HSK东西 Scripts Advanced Search Radicals [collapse definitions]
Word: freq index 17086
[小學生] xiǎoxuéshēng primary school student
schoolchild
CL:個
>个[gè],名[míng]

Character Composition

Character Compounds

Word Compounds


        xiǎo, small/tiny/few/young
        xiǎoshí, [小時], hour/CL:個|个[gè]
        xiǎojie, young lady/miss/(slang) prostitute/CL:個|个[gè],位[wèi]
        xiǎoxīn, to be careful/to take care
        xiǎozǐ/xiǎozi, (literary) youngster/(old) young fellow (term of address used by the older gener...
        xiǎohái, child/CL:個|个[gè]
        xiǎohuǒzi, young man/young guy/lad/youngster/CL:個|个[gè]
        xiǎozǔ, [小組], group
        xiǎoshíhou, [小時候], in one's childhood
        
        xiǎochǒu, clown
        xiǎoshuō, [小說], novel/fiction/CL:本[běn],部[bù]
        
        
        
        xiǎoháizi, child
        
        xiǎotōu, thief
        xiǎoshì, trifle/trivial matter/CL:點|点[diǎn]
        dǎnxiǎoguǐ, [膽小鬼], coward
        
        xiǎopéngyǒu, child/CL:個|个[gè]
        xiǎowū, cabin/lodge/cottage/chalet/hut/shed
        xiǎoshēng, [小聲], in a low voice/(speak) in whispers
        xiǎofèi, [小費], tip
        xiǎoxiǎo, very small/very few/very minor
        dàxiǎo, dimension/magnitude/size/measurement/large and small/at any rate/adults and chil...
        xiǎoguǐ, little demon (term of endearment for a child)/mischievous child/imp
        cóngxiǎo, [從小], from childhood/as a child
        xiǎoxué, [小學], elementary school/primary school/CL:個|个[gè]
        suōxiǎo, [縮小], to reduce/to decrease/to shrink
        xiǎoxíng, small scale/small size
        
        xiǎohuǒ, young guy/lad/youngster/CL:個|个[gè]
        xiǎopǐn, short, simple literary or artistic creation/essay/skit
        xiǎodì, little brother/I, your little brother (humble)
        dàjīngxiǎoguài, [大驚小怪], much fuss about nothing
        dǎnxiǎo, [膽小], cowardice/timid
便         xiǎobiàn, to urinate/to pass water/urine
        xiǎotíqín, fiddle/violin
        xiǎoxiàng, alley
        xiǎorén, person of low social status (old)/I, me (used to refer humbly to oneself)/nasty ...
        xiǎolù, lane
        
        
        xiǎocài, appetizer/small side dish/easy job/piece of cake/see also 小菜一碟[xiǎo cài yī dié]
        ruòxiǎo, small and weak/puny/a child
        
        xiǎoqì, [小氣], stingy/petty/miserly/narrow-minded
        xiǎojī, [小雞], chick
        xiǎoxī, brook/streamlet
        miǎoxiǎo, minute/tiny/negligible/insignificant
        wēixiǎo, minute (i.e. extremely small)/infinitesimal
        xiǎocèzi, [小冊子], booklet/pamphlet/leaflet/information sheet/menu/CL:本[běn]
        
        xiǎotídàzuò, [小題大做], to make a big fuss over a minor issue (idiom)
        xiǎokàn, to look down on/to underestimate
        xiǎoxīnyìyì, cautious and solemn (idiom); very carefully/prudent/gently and cautiously
        xiǎomài, [小麥], wheat/CL:粒[lì]
        xiǎodāo, knife/CL:把[bǎ]
        xiǎochī, snack/refreshments/CL:家[jiā]
        xiǎoqū, [小區], neighborhood/district
        xiǎoyìsi, small token/mere trifle (used of one's gifts)
        Xiǎoshuōjiā/xiǎoshuōjiā, [小說家], School of Minor-talks, one of the Hundred Schools of Thought 諸子百家|诸子百家[zhū zǐ bǎ...
        
        xiǎochuán, boat
        wúmíngxiǎozú, [無名小卒], lit. nameless soldier (idiom); an unknown/nonentity
        xiǎobào, [小報], tabloid newspaper
        
        xiǎochē, [小車], small model car/mini-car/small horse-cart/barrow/wheelbarrow/type of folk dance
        xiǎocōngming, [小聰明], clever-clever/clever in trivial matters/sharp but petty-minded
        xiǎotáoqì, [小淘氣], rascal
        xiǎoérkē, [小兒科], pediatrics/pediatric (department)/(slang) childish
        xiǎodào, bypath/trail/bribery as a means of achieving a goal/minor arts (Confucian refere...
        xiǎoxīnjǐnshèn, [小心謹慎], cautious and timid (idiom); prudent/careful
        xìxiǎo, [細小], tiny/fine/minute
        xiǎohào, [小號], trumpet/small size (clothes etc)/(coll.) number one/to urinate
        
        jiāoxiǎo, [嬌小], petite/delicate/dainty
        
        xiǎofàn, [小販], peddler/hawker
        
        xiǎoqiǎo, small and exquisite/delicate/fine (features)/compact/nifty
        xiǎoyàng, [小樣], galley proof (printing)/unimpressive/(coll.) little guy (mild insult also used a...
        
        
        xiǎoxuéshēng, [小學生], primary school student/schoolchild/CL:個|个[gè],名[míng]
        xiǎotuǐ, calf (of the leg)
        xiǎoér, [小兒], son
        ǎixiǎo, short and small/low and small/undersized
        LǐXiǎolóng, [李小龍], Bruce Lee (1940-1973), Hong Kong actor and martial arts expert
        xiǎodiào, [小調], minor key (in music)
        xiǎonǚ, my daughter (humble)
        
        xiáxiǎo, [狹小], narrow
        
        shòuxiǎo, slightly-built/petite
        
        xiǎomǎ, [小馬], colt/pony
        
        xiǎoqìguǐ, [小氣鬼], miser/penny-pincher
        xiǎojié, [小節], a minor matter/trivia/bar (music)
        xiǎohé, brook
        
        xiǎoxíngxīng, asteroid/minor planet
        xiǎoniú, calf
        xiǎogǒu, pup/puppy
        
        xiǎomèi, little sister/girl
        
        xiǎojìng, [小徑], alley
        
        
        Xiǎoxuě, Xiaoxue or Lesser Snow, 20th of the 24 solar terms 二十四節氣|二十四节气 22nd November-6th...
        
