībìzhīlì, (lend) a helping hand
        qǔérdàizhī, to substitute for sb/to remove and replace
        suízhī, [隨之], thereupon/subsequently/accordingly
        qiúzhībùdé, lit. seek but fail to get (idiom); fig. exactly what one’s been looking for
        jùzhīménwài, [拒之門外], to lock one's door and refuse to see sb
        
        bùsùzhīkè, uninvited or unexpected guest
        
        dāngwùzhījí, [當務之急], top priority job/matter of vital importance
        táozhīyāoyāo, to escape without trace (idiom); to make one's getaway (from the scene of a crim...
        dāngzhīwúkuì, [當之無愧], fully deserving, without any reservations (idiom); entirely worthy (of a title, ...
        wújiàzhībǎo, [無價之寶], priceless treasure
        jiǎnéryánzhī, [簡而言之], in a nutshell/to put it briefly
        
        yìliàozhīzhōng, to come as no surprise/as expected
        
        míngzhìzhījǔ, [明智之舉], sensible act
        cāozhīguòjí, [操之過急], to act with undue haste (idiom); eager and impatient/over-hasty
        
        hènzhīrùgǔ, to hate somebody to the bone (idiom)
        rénzhīchángqíng, such is human nature (idiom)/only natural
        
        zhòngshǐzhīdì, [眾矢之的], lit. target of a multitude of arrows (idiom); the butt of public criticism/attac...
        wūhézhīzhòng, [烏合之眾], mob
        bǎifēnzhī, percent
        
        zìzhīzhīmíng, knowing oneself (idiom)/self-knowledge
        shífēnzhīyī, one tenth
        
        bùliǎoliǎozhī, to settle a matter by leaving it unsettled/to end up with nothing definite
        wǔfēnzhīyī, one fifth
        hòuqǐzhīxiù, [後起之秀], an up-and coming youngster/new talent/a brilliant younger generation
        yòngwǔzhīdì, ample scope for abilities/favorable position for the use of one's skills (idiom)
        suǒdàozhīchù, [所到之處], wherever one goes
        tīngzhīrènzhī, [聽之任之], to take a laissez-faire attitude
        hàiqúnzhīmǎ, [害群之馬], lit. a horse that brings trouble to its herd (idiom)/fig. trouble-maker/black sh...
        
        
        
        bùzhìzhīzhèng, incurable disease
        fǎnzhī, on the other hand.../conversely...
        quányízhījì, [權宜之計], plan of convenience (idiom); stop-gap measure/makeshift stratagem/interim step
        wángmìngzhītú, runaway (idiom); desperate criminal/fugitive
        
        tiānrǎngzhībié, [天壤之別], lit. as different as sky and earth (idiom)/fig. night and day difference/opposit...
        fǎnzhīyìrán, vice versa
        shīzhījiāobì, to miss narrowly/to let a great opportunity slip
        
        bāfēnzhīyī, one eighth
        bùmáozhīdì, barren land/desert
        
        fùzhīyījù, to put to the torch (idiom)/to commit to the flames/to burn sth down deliberatel...
        xíngzhīyǒuxiào, to be effective (idiom)
        
        
        
        qiánchēzhījiàn, [前車之鑒], to learn a lesson from the mistakes of one's predecessor (idiom)
        
        jiāzhī, moreover/in addition to that
        
        
        nányánzhīyǐn, [難言之隱], a hidden trouble hard to mention (idiom)/sth too embarrassing to mention/an emba...
        yánwàizhīyì, unspoken implication (idiom)/the actual meaning of what was said
        