便         dàxiǎobiàn, using the toilet/urination and defecation
        xiǎomàibù, [小賣部], kiosk/snack counter/retail department or section inside a larger business
        
        xiǎodǎxiǎonào, [小打小鬧], small-scale
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        xiǎoyú, [小於], less than, <
        Xiǎoquán, Koizumi (name)/KOIZUMI Jun'ichirō, Japanese LDP politician, prime minister 2001-...
        
        
        xiǎoxīnyǎn, narrow-minded/petty
        xiǎojiùzi, (coll.) wife's younger brother
        dàjiēxiǎoxiàng, great streets and small alleys (idiom); everywhere in the city
        
        
        xiǎojīnglíng, [小精靈], elf
        xiǎocháng, [小腸], small intestine
        xiǎoqì, to rest for a bit/to take a breather
        dàhūxiǎojiào, to shout and quarrel/to make a big fuss
        duǎnpiānxiǎoshuō, [短篇小說], narrative/short story
        xiǎotíqínshǒu, violinist/fiddler
        xiǎotān, [小攤], vendor's stall
        xiǎohuǒr, [小伙兒], erhua variant of 小伙[xiǎo huǒ]
        xiǎofù, underbelly/lower abdomen
        xiǎoqìchē, [小汽車], compact car
        
        xuèxiǎobǎn, blood platelet
        XiǎoXūn, Xiao Xun (1989-), Taiwan actress
        kāixiǎochāi, [開小差], to be absent-minded/to desert/to abscond from the army/absent without leave (AWO...
        xiǎowūjiàndàwū, [小巫見大巫], lit. minor magician in the presence of a great one (idiom)/fig. to pale into ins...
        
        
        xiǎoqīngnián, young person/youngster
        xiǎojiǎo, [小腳], bound feet (traditional)
        
        yīxiǎocuō, handful (of)
        fēitóngxiǎokě, extremely important/no small matter
        xiǎoliǎngkǒu, [小兩口], (coll.) young married couple
耀         
        
        jiǎnxiǎo, [減小], to reduce/to decrease/to diminish
        xiǎozhǐ, little finger
        Xiǎolín, Kobayashi (name)
        
        
        xiǎoyǔ, light rain/drizzle
        
        xiǎoyèqǔ, serenade
        xiǎosuànpán, [小算盤], lit. small abacus/fig. selfish calculations/bean-counting
        
        kōngzhōngxiǎojiě, stewardess/air hostess
        xiǎochīdiàn, snack bar/lunch room/CL:家[jiā]
        
        
        
        
        diāochóngxiǎojì, [雕蟲小技], insignificant talent/skill of no high order/minor accomplishment
        
        xiǎozú, foot soldier/minor figure/a nobody/(chess) pawn
        
        xiǎoérmábìzhèng, [小兒麻痺症], poliomyelitis/infantile paralysis
        xiǎonǎo, [小腦], cerebellum (part of the brain)
        
        
        
        
        
        
        dàtóngxiǎoyì, [大同小異], virtually the same/differing only on small points
        
        
        
        xiǎomǐ, millet
        xiǎofěn, (wheat) starch/amylum
        
        
        
        
        dàdàxiǎoxiǎo, large and small/of all sizes
鹿         
        
        xiǎodǎo, [小島], isle
        
        
        
        xiǎomǔzhǐ, little finger/pinkie
        yánqíngxiǎoshuō, [言情小說], romantic fiction
        xiǎodòu, see 紅豆|红豆[hóng dòu]
        xiǎoyǎ, one of the three main divisions of the Book of Songs 詩經|诗经
        
        
        
        
        
轿         
        xiǎojiě, to urinate/to empty one's bladder
        xiǎoshì, [小視], to belittle/to look down upon/to despise
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        xiǎoxióngmāo, [小熊貓], lesser panda/red panda/firefox
        xiǎoliàng, a small quantity
        
        
        xiǎomíng, pet name for a child/childhood name
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
便         
        xiǎoshùdiǎn, [小數點], decimal point
        xiǎolǎopó, concubine/junior wife/mistress
        
        
        
        
        xiǎoqù, [小覷], to despise/to have contempt for
        
        
        
        
        
        
        duǎnxiǎojīnghàn, small but robust (idiom); concise and forceful
        
        
        
        
        
        xiǎoxiě, [小寫], lowercase
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        xiǎojiāziqì, [小家子氣], petty/small-minded
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        xiǎohuáng, [小黃], (coll.) taxicab (Tw)
        xiǎogū, husband's younger sister/sister-in-law
        
        
        
        
        
        
        xiǎoshù, [小數], small figure/small amount/the part of a number to the right of the decimal point...
        bùjūxiǎojié, [不拘小節], to not bother about trifles (idiom)
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        xiǎobiàn, [小辮], pigtail
        Xiǎojīn, Xiaojin county (Tibetan: btsan lha rdzong) in Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang autonomous...
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        xiǎochǎn, [小產], to miscarry/a miscarriage/an abortion
        xiǎobāo, packet
        xiǎochéng, small town
        xiǎokāng, comparatively good living standard/a period of peace and prosperity
        xiǎoshù, [小樹], shrub/small tree/sapling/CL:棵[kē]
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        xiǎoqiǎolínglóng, [小巧玲瓏], dainty and delicate/exquisite
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
穿         chuānxiǎoxié, lit. to make sb wear tight shoes (idiom)/to make life difficult for sb
        
        
        chángpiānxiǎoshuō, [長篇小說], long novel
        
        
        xiǎoshāngfàn, [小商販], small trader/peddler
        
        Xiǎoxióngzuò, Ursa Minor (constellation)
        
        yángchángxiǎodào, [羊腸小道], road as twisty as sheep's intestine (idiom); narrow and winding road/fig. compli...
        kāixiǎozào, [開小灶], lit. to turn on a private oven/to get special attention
        
        
        
        xiǎoshé, uvula
        
        
        
        
        
        
        xiǎojīnkù, [小金庫], supplementary cash reserve/private fund/private hoard/slush fund
        xiǎolixiǎoqì, [小裡小氣], stingy/petty
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        XiǎoQiáng, [小強], cockroach (slang)
        
        
        
        
        xiǎochūn, 10th month of the lunar calendar/Indian summer/crops sown in late autumn
        
        
        xiǎomín, ordinary people/commoner/civilian
        
        
        xiǎoqiú, sports such as ping-pong and badminton that use small balls/see also 大球[dà qiú]
        
        
        
        
        yīnxiǎoshīdà, to save a little only to lose a lot (idiom)
        
        zhōngpiānxiǎoshuō, [中篇小說], novella
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        xiǎoyáng, lamb
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
西         
        
        
        Xiǎobèi, [小貝], "Becks", nickname of British footballer David Beckham (see 貝克漢姆|贝克汉姆[Bèi kè hàn ...
        
        
        
        
        
        
        DèngXiǎopíng, [鄧小平], Deng Xiaoping (1904-1997), Chinese communist leader, de facto leader of PRC 1978...
        
        
        
        xiǎoguà, close-fitting (Chinese-style) upper garment
        
        
        
        
        
西         
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        wúqióngxiǎo, [無窮小], infinitesimal (in calculus)/infinitely small
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        xiǎozhuàn, [小傳], sketch biography/profile
        
        xiǎoqiū, hill/knoll
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
西         
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
西         
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        xiǎojié, [小結], summary/short/brief/wrap-up
        
        xiānxiǎo, [纖小], fine/delicate
        
        xiǎojítuán, [小集團], faction/clique
        
        
        
西         
        
        
        
        xiǎobā, minibus
        
        
        
        
        
        
·         
        
        Xiǎoyàxìyà, [小亞細亞], Asia minor/Anatolia
        
        
        
西         
        
        
        xiǎobiāotí, [小標題], subheading
        
        dàxiǎoxiě, [大小寫], capitals and lower case letters
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
·         
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        xiǎohuíxiāng, fennel/fennel seed
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
西         
        
        
        xiǎobáicài, bok choy/Chinese cabbage/Brassica chinensis/CL:棵[kē]
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
西         
        
        
        
        Xiǎotiāné/xiǎotiāné, [小天鵝], Little Swan (PRC appliance brand), tundra swan
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
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        xuéxiào, [學校], school/CL:所[suǒ]
        xué, [學], to learn/to study/science/-ology
        Dàxué/dàxué, [大學], the Great Learning, one of the Four Books 四書|四书[Sì shū] in Confucianism, univers...
        xuésheng, [學生], student/schoolchild
        xuéxí, [學習], to learn/to study
        kēxué, [科學], science/scientific knowledge/scientific/CL:門|门[mén],個|个[gè],種|种[zhǒng]
        shàngxué, [上學], to go to school/to attend school
        xuéhuì, [學會], to learn/to master/institute/learned society/(scholarly) association
        tóngxué, [同學], to study at the same school/fellow student/classmate/CL:位[wèi],個|个[gè]
        xuéyuàn, [學院], college/educational institute/school/faculty/CL:所[suǒ]
        kēxuéjiā, [科學家], scientist/CL:個|个[gè]
        shùxué, [數學], mathematics/mathematical
        yīxué, [醫學], medicine/medical science/study of medicine
        huàxué, [化學], chemistry/chemical
        fàngxué, [放學], to dismiss students at the end of the school day
        jiǎngxuéjīn, [獎學金], scholarship/CL:個|个[gè]
        zhōngxué, [中學], middle school/CL:個|个[gè]
        xīnlǐxué, [心理學], psychology
        xuéqī, [學期], term/semester/CL:個|个[gè]
        xuéwèi, [學位], academic degree, e.g.: BSc 學士學位|学士学位[xué shì xué wèi], MSc 碩士學位|硕士学位[shuò shì xu...
        xiǎoxué, [小學], elementary school/primary school/CL:個|个[gè]
        yīxuéyuàn, [醫學院], medical school
        wénxué, [文學], literature/CL:種|种[zhǒng]
        xuéfèi, [學費], tuition fee/tuition/CL:個|个[gè]
        dàxuéshēng, [大學生], university student/college student
        zhéxué, [哲學], philosophy/CL:個|个[gè]
        fǎxuéyuàn, [法學院], law school
        
        xuézhě, [學者], scholar
        xuétú, [學徒], apprentice
        jiàoxué, [教學], teacher and student/education/CL:門|门[mén],個|个[gè]
退         tuìxué, [退學], to quit school
        xuéyuán, [學員], student/member of an institution of learning/officer cadet
        rùxué, [入學], to enter a school or college/to go to school for the first time as a child
        xuéyè, [學業], studies/schoolwork
        xuéshù, [學術], learning/science/academic/CL:個|个[gè]
        wùlǐxuéjiā, [物理學家], physicist
        kāixué, [開學], foundation of a University or College/school opening/the start of a new term
        zhéxuéjiā, [哲學家], philosopher
        huàxuéfǎnyìng, [化學反應], chemical reaction
        rénlèixué, [人類學], anthropology
        xuéshenghuì, [學生會], student union
        shùxuéjiā, [數學家], mathematician
        xuélì, [學歷], educational background/academic qualifications
        chuòxué, [輟學], to drop out of school/to leave off studying/to interrupt one's studies
        wùlǐxué, [物理學], physics
        kǎogǔxuéjiā, [考古學家], archaeologist
        shēngwùxué, [生物學], biology
        zhuǎnxué, [轉學], to change schools/to transfer to another college
        táoxué, [逃學], to play truant/to cut classes
        xiūxué, [休學], to suspend schooling/to defer study
        huàxuépǐn, [化學品], chemicals
        xuéfēn, [學分], course credit
        jīngjìxué, [經濟學], economics (as a field of study)
        tǒngjìxué, [統計學], statistics
        xiǎoxuéshēng, [小學生], primary school student/schoolchild/CL:個|个[gè],名[míng]
        zhōngxuéshēng, [中學生], middle-school student/high school student
        shēngwùxuéjiā, [生物學家], biologist
        gōngchéngxué, [工程學], engineering
        huàxuéjiā, [化學家], chemist
        yíchuánxué, [遺傳學], genetics
        xuézhǎng, [學長], senior or older male schoolmate
        shèhuìxué, [社會學], sociology
        