        
        
        shǒuzúzhīqíng, brotherly affection
        
        tiānlúnzhīlè, [天倫之樂], family love and joy/domestic bliss
        
        xīngxingzhīhuǒ, a single spark (idiom); an insignificant cause can have a massive effect
        
        jiǎnyánzhī, [簡言之], in simple terms/to put things simply/briefly
        
        shízhībājiǔ, most likely/mostly (in 8 or 9 cases out of 10)/vast majority
        xiānjiànzhīmíng, [先見之明], foresight
        zhìzhīnǎohòu, [置之腦後], to banish from one's thoughts/to ignore/to take no notice
        
        huànyánzhī, [換言之], in other words
        hòugùzhīyōu, [後顧之憂], fears of trouble in the rear (idiom); family worries (obstructing freedom of act...
        bùyìzhīcái, [不義之財], ill-gotten wealth or gains
        jìngéryuǎnzhī, [敬而遠之], to show respect from a distance (idiom)/to remain at a respectful distance
        yǒuguòzhīérwúbùjí, [有過之而無不及], not to be inferior in any aspects (idiom)/to surpass/to outdo/(derog.) to be eve...
        liùfēnzhīyī, one sixth
        
        
        fùzhīdōngliú, [付之東流], to commit to the waters (idiom); to lose sth irrevocably
        chīzhīyǐbí, to snort disdainfully/to scoff at/to turn up one's nose
        jiǔérjiǔzhī, over time/as time passes/in the fullness of time
        
        
        
        bùdéyǐérwéizhī, [不得已而為之], to have no other choice/to be the last resort
        fǎnqídàoérxíngzhī, to do the very opposite/to act in a diametrically opposite way
        
        zhìzhīdùwài, to give no thought to/to have no regard for/to disregard
        
        
        
        tángérhuángzhī, overt/to make no secret (of one's presence)/grandiose/with great scope
        jǐngdǐzhīwā, the frog at the bottom of the well (idiom)/fig. a person of limited outlook and ...
        
        
        jiānéryǒuzhī, to have both (at the same time)
        wèngzhōngzhībiē, [甕中之鱉], lit. like a turtle in a jar/to be trapped (idiom)
        qiáoqiānzhīxǐ, [喬遷之喜], congratulations on house-moving or promotion (idiom); Best wishes for your new h...
        chízhīyǐhéng, [持之以恆], to pursue unremittingly (idiom); to persevere
        
        
        
        yīqìzhīxià, [一氣之下], in a fit of pique/in a fury
        
        jīngrénzhījǔ, [驚人之舉], to astonish people (with a miraculous feat)
        
        
        
        
        bǎifēnzhīyībǎi, one hundred percent/totally (effective)
        
        
        
        yījìzhīcháng, [一技之長], proficiency in a particular field (idiom)/skill in a specialized area (idiom)
        fèifǔzhīyán, words from the bottom of one's heart
        shùzhīgāogé, [束之高閣], tied up in a bundle on a high shelf/to put sth on the back burner/no longer a hi...
        
        
        
        yīxiàozhìzhī, to dismiss with a laugh/to make light of
        
        
        sàngjiāzhīquǎn, [喪家之犬], stray dog (idiom)
        
        fēnzhī, (indicating a fraction)
        bùbáizhīyuān, unrighted wrong/unredressed injustice
        
亿         
        jīnggōngzhīniǎo, [驚弓之鳥], lit. a bird startled by the mere twang of a bow (idiom)/fig. sb who frightens ea...
        yīniànzhīchā, momentary slip/false step/ill-considered action
        
        qūzhīruòwù, [趨之若鶩], to rush like ducks (idiom); the mob scrabbles madly for sth unobtainable/an unru...
        
        
        
        
        
        
        cèyǐnzhīxīn, [惻隱之心], compassion
        
        
        qīfēnzhīyī, one seventh
        
        chǔzhītàirán, [處之泰然], to take things calmly (idiom); not losing one's cool
        ānzhīruòsù, bear hardship with equanimity/regard wrongdoing with equanimity
        
        
        
        qièfūzhītòng, [切膚之痛], keenly felt pain/bitter anguish
        
        
        
        érlìzhīnián, aged thirty (see 三十而立)
        
        
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        yǎngshēngzhīdào, [養生之道], the way of maintaining good health
        
        
        