        xuéwèn, [學問], learning/knowledge/CL:個|个[gè]
        chūxuézhě, [初學者], beginning student
        huàxuéwǔqì, [化學武器], chemical weapon
        guāngxué, [光學], optics/optical (instrument)
        jiěpōuxué, [解剖學], anatomy
        shénxué, [神學], theological/theology
        xuékē, [學科], subject/branch of learning/course/academic discipline
        xuéshì, [學士], bachelor's degree/person holding a university degree
        zìxué, [自學], self-study/to study on one's own
        tiānwénxuéjiā, [天文學家], astronomer
        bìnglǐxué, [病理學], pathology
        shénxuéyuàn, [神學院], seminary
        shāngxuéyuàn, [商學院], business school/university of business studies
        lìshǐxuéjiā, [歷史學家], historian
        
        tiānwénxué, [天文學], astronomy
        dìzhìxuéjiā, [地質學家], geologist
        xuénián, [學年], academic year
        xuéshí, [學識], erudition/scholarly knowledge
        dònglìxué, [動力學], dynamics (math.)/kinetics
        yǔyánxué, [語言學], linguistics
        bóxué, [博學], learned/erudite
        fǎxué, [法學], law/legal studies
        
        zìránkēxué, [自然科學], natural sciences
        
        shēnglǐxué, [生理學], physiology
        fànzuìxué, [犯罪學], criminology
        kǎogǔxué, [考古學], archaeology
        xuéshengzhèng, [學生證], student identity card
        
        jǐhéxué, [幾何學], geometry
        kēxuéyuàn, [科學院], academy of sciences/CL:個|个[gè]
        xuéshuō, [學說], theory/doctrine
        liúxué, [留學], to study abroad
        jiànzhùxué, [建築學], architectural/architecture
        zhèngzhìxué, [政治學], politics/political science
        
        
        qìxiàngxué, [氣象學], meteorology
        liàngzǐlìxué, [量子力學], quantum mechanics
        kēxuéjiè, [科學界], world of science/scientific circles
        Lǐxué/lǐxué, [理學], School of Principle/Neo-Confucian Rationalistic School (from Song to mid-Qing ti...
        zhíwùxué, [植物學], botany
        fǎyīxué, [法醫學], forensics
        měixué, [美學], aesthetics
        lúnlǐxué, [倫理學], ethics
        jiàoxuélóu, [教學樓], teaching block/school building
        xuépài, [學派], school of thought
        
        dìzhìxué, [地質學], geology
        dàoxué, [道學], Confucian study of ethics/study of Daoism/school for Daoism in Tang and Song tim...
        xuétóng, [學童], schoolboy
        dìlǐxué, [地理學], geography
        kūnchóngxué, [昆蟲學], entomology
        
        
        xuéjiū, [學究], pedant
        jīngjìxuéjiā, [經濟學家], economist
        dòngwùxué, [動物學], zoological/zoology
        kēxuéjìshù, [科學技術], science and technology
        
        dúlǐxué, [毒理學], toxology
        
        yàolǐxué, [藥理學], pharmacology
        
        jiàoyùxué, [教育學], pedagogy
        shēngxué, [升學], to enter the next grade school
        wénxuéjiā, [文學家], writer/man of letters/CL:個|个[gè]
        shǐxuéjiā, [史學家], historian
        gǔshēngwùxuéjiā, [古生物學家], palaeontologist/paleobiologist
        zìxuéchéngcái, [自學成才], a self-made genius
        
        xīnwénxué, [新聞學], journalism
        zhuānkēxuéxiào, [專科學校], specialized school/college for professional training/polytechnic
        lìxué, [力學], mechanics/to study hard
        xuéshùjiè, [學術界], academic circles/academia
        huàxuéyuánsù, [化學元素], chemical element
        luójixué, [邏輯學], logic
        shuāngxuéwèi, [雙學位], dual degree (academic)
        xuélíng, [學齡], school age
        huàxuéxì, [化學系], department of chemistry
        
        rèlìxué, [熱力學], thermodynamics
        yǒujīhuàxué, [有機化學], organic chemistry
        
        yàoxué, [藥學], pharmacy
        xuéyǐzhìyòng, [學以致用], to study sth to apply it/study for practical applications
        yíngyǎngxué, [營養學], nutrition
        liúxuéshēng, [留學生], student studying abroad/(foreign) exchange student/CL:個|个[gè],位[wèi]
        xuéfǔ, [學府], educational establishment
        xuéhǎo, [學好], to follow good examples
        xuémíng, [學名], scientific name/Latin name (of plant or animal)/(according to an old system of n...
        xuéyì, [學藝], to learn a skill or art
        shēngxué, [聲學], acoustics
        
        wěikēxué, [偽科學], pseudoscience
        kēxuéshǐ, [科學史], history of science
        jūnshìxué, [軍事學], military science
        xuéjí, [學籍], school roll(s)
        qiúxué, [求學], to study/to seek knowledge/to attend college/at school/learning/education
        
        huàxuéjiàn, [化學鍵], chemical bond
        
        
        
        kuàijìxué, [會計學], accounting/accountancy
        shǐxué, [史學], historiography
        
        xuétáng, [學堂], college/school
        shèhuìkēxué, [社會科學], social sciences
        xíngérshàngxué, [形而上學], metaphysics
        yàowùxué, [藥物學], pharmacology
        
        fēnzǐshēngwùxué, [分子生物學], molecular biology
        
        
        
        cáixué, [才學], talent and learning/scholarship
        yǔyìxué, [語義學], semantics
        
        xuánxué, [玄學], Wei and Jin philosophical school amalgamating Daoist and Confucian ideals/transl...
        
        
        huǒshānxué, [火山學], volcanology
        bìngdúxué, [病毒學], virology (study of viruses)
        fùxué, [復學], to return to school (after an interruption)/to resume one's studies
        xuézhì, [學制], educational system/length of schooling
        jiǎngxué, [講學], to lecture (on branch of learning)
        
        
        Fóxué, [佛學], Buddhist doctrine/Buddhist studies
        gǔdiǎnwénxué, [古典文學], classical literature
        jiàoxuéfǎ, [教學法], teaching method/pedagogics
        qíngōngjiǎnxué, [勤工儉學], to work part time while studying/work-study program
        dìzhènxué, [地震學], seismology/science of earthquakes
        
        
        
        diànzǐxué, [電子學], electronics
        bǐjiàowénxué, [比較文學], comparative literature
        
        wēishēngwùxué, [微生物學], microbiology
        
        dàishùxué, [代數學], algebra (as branch of math.)
        lìshǐxué, [歷史學], history
        
        
        Hándānxuébù, [邯鄲學步], to copy the way they walk in Handan (idiom)/slavishly copying others, one risks ...
        
        pǐnxuéjiānyōu, [品學兼優], excelling both in morals and studies (idiom); top marks for studies and for beha...
        
        
        
        xíngtàixué, [形態學], morphology (in biology or linguistics)
        
        diànhuàxué, [電化學], electrochemistry
        guǎnlǐxué, [管理學], management studies
        
        niǎolèixué, [鳥類學], ornithology/study of birds
        fúhàoxué, [符號學], semiotics/semiology
        
        zǔzhīxué, [組織學], histology
        
        shuǐlìxué, [水力學], hydraulics
        gǔshēngwùxué, [古生物學], palaeontology
        
        hǎiyángxué, [海洋學], oceanography
        shénxuéjiā, [神學家], theologian
        
        
        
        
        
        
        pēitāixué, [胚胎學], embryology
        huàxuézhàn, [化學戰], chemical warfare
        
        jiāzhèngxué, [家政學], family and consumer science
        gōngxuéyuàn, [工學院], school of engineering/college of engineering
        qínxuékǔliàn, [勤學苦練], to study diligently/to train assiduously
        sānjiǎoxué, [三角學], trigonometry
        huàxuénéng, [化學能], chemical energy
        dūxué, [督學], school inspector
        
        
        
        gāojízhōngxué, [高級中學], senior high school/abbr. to 高中[gāo zhōng]
        wénxuéshǐ, [文學史], history of literature
        yǔyīnxué, [語音學], phonetics
        fǎxuéjiā, [法學家], jurist/member of the pre-Han legalist school
        
        xuéwúzhǐjìng, [學無止境], no end to learning (idiom); There's always something new to study./You live and ...
        shēngtàixué, [生態學], ecology
        
        
        
        diànxué, [電學], electrical engineering
        
        yōushēngxué, [優生學], eugenics
        yìngyòngkēxué, [應用科學], applied science
        hángkōngxué, [航空學], aviation science
        cídiǎnxué, [詞典學], lexicography
        
        
        
        
        xuérén, [學人], scholar/learned person
        xuédì, [學弟], junior or younger male schoolmate
        xuézǐ, [學子], (literary) student/scholar
        xuéyuán, [學園], academy/campus
        
        xuélì, [學力], scholastic attainments
        
        
        Hànxué, [漢學], studies of classical Chinese back to the Han/Chinese studies (in foreign schools...
        
        zhēncáishíxué, [真才實學], solid learning/real ability and learning/genuine talent
        
        shòuyīxué, [獸醫學], veterinary science
        
        
        shēngtàixuéjiā, [生態學家], ecologist
        
        huàxuéshì, [化學式], chemical formula (e.g. water HO)
        
        Tàixué, [太學], Imperial College of Supreme Learning, established in 124 BC, and the highest edu...
        
        
        
        jìnglìxué, [靜力學], statics
        jūnshìkēxué, [軍事科學], military science
        yějīnxué, [冶金學], metallurgy
        
        
        hàoxué, [好學], eager to study/studious/erudite
        tuòpūxué, [拓撲學], topology (math.)
        
        
        cíhuìxué, [詞彙學], lexicology (linguistics)
        
尿         
        
        
        
        
        
        
        shāngxué, [商學], business studies/commerce as an academic subject
        
        
        
        gāoděngxuéxiào, [高等學校], colleges and universities
        niándàixué, [年代學], chronology (the science of determining the dates of past events)
        
        liútǐlìxué, [流體力學], fluid mechanics/hydrodynamics
        nóngxué, [農學], agricultural science
        huàxuégōngyè, [化學工業], chemical industry, abbr. to 化工[huà gōng]
        xuéshí, [學時], class hour/period
        
        
        jīqìrénxué, [機器人學], robotics
        rùxuélǜ, [入學率], percentage of children who enter school
        
        
        xìnxīxué, [信息學], information science
        mínsúxué, [民俗學], folklore
        
        guóxué, [國學], Chinese national culture/studies of ancient Chinese civilization/the Imperial Co...
        wùlǐhuàxué, [物理化學], physical chemistry
        
        jiéjīngxué, [結晶學], crystallography
        
        bànxué, [辦學], to run a school
        
        
        xuébào, [學報], a scholarly journal/Journal, Bulletin etc
        
        
        
        
        xuéjiě, [學姐], senior or older female schoolmate
        
        
        
        yìxué, [易學], easy to learn
        chūjízhōngxué, [初級中學], junior high school/junior middle school
        yùndòngxué, [運動學], kinematics
        
        fēnlèixué, [分類學], taxonomy/taxology/systematics
        
        
        
        
        
        

        Xiānsheng/xiānsheng, Mister (Mr.), teacher/husband/doctor (dialect)/CL:位[wèi]
        fāshēng, [發生], to happen/to occur/to take place/to break out
        shēnghuó, life/activity/to live/livelihood
        yīshēng, [醫生], doctor/CL:個|个[gè],位[wèi],名[míng]
        shēngmìng, life/living/biological/CL:個|个[gè]
        shēng, to be born/to give birth/life/to grow/raw/uncooked/student
        shēngqì, [生氣], to get angry/to take offense/angry/vitality/liveliness
        shēngrì, birthday/CL:個|个[gè]
        shēngyì/shēngyi, life force/vitality, business/CL:筆|笔[bǐ]
        xuésheng, [學生], student/schoolchild
        rénshēng, life (one's time on earth)
        yīshēng, all one's life/throughout one's life
        chūshēng, to be born
        nǚshēng, schoolgirl/female student/girl
        chǎnshēng, [產生], to arise/to come into being/to come about/to give rise to/to bring into being/to...
        shēngwù, organism/living creature/life form/biological/CL:個|个[gè]
        nánshēng, schoolboy/male student/boy/guy (young adult male)
        shēngcún, to exist/to survive
        shēngbìng, to fall ill
        mòshēngrén, stranger
        tiānshēng, nature/disposition/innate/natural
        shēngyá, career/life (way in which sb lives)/period of one's life
        