        
        
        
        yīngxióngwúyòngwǔzhīdì, [英雄無用武之地], a hero with no chance of using his might/to have no opportunity to display one's...
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        shēnwàizhīwù, mere worldly possessions
        èrfēnzhīyī, one half
        
        ránméizhījí, lit. the fire burns one's eyebrows (idiom); fig. desperate situation/extreme eme...
        
        zhìzhīsǐdìérhòushēng, [置之死地而後生], place sb on a field of death and he will fight to live (common saying based on S...
        
        duōshìzhīqiū, troubled times/eventful period
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        bùxiángzhīzhào, bad omen
        qiángnǔzhīmò, [強弩之末], lit. an arrow at the end of its flight (idiom)/fig. spent force
        
        
        
        
        jiǔfēnzhīyī, one ninth
        
        
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        chuímùzhīnián, old age
        
        
        
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        bìyóuzhīlù, the road one must follow or take/the only way
        
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        fēngzhōngzhīzhú, [風中之燭], lit. candle in the wind (idiom)/fig. (of sb's life) feeble/hanging on a thread
        
        cìzhī, second (in a competition)/occupying second place
        
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        jiǔzhī, for a long time
        chéngrénzhīwēi, to take advantage of sb's precarious position
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
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        xuánzhīyòuxuán, mystery within a mystery/the mysteries of the Dao according to Laozi 老子
        mòránzhìzhī, to set to one side and ignore (idiom); quite indifferent/cold and uncaring
        
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        MěiguóZhīYīn, [美國之音], Voice of America (VOA)
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        màotiānxiàzhīdàbùwěi, [冒天下之大不韙], to defy world opinion/to risk universal condemnation
        
        
        
        tāotièzhītú, glutton/gourmand/by extension, person who is greedy for power, money, sex etc
        fàngzhīsìhǎiérjiēzhǔn, [放之四海而皆準], appropriate to any place and any time (idiom); universally applicable/a panacea,...
        
        
        
        
        
        huànnànzhījiāo, [患難之交], a friend in times of tribulations (idiom); a friend in need is a friend indeed
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
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        sīchóuzhīlù, [絲綢之路], the Silk Road
        
        
        
        
        
        
        xīnfùzhīhuàn, lit. calamity within one's bosom (idiom); major trouble hidden within
        
        
        
        
        
        mònìzhījiāo, intimate friendship/bosom buddies
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
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        gānzhīrúyí, [甘之如飴], lit. as sweet as syrup (idiom, from Book of Songs); to endure hardship gladly/a ...
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        chìzǐzhīxīn, pure and innocent like the heart of a newborn/sincere
        
        
        
        
        
        mǐmǐzhīyīn, decadent or obscene music
        
        
        
        
        

        dà/dài, big/huge/large/major/great/wide/deep/older (than)/oldest/eldest/greatly/very muc...
        dàjiā, everyone/influential family/great expert
        dàgài, roughly/probably/rough/approximate/about/general idea
        Dàxué/dàxué, [大學], the Great Learning, one of the Four Books 四書|四书[Sì shū] in Confucianism, univers...
        dàren, adult/grownup/title of respect toward superiors
        wěidà, [偉大], great/mighty/large
        Yìdàlì, Italy/Italian
        zhǎngdà, [長大], to grow up
        dàjiē, street/main street/CL:條|条[tiáo]
        dànǎo, [大腦], brain/cerebrum
        dàduōshù, [大多數], (great) majority
        dàbùfen, in large part/the greater part/the majority
        dàyuē, [大約], approximately/probably
        jùdà, huge/immense/very large/tremendous/gigantic/enormous
        qiángdà, [強大], large/formidable/powerful/strong
        dàlóu, [大樓], building (a relatively large, multi-storey one)/CL:幢[zhuàng],座[zuò]
        dàmá, hemp (Cannabis sativa)/cannabis/marijuana
        Dàwèi, [大衛], David (name)/Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825), French neoclassical painter
        zhòngdà, great/important/major/significant