        shēngchǎn, [生產], to produce/to manufacture/to give birth to a child
        
        mòshēng, strange/unfamiliar
        wèishēng, [衛生], health/hygiene/sanitation
        shēngsǐ, life or death
        qīnshēng, [親生], one's own (child) (i.e. one's child by birth)/biological (parents)/birth (parent...
        shíxísheng, [實習生], intern (student)
        fúwùshēng, [服務生], server (at a restaurant)
        wèishēngjiān, [衛生間], bathroom/toilet/WC/CL:間|间[jiān]
        dànshēng, [誕生], to be born
        chùsheng, domestic animal/brute/bastard
        huāshēng, peanut/groundnut/CL:粒[lì]
        xìngshēnghuó, sex life
        shēngzhǎng, [生長], to grow
        shēnglǐ, physiology
        shēnglái, [生來], from birth/by one's nature
        shēnghuà, biochemistry
        xīnshēng, new/newborn/emerging/nascent/rebirth/regeneration/new life/new student
        huóshēngshēng, real (people)/living (artist)/while still alive (e.g. skinned alive)
        dàxuéshēng, [大學生], university student/college student
        zhōngshēng, [終生], throughout one's life/lifetime/lifelong
        shēnghuán, [生還], to return alive/to survive
        yǒngshēng, to live forever/eternal life/all one's life
        zàishēng, to be reborn/to regenerate/to be a second so-and-so (famous dead person)/recycli...
        gāozhōngshēng, senior high school student
        huāshēngjiàng, [花生醬], peanut butter
        shēngqián, (of a deceased) during one's life/while living
        wéishēng, [為生], to make a living
        shēngxiào, to take effect/to go into effect
        kàngshēngsù, antibiotic
        jìshēngchóng, [寄生蟲], parasite/drone
        
        sàngshēng, [喪生], to die/to lose one's life
        yěshēng, wild/undomesticated
        táoshēng, to flee for one's life
        móushēng, [謀生], to seek one's livelihood/to work to support oneself/to earn a living
        shēngyù, to bear/to give birth/to grow/to rear/to bring up (children)
        
        bìshēng, [畢生], all one's life/lifetime
        bìyèshēng, [畢業生], graduate
        shēngdòng, [生動], vivid/lively
        yánjiūshēng, graduate student/postgraduate student/research student
        
        wéishēngsù, [維生素], vitamin
        qǐsǐhuíshēng, to rise from the dead (idiom); fig. an unexpected recovery
        shēngfù, biological father
        shēnghuǒ, to make a fire/to light a fire
        jiēshēng, to deliver (a newborn child)
        shēngjì, [生計], livelihood
        qiúshēng, to seek survival/to possess the will to live
        shēngxiù, [生銹], to rust/to grow rusty/to corrode/oxidization
        bànshēng, half a lifetime
        sīshēngzǐ, illegitimate child (male)/bastard/love child
        
        shēngmǔ, natural mother/birth mother
        shēngzhíqì, reproductive organ/genitals
        fùshēng, [復生], to be reborn/to recover/to come back to life/to regenerate
        
        
        
        shēngtài, [生態], ecology
        jiùshēng, to save a life/life-saving
        xuéshenghuì, [學生會], student union
        chóngshēng, rebirth
        xīnshēngér, [新生兒], newborn baby/neonate
        yǒushēngyǐlái, [有生以來], since birth/for one's whole life
        jiàngshēng, to be born/arrival of newborn/birth (of a savior or religious leader)
        wèishēngzhǐ, [衛生紙], toilet paper/bathroom tissue
        shēngjī, [生機], opportunity to live/to reprieve from death/life force/vitality
        jīnshēng, this life
        shēngwùxué, [生物學], biology
        shēngpíng, life (a person's whole life)/in one's entire life
        tòngbùyùshēng, to be so in pain as to not want to live/to be so grieved as to wish one were dea...
        zìshēngzìmiè, [自生自滅], to emerge and perish on its own; to run its course (idiom)
        chángshēngbùlǎo, [長生不老], immortality
        shēngchéng, to generate/to produce/generated/produced
        
        shēngzhí, to reproduce/to flourish
        luánshēng, [孿生], twin
        shēnglù, lit. the path to life/way out of a predicament
        Àidíshēng, [愛迪生], Edison (name)/Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931), American inventor and businessman
        shēngmìnglì, vitality
        
        jìshēng, to live in or on another organism as a parasite/to live by taking advantage of o...
        shēnglíng, [生靈], (literary) the people/living thing/creature
        
        sǐlǐtáoshēng, [死裡逃生], mortal danger, escape alive (idiom); a narrow escape/to survive by the skin of o...
        shēngcài, lettuce/raw fresh vegetables/greens
        jiùshēngtǐng, lifeboat
        Wèishēngbù, [衛生部], Ministry of Health
        shēngsǐyōuguān, [生死攸關], matter of life and death
        xiǎoxuéshēng, [小學生], primary school student/schoolchild/CL:個|个[gè],名[míng]
        
        zhōngxuéshēng, [中學生], middle-school student/high school student
        shēngwùxuéjiā, [生物學家], biologist
        
        shēnghuófèi, [生活費], cost of living/living expenses/alimony
        wēishēngwù, microorganism
        jiùshēngyī, life jacket/life vest
        tǔshēngtǔzhǎng, [土生土長], locally born and bred/indigenous/home-grown
        dúshēngzǐ, [獨生子], only son
        wèishēngmián, [衛生棉], sterilized absorbent cotton wool (used for dressings or cleansing wounds)/sanita...
线         shēngchǎnxiàn, [生產線], assembly line/production line
        shēngshū, unfamiliar/strange/out of practice/not accustomed
        
        dúshēngnǚ, [獨生女], an only daughter
        hǎohǎoxiānsheng, Mr Goody-goody/yes-man (sb who agrees with anything)
        
        shēngéryùnǚ, [生兒育女], to bear and raise children
        wúzhōngshēngyǒu, [無中生有], to create something from nothing (idiom)
        chūshēngrùsǐ, from the cradle to the grave (idiom); to go through fire and water/brave/willing...
        wèishēngjīn, [衛生巾], sanitary towel
        chūshēngdì, birthplace
        
        zìlìgēngshēng, regeneration through one's own effort (idiom)/self-reliance
        wéishēng, [維生], abbr. for 維持生活|维持生活[wéi chí shēng huó]
        shēngtūnhuóbō, [生吞活剝], to swallow whole (idiom); fig. to apply uncritically
        shēnglónghuóhǔ, [生龍活虎], lit. lively dragon and animated tiger (idiom)/fig. vigorous and lively
        ānshēng, peaceful/restful/quiet/still
        shìzhěshēngcún, [適者生存], survival of the fittest
        yèshēnghuó, night life
        
        yīshēngyīshì, a whole lifetime (idiom); all my life
        shēngwùwǔqì, biological weapon
        qìngshēng, [慶生], to celebrate a birthday
        hújìshēng, mistletoe
        shēngyúpiàn, [生魚片], sashimi
        shēngwùtǐ, [生物體], organism
        
        
        jìhuàshēngyù, [計劃生育], family planning
        shāshēng, [殺生], kill (life)
        shēngxìng, natural disposition
        
        shēngrìkǎ, birthday card
        zīshēng, to breed/to flourish/to cause/to provoke/to create
        shēnglǐxué, [生理學], physiology
        
        xuéshengzhèng, [學生證], student identity card
        shēngrén, stranger/living person/to give birth
        
        gāocáishēng, student of great ability
        shēngsǐcúnwáng, matter of life and death
        
        shēngyìng, stiff/harsh
        
        rěshìshēngfēi, to stir up trouble
        xǔxǔrúshēng, vivid and lifelike (idiom); true to life/realistic
        zhāoshēng, to enroll new students/to get students
        shēngròu, raw meat
        shēngjiāng, [生薑], fresh ginger
仿         
        
        píngshēng, all one's life
        
        tōushēng, to live without purpose
        shúnéngshēngqiǎo, with familiarity you learn the trick (idiom); practice makes perfect
        Qiángshēng, [強生], Johnson (surname)/Johnson & Johnson (company)
        láishēng, [來生], next life
        shēngshēngbùxī, to grow and multiply without end
        shēngjībóbó, [生機勃勃], full of vitality
        shīshēng, [師生], teachers and students
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        shēnglǎobìngsǐ, lit. to be born, to grow old, to get sick and to die/fig. the fate of humankind ...
        chūshēngzhèng, [出生證], birth certificate/CL:張|张[zhāng]
        
        chūzhōngshēng, junior high student
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        fúyóushēngwù, plankton
        
        wèishēngjú, [衛生局], health office/bureau of hygiene
        shēngfā, [生發], to emerge and grow/to develop
        shēngpà, to fear/afraid/extremely nervous/for fear that/to avoid/so as not to
        
        jiāoshēngguànyǎng, [嬌生慣養], pampered and spoiled since childhood
        shēngmènqì, [生悶氣], to seeth/to sulk/to be pissed off (vulgar)
        shēngqìbóbó, [生氣勃勃], full of vitality
        yǎnshēng, to give rise to/to derive/derivative/derivation
        
        mínshēng, people's livelihood/people's welfare
        shēngshǒu, novice/new hand/sb new to a job
        hòushēng, [後生], young generation/youth/young man
        
        
        
        shēngjiù, to be born with/to be gifted with
        zuòshēngrì, to celebrate a birthday/to give a birthday party
        jiùshēngchuán, lifeboat
        
        huāshēngmǐ, shelled peanuts
        péngbìshēnghuī, [蓬蓽生輝], Your presence brings light to my humble dwelling/see also 蓬蓽生光|蓬荜生光[péng bì shēn...
        
        shēngyǎng, [生養], to bring up (children)/to raise/to bear
        
线         shēngmìngxiàn, [生命線], lifeline
        jiùshēngquān, life buoy/life belt
        
        gòngshēng, symbiosis
        yíngshēng, [營生], to earn a living/a livelihood
        
        cóngshēng, [叢生], growing as a thicket/overgrown/breaking out everywhere (of disease, social disor...
        
        yuánshēng, way of life/ecology/primary
        zhòngshēng, [眾生], all living things
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        jiùshēngfá, a life raft
        
        
        yúnyúnzhòngshēng, [蕓蕓眾生], every living being (Buddhism)/the mass of common people
        shēngwùjiǎn, [生物鹼], alkaloid
        gǔshēngwùxuéjiā, [古生物學家], palaeontologist/paleobiologist
        shēngzǐ, to give birth to a child or children
        yóuránérshēng, arising involuntarily (idiom); spontaneous/to spring up unbidden (of emotion)
        shuāngshēng, [雙生], twin (adjective)/twins
        tánxiàofēngshēng, [談笑風生], to talk cheerfully and wittily/to joke together
        chāoshēng, to exceed the stipulated limit of a birth-control policy/to be reincarnated/to b...
        cùncǎobùshēng, lit. not even a blade of grass grows (idiom)/fig. barren
        wúshìshēngfēi, [無事生非], to make trouble out of nothing
        
        sānshēngyǒuxìng, the blessing of three lifetimes (idiom)/(courteous language) it's my good fortun...
        shēngchǎnzǒngzhí, [生產總值], gross domestic production (GDP)/total output value
        shēngwùzhōng, [生物鐘], biological clock
        shēngchǎnlì, [生產力], production capability/productive force/productivity
        qiánshēng, pre-existence
        shēngzhǎngjīsù, [生長激素], growth hormone
        
        
        shēngxī, to inhabit/to live (in a habitat)
        shēnglísǐbié, [生離死別], separated in life and death/to part for ever
        liúxuéshēng, [留學生], student studying abroad/(foreign) exchange student/CL:個|个[gè],位[wèi]
        yìngyùnérshēng, [應運而生], to emerge to meet a historic destiny (idiom)/to arise at an opportune time/able ...
        shēngyijīng, [生意經], knack of doing business/business sense
        
        sùmèipíngshēng, to have never met sb before (idiom); entirely unacquainted/a complete stranger/n...
        Xīnshēngdài, Cenozoic (geological era covering the last 65m years)
        tānshēngpàsǐ, [貪生怕死], greedy for life, afraid of death (idiom); craven and cowardly/clinging abjectly ...
        méngshēng, to burgeon/to produce/to conceive/to be in the initial stage
        
        chùjǐngshēngqíng, [觸景生情], scene which recalls past memories (idiom)/evocative of the past/reminiscent/to a...
        shēngcái, [生財], to make money
        zēngshēng, growth (of organism)/proliferation/supernumerary candidate (in imperial examatio...
        shūshēng, [書生], scholar/intellectual/egghead
        bànshēngbùshóu, underripe/half-cooked/(fig.) not mastered (of a technique)/clumsy/halting
        ménshēng, [門生], disciple/student (of a famous master)
        
        qīngshēng, [輕生], a suicide/to commit suicide
        jiǔsǐyīshēng, nine deaths and still alive (idiom); a narrow escape/new lease of life
        shēngwùjiè, biosphere/natural world
        
        shēngwùquān, biosphere/ecosphere
        
        xiěshēng, [寫生], to sketch from nature/to do a still life drawing
        
        jìshēngwù, parasite
        miàoqùhéngshēng, [妙趣橫生], endlessly interesting (idiom)/very witty
        shēngzhíxiàn, reproductive gland/gonad/sex organ
        shēngqín, to capture alive
        shēngchén, birthday
        shēngchū, to give birth/to grow (whiskers etc)/to generate/to produce
        pàishēng, to produce (from sth else)/to derive (from raw material)/derivative
        shēngténg, extremely painful
        
        shēngyuán, supply of students/source of students
        
        
        rènshēng, [認生], shy with strangers
        gāocáishēng, student of great ability/talented student
        fēnzǐshēngwùxué, [分子生物學], molecular biology
        jiéwàishēngzhī, [節外生枝], a new branch grows out of a knot (idiom); fig. side issues keep arising
        yǎngshēng, [養生], to maintain good health/to raise a child or animal/curing (of concrete etc)
        
        tāishēng, viviparity/zoogony
        duōniánshēng, perennial (of plants)
        chángshēng, [長生], long life
        cuīshēng, to induce labor/to expedite childbirth
        wèishēngqiú, [衛生球], mothball
        Yìbǔshēng, Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906), Norwegian dramatist, author of Doll's House 玩偶之家
        juéchǔféngshēng, [絕處逢生], to come back from death's door (idiom); unexpected rescue from danger/fig. to re...
        shēnghuī, [生輝], to dazzle/to brighten up (a room etc)
        xiūyǎngshēngxī, [休養生息], to recover/to recuperate
        
        shēngshuǐ, unboiled water
        
        
        
        shēngtiě, [生鐵], pig iron
        
        shēngwùzhàn, [生物戰], germ warfare/biological warfare
        fāshēnglǜ, [發生率], rate of occurrence
        yǎnshēngwù, a derivative (complex product derived from simpler source material)
        
        
        jiànxíshēng, [見習生], apprentice/probationer/cadet
        wēishēngwùxué, [微生物學], microbiology
        
        pàshēng, fear of strangers/to be afraid of strangers (of small children)
        
        
        
        
        jízhōngshēngzhì, quick witted in an emergency/able to react resourcefully
        
        kǎoshēng, exam candidate/student whose name has been put forward for an exam
        
        déyìménshēng, [得意門生], favorite pupil
        gǔshēngwù, paleo-organism
        yǎngshēngzhīdào, [養生之道], the way of maintaining good health
        mínbùliáoshēng, The people have no way to make a living (idiom, from Record of the Grand Histori...
        
        dúshēngzǐnǚ, [獨生子女], an only child
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        yuánshēngzhì, [原生質], protoplasm
        xiǎnxiànghuánshēng, [險象環生], dangers spring up all around (idiom); surrounded by perils
        lèjíshēngbēi, [樂極生悲], extreme joy turns to sorrow (idiom); Don't celebrate too soon, things could stil...
        
        
        
        
        gǔshēngwùxué, [古生物學], palaeontology
        
        
        chìjiǎoyīshēng, [赤腳醫生], barefoot doctor/farmer with paramedical training (PRC)
        zhìzhīsǐdìérhòushēng, [置之死地而後生], place sb on a field of death and he will fight to live (common saying based on S...
        
        
        
        shēngchǎnnénglì, [生產能力], manufacturing ability/production capacity
线         
        
        
        
        shēngxiào, one of the twelve animals symbolic of the earthly branches 地支[dì zhī]/animal fro...
        
        běnkēshēng, undergraduate student
        shēngpíjiǔ, draft beer/unpasteurized beer
        lǎoshēng, venerable middle-aged or elderly man, usually wearing an artificial beard (in Ch...
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        cìshēng, derivative/secondary/sub-
        shēngchǎnlǜ, [生產率], productivity/efficiency of production
        
        
        
        
        qīqiàoshēngyān, [七竅生煙], lit. spouting smoke through the seven orifices (idiom)/fig. to seethe with anger
        
        shēngtàixué, [生態學], ecology
        
        
        
        
        wàngérshēngwèi, intimidate at the first glance (idiom); awe-inspiring/terrifying/overwhelming
        Àidíshēng, Addison (name)/Addison, city in United States
        
        wèishēngfángyì, [衛生防疫], epidemic-prevention
        yōushēngxué, [優生學], eugenics
        zīshēng, to multiply/to breed
        
        
        
        shēngchǎnzhě, [生產者], producer of a product/manufacturer/autotroph (original producers in a food chain...
        
        
        
        yìyèshēng, [肄業生], dropout student
        shēngshíhuī, calcium oxide CaO/quicklime
        
        
        shēngcí, [生詞], new word (in textbook)/word that is unfamiliar or not yet studied/CL:組|组[zǔ],個|个...
        
        
        chūshēnglǜ, birthrate
        shēngyùlǜ, birth rate
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        cìshēnglín, secondary growth of forest
        shēngtàixuéjiā, [生態學家], ecologist
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
        
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        shēngjīàngrán, [生機盎然], full of life/exuberant
        
        
        
        
        shēnglíngtútàn, [生靈塗炭], people are in a terrible situation (idiom)
        
        
